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Days of the Week
Months of the Year
Writing the Date
Telling the Time
Day & Night
Days of the Week


1 Week = 7 Days
1 Month = about 30 Days = about 4 Weeks
1 Year = 12 Months
1 Year = 12 Months = 365 (or 366) Days

Months of the Year

1 January
2 February
3 March
4 April
5 May
6 June
7 July
8 August
9 September
10 October
11 November
12 December

What is the sixth month of the year?
What is the eleventh month of the year?
How many Seasons are there in a year?
52 weeks is equal to how many days?

Table 1
Months of the Gregorian Calendar
1. January 317. July 31
2. February 28*8. August 31
3. March 31 9. September 30
4. April 3010. October 31
5. May 3111. November 30
6. June 3012. December 31

* In a leap year, February has 29 days.

Every fourth year, the month of February has 29 days instead of 28. This year is called a "leap year" and the 29th of February is a "leap day". A leap year has 366 days instead of the normal 365. Any year that can be divided cleanly by 4 is a leap year. 2012, 2016 and 2020 are all leap years.

Days of the Week
Months of the Year
Writing the Date
Telling the Time
Day & Night

 MonthShort FormDaysSeason

The seasons are approximate and depend on latitude. Some parts of the world have only three seasons. The seasons shown here are for the North Temperate Zone (for example North America). In the southern hemisphere, the seasons are reversed.

Writing the Date

There are several different ways to write the date in English. They vary from formal to informal, and there are differences between British and American English. The following table shows some typical formats.

FormatBritish: Day-Month-YearAmerican: Month-Day-Year
Athe Fourteenth of March, 2011March the Fourteenth, 2011
B14th March 2011March 14th, 2011
C14 March 2011March 14, 2011

Telling the Time

Asking the time

Question: What's the time, please?
Answer: It's three o'clock.

The chart below shows you two different ways to tell someone what the time is.

more formalless formal
3.00three o'clockthree
3.02just gone three o'clockthree oh two
3.03three minutes past threethree oh three
3.05five past threethree oh five
3.09nine minutes past threethree oh nine
3.10ten past threethree ten
3.15a quarter past threethree fifteen
3.20twenty past threethree twenty
3.21twenty-one minutes past threethree twenty-one
3.25twenty-five past threethree twenty-five
3.30half past threethree thirty
3.35twenty-five to fourthree thirty-five
3.40twenty to fourthree forty
3.45a quarter to fourthree forty-five
3.50ten to fourthree fifty
3.55five to fourthree fifty-five
3.57three minutes to fourthree fifty-seven
3.58nearly four o'clockthree fifty-eight
4.00four o'clockfour
What's the time?
What time is it?
Have you got the right time?
What time do you make it?

What Time Is It Around The World Right Now?

Here are further guidelines.

Day and Night

There are 24 hours in a day. The day is divided into "day(time)" and "night(-time)". Daytime is from sunrise (this varies, but we can say approximately 6am) to sunset (we can say approximately 6pm). Night-time is from sunset to sunrise.

Every day starts precisely at midnight. AM (Ante-Meridiem = before noon) starts just after midnight. PM (Post-Meridiem=after noon) starts just after midday.

Here are further guidelines.