Qureshi University, Advanced courses, via cutting edge technology, News, Breaking News | Latest News And Media | Current News
admin@qureshiuniversity.com

Admissions | Aircraft | Aviation World | Ambassadors | Accreditation | A to Z Degree Fields | Books | Catalog | Colleges | Contact Us | Continents/States | Construction | Contracts | Distance Education | Emergency | Emergency Medicine | Examinations | English Editing Service | Economy and budget | Forms | Faculty | Governor | Grants | Hostels | Honorary Doctorate degree | Human Services | Human Resources | Internet | Investment | Instructors | Internship | Login | Lecture | Librarians | Languages | Manufacturing | Membership | Observers | Products | Public Health | Publication | Professional Examinations | Programs | Professions | Progress Report | Recommendations | Ration food and supplies | Research Grants | Researchers | Services | Students login | School | Search | Software | Seminar | Study Center/Centre | Sponsorship | Tutoring | Thesis | Universities | Work counseling

Fuel Products
State Department of Fuel
Annotation or definition.
Liquid fuels
Gaseous fuels
List of oil refineries
Solid fuel
State Department of Fuel
Oil tanker
Questions that need to be answered.
Tanker truck

Questions that need to be answered.
What is a Fuel?
What are the types of fuel?
What should you know about specific fuels?
How do you test fuel?
How do you test hydrocarbon fuel?
How do you find out the amount of carbon in hydrocarbon fuel?
What are various methods of fuel testing?
Where on planet earth are aviation fuel and road motor vehicle fuel refineries locations?
How long does it take to build an oil refinery?
Where is this fuel useful?
What are the products and uses of petroleum?

Here are further guidelines.

Annotation or definition.
What is a Fuel?
Fuel is any material that stores potential energy in a form that can be practicably released and used as heat energy.

Chemical fuels are divided in two ways. First, by their physical properties, as a solid, liquid or gas. Secondly, on the basis of their occurrence: primary (natural fuel) and secondary (artificial fuel).

Fuel oil is made of long hydrocarbon chains, particularly alkanes, cycloalkanes and aromatics.
Table of alkanes
Alkane Formula Boiling point [°C] Melting point [°C] Density [g·cm-3] (at 20 °C)
Methane CH4 -162 -182 gas
Ethane C2H6 -89 -183 gas
Propane C3H8 -42 -188 gas
Butane C4H10 0 -138 gas
Pentane C5H12 36 -130 0.626 (liquid)
Hexane C6H14 69 -95 0.659 (liquid)
Heptane C7H16 98 -91 0.684 (liquid)
Octane C8H18 126 -57 0.703 (liquid)
Nonane C9H20 151 -54 0.718 (liquid)
Decane C10H22 174 -30 0.730 (liquid)
Undecane C11H24 196 -26 0.740 (liquid)
Dodecane C12H26 216 -10 0.749 (liquid)
Hexadecane C16H34 287 18 0.773 (liquid)
Icosane C20H42 343 37 solid
Triacontane C30H62 450 66 solid
Tetracontane C40H82 525 82 solid
Pentacontane C50H102 575 91 solid
Hexacontane C60H122 625 100 solid


Typical industrial fractional distillation columns
Laboratory setup
Fractional distillation

An Erlenmeyer flask is used as a receiving flask. Here the distillation head and fractionating column are combined in one piece.
How long does it take to build an oil refinery?
The time span involves the following;
-Feasibility study (Usually takes 6 months*)
-Configuration selection, Technology selection, Basic engineering package preparation (Usually 6 months*)
-Critical equipment engineering, Issue of design documents for Long-lead equipment’s, materials which takes time to design, construct, procure, and arrive at construction site (Usually before 1.5 to 2 years of Oil ______)
-Detail engineering, procurement, Construction Management, Oil IN ( Usually 2 years*).
There is a refinery which skipped the initial phases of development, but only to repeat it’s existing refinery design for its next refinery construction, which brings the time down.
Every stage in the whole development is very critical , though the effects of incorrect things are high to low in the order listed.


Where is this fuel useful?
Aviation fuel
Road motor vehicle fuel
Cooking
Heating

General types of chemical fuels
-- Primary (natural) Secondary (artificial)
Solid fuels wood, coal, peat, dung, etc. coke, charcoal
Liquid fuels petroleum diesel, gasoline, kerosene, LPG, coal tar, naptha, ethanol
Gaseous fuels natural gas hydrogen, propane, coal gas, water gas, blast furnace gas, coke oven gas, CNG
What are the products and uses of petroleum?
Gasoline
Heating Oil/Diesel Fuel
Jet Fuel (Kerosene)
Propane/Propylene
NGL & LRG1
Still Gas
Petrochemical Feedstocks
Petroleum Coke
Residual/Heavy Fuel Oil
Asphalt and Road Oil
Lubricants
Miscellaneous Products/Special Naphthas
Other Liquids
Aviation Gasoline
Waxes
Kerosene

Things Made From Oil That We Use Daily (a partial list)

Agriculture

Plastic ties
Row cover
Irrigation piping
Polyethylene
Polypropylene
Bags and packaging
Pesticides and herbicides
Food preservatives
Fertilizers

Clothing and Textiles

Ballet tights
Nylon cord
Everything polyester: blouses, pants, pajamas etc.
Everything permanent press: shirts, dresses etc.
Beads
Bracelets
Pantyhose
Nylon zippers
Plastic hangers
Purses
Thongs and flip flops
Earrings
Ribbons
Fake fur
windbreakers
Sandals
Garment bags
Shoe laces
Rain coats
Iron-on patches
Sneakers
Sweaters
Sofa pillow material
Tote bags
Umbrellas

Around the Office

Ball point pens
Diskettes
Thermometer
Ink
Computers
Business card holders
Copiers
waste baskets
Calculators
Printer cartridges
Microfilm
Name tags
Binders
Erasers
Rulers
Scotch tape
Magic markers
Telephones

Sports, Hobbies and Games

Backpacks
Fishing lures
Air mattresses
Cameras
Beach balls
Fishing poles
Hang gliders
Vinyl cases
Footballs
Glue containers
Puzzles
Darts
Frisbees
Golf ball and golf bags
Shotgun shells
Ear plugs
Knitting needles
waterproof clothing
Stadium cushions
Earphones
Yarn
Kites
Tennis racquets
Fabric dye
Decoys
Lifejackets
Nylon strings
Face protectors
Volley balls
Model cars
Plastic water guns
Fishing bobbers
Soccer balls
Oil paints
Parachutes
Fishing cylume
Light sticks
Earphones
Playing cards
Photographs
Monofilament fishing lines
Diving boards
Poker chips
Goggles
Rollerskate and skateboard wheels
whistles
Guitar strings
Picks
Rafts
Ice chests
Tents
Sleeping bags
Pole vaulting poles
Motorcycle helmets
Skis, water skis
Rubber cement
Plastic flowerpots
Hot tub covers
Sails
Snorkels
Monkey bars
Photo albums
wet suits
Flippers
Tennis balls
Boats
Insulated boots

Infants and Children

Acrylic toys
Baby oil
Laundry baskets
waterproof pants
Baby aspirin
Bath soap
Mittens
Pacifiers
Baby blankets
Bibs
Rattles
Doubleknit shirts
Baby bottles
Disposable diapers
Baby shoes
Teething rings
Nipples and binkies
Dolls
Stuffed animals
Baby lotion

Sports, Hobbies and Games

Allergy medication
Cotton-tipped swabs
Inhalers
Liquid Pepto-Bismol
Aspirin
First aid cream
Lancets
Pill cases
Band aids
First aid kits
Latex gloves
Prescription bottles
Burn lotion
Glycerin
Mosquito spray
Rubbing alcohol
Chap stick
Heart valve replacement
Nasal decongestant
Surgical tape
Syringes
Vaseline
Antiseptics
Hearing aids
Anesthetics
Artificial limbs
Eyeglasses and sunglasses
Antihistamines
Cortisone
Vaporizers
Denture adhesives
Laxatives
Bactine
Oxygen masks
Stethoscopes
Prescription glasses
Cough syrup
Hearing aids
Kitchen and Household
Vinegar bottles
Egg cartons
Meat trays
Trash bags
Breadboxes
Freezer containers
Melamine dishware
Tumblers
Cake decorations
Jars
Microwave dishes
Utensils
Candles
Freezer bags
Milk jugs
Vacuum bottles
Coasters
Gelatin molds
Nylon spatulas
wax paper
Coffee pots
Ice cream scoops
Oven bags
Mops
Drinking cups
Ice trays
Plastic containers
Fabric softener
Detergent bottles
Plastic table service
Drain stoppers
Dish drainers
Lunch boxes
Pudding molds
Sponges
Dish scrubbers
Brushes
Baggies
Drinking straws
Styrofoam
Paper cup dispensers
Measuring cups
Teflon coated pans
Table cloths
Refrigerator shelves

Beauty

Cologne
Hair brushes
Lipstick
Permanent wave curlers
Perfume
Hair color
Mascara
Petroleum jelly
Comb
Foam rubber curlers
Shampoo
Contact lenses and cases
Hair spray
Hand lotion
Shaving foam
Hair dryers
Shoe inserts
Dentures
Body lotion
Face masks
Skin cleanser
Deodorants
Moisturizing cream
Soap holders
Disposable razors
Leather conditioner
Mouthwash
Sunglasses
Facial toner
Lens cleanser
Nail polish
Sunscreen
Tooth brushes
Toothpaste tubes
Vitamins
Synthetic wigs
Bubble bath
Soap capsules

Furnishings

Carpet padding
Naugahyde
Venetian blinds
TV cabinets
Extension cords
Picture frames
Flocked wallpaper
Shower doors
Formica
Refrigerator lining
Vinyl wallpaper
Curtains
Kitchen carpet
Shag carpet
welcome mats
Fan blades
Lamps
Shower curtain
Patio furniture
Swings
Linoleum
Upholstery
Rugs

Building and Home

Caulking material
Light switch plates
Plungers
Faucet washers
Clotheslines
Measuring tape
Polyurethane stain
water pipes
Electric saws
Paintbrushes
Propane bottles
wood floor cleaner/wax
Vinyl electrical tape
Plastic pipe
Shingles (asphalt)
Light panels
Garden hoses
Plastic wood spackling paste
Awnings
Glazing compound
Plexiglas
Spray paint
Enamel
Epoxy paint
Artificial turf
Folding doors
Floor wax
Glue
House paint
Paint rollers
Toilet seats
water pipes
Putty
Solvents
Roofing material
Plywood adhesive
Sockets
Propane

Automotive

Antifreeze
Flat tire fix
Street paving (asphalt)
Car battery cases
Coolant
Motor oil
Tires
Loud speakers
Bearing grease
Sports car bodies
Traffic cones
Car enamel
Brake fluid
Dashboards
windshield wipers
Visors
Car sound insulation
Oil filters
Car seats
Convertible tops
Fan belts
Gasoline

Miscellaneous

Ash trays
Dog food dishes
Toolboxes
CDs and DVDs
Balloons
Dog leashes
Tape recorders
Synthetic rubber
Bubble gum
Dog toys
Flashlights
Nylon ropes
Bungee straps
Flight bags
Disposable lighters
Cassette player
Flea collars
Flutes
Lighter fluid
Cigarette cases
Electric blankets
Tool racks
Name tags
Cigarette filters
Ammonia
Newspaper tubes
Calibrated containers
Insect repellent
Phonograph records (vinyl)
Crayons
Ice buckets
Dyes
Pillows
Credit cards
Flashlights
Fly swatters
Plastic cup holders
Dice
Movie and camera film
K-resin
Rain bonnets
Luggage
Video cassettes
Charcoal lighter
Rayon
Safety glasses, gloves, hats
Shoe polish
Signs
Cassette tapes
Toys
watch bands
waterproof boots
Shopping bags
Bedspreads
Checkbooks
Covers
Tobacco pouches
Clothes hangers
Flea collars
Flavors
Masking tape
Safety flares
Flags
Butane

Listed in alphabetical order

A partial list of products made from Petroleum (144 of 6000 items)

One 42-gallon barrel of oil creates 19.4 gallons of gasoline. The rest (over half) is used to make things like:
Ammonia
Anesthetics
Antifreeze
Antihistamines
Antiseptics
Artificial limbs
Artificial Turf
Aspirin
Awnings
Balloons
Ballpoint Pens
Bandages
Basketballs
Bearing Grease
Bicycle Tires
Boats
Cameras
Candles
Car Battery Cases
Car Enamel
Cassettes
Caulking
CD Player
CD's & DVD's
Clothes
Clothesline
Cold cream
Combs
Cortisone
Crayons
Curtains
Dashboards
Denture Adhesive
Dentures
Deodorant
Detergents
Dice
Diesel fuel
Dishes
Dishwasher parts
Dresses
Drinking Cups
Dyes
Electric Blankets
Electrician's Tape
Enamel
Epoxy
Eyeglasses
Fan Belts
Faucet Washers
Fertilizers
Fishing Boots
Fishing lures
Fishing Rods
Floor Wax
Folding Doors
Food Preservatives
Football Cleats
Football Helmets
Footballs
Footballs
Gasoline
Glycerin
Golf Bags
Golf Balls
Guitar Strings
Hair Coloring
Hair Curlers
Hand Lotion
Heart Valves
House Paint
Ice Chests
Ice Cube Trays
Ink
Insect Repellent
Insecticides
Life Jackets
Linings
Linoleum
Lipstick
Luggage
Model Cars
Mops
Motor Oil
Motorcycle Helmet
Movie film
Nail Polish
Nylon Rope
Oil Filters
Paint
Paint Brushes
Paint Rollers
Panty Hose
Parachutes
Percolators
Perfumes
Petroleum Jelly
Pillows
Plastic Wood
Purses
Putty
Refrigerant
Refrigerators
Roller Skates
Roofing
Rubber Cement
Rubbing Alcohol
Safety Glasses
Shag Rugs
Shampoo
Shaving Cream
Shoe Polish
Shoes
Shower Curtains
Skis
Slacks
Soap
Soft Contact lenses
Solvents
Speakers
Sports Car Bodies
Sun Glasses
Surf Boards
Sweaters
Synthetic Rubber
Telephones
Tennis Rackets
Tents
Tires
Toilet Seats
Tool Boxes
Tool Racks
Toothbrushes
Toothpaste
Transparent Tape
Trash Bags
TV Cabinets
Umbrellas
Upholstery
Vaporizers
Vitamin Capsules
Water Pipes
Wheels
Yarn
Aviation fuel
Biofuels
Fossil fuels
Nuclear
Fission
Fusion
Combustion
Aviation fuel
Hydrocarbon technology
Oil Refineries
Liquid fuels
Diesel
Gasoline (petrol)
Kerosene
Propane (LPG)
Coal tar
Naptha
Ethanol
Gaseous fuels
Hydrogen
Propane
Chemical Engineering :: Petroleum Refinery
What is a refinery?
Oil Refineries
Oil refinery
Performance & Tracking (60 points)

Fuel stations
State Department of Fuel
North American States
Alabama (AL)
Alaska (AK)
Arizona (AZ)
Arkansas (AR)
Alberta (AB)
British Columbia (BC)
California (CA)
Colorado (CO)
Connecticut (CT)
Delaware (DE)
Florida (FL)
Georgia (GA)
Hawaii (HI)
Idaho (ID)
Illinois (IL)
Indiana (IN)
Iowa (IA)
Kansas (KS)
Kentucky (KY)
Louisiana (LA)
Maine (ME)
Maryland (MD)
Massachusetts (MA)
Michigan (MI)
Minnesota (MN)
Mississippi (MS)
Missouri (MO)
Montana (MT)
Manitoba (MB)
Mexico (MX)
Nebraska (NE)
Nevada (NV)
New Hampshire (NH)
New Jersey (NJ)
New Mexico (NM)
New York (NY)
North Carolina (NC)
North Dakota (ND)
New Brunswick (NB)
Newfoundland and Labrador (NL)
Northwest Territories (NT)
Nova Scotia (NS)
Nunavut (NU)
Ohio (OH)
Oklahoma (OK)
Oregon (OR)
Ontario (ON)
Pennsylvania (PA)
Prince Edward Island (PE)
Quebec (QC)
Rhode Island (RI)
South Carolina (SC)
South Dakota (SD)
Saskatchewan (SK)
Tennessee (TN)
Texas (TX)
Utah (UT)
Vermont (VT)
Virginia (VA)
Washington (WA)
West Virginia (WV)
Wisconsin (WI)
Wyoming (WY)
Yukon (YT)

Asian States
Albania
Andorra
Armenia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Arkhangelsk Oblast
Anhui Province
Afghanistan
Assam
Arunachal Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
Andaman and Nicober Islands
Bangladesh
Bhutan
Brunei
Belarus
Belgium
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bulgaria
Bihar
Bahrain
Chechnya
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Cambodia
Chukotka Autonomous Okrug
Chhattisgarh
Daman and Diu
Dadra and Nagar Haveli
Denmark
England
Estonia
East Timor
Finland
Fujian Province
France
Gujarat
Goa
Georgia
Germany
Gibraltar
Greece
Gansu Province
Guangdong Province
Guangxi Province
Guizhou
Heilongjiang
Hong Kong
Hubei
Hainan Province
Henan Province
Hunan Province
Himachal Pradesh
Hungary
Inner Mongolia
Indonesia
Iran
Iraq
Iceland
Ireland
Italy
Islamabad
Japan
Jeddah
Jiangxi Province
Jordan
Jiangsu
Jiangxi
Jilin
Jharkhand
Kashmir

Kashmir department of fuel.

What should you know about Kashmir oil refineries?
Kashmir oil refineries are undergoing feasibility studies and construction.

Kashmir oil refineries

Feasibility studies

Who will do a feasibility study for oil refineries in Kashmir and outside Kashmir?
Kashmir department of fuel.

What questions should be answered in the feasibility study?

In what locations in Kashmir is the establishment of oil refineries feasible?
What should be the specifications of a production plant?
What and how many professionals are required?
What equipment is required?
How long will it take for oil refineries to go into production?


Calculations for the state

How much aviation fuel is required in the state per year?
How much road motor vehicle fuel is required in the state per year?

Here are further guidelines.
Karnataka
Kerala
Kazakhstan
Korea - North
Korea - South
Kyrgyzstan
Kuwait
Kaliningrad Oblast
Lakshadweep
Latvia
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Laos
Lebanon
Liaoning Province
Liaoning
Manipur
Mizoram
Maharashtra
Madhya Pradesh
Meghalaya
Malaysia
Maldives
Magadan Oblast
Mongolia
Myanmar
Macedonia
Malta
Medina
Mecca
Moldova
Monaco
Montenegro
NCT of Delhi
Nagaland
Netherlands
Northern Ireland
Norway
Ningxia
Nepal
Oman
Orissa
Puducherry
Punjab
Peshawar
Philippines
Poland
Portugal
Palestine
Qinghai Province
Qinghai
Qatar
Rajasthan
Romania
Sikkim
Syria
Singapore
Sri Lanka
Scotland
Serbia
Slovakia
Slovenia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Shaanxi Province
Shandong
Shanxi
Sichuan
Taiwan
Tajikistan
Thailand
Tibet
Tripura
Tamil Nadu
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
Uzbekistan
Uttarakhand
United Arab Emirates
Uttar Pradesh
Vietnam
Vatican City
Wales
West Bengal
Xinjiang
Yunnan
Yemen
Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug
Zhejiang

Africa
Algeria
Angola
Burundi
Benin
Burkina Faso
Botswana
Cape Verde
Côte d'Ivoire
Comoros
Cameroon
Central African Republic
Chad
Canary Islands
Ceuta
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Djibouti
Egypt
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Equatorial Guinea
Gabon
Gambia
Ghana
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Kenya
Liberia
Lesotho
Madagascar
Malawi
Mauritius
Mayotte
Mozambique
Mali
Mauritania
Madeira
Melilla
Morocco
Niger
Nigeria
Namibia
Réunion
Rwanda
Republic of the Congo
São Tomé and Príncipe
Saint Helena
Senegal
Sierra Leone
Seychelles
Somalia
South Africa
Swaziland
South Sudan
Sudan
Tanzania
Togo
Tunisia
Uganda
Western Sahara
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
Queensland
New South Wales
Victoria (Australia)
Western Australian
Tasmania
New Zealand

Latin
Acre (Asif Province)
Alagoas
Amapá
Amazonas
Bahia
Buenos Aires Province
Ceará
Chubut Province
Córdoba Province
Goiás
Bolivia
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Falkland Islands
French Guiana
Guyana
Paraguay
Peru
Río Negro
Santa Cruz
Santa Fe Province
Salta Province
South Georgia
Suriname
Uruguay
Venezuela

List of oil refineries
Where on planet earth are aviation fuel and road motor vehicle fuel refineries locations?
List of oil refineries
State oil refineries
Oil Refineries

North American States
Name of Refinery Location Barrels per Day(Refining Capacity)
Lemont Refinery Lemont, Illinois 160,000 bbl/d (25,000 m3/d)
Joliet Refinery Joliet, Illinois 238,000 bbl/d (37,800 m3/d)
Robinson Refinery Robinson, Illinois 206,000 bbl/d (32,800 m3/d)
Wood River Refinery Wood River, Illinois 306,000 bbl/d (48,700 m3/d)
Marathon Petroleum RefineryGaryville, LA, North America 490,000
Baton Rouge Refinery Baton Rouge, LA, North America 502,500
Port Arthur Refinery Port Arthur, Texas, North America 600,000
Baytown Refinery Baytown, TX, North America 572,500
Asian States
Name of Refinery Location Barrels per Day
Jamnagar RefineryJamnagar, Gujarat, Asia 1,240,000
Ulsan Refinery (SK Energy) Ulsan, South Korea, Asia 850,000
GS Caltex Yeosu Refinery Yeosu, South Korea, Asia 730,000
ExxonMobil Singapore, Asia 605,000
Ras Tanura Refinery Dammam/Arabian Eastern Province, Asia 550,000
S-Oil Ulsan Refinery (S-Oil) Ulsan, South Korea, Asia 503,000
Mina Al-Ahmadi Refinery, KNPC Kuwait, Asia 470,000
Abadan Refinery Iran, Asia 450,000
Negishi Yokahama Refinery Japan, Asia 340,000
LINOS Refinery (TNK-BP) Ukraine, Asia 320,000
Bilbao Refinery, (Repsol YPF)Spain, Asia 220,000 bbl/d (35,000 m3/d)
Puertollano Refinery, (Repsol YPF)Spain, Asia 140,000 bbl/d (22,000 m3/d)
Tarragona Refinery, (Repsol YPF)Spain, Asia 160,000 bbl/d (25,000 m3/d)
A Coruña Refinery, (Repsol YPF)Spain, Asia 120,000 bbl/d (19,000 m3/d)
Cartagena Refinery, (Repsol YPF)Spain, Asia 220,000 bbl/d (35,000 m3/d)
Tenerife Refinery, (CEPSA)Spain, Asia 90,000 bbl/d (14,000 m3/d)
Palos de la Frontera Refinery, (CEPSA)Spain, Asia 100,000 bbl/d (16,000 m3/d)
Gibraltar-San Roque Refinery, (CEPSA)Spain, Asia 240,000 bbl/d (38,000 m3/d)
Castellon Refinery, (BP)Spain, Asia 100,000 bbl/d (16,000 m3/d)
Africa
Name of Refinery Location Barrels per Day
Australia
Name of Refinery Location Barrels per Day
Latin
Name of Refinery Location Barrels per Day
Paraguana Refinery Complex (PDVSA) Paraguana, Falcon, Venezuela, Latin 940,000

Jet fuel
What kind of fuel do jets use?
Jet fuel is a clear to straw-colored fuel, based on either an unleaded kerosene (Jet A-1), or a naphtha-kerosene blend (Jet B). It is similar to diesel fuel, and can be used in either compression ignition engines or turbine engines.
Here are further guidelines.

Solid fuel
Types of solid fuels
Wood
Biomass
Peat
Lignite
Bituminous coal
Anthracite
Coke
Briquettes
Uranium-235/Nuclear power
Last Updated: October 10, 2017