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Who has authored these resources?
Doctor Asif Qureshi.
Human Healthcare
Human Healthcare Resources Every Specific Physician Must Have
Human healthcare resources by Doctor Asif Qureshi

Health, Human Health, and Human Healthcare
What type of resource is this?
The reference resource for medical doctors.
The reference resource for human healthcare.

What is included in the reference resource for medical doctors?
What is included in the reference resource for health care?

Table of Contents
What should the head of the state know about health, human health, and human healthcare?
Here are further guidelines.
What is in the table of contents of this resource?
  1. Annotation or definition of health, human health, and human healthcare.

  2. Addresses and statistics of public hospitals in various states around the world.

  3. Addresses of state departments of public health in various states around the world.

  4. Addresses and statistics of community health centers in various states around the world.

  5. Addresses of state departments of health in various states around the world.

  6. Advice for postgraduate physicians.

  7. A–Z alphabetical listing of human health emergency symptoms and signs.

  8. A–Z alphabetical listing of human health emergency diagnoses and treatment.

  9. All human symptoms and signs.

  10. All human diseases and medical conditions.

  11. Anatomy, physiology, and biochemistry of human beings.

  12. Assessment of a patient by a physician.

  13. Assessment of patient

  14. Abilities/skills

  15. Academic degree for physician

  16. Administrative Issues

  17. Advice for postgraduate physicians.

  18. Aging Research

  19. Alphabetical listing of doctors’ abilities.

  20. Alphabetical listing of human diseases and medical conditions.

  21. Alphabetical listing of human healthcare settings.

  22. Alphabetical listing of human medical conditions details.

  23. Alphabetical listing of Human medical emergencies.

  24. Annual health assessment.

  25. Antibiotics

  26. Arterial Blood Gases

  27. Behavioral Therapy

  28. Body mass index

  29. Blood Chemistry Panel

  30. Career Counseling Relevant to Human Healthcare

  31. Cardiologist

  32. Care Coordinator

  33. Chemical Composition of the Human Body

  34. Childbirth: The Stages of Delivery

  35. Children's health

  36. Complaints and problems

  37. Complaint

  38. Complaints against human healthcare provider

  39. Computer and Internet education for doctors

  40. Continuing Medical Education

  41. 2015/16 ICD-10-CM Codes

  42. Categories of human healthcare professionals.

  43. Community health center in the state.

  44. Critical Care

  45. Critical Care Ambulance

  46. Counseling Services

  47. Crisis

  48. Critical, emergency, and non-emergency medical complaints.

  49. Critical Care unit

  50. Critical care unit record

  51. Continuing education for existing physicians

  52. Current Procedural Terminology (medical)

  53. Department of health, United Continents, United States of planet earth.

  54. Death Investigations

  55. Death Certificates

  56. Department of Public Health State Vital Records Office

  57. Difference

  58. Document for patient after seeing primary care physician.

  59. Document for referral patient.

  60. Document for discharge from hospital emergency room.

  61. Document for discharge from hospital other than emergency room.

  62. Documents relevant to a hospital.

  63. Drugs

  64. Duties to provide human healthcare within and outside the state.

  65. Dermatologist

  66. Dental Services

  67. Doctor Consultation

  68. Doctor of Medicine

  69. Doctor(Physician)License

  70. Drugs

  71. Economic and budget issues within the state and in other states in terms of relevance to human healthcare.

  72. Emergency management departments in the state and around the world

  73. Emergency Medical Services

  74. Emergency Medical Department in a hospital in the state.

  75. Elderly Health Issues

  76. Emergency medicine specialist

  77. Emergency medical room in a hospital

  78. Emergency

  79. Emergency Medications

  80. Endocrinologist

  81. Eye Care

  82. Favorite lecture of Doctor Asif Qureshi relevant to medical emergencies.

  83. Forensic Pathologist

  84. Forensic Psychiatrist

  85. Food

  86. Glossary of Medical Terms

  87. Guidance for Dietitians and Nutritionists

  88. Gynecologist

  89. Home Healthcare

  90. Healthcare Occupations

  91. Healthcare Facilities

  92. Hospitals by state, islands, continents.

  93. Human Nutrition

  94. Human medical conditions grouped by organ and human body systems.

  95. Health Care Provider Taxonomy

  96. Hospital labs errors or variable test reports.

  97. Hospitals around the world and Internet human healthcare.

  98. Hospital

  99. Hospital administration in the state

  100. Hospitalist

  101. Hospital ward patient in the state.

  102. Human healthcare professionals

  103. Human healthcare settings

  104. Interview specific human healthcare executives inside and outside the state.

  105. Intensivist

  106. Identify Unidentified Dead Individual.

  107. Internet guidelines for patients (patient education).

  108. Internet Human Health Care Services

  109. International classification of diseases

  110. Issues with Medical Colleges in Various States

  111. Jail medical staff.

  112. Medical biochemistry

  113. Medical biochemistry laboratory

  114. Medical college or medical education resources relevant recommendations in various states.

  115. Medical college issues in various states around the world.

  116. Medical Emergency

  117. Medical record

  118. Medical superintendent in the state

  119. Medical Research

  120. Medical Education Resources for Specific Types of Aspiring and Existing Physicians

  121. Medical education for specific types of aspiring physicians.

  122. Medical Emergency

  123. Medical Supplies and Equipment

  124. Mental Health

  125. Nephrologist

  126. Nursing home care

  127. New Medical Colleges’ Opening Issues in Various States

  128. New patient relevant to primary health care (nonemergency).

  129. Nonemergency medical services (Primary care physician training program)

  130. On-the-spot emergency medical diagnosis and treatment

  131. Occupations relevant to the state department of health and the state department of public health.

  132. Ophthalmologist

  133. Pain

  134. Palliative Care Services

  135. Patient Education

  136. Pediatric Hospitalist

  137. Personality disorders (harmful to others).

  138. Physician director of public health of specific states

  139. Physician guide to physician or physicians

  140. Pharmacist

  141. Physician intensive care unit

  142. Programs, resources, and guidelines that enhance human health within and outside the state

  143. Prescription

  144. Prison health care

  145. Physician

  146. Physician caregiver for a physician

  147. Physician-scientist (research physician) training program

  148. PhD in biomedical sciences

  149. Primary Care Physician

  150. Psychiatrist

  151. Public Health

  152. Pulmonologist

  153. Public presentation through the Internet by physicians

  154. Questions every specific type of physician must be able to answer.

  155. Random health screening/assessment

  156. Reference ranges for human blood tests

  157. Resident Services case manager in the state.

  158. Renal Dialysis Clinics

  159. Requirements for becoming a physician

  160. Remuneration for these resources

  161. Research

  162. Specific types of physicians with seniority within and outside the state around the world.

  163. Specific physicians as heads of state.

  164. State department of health administrative services.

  165. State department of public health.

  166. Stress issues facing humans within and outside the state.

  167. Surgical Emergencies/Physician surgeon medical emergency

  168. Surgical Emergencies/Alphabetical Listing

  169. Surgical Emergencies/There are 14 different categories of surgical emergencies.

  170. Surgical Emergencies/Emergency Surgery Guidelines

  171. Surgery Elective

  172. State medical licensure requirements, statistics, and challenges

  173. State department of health

  174. Social Work

  175. Stress Counselor

  176. Specialties

  177. Survival Needs

  178. Surgeon

  179. Symptoms & Signs A-Z List

  180. Training programs for medical doctors

  181. Treatment for human healthcare

  182. Tertiary referral hospital

  183. Techniques Relevant to Human Healthcare for Specific Physicians

  184. Traumatic Injuries: Diagnosis, Treatment and Complications

  185. The best hospitals are not created from big buildings. An analysis of hospitals inside and outside the state.

  186. Testing for Human Blood

  187. Training programs for various physicians and their subordinates.

  188. Types of Physicians

  189. Vaccine

  190. Women's health

  191. Weight Training Exercises

  192. World Hospital Directory

  193. Workers in human health care

  194. X-ray

  195. Allied health workers guidelines

Annotation or definition of health, human health, and human healthcare.
Is there a difference between health, human health, and human healthcare?
Yes.

What is the difference between health, human health, and human healthcare?
Health is the overall condition of a living organism at a given time.
Human health is the complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity at a given time.
Human healthcare is helping to make people's everyday lives more comfortable and healthier.
Diagnosis and treatment in various healthcare settings and public healthcare advice are human healthcare.
Human health involves providing products, services, and prescription and non-prescription advice or intervention that help make people's everyday lives more comfortable and healthier.
All these services are relevant within and outside the state.

Why does a physician have to have the title of a specific type of physician?
If a person who can make an 8-inch incision and closing in three layers in emergency and non-emergency situations claims to be a surgeon specialist but cannot reach a correct diagnosis and treatment in various human healthcare settings, such a person is not a "physician surgeon, medical emergency" or "physician surgeon, elective surgery." Such a person knows a technique that can be harmful or may be useful under the supervision of a "physician surgeon, medical emergency" or "physician surgeon, elective surgery." Such person can be called a technician.

The prerequisite for any specific type of physician is the ability to reach a correct diagnosis and treatment in various healthcare settings. The individual should be able to circulate human healthcare advice from time to time that is relevant to specific human healthcare issues within and outside the state.

Human medical conditions

What should a medical doctor know about a medical condition?

What is it?
What causes it?
What are the risk factors?
What's normal?
How is it diagnosed?
What are the types of this medical condition?
What are the symptoms?
What are the signs?
What are the clinical findings?
What are the lab or investigation findings?
What are the workable treatment options?
What is the best setting or location to treat this medical condition?
What do you think can help?
When is counseling required?
When is medication required?
How long should medication last?
What type of medication is available?
When is surgical intervention indicated?
How could this be prevented?


Questions every specific type of physician must be able to answer.

How many total medical conditions are there?
How many human healthcare settings are there?
What are examples of human healthcare settings?
How many human systems are there?
What are the types of specific physicians in human healthcare settings with seniority?
What do you call a person who can guide all types of specific physicians in addition to executives of other professions?
What are the duties of a physician director of a specific state’s public health?
What are the duties of the director of emergencies of a specific state?
What problems, complaints, incidents, and issues need on-the-spot diagnosis and treatment?

What medical conditions should a medical doctor be able to diagnose and treat?
What is a medicolegal case?
When can a patient recover from medical condition at home?
How should an emergency medical doctor categorize the condition of a patient?


Crisis

Do you know what a crisis is?
What is a crisis?
Why was there a need to elaborate on crisis?
Is there a difference between a crisis and medico–legal case?
Is there a difference between a crisis and a medical emergency?
Are there crisis medical emergencies?
How are crisis medical emergencies different from other medical emergencies?
Who should diagnose and treat a human crisis?
What can cause crisis?
Do all case scenarios of crisis need hospitalization?
Can an unjustified hospitalization lead to further harms?
Should a crisis be diagnosed and treated by a medical doctor or a counselor?
What is crisis?
What is the work related difference between a medical doctor, counselor, and social worker?
How many human medical conditions are there?
How many medical conditions are caused by stress?
Can you name a human medical condition?
What should you know about this medical condition?
What should you know about any medical condition?
What are you expected to know as a medical doctor?


These are basic questions. There are many more depending on a person’s experience and seniority.


International Classification of Diseases
International classification of diseases and human healthcare issues
How many human medical conditions are there?
There are more than 7,943 human medical conditions.
Here are further guidelines.

Take a look at this.
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/icd10alphaIndex.html

Take a look at this.
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/icd-by-systems.html

Last Updated: March 13, 2017
International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10)

How many human medical emergencies are there?
There are fewer than 1,096 human medical emergencies.
If you know the human medical conditions, then you will be able to diagnose and treat them.
Here are further guidelines.

How should the international classification of diseases be elaborated?
  1. An alphabetical listing of human health conditions currently stands at more than 7000.

  2. We need an A–Z listing of human health emergency symptoms and signs.

  3. We also need an A–Z listing of human health emergency diagnoses and treatments, including:

  4. All human symptoms and signs.

  5. Human medical conditions grouped by organ and human body systems.

  6. Human medical conditions categorized, including infectious medical conditions.

What should a medical doctor know about a medical condition?
Here are further guidelines.

What patients need intensive care?
Here are further guidelines.

In how many human medical conditions or settings are intravenous therapy or an intravenous line required?
Here are further guidelines.

Current Procedural Terminology (medical)

What is the abbreviation of CPT?
CPT Current Procedural Terminology (medical)

How many CPT codes are there?
A CPT code is a five digit numeric code that is used to describe medical, surgical, radiology, laboratory, anesthesiology, and evaluation/management services of physicians, hospitals, and other health care providers. There are approximately 7,800 CPT codes ranging from 00100 through 99499.

Types of code

Category I
Codes for evaluation and management: 99201–99499
Codes for anesthesia: 00100–01999; 99100–99150
Codes for surgery: 10000–69990
Codes for Radiology: 70000-79999
Codes for pathology and laboratory: 80000–89398
Codes for medicine: 90281–99099; 99151–99199; 99500–99607

Category II
Category III
Major psychotherapy revisions

What needs to be accomplished relevant to the international classification of diseases in human beings?
On or after March 13, 2017, more than 330 North American, Asian, African, Latin and Australian states need to nominate experienced physicians to standardize the international classification of diseases.

What needs to be accomplished relevant to the current procedural terminology (medical) of human beings?
On or after March 13, 2017, more than 330 North American, Asian, African, Latin and Australian states need to nominate experienced physicians to standardize current procedural terminology (medical).

This should be accomplished with extra resources for www.qureshiuniversity.org/health.html which include hosting services, occasional printing, telecommunications services, presentations, and other provisions that might need extra resources.

Questions you will need to answer.

What do you think needs to be added?

What brief medical education courses must be taken by existing physicians?
Life stressors at this point.
Knowledge of infection, infectious diseases, and prevention.
Laboratory biochemical errors and correlation with actual diagnosis of patients.
Internet human health care (for example www.qureshiouniversity.org) and its importance for patient care, medical education for specific physicians relevant to health care settings, and administrative services inside and outside the state.

If others declare on or after March 13, 2017 that their Internet resources are superior to the question-and-answer format, compared to www.qureshiuniversity.org, in English, they must display questions and answers publicly through the Internet relevant to patient care, medical education for specific physicians relevant to the healthcare setting, and administrative services in the state and outside the state.

Public presentation through the Internet by physicians
How should physicians circulate public presentations through the Internet relevant to human health?
English language questions and answers should be the format of the presentation.
If non-English language services are requested, questions and answers can be translated to other languages.

Competence and maintenance of physicians.

How should existing physicians go ahead with maintaining competence?
Internet resources (for example www.qureshiuniversity.org/health.html) are there to maintain competence.

How has the Internet changed the way in which medical education for aspiring and existing physicians is taught?
Please take a look at: www.qureshiuniversity.org/health.html
At home or at the office, among the world’s 7 billion people anyone can update their knowledge of human health. This was not possible before 2000.


Categories of human healthcare professionals.
Occupations relevant to the state department of health and the state department of public health.
What is on the list of occupations relevant to the state department of health and the state department of public health?
What are the categories of human healthcare professionals?

Guide human healthcare professionals, including the director of the state department of public health.
State department of human healthcare administrator.
Physician, specific type with seniority.
Physician's aide or assistant.
Physician, executive (knows economic, budget, and administrative issues within and outside the state).
Nurse
Dentist
Pharmacist
Allied healthcare workers.


State department of human healthcare administrator.

Director of the state department of public health.
Director of the state department of health.
Staff of the director of the state department of health.
Staff of the director of the state department of public health.
Superintendent of a hospital within or outside the state.

What is the proof of your competence?
You should be able to answer relevant questions.
The same should be displayed publicly.

Physician, specific type with seniority.

Here are various types of physician training programs.
What type of physician would you like to be?
  1. Physician primary care
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/primarycarephysician.html

  2. Physician intensive care unit
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/criticalcareworld.html

  3. Physician medical emergency room
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/emergencymedicinedoctor.html

  4. Physician medical emergency responder
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/emergencymedicalresponder.html

  5. Physician surgeon medical emergency
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/surgeryworld.html

  6. Physician surgeon elective surgery
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/surgeryworld.html

  7. Physician anesthetist medical emergency
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/anesthesiologist.html

  8. Physician anesthetist, medical emergency, and physician anesthetist, elective surgery
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/anesthesiologist.html

  9. Physician guide to physician or physicians
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/healthcareworld.html

  10. Physician hospitalist (takes care of hospital ward patients)
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/hospitalist.html

  11. Physician forensic psychiatry
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/forensicpsychiatrist.html

  12. Physician Forensic Pathology
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/forensicpathologist.html

  13. Physical Therapist
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/physicaltherapist.html

  14. Physician director of public health of the state.
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/physiciandirectorpublichealth.html

  15. Physician director of health of the state.
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/physiciandirectorhealth.html

  16. Physician medical superintendent of a hospital in the state.
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/physicianmedicalsuperintendent.html

  17. Physician of public health in the state.
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/physicianpublichealthworld.html


Make sure you differentiate between the old system of physician categories and existing specific types of physicians at this point with seniority.
Take a look at this.
www.qureshiuniversity.org/medicalstudents.html

What should existing human healthcare professionals know, including the director of the state department of public health?
Those who are circulating human healthcare guidelines at this point must know they have been educated in the old system of human healthcare professions.
They must be oriented to existing requirements of human healthcare professions.

Advice for various aspiring and existing human healthcare occupations within and outside the state.

What advice is there for all aspiring and existing human healthcare occupations within and outside the state?
Identify with the state department of health.
Identify with the state department of public health.
The state department of health means the Illinois Department of Health or the equivalent.
The state department of public health means the Illinois Department of Public Health or the equivalent.
Doctor Asif Qureshi is the head of the Department of Health, United Continents, United States of planet earth and the founder of this department on planet earth.
Do not identify with any entity that is not recommended by the state department of health or the state department of public health.
The World Health Organization (WHO), which was once associated with the UN, has been discarded due to various harms.
English language is the official language.
Communicate in the English language.
Differentiate between the old system of human healthcare education, including that of specific types of physicians, and the latest advanced type of education for human healthcare occupations, including specific types of physicians.
If you know anyone interested in human healthcare occupations, share these resources www.qureshiuniversity.org/health.html with them, including specific types of aspiring physicians and specific existing types of physicians within and outside the state.
Nominate highly competent physicians for the Department of Health, United Continents, United States of planet earth.
Nominees should focus on individualized human healthcare and public health.
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/departmentofhealthucusplanetearth.html

What should existing human healthcare professionals know, including the director of the state department of public health?
Those who are circulating human healthcare guidelines at this point must know they have been educated in the old system of human healthcare professions.
They must be oriented to existing requirements of human healthcare professions.

Differentiate between the old system of human healthcare education, including that of specific types of physicians, and the latest advanced type of education for human healthcare occupations, including specific types of physicians.

Requirements for a New System

Take a look at this.
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/medicalstudents.html

Take a look at this.
Medical doctors.

OLD SYSTEM: How it is
    What physician specialist gets guidelines through Internet human healthcare?
    Anesthesiologist
    Cardiologist
    Dental services
    Dermatologist
    Emergency medicine specialist
    Endocrinologist
    Forensic pathologist
    Forensic psychiatrist
    Gastroenterologist
    Geriatrician
    Gynecologist
    Hospitalist in hospital ward
    Intensivist
    Internet human healthcare specialist
    Medical superintendent in the state
    Nephrologist
    Neurologist
    Obstetrics & gynecology specialist
    Oncologist
    Ophthalmologist
    Orthopedician
    Pediatric hospitalist
    Physical medicine & rehabilitation specialist
    Physician-surgeon
    Primary care physician
    Psychiatrist
    Public health specialist
    Pulmonologist
    Radiologist and nuclear medicine specialist.
    Allied health workers.
    Chiropractors
    Dentists
    Midwives
    Nurses
    Occupational therapists
    Optometrists
    Pathologists
    Pharmacists
    Physical therapists
    Psychologists
    Speech-language pathologists and audiologists
Why should you not pursue education in the old system of medical education?
MBBS is an old type of education system.
You must pursue education in existing specific types of physician training programs.
Health Care Administrator
State Department of Health
Additional Secretary to Government.
Chief Medical Officer.
Commissioner/Secretary to Government.
Controller, Drug & Food Organization.
Deputy/Secretary to Government.
Director Health.
Under/Secretary to Government.
Health Care Access Outreach Coordinator.
Medical students.
Allied health workers.
Nurses.
Pharmacists.
Coroner

Here are further facts.
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/jobcategories.html#Health.

Internet guidelines for patients (patient education).
What do you have to do if you do not have internet resources at the home/home office?
Go to the nearest public library.
If the nearest public library does not have internet service, contact the media to ask for such services from the state.
Read and understand the guidelines provided at these resources www.qureshiuniversity.org/patient.html

If you have a human healthcare issue and need to resolve it through the internet before seeing a specific physician, what do you have to do?
Take a look at this.
www.qureshiuniversity.org/patient.html

Do you think you need a specific physician consultation?
What specific type of physician consultation or human healthcare do you need?

Here are further guidelines.
Questions patients should be aware of.
Questions to ask before your appointment.
Questions to ask during your appointment.
Questions to ask after your appointment.

What will happen if you do not take non-emergency human issues relevant to you seriously?
This can become an emergency. This can become a medical emergency.
Here are further guidelines.
www.qureshiuniversity.org/patient.html

Internet Human Health Care Services
Health Care
Internet Human Health Care Services
Human Healthcare
The King's University
www.qureshiuniversity.org
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/healthcareworld.html

Who has authored this resource?
Doctor Asif Qureshi.

What is the title of this resource?
Medical Diagnosis and Treatment

Resource every physician on this planet must have.
Resource every human healthcare professional on this Planet must have.
Resource every state department of health on this planet must have.


For whom are these training programs meant in the state or outside the state around the world?
Anesthesiologist
Cardiologist
Dentist
Dermatologist
Emergency medicine specialist (first responder)
Emergency medicine specialist (medical emergency room)
Endocrinologist
Forensic pathologist
Forensic psychiatrist
Gastroenterologist
Geriatrician
Gynecologist
Hospitalist in hospital ward
Intensivist
Internet human healthcare specialist
Medical superintendent in the state
Nephrologist
Neurologist
Obstetrics & gynecology specialist
Oncologist
Ophthalmologist
Orthopedician
Palliative Care Services
Pediatric hospitalist
Physical medicine & rehabilitation specialist
Physician-surgeon
Primary care physician
Psychiatrist
Public health specialist
Pulmonologist
Resident Services case manager in the state.
Radiologist and nuclear medicine specialist.
Stress Counselor

Allied health workers guidelines
What are examples of allied health workers?
Here are further guidelines.

Medical biochemistry
Medical biochemistry laboratory
What are the main branches of biochemistry?
Medical biochemistry (human biochemistry)
Animal biochemistry
Plant biochemistry
Here you will find guidelines related to medical biochemistry (human biochemistry)

What are other terms for medical biochemistry?
Clinical chemistry
Chemical pathology
Clinical biochemistry
Laboratory medicine

What reference ranges of the human body should physicians know?
Blood
Urine
CSF (cerebrospinal fluid)
Feces
Vital signs

Are there any discrepancies, variations or controversies relevant to reference ranges for human blood tests?
Yes.

What are examples of discrepancies, variations or controversies relevant to reference ranges for human blood tests?
Research has revealed that the reference ranges for human blood tests vary from laboratory to laboratory.
This needs to be standardized.

What tests are usually done on human blood?
Acid-base and arterial blood gases
Cardiac blood tests
Electrolytes and metabolites
Endocrinology Test List
Enzymes and proteins
Hematology red blood cells, white blood cells, coagulation
Immunology; for example, acute phase proteins, isotypes of antibodies, serum free light chains (FLC): kappa/lambda ratio
Ions and trace metals
Lipids
Liver function
Medication tests; for example, digoxin, lithium, paracetamol
Toxins
Tumor markers
Vitamins

Arterial Blood Gases
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/arterialbloodgases.html

What range of normal values should you follow for human blood tests?
Here are further facts.

Electrolytes and metabolites

Osmolality
Urea
Uric acid
Creatinine
BUN/Creatinine Ratio (the ratio of two serum laboratory values, the blood ureanitrogen (BUN) (mg/dL) and serum creatinine (Cr) (mg/dL)
Plasma glucose (fasting)
Full blood glucose (fasting)
Random glucose
Lactate (venous)
Lactate (arterial)
Pyruvate
Ketones

What are examples of electrolytes in human blood?
Seven major electrolytes and their function.
1. Sodium (Na+)
2. Chloride (Cl-)
3. Potassium (K+)
4. Magnesium (Mg++)
5. Calcium (Ca++)
6. Phosphate (HPO4–)
7. Bicarbonate (HCO3-)

Enzymes and proteins

Serum total protein
Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH)
Amylase
D-dimer
Lipase
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE)
Acid phosphatase
Eosinophil cationic protein (ECP)

Medication tests; for example, digoxin, lithium, paracetamol

What are the causes of elevated urea in human blood test?
Dehydration is the most common cause

What are the causes of elevated creatinine in human blood tests?
Medical biochemistry laboratory error.
Medical biochemistry laboratory reference range variations.
Non-pathological conditions, such as dehydration.
Other similar causes.

Kidney damage is not always the cause of elevated urea or creatinine in human blood tests.

Basic Metabolic Panel

What is the Basic Metabolic Panel blood test for human beings?
A basic metabolic panel (BMP) is a blood test consisting of a set of seven or eight biochemical tests and is one of the most common lab tests ordered by health care providers.

What are other terms for basic metabolic panel blood test for human beings?
The Basic Metabolic Panel is also called Chem 7.

What is included in Basic Metabolic Panel human blood test?
Glucose
Calcium
Sodium
Potassium
CO2 (carbon dioxide, bicarbonate)
Chloride
BUN (blood urea nitrogen)
Creatinine

Oxygen saturation can be measured separately by pulse oximetry.

When is this test ordered?
Your provider may order this test during a yearly exam or routine checkup.

What is the difference between basic metabolic panel, comprehensive metabolic panel and metabolic panel 20 in human blood tests?
8 components are measured in basic metabolic panel.
14 components are measured in comprehensive metabolic panel.
20 components are measured in Chem 20 metabolic panel.

What is included in the comprehensive metabolic panel human blood test?
Albumin: 3.4 to 5.4 g/dL
Alkaline phosphatase: 44 to 147 IU/L
ALT (alanine aminotransferase): 10 to 40 IU/L
AST (aspartate aminotransferase): 10 to 34 IU/L
BUN (blood urea nitrogen): 6 to 20 mg/dL
Calcium: 8.5 to 10.2 mg/dL
Chloride: 96 - 106 mEq/L
CO2 (carbon dioxide): 23 to 29 mEq/L
Creatinine: 0.6 to 2.0 mg/dL
Glucose: 70 to 100 mg/dL
Potassium: 3.7 to 5.2 mEq/L
Sodium: 135 to 145 mEq/L
Total bilirubin: 0.3 to 1.9 mg/dL
Total protein: 6.0 to 8.3 g/dL

Normal values for glucose and creatinine can vary with age.

What is included in Chem 20 metabolic panel human blood test?
  1. Alanine aminotransferase

  2. Albumin

  3. Albumin/Globulin

  4. Alkaline phosphatase

  5. Aspartate aminotransferase

  6. Bilirubin

  7. Calcium

  8. Carbon dioxide

  9. Chloride

  10. Cholesterol

  11. Creatinine

  12. Globulin

  13. Glucose

  14. Lactate dehydrogenase

  15. Phosphate

  16. Potassium

  17. Protein

  18. Sodium

  19. Urate

  20. Urea nitrogen



Questions that need to be answered by all biochemistry laboratories conducting human blood tests.

What are the various essential topics, issues in medical biochemistry?
What is the difference between chemistry, biochemistry and medical biochemistry?
What is medical biochemistry?
Reference ranges for human blood tests vary according to resource: How would you resolve this issue?
What reference ranges of human blood tests does your biochemistry laboratory follow?
How and why was this reference range selected for human blood and with what scientific rationale?
How accurate and reliable are human blood tests measured by blood analyzers in various hospitals or biochemistry laboratories?
What types of human blood tests are conducted at this biochemistry laboratory?
What equipment is utilized from start to finish for human blood tests at this biochemistry laboratory?
What human blood chemistry analyzer is currently the best for blood tests; for example, comprehensive metabolic panel with 14 components for testing human blood?
Here are further guidelines.
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/medicalbiochemistry.html

Assessment of patient.
What is wrong with existing physicians around the world?
Existing physicians around the world are not able to do proper health care assessment in various human healthcare settings.

Existing physicians are not able to reach correct diagnoses and treatment in various human healthcare settings.

How many types of human health care assessment are there?
There are 18 types of human health care nonemergency assessment and 15 types of human health care, emergency assessment in various human healthcare settings.

What is an assessment of a patient?
Patient assessment is the term used to describe the process of identification of the condition, needs, abilities, and genuine preferences of a patient. Identify possible solutions and/or remedies.
Prepare a plan.

Who should ideally do an assessment of a patient?
The physician should ideally do an assessment of the patient.

There is only one best doctor on this planet.

His name: Dr. Asif Qureshi.
His focus: The planet.

Questions relevant to the patient.

Here are further guidelines.

PATIENT ASSESSMENT DEFINITIONS

Emergency Medical Services.
Here are further guidelines.

Emergency medical room in a hospital
Here are further guidelines.

Primary care physician consultation
New patient relevant to primary health care (nonemergency).
Here are further guidelines.

Abilities/skills
What are skills?
A skill is the learned ability to carry out a task with pre-determined results often within a given amount of time, energy, or both. In other words the abilities that one possesses. Skills can often be divided into domain-general and domain-specific skills. For example, in the domain of work, some general skills would include time management, teamwork and leadership, self motivation and others, whereas domain-specific skills would be useful only for a certain job.

Is there a difference between human organ system functions and abilities?
Yes.

What is the difference between human organ system functions and abilities?
Human pulse, blood pressure, temperature, consciousness, and respiratory rate are signs of human organ system functions.
These signs exist from birth onwards. These are signs of human organ system functions; they are not abilities.
Abilities are learned gradually after birth.

This example will make you understand.
English language reading abilities.
English language speaking abilities.
English language understanding abilities.
English language writing abilities.

If an individual does not have English language reading, speaking, understanding, and writing abilities, that does not mean there is impairment of human organ system functions.
These are all learned abilities.
If an individual is educated properly, he or she will learn these abilities.

What are the vital signs of human organ systems functions?
Consciousness
Pulse
Blood pressure
Respiratory rate
Temperature
Pain

In some regions, consciousness and pain are not considered vital signs.

What are the differences between abilities of a newborn and abilities of an 18-year-old human?
A newborn does not have any learned abilities.
A newborn has five findings: Breathing effort, Heart rate, Muscle tone, Response to smell or foot slap, Skin color.
A doctor of medicine calls this Apgar scoring.
Apgar scoring determines the health of a newborn. These findings are due to human organ systems’ functions.
Sucking reflex, defecation, urination, and crawling are monitored later.

A human learns more than 600 abilities from birth up to 18 years.

What should you know about human organ systems’ functions?
Human organ systems functions exist from birth.

How is a human body organized?
Cells are the basic unit of life.
Tissues are clusters of cells that perform a similar function.
Organs are made of tissues that perform one specific function.
Organ systems are groups of organs that perform a specific purpose in the human body.

The purpose of the 11 organ systems is for the human body to maintain homeostasis.

Organs and Functions

What are the human organs and their function?
Adrenal glands - Fight or flight emergency explosive action and mental clarity.
Appendix - No longer in direct use, theorized to help Immune system.
Bladder - Temporally collects liquids from food waste.
Brain - A neural network of interdependent systems to send signals to muscles.
Epidermis - protect against pathogens, oxidant stress (UV light) and chemicals.
Esophagus - Muscular tube through which food travels to the stomach.
Eyes - Conversion of photons into a data stream for the optic nerve.
Gall bladder - Fat conversion/digestion with high powered chemicals.
Heart - Pump to move blood around the body.
Kidney - Regulate acidity, blood pressure, salt/water balance, signal hormones.
Large intestine - Absorb water and last remaining nutrients from waste.
Liver - Filter out the blood of impurities and toxins.
Lungs - Absorption of Oxygen and release of Carbon Dioxide.
Mouth - Temporary storage area for food while it is evaluated and crushed.
Ovaries - In Females, secrete estrogen, progesterone and create ovums.
Pancreas - Break down the carbohydrates, proteins, and lipids in food.
Parathyroid - Control the amount of calcium in the blood and within the bones.
Pleura - Lubricant and structure to convert muscle movements to inhale/exhale.
Prostate gland - In Males, Assist in the preparation of semen.
Rectum - About 12cm of temporary storage site for feces.
Small intestine - Primary absorption of nutrients and minerals in food.
Spine - Bendable support structure for upper body, protects wires from brain to lower body.
Spleen - Secondary backup systems to regulate blood and immune system.
Stomach - Dissolve and churn eaten foods with acids.
Testes - In Males, create sperm containing the DNA code to build another human.
Thyroid gland - Configuration for energy storage, dial in sensitivity to hormones.
Tongue - Evaluate and reposition food in the mouth and push down esophagus.
Uterus - Hold and supply nutrients to the ovum while it grows into a human.

How many organ systems does the human body have?
The human body has 11 organ systems.

What are the organ systems of the human body?
Take a look at this.
Organ Systems of the Body

Brain & central nervous system (nervous system)
Circulatory System
Digestive System
Endocrine System
Integumentary system
Lymphatic (immune) system
Muscular system
Reproductive System
Respiratory System
Skeletal System
Urinary system

Is there a difference between human body functional capacity evaluation and fitness for duty?
Yes.

What is the difference between human body functional capacity evaluation and fitness for duty?
Functional capacity evaluation measures 11 human organ system functions relevant to age.
Fitness for duty measures general abilities and professional abilities relevant to a profession.

Functional Capacity Evaluation measures 11 human organ system functions relevant to age.

Here are further guidelines.
Body Systems Quiz
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/Quizhumanbodtsystems.html

http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/abilitiesworld.html
Abilities/skills


Anatomy
Physiology
Biochemistry


What are recommendations to other medical colleges?

Various medical colleges start with anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, pediatrics, ear nose & throat, forensic medicine, ophthalmology, preventive and social medicine and end with medicine, surgery, obstetrics and gynecology.

They must start directly with a medical condition. Each medical condition should be enumerated in at least 40 questions and answers with relevant anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, microbiology, pathology, pharmacology, and preventive concepts.
What human anatomy should one know relevant to this medical condition?
What human physiology should one know relevant to this medical condition?
What human biochemistry should one know relevant to this medical condition?
What human microbiology should one know relevant to this medical condition?

If one needs these questions and answers, Qureshi University is willing to provide them.

Academic degree for physician
How should you introduce yourself if you are a physician?
I am Asif Qureshi.
I have a Doctor of Medicine academic degree.
I am a physician.
I am a forensic psychiatrist.
I can guide all medical specialties.

If a person is a physician and interprets his or her academic degree with such terms as MB BCh, M.D, MBBS, MB BCh BAO, MBChB, MBBChir, BMBS, BMed, BM, MChDetc, this can create confusion.

Doctor of Medicine is an academic degree for a physician.

Being a physician is the profession.
State department of health director is a professional rank.
Medical superintendent of a hospital is a professional rank.
Ideally, state department of health director should be a physician.
Head of the state is a professional rank.
Head of the United Continents of the world is a professional rank.
Head of the United States of world is a professional rank.

You may have gone for 4, 5, 6, or 8 years to medical college and be licensed to practice as a physician, but that does not mean you can reach a correct diagnosis of and treat complex human problems or complaints in the real world in various health care settings.

A physician’s abilities can range from physician/general practice to the best among physicians, that is, a physician/forensic psychiatrist.

Doctor Asif Qureshi is an example of forensic psychiatrist.

A forensic psychiatrist can evaluate fitness for duty of all other physicians.

A forensic psychiatrist can evaluate fitness for duty of all other professions in addition to physicians.

What does the practice of medicine include?
The practice of medicine includes the diagnosis, treatment, correction, advisement, or prescription for any human disease, ailment, injury, infirmity, deformity, pain, or other condition, physical or mental, real or imaginary.

Remember, if you claim to be a physician, you have to diagnose and treat various complex human problems and complaints in various health care settings.

Administrative Issues
What can be reasons for suspension from services of a medical doctor?
This is usually applicable to a junior doctor.
Absent from specific location of duty during duty hours.
Negligence.
A junior doctor usually remains at a specific location.
A senior doctor supervises from a distance.

What does a senior doctor do from a distance?
Provides education to junior doctors.
Monitors.
Does research.
Makes recommendations.

What is the minimum affiliation a physician or medical specialist should have?
Minimum collaboration with state department of health.

What degrees do I need to hold to become a physician?
Doctor of Medicine degree

Many physicians may also hold other advanced degrees, such as:
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Master's of Public Health (MPH)

Doctor of Jurisprudence, or Law (JD)

How many state departments of health are there in the world?
There are at least 323 state departments of health around the world.

How has the Internet changed the concept of medical education for physicians or medical specialists?
There previously were demarcations like medical college in America and medical college outside America. Internet medical education has made it possible for someone in Asia to get educated from an American medical education resource to become a physician or a medical specialist.

Is there a difference between a physician and a medical doctor?
No.

What are other names for a physician?
Doctor
Medical doctor
Medical practitioner

What is a physician assistant?
In real-world practice, a physician may not get your medical history directly.
A physician assistant or a nurse can get medical history before a real physician consultation.

What do you have to do before a patient or individual from the public seeks individualized doctor consultation?

Has this issue been explained at the public health level?
Take a look at this.
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/publichealthworld.html

Has this issue been explained in patient education?
Take a look at this.
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/patienteducation.html

If yes, you need to go through these facts.

If no, you need to seek individualized doctor consultation.

A doctor should first try to resolve health issues at the public health level or patient education.

If the public health level or patient education does not resolve your issues, individualized doctor consultation is required.

Doctor Consultation

Here are further guidelines.
Annual health assessment.
Here are further guidelines.
Health administration (State health care administrative issues)
Hospital administrators
Administrative Issues
Computer and Internet education for doctors

Health.
State department of health.
Occupations relevant to the state department of health and the state department of public health.
What is on the list of occupations relevant to the state department of health and the state department of public health?

Categories of human healthcare professionals.

What are the categories of human healthcare professionals?
Guide human healthcare professionals, including the director of the state department of public health.
State department of human healthcare administrator.
Physician, specific type with seniority.
Physician's aide or assistant.
Physician, executive (knows economic, budget, and administrative issues within and outside the state).
Nurse
Dentist
Pharmacist
Allied healthcare workers.


State department of human healthcare administrator.

Director of the state department of public health.
Director of the state department of health.
Staff of the director of the state department of health.
Staff of the director of the state department of public health.
Superintendent of a hospital within or outside the state.

What is the proof of your competence?
You should be able to answer relevant questions.
The same should be displayed publicly.

Physician, specific type with seniority.

Here are various types of physician training programs.
What type of physician would you like to be?
  1. Physician primary care
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/primarycarephysician.html

  2. Physician intensive care unit
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/criticalcareworld.html

  3. Physician medical emergency room
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/emergencymedicinedoctor.html

  4. Physician medical emergency responder
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/emergencymedicalresponder.html

  5. Physician surgeon medical emergency
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/surgeryworld.html

  6. Physician surgeon elective surgery
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/surgeryworld.html

  7. Physician anesthetist medical emergency
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/anesthesiologist.html

  8. Physician guide to physician or physicians
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/healthcareworld.html

  9. Physician hospitalist (takes care of hospital ward patients)
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/hospitalist.html

  10. Physician forensic psychiatry
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/forensicpsychiatrist.html

  11. Physician Forensic Pathology
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/forensicpathologist.html

  12. Physical Therapist
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/physicaltherapist.html

  13. Physician director of public health of the state.
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/physiciandirectorpublichealth.html

  14. Physician director of health of the state.
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/physiciandirectorhealth.html

  15. Physician medical superintendent of a hospital in the state.
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/physicianmedicalsuperintendent.html

  16. Physician of public health in the state.
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/physicianpublichealthworld.html


Make sure you differentiate between the old system of physician categories and existing specific types of physicians at this point with seniority.
Take a look at this.
www.qureshiuniversity.org/medicalstudents.html

What should existing human healthcare professionals know, including the director of the state department of public health?
Those who are circulating human healthcare guidelines at this point must know they have been educated in the old system of human healthcare professions.
They must be oriented to existing requirements of human healthcare professions.

Advice for various aspiring and existing human healthcare occupations within and outside the state.

What advice is there for all aspiring and existing human healthcare occupations within and outside the state?
Identify with the state department of health.
Identify with the state department of public health.
The state department of health means the Illinois Department of Health or the equivalent.
The state department of public health means the Illinois Department of Public Health or the equivalent.
Doctor Asif Qureshi is the head of the Department of Health, United Continents, United States of planet earth and the founder of this department on planet earth.
Do not identify with any entity that is not recommended by the state department of health or the state department of public health.
The World Health Organization (WHO), which was once associated with the UN, has been discarded due to various harms.
English language is the official language.
Communicate in the English language.
Differentiate between the old system of human healthcare education, including that of specific types of physicians, and the latest advanced type of education for human healthcare occupations, including specific types of physicians.
If you know anyone interested in human healthcare occupations, share these resources www.qureshiuniversity.org/health.html with them, including specific types of aspiring physicians and specific existing types of physicians within and outside the state.
Nominate highly competent physicians for the Department of Health, United Continents, United States of planet earth.
Nominees should focus on individualized human healthcare and public health.
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/departmentofhealthucusplanetearth.html

What should existing human healthcare professionals know, including the director of the state department of public health?
Those who are circulating human healthcare guidelines at this point must know they have been educated in the old system of human healthcare professions.
They must be oriented to existing requirements of human healthcare professions.

Differentiate between the old system of human healthcare education, including that of specific types of physicians, and the latest advanced type of education for human healthcare occupations, including specific types of physicians.

Requirements for a New System

Take a look at this.
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/medicalstudents.html

Take a look at this.
Medical doctors.

Traditional system: How were the old systems of physicians defined?
Take a look at this.
Anesthesiology/Critical Care
Biochemistry
Cardiology
Dermatology
Disability Specialist
Emergency Medicine
Endocrinology
Forensic Medicine International
Gastroenterology
Geriatrics
Hematology
Internet Healthcare
Internal Medicine
Medical Negligence (Medical Malpractice Specialist)
Microbiology
Nephrology
Neurology
Oncology
Ophthalmology
Orthopedics
Otorhinolaryngology
Obstetrics & Gynecology
Primary care physician (Family & General Practice)
    Does the provider use email?
Pediatrics
Psychiatry
Pulmonary Medicine
Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Public Health/Social and Preventive Medicine
Radiology & Nuclear Medicine
Surgery
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/medicalspecialty.html
Compare today’s existing specific types of physician requirements with traditional systems of physicians and you will see the difference.

What can vary in today’s existing specific types of physician requirements within and outside the state?
Seniority can vary. Seniority can range from junior to most senior levels. If the most senior levels can guide other professions, those persons can be the heads of state.

Why should you not pursue education in the old system of medical education?
MBBS is an old type of education system.
You must pursue education in existing specific types of physician training programs.

Health Care Administrator
State Department of Health
Additional Secretary to Government.
Chief Medical Officer.
Deputy Chief Medical Officer (Physician)
Commissioner/Secretary to Government.
Controller, Drug & Food Organization.
Deputy/Secretary to Government.
Director Health.
Under/Secretary to Government.
Health Care Access Outreach Coordinator.
Medical students.
Allied health workers.
Nurses.
Pharmacists.
Coroner

Anatomy, physiology, and biochemistry of human beings.
Why have the anatomy, physiology, and biochemistry of human beings been put together?
In olden days, a specific physician had to take 18-month courses in anatomy, physiology, and biochemistry of human beings. Some such anatomy, physiology, and biochemistry of human beings courses were more than required for specific physicians. Anatomy, physiology, and biochemistry of human beings resources are relevant to specific physicians’ real-world services. Anatomy, physiology, and biochemistry of human beings resources require curriculum reform as recommended by Doctor Asif Qureshi.

What should specific physicians know about the anatomy, physiology, and biochemistry of human beings?
Here are further guidelines.
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/biologyworld.html

http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/human.html

What are you expected to know about a matured human?
Annotations or definition.
Abilities.
Bones.
Drugs required for human medical conditions.
Equipment required for human medical conditions.
Health care settings.
Human anatomy by category.
Resources required for human health care.
Internal organs (main).
Muscles.
Medical conditions.
Systems of the human body
Survival needs.

What is a human?
Human as per scientific classification.
Human as per human body systems.
Human as per matured human abilities.


How many human body systems are there?
11

What are the names of human body systems?
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/human.html

How many bones, muscles, internal organs, and cells does a mature human have?
Bones: 206
Internal organs (main): 22
Muscles: 600
100 trillion cells

How many human body bones are there in one matured human being?
(206)

What are the names of human body bones?
www.qureshiuniversity.org/human.html

How many human body muscles are there in one matured human being?
600 muscles

What are the names of human body muscles?
www.qureshiuniversity.org/human.html

Human anatomy by category

How many human anatomy categories are there?
19

What should you know about human anatomy by category?
www.qureshiuniversity.org/human.html

How many human body internal organs are there in one human being?
22 internal organs

What are the names of human body internal organs?
www.qureshiuniversity.org/human.html

How many abilities should a matured human have relevant to age?
24 abilities.

What is a matured human?
A matured human is an individual between 18 to 75 years old.

What are examples of matured human abilities relevant to age?
Abstract reasoning
Breathing
Clothing
Cooking food
Communicating through various means (written, spoken, sign language). English language
Caring for oneself (eating, dressing, toileting, etc.)
Creating and using numerous other technologies
Creating and extinguishing fires or heat
Following a variety of values, social norms, and rituals
Getting started after sleep
Hearing
Intellectual ability knowledge, English language abilities, and able to answer
Learning
Language (English language, problem solving)
Moving or manipulating objects
Performing manual tasks
Replying to relevant questions
Seeing
Speaking
Sitting
Sleeping normally
Having sexual desire
Working
Walking

This is applicable to 18–75-year-olds.
If an individual is less that 18 or more than 75 and feels issues are not due to age less than 18 or old age, that individual needs evaluation as well.

What are recommendations to other medical colleges?

Various medical colleges start with anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, pediatrics, ear nose & throat, forensic medicine, ophthalmology, preventive and social medicine and end with medicine, surgery, obstetrics and gynecology.

They must start directly with a medical condition. Each medical condition should be enumerated in at least 40 questions and answers with relevant anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, microbiology, pathology, pharmacology, and preventive concepts.
What human anatomy should one know relevant to this medical condition?
What human physiology should one know relevant to this medical condition?
What human biochemistry should one know relevant to this medical condition?
What human microbiology should one know relevant to this medical condition?


If one needs these questions and answers, Qureshi University is willing to provide them.

Advice for postgraduate physicians.
Here are few suggestions for you.
This is for those who are counseled to appear for any examination for postgraduation.
Examination before postgraduation is futile exercise.
Relevant questions must be answered.
You must get profiled by your guide for abilities with recommendations.
Any postgraduation cannot teach you more than what is elaborated at www.qureshiuniveristy.org/healthcareworld.html

Because of the computer and Internet, a physician can enhance his/her further abilities at home or home office with computer and Internet and connect to www.qureshiuniveristy.org/healthcareworld.html You need to maintain all these guidelines separately for future review, including guidelines at www.qureshiuniversity.org/healthcareworld.html.

All these useless and unreasonable examinations for further studies or postgraduate studies can be challenged in courts in the state.

Is there any standard examination and justified examination for physicians that can get them a postgraduation training program for further studies?
No.

How should any physician go ahead with any postgraduation in a state?

Questions you need to answer.

What is the profile of your guide?
In what state do you plan to offer professional services of a physician?
Do you plan to be around Asif Qureshi?

If you plan to be around Asif Qureshi, you must visit www.qureshiuniversity.org/healthcareworld.html every day.
You must call every Sunday.
You must call on other days if required.
If required, email or call that you would like to speak with me and I will call or email from this side.
No resource can guide you better than the guidelines at www.qureshiuniversity.org/healthcareworld.html resources.
If others contend that there are better resources, they must display them publicly like those at www.qureshiuniversity.org/healthcareworld.html.

What do I expect from you?
You will maintain all communications and learning materials you get.

You are first a physician, then a specialist and superspecialist.

Drugs
Essential Medicines List
  1. Anaesthetics

  2. Pre-Operative Medications And Sedation For Short-Term Procedures

  3. Analgesics, Antipyretics, Nsaids And Drugs Used In Gout

  4. Anti-Allergic Drugs

  5. Antidotes And Other Substances Used In Poisoning

  6. Anticonvulsants

  7. Anti-Infective Drugs

  8. Antimigraine Drugs

  9. Antineoplastic And Immunosuppresive Drugs

  10. Antiparkinsonism Drugs

  11. Drugs Affecting The Blood

  12. Blood Products And Blood Substitutes

  13. Cardiovascular Drugs

  14. Dermatological Preparations

  15. Diagnostic Agents

  16. Disinfectants

  17. Diuretics

  18. Gastrointestinal Drugs

  19. Hormones, Other Endocrine Drugs And Contraceptives

  20. Immunologicals

  21. Muscle Relaxants And Cholinesterase Inhibitors*

  22. Ophthalmological Preparations

  23. Oxytocics And Anti-Oxytocics

  24. Dialysis Solutions

  25. Psychotherapeutic Drugs

  26. Drugs Acting On The Respiratory Tract

  27. Solutions Correcting Water And Electrolyte Abnormalities

  28. Vitamins And Minerals

  29. Other Specialist Drugs

  30. Here are further guidelines.

The best hospitals are not created from big buildings. An analysis of hospitals inside and outside the state.
What types of guidelines has Dr. Asif Qureshi established for residents and professionals inside and outside the state?
Abilities/Skills: Guidelines for 650 human abilities.
Departments: Guidelines for 54 essential departments inside and outside the state.
Occupations: Guidelines for 1000 occupations, including teachers, lawyers, engineers, and physicians.
Products: Guidelines for 130 products, including computers, road vehicles, and aircraft.
States: Guidelines for 330 states in the world.
Subjects: Guidelines for 150 subjects, including English, math, science, social studies, and forensic medicine.
Take a look at this.
www.qureshiuniversity.org
Everything is displayed via these resources.

The best hospitals are not created from big buildings. An analysis of hospitals inside and outside the state.

Why was there need to elaborate on these issues?
Displays of big buildings do not make the best hospitals.

1. Mayo Clinic
Where: Rochester, Minn.

2. Cleveland Clinic
Where: Cleveland

3. Massachusetts General Hospital
Where: Boston

4. Johns Hopkins Hospital
Where: Baltimore

5. UCLA Medical Center
Where: Los Angeles

6. New York-Presbyterian University Hospital of Columbia and Cornell
Where: New York

7. UCSF Medical Center
Where: San Francisco

8. Northwestern Memorial Hospital
Where: Chicago

9. Hospitals of the University of Pennsylvania-Penn Presbyterian
Where: Philadelphia

10. NYU Langone Medical Center
Where: New York

11. Barnes Hospital/Washington University
Where: St. Louis

12. UPMC Presbyterian Shadyside
Where: Pittsburgh

13. Brigham and Women's Hospital
Where: Boston

14. Stanford Health Care-Stanford Hospital
Where: Stanford, Calif.

15. Mount Sinai Hospital
Where: New York

16. Duke University Hospital
Where: Durham, N.C.

17. Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
Where: Los Angeles

18. University of Michigan Hospital and Health Centers
Where: Ann Arbor

19. Houston Methodist Hospital
Where: Houston

20. University of Colorado Hospital
Where: Aurora

You need to answer the relevant questions.

Where has the hospital inside or outside the state displayed on the Internet human healthcare guidelines for existing physicians, subordinates, aspiring physicians, and the public in the way displayed at www.qureshiuniversity.org/health.html resources?
Where is the Internet display of the complete profile of hospital staff relevant to various human healthcare settings in the state, including specific physicians with at least 10 human healthcare settings?
How are your Internet guidelines better than www.qureshiuniversity.org/health.html guidelines for existing and aspiring physicians, subordinates, and the public?

Aging Research
Aging Research

Annual health assessment.
Encourage everyone to have an annual health assessment from a competent medical doctor able to answer relevant questions via e-mail, telephone, fax, postal mail, or face-to-face and able to reach a correct diagnosis and treatment in various health care settings.

Why do you need an annual health assessment?
Most medical emergencies can be prevented with a proper annual health assessment and treatment by a competent medical doctor.

Most medical disabilities can be prevented or cured with an annual health assessment by a competent medical doctor.

Most medical conditions can be diagnosed and cured with a proper annual health assessment by a competent medical doctor.

The quality of health can be enhanced with a proper annual health assessment and treatment by a competent medical doctor.

Every state must assign 200 patients to a competent medical doctor able to answer relevant questions and reach a correct diagnosis and treatment for primary health care that includes an annual health assessment.

Every medical doctor must update the state department of health with relevant findings.

The state department of health must maintain medical records of patients.
A medical doctor can prolong the life of a person at least up to 90 years with a good quality of life. A medical doctor cannot sustain a person beyond 90-95 years of life.
Questions for professional regulators in the state.
Questions for health care providers or medical doctors.
Questions for residents or patients.

Anesthesiologist
Anesthesiologist

Antibiotics
Antibiotics
Alphabetical listing of human diseases and medical conditions.
Alphabetical listing of human diseases and medical conditions.
Alphabetical listing of Human medical emergencies.
Alphabetical listing of Human medical emergencies.

Alphabetical listing of human healthcare settings.
Alphabetical listing of human healthcare settings.

Alphabetical listing of human medical conditions details.
Alphabetical listing of human medical conditions details.
Alphabetical listing of doctors’ abilities.
Alphabetical listing of doctors’ abilities.

Arterial Blood Gases
Arterial Blood Gases
Blood Chemistry Panel
Chemical Composition of the Human Body
Children's health

Career Counseling Relevant to Human Healthcare
Career counseling: Where do you start and where do you end?
Start with reading these facts.

What profession are you interested in among the listed professions?
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/occupations.html

If you plan to be a human healthcare professional, what specific profession should you select?
First, select a training program for a specific physician.

What does a specific physician do?
Correct diagnosis and treatment in various healthcare settings.
Issue based advice.
Public health advice.
Medical research.
Medical education.
Service rule adherence.
Administrative directives.
Resource issues (also known as budget issues)
If there is a competent specific physician, then paramedics can thrive.

In what state do you plan to be physically located?
This question should be answered ahead of time.

Who ideally should provide career counseling relevant to human healthcare?
An experienced specific physician must provide career counseling relevant to human healthcare.

Where do you start and where do you end career counseling relevant to human healthcare?
Start with a specific physician.
First verify through the Internet the specific physician guidelines and the specific physician who authored these guidelines.
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/health.html
Remind your nearest medical college that they need to follow these guidelines authored by Doctor Asif Qureshi.

What are the categories of human healthcare professionals inside and outside the state?
Published specific physician
Published non-specific physician
Non-published healthcare employee
Class IV employee

What should a specific physician do in the case of events/conferences related to human healthcare inside or outside the state?
First resolve, deliberate, debate, and collaborate on issues through the Internet.
Circulate your presentation in English language in a question-and-answer format through the Internet.

How do you become a successful specific physician?
You have to research, research, and research.
You have to read, read, and read the relevant guidelines.
You have to discuss with others who are comparatively better relevant to required specific physicians.

What if you belong to any schedule caste, schedule tribe, or specific category of religion?
You must reveal this ahead of time so that adjustments can be made accordingly.

What type of physician would you like to be?
Select from various human healthcare settings.

What types of physicians are required at this point within and outside the state?
  1. Career counseling physician relevant to human healthcare

  2. Critical care unit physician

  3. Director of public health physician of the state

  4. Director of health physician of the state

  5. Emergency medical room physician

  6. Emergent medical responder physician

  7. Forensic psychiatry physician

  8. Forensic pathology physician

  9. Hospitalist physician (takes care of hospital ward patients)

  10. Internet human health services physician

  11. Medical superintendent physician of a hospital in the state

  12. Physician guide for at least 18 types of physicians

  13. Primary care physician

  14. Physician surgeon medical emergency

  15. Physician surgeon elective surgery

  16. Physician anesthetist medical emergency

  17. Physician anesthetist elective surgery

  18. Physician guide to physician(s)

  19. Physical therapist physician

  20. Physician of public health in the state
Each job title has seniority.

On August 8, 2017, individuals claiming to be physician specialists and/or physician super specialists were not able to guide the specific physicians mentioned at:

Types of Physicians
If due to any reason you cannot get into a specific physician training program mentioned above, go to a human healthcare professional other than a specific physician.

Human healthcare professionals other than a specific physician

Biochemistry laboratory technician
Medical emergency room technician
Nurse critical care
Nurse emergency medical room
Nurse emergency medical responder
Nurse connected to http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/health.html physician Internet human health services
Occupational therapist
Prosthetic and orthotic engineering
Nuclear medicine technician
Rehabilitation therapist
Dental assistant/technician
Ophthalmic assistant
Allied health workers guidelines
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/alliedhealthprofessionsworld.html

This is relevant to allopathic medicine.

What is allopathic medicine?
Allopathic medicine refers to medical practice (also called Western medicine, evidence-based medicine, or modern medicine).

What are grand rounds in medical education?
Grand rounds are like continuing medical education for specific physicians.
Nowadays, these can be accomplished via the Internet.

What should you do if required training programs are not available in your state?
Ask for specific physician training.

What directives are there for newspaper editors, television news directors, and similar entities?
Do not advertise or mislead individuals with MBBS or MD or fellowships or scholarships to be doctors, even if you are offered payments.
You will be charged with misleading people.
Do not advertise about any entity that has inflicted irreparable harms on others even if you are offered payments to do so. Sooner or later, you will be charged with reinforcing criminals and receiving payments for advertisements from harmful resources.

Why was there need to elaborate on these issues?
On August 4, 2017, Srinagar Soura Institute of Medical Sciences, Srinagar SMHS Hospital senior physicians and executives in human health could not display a roster of specific physicians. There has been no experienced physician, guide, or career counseling prior to August 4, 2017, relevant to the required physician ER, ICU, wards, ER surgery, elective surgery, primary care, medical superintendents, public health, forensic psychiatrists, forensic pathologists, labs, and/or administrative issues.

This proves that existing physicians in Kashmir have wasted their time and public resources.
This proves they were selected fraudulently from time to time to enhance a nefarious agenda of fraudulent, corrupt, and fraudulently placed regimes.

What are examples of pooled resources?
Doctor Asif Qureshi placing all guidelines, including those for specific physicians, is an example of pooled resources.

Can you make me wiser?
How can you make me wiser?

Asks Doctor Asif Qureshi, founder of Qureshi University and able to guide more than 600 professions (as of August 6, 2017), inside and outside the state, including specific physicians, teachers, engineers, and lawyers.

Medical college issues in various states around the world.
How many medical colleges are in North American states, Asian states, African states, Latin American states, Australian states, and dependencies at this point?
141 medical colleges that are allopathic existed in North American states on August 7, 2017.
All existing medical colleges in various states need to be reminded about www.qureshiuniversity.org/health.html resources and the way the Internet has changed, such as www.qureshiuniversity.org/health.html human health care, medical education, patient care, administrative issues in human healthcare in the state and outside the state, and medical research.

Circulate this to all. You must record and preserve these guidelines from www.qureshiuniversity.org/health.html every 24 hours.
Here are further guidelines.

Complaints and problems
Complaint
Complaints against human healthcare provider
Is there a difference between a complaint and a problem?
Yes.

How should you evaluate a complaint or problem?
Is it a complaint or a problem?


Problem

Is this about one or many problems?
If this is a problem, what type of problem is this?


What best describes the problem?
This is one problem in one document.
These are many problems in one document.
This is from one individual on one document.
This is from many individuals on one document.

Complaint

Is this one complaint or many complaints in one document?
If this is a complaint, what type of complaint is this?


What best describes the complaint?
This is one complaint in one document.
These are many complaints from one individual in one document.
These are many complaints from many individuals in one document.
This is a criminal complaint document.
Many individuals are involved in this criminal complaint from the other side.
This is a civil complaint document.
This is a medical nonemergency.
This is a medical emergency.
This is a medical emergency medicolegal case.
This is a medical nonemergency medicolegal case.
If there is any other description, please describe.

What essential department in the state has the duty to resolve this complaint or problem?
Who has the duty to resolve this complaint or problem in the state or outside the state?

Here are further guidelines.
Complaint
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/complaint.html

Problem
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/problem.html
Complaints against human healthcare provider

Critical, emergency, and non-emergency medical complaints.
Questions you must be ready to answer.

  1. What will happen if you do not take non-emergency human issues relevant to you seriously?

  2. How many critical medical complaints are there?

  3. What are the critical medical complaints?

  4. How many emergency medical complaints are there?

  5. What are emergency medical complaints?

  6. How many non-emergency medical complaints are there?

  7. What are non-emergency medical complaints?

  8. What are examples of medical symptoms by human organ systems, age, and gender?

  9. What is on the list of all medical complaints?

  10. How many human medical emergencies are there?

  11. What are the medical emergencies in alphabetical order?

  12. What are the medical emergencies as per medical specialty?

  13. How many human medical conditions are there?

  14. What are the medical conditions in alphabetical order?

  15. What must you do once you are placed for specific physician services?

  16. What should a medical doctor know about a medical condition?

  17. What should you elaborate about a symptom or sign?


What will happen if you do not take non-emergency human issues relevant to you seriously?
This can become an emergency. This can become a medical emergency.
Here are further guidelines.
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/patient.html

How many critical medical complaints are there?
13

What are the critical medical complaints?
The 13 issues elaborated are critical.
  1. Any abnormality in vital signs, like consciousness, pulse, blood pressure, respiratory rate at rest, and high-grade temperature with complications. .
  2. Unconsciousness at a public location.
  3. Sudden unconsciousness at home.
  4. Trauma

  5. Bladder and Bowel Dysfunction

  6. Burns

  7. Drowning

  8. Human Pregnancy Emergencies

  9. Medico-legal cases with criminal activities, including women’s pregnancy issues

  10. Seizures

  11. Mobility Concerns

  12. Swallowing Dysfunction in Critical Illness

  13. Survival Needs
If consciousness, pulse, blood pressure, temperature, respiratory rate, behavior, and mobility relevant to age are normal without any acute external or internal injury, and proper survival and civilized conditions exist at home, the patient can recover from the medical condition at home.
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/criticalcareworld.html

What issues need on-the-spot diagnosis and treatment?
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/onthespotemergency.html

http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/symptoms.html

How many emergency medical complaints are there?
155

What are emergency medical complaints?
. http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/health.html#A–Zs

How many non-emergency medical complaints are there?
1305

What are non-emergency medical complaints?
Here are further guidelines.

What are examples of medical symptoms by human organ systems, age, and gender?
1. Brain & central nervous system (nervous system)
2. Circulatory System
3. Digestive System
4. Endocrine System
5. Integumentary system
6. Lymphatic (immune) system
7. Muscular system
8. Reproductive System
9. Respiratory System
10. Skeletal System
11. Urinary system


What is on the list of all medical complaints?
Here are further guidelines.

What medical emergency cases go to an emergency surgeon or emergency anesthetist in a hospital operating room?
Out of 1,150 human medical emergencies, only 27 go to an emergency surgeon and/or an emergency anesthetist in operating room.

What are examples of emergency cases that go to an emergency surgeon and/or emergency anesthetist in a hospital operating room?
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/emergencymedicalservices.html#Emergency Surgeon and Emergency anesthetist

What is the deprivation of human survival needs (not having human survival needs)?
What are basic/normal human survival needs?
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/survivalneeds.html

How many human medical emergencies are there?
There are fewer than 1,096 human medical emergencies.
If you know the human medical conditions, then you will be able to diagnose and treat them.

What are the medical emergencies in alphabetical order?
What are the medical emergencies as per medical specialty?

http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/emergencymedicinediagnosistreatment.html

How many human medical conditions are there?
There are more than 7,943 human medical conditions.

What are the medical conditions in alphabetical order?
Here are further guidelines.

Is patient conscious and oriented in time, space, and person relevant to age?

Unconsciousness or Coma
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/coma.html

Conscious Patient Assessment

Is this a medical emergency or medical nonemergency?

http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/assessment.html

Introduce yourself if you do not know the patient.

How should a physician introduce him-/herself to the patient?

Here is an example:

Hello, I am Doctor Asif Qureshi. I have few questions about your health.

Then try to elaborate on the patient’s chief complaint. Some questions you may ask:

What should you elaborate about a symptom or sign?

When did the issue start?
When did it start?
How did it start?
Where did it start?
What do you think causes it?
What do I think caused it?
How long has this been going on?
What makes the issue better or worse?
What does it feel like?
Where exactly do you feel the issue?
Does it travel anywhere?
What other feelings or sensations do you get?
How bad is the issue?
Does this impair your normal, everyday activities?
If there is a sequence of issues, what happens first?
Is this issue continuous, repeating, or sporadic?
Are there any associated symptoms?
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/medicalhistory.html

Mobility

What best describes mobility of the patient relevant to age?

When was the patient able to move normally?

Symptoms or Signs

What should you elaborate about a symptom or sign?

Is it a medical emergency?
Do you know what are emergency medical symptoms, signs, or complaints?
What are emergency medical symptoms, signs or complaints?
Does this need on-the-spot diagnosis and treatment?
When did it start?
How did it start?
Where did it start?
What is the most likely diagnosis?
What do you think causes it?
Why do you think this happened?

Harms Evaluation/Medico-legal

When did it happen?
How did it happen?
Where did it happen?
Who all are involved?
What are their profiles?
Which, whose profile is required?
Why did they do this?
What should be done?


http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/medicalhistory.html

Human medical conditions

What should a medical doctor know about a medical condition?

What is it?
What causes it?
What are the risk factors?
What's normal?
How is it diagnosed?
What are the types of this medical condition?
What are the symptoms?
What are the signs?
What are the clinical findings?
What are the lab or investigation findings?
What are the workable treatment options?
What is the best setting or location to treat this medical condition?
What do you think can help?
When is counseling required?
When is medication required?
How long should medication last?
What type of medication is available?
When is surgical intervention indicated?
How could this be prevented?


Questions every specific type of physician must be able to answer.

How many total medical conditions are there?
How many human healthcare settings are there?
What are examples of human healthcare settings?
How many human systems are there?
What are the types of specific physicians in human healthcare settings with seniority?
What do you call a person who can guide all types of specific physicians in addition to executives of other professions?
What are the duties of a physician director of a specific state’s public health?
What are the duties of the director of emergencies of a specific state?
What problems, complaints, incidents, and issues need on-the-spot diagnosis and treatment?

What medical conditions should a medical doctor be able to diagnose and treat?
What is a medicolegal case?
When can a patient recover from medical condition at home?
How should an emergency medical doctor categorize the condition of a patient?

Critical Care Ambulance
Critical care ambulance: What is it?
An ambulance with critical care equipment and staff compared to an advanced life support ambulance.
A critical care ambulance is for diagnosing and monitoring, with treatment, critically injured or ill patients.

What should you ensure with a critical care ambulance?
Make sure a physician medical emergency responder is with the critical care ambulance.

Physician medical emergency responder
Here are further guidelines.
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/emergencymedicalresponder.html

Why was there need to elaborate on these issues?
On August 16, 2017, it was circulated in Kashmir that critical care ambulances will be soon with hospitals in Kashmir.
Make sure a properly educated physician medical emergency responder is with every critical care ambulance.
Every ambulance must have a physician medical emergency responder with it.

What staff is required with a critical care ambulance?
Physician medical emergency responder
Emergency Medical Technician–Basic (EMT-B): The EMT-B can provide basic life support services for the patient.
Paramedic: The paramedic can provide advanced cardiac life support (ACLS), pediatric advanced life support (PALS), and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) services and additional services, such as monitoring of patients on a ventilator.
Critical Care Registered Nurse (CCU-RN): The CCU-RN can provide nursing services as well as ACLS, PALS, and CCU skills to the patient.

What equipment is required for a critical care ambulance?
Advanced life support (ALS) ambulance equipment

Drug box
Portable and on-board suction
Endo tracheal intubation equipment
EKG/defibrillator/external pacing
700-pound-rated power stretcher

This equipment along with equipment of a critical care ambulance

Monitor with pulse oximetry, ECG, temperature, heart rate, NIBP, AIBP and trending
End Tidal CO2 qualitative mainstream monitor
High capacity on-board oxygen supply
Other equipment as per requirement.
An air ambulance has the same resources as a critical care ambulance.

What kind of communications should a critical care ambulance have?
A two-way radio communications system.
Computer with Internet connected to www.qureshiuniversity.org/health.html

Do you have an emergency patient on the spot?

What do you have to do?
Here are further guidelines.
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/onthespotemergency.html

Critical Care unit
Critical care unit record
Intensivist
Who is an intensivist?
Intensivist: A physician who specializes in the care of critically ill patients, usually in an intensive care unit (ICU).

An intensivist, also known as a critical care physician, is a medical doctor with special training and experience in treating critically ill patients.

Intensivists are physicians who direct and provide medical care in a hospital's intensive care unit (ICU), working with the attending physician of record and other staff such as critical care nurses, pharmacists, respiratory therapists, nutritionists, rehabilitation services, social workers, case managers and especially spiritual care - as well as physician specialists

How are intensivists different than other specialists, such as cardiologists, who treat critically ill patients?
Intensivists provide a comprehensive approach to caring for ICU patients rather than focusing on specific body systems, such as cardiologists or pulmonologists. In many instances, they have the primary responsibility for the patient rather than acting as a consultant, as many specialists do. Depending on the intensivist program, critical care physicians provide round-the-clock ICU care rather than being on call off-site or spending most of their time seeing office patients, in surgery or treating patients in other parts of the hospital.

How is an intensivist-led ICU different than a traditional ICU?
In a traditional approach, primary care physicians have the chief responsibility for treating their critically ill patients. They often bring in specialists as needed, such as a nephrologist if the patient has a kidney problem or pulmonologist if the patient is placed on a ventilator.

There are some clear drawbacks to this approach. For one, primary care doctors have little experience with critically ill patients, who are often suffering from multi-system problems or diseases. These doctors might average a handful of such patients a year. They also cannot devote large amounts of their time to monitoring and managing ICU patients since they may have other hospital patients as well as many patients to see throughout the day at their offices. As a result, care is generally fragmented and poorly coordinated.

Intensivists, on the other hand, spend their time each day in the ICU treating the critically ill. They are trained and experienced in dealing with the complex issues of the sickest patients as well as treating, or when possible, averting complications that often arise quickly.

Hospitalist

What is a Hospitalist?
A Hospitalist is a physician that is trained to specifically treat and be responsible for patients in the hospital. These doctors practice in the hospital 24 hours a day, seven days a week to provide immediate and ongoing care without delay.

What about my Primary Care Physician?
The Hospitalist will coordinate your care with your primary care physician. By working together, the hospitalist will have a full understanding of your current health and medical history. The Hospitalist will examine you and coordinate all other exams, tests, and treatments while you are in the hospital. Upon discharge from the hospital your medical care will transition back to your primary care physician.

What is a Pediatric Hospitalist?
Pediatric hospitalists are pediatricians who work in hospitals providing care for children ages 0-18.

Here are further guidelines.
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/criticalcareworld.html

Intensivist
Critical Care unit
Critical care unit record
What should be included in the critical care unit record for the patient?
What is the profile of the patient?

Name:
Date of birth:
Address:
Family:
Emergency contact person:

What is the location of the critical care unit?

_______________________________________________

For example: Critical care unit, SKIMS, Soura, Srinagar, Kashmir, Asia.

What brings the patient to the critical care unit?

_______________________________________________

What is the day, date, time of arrival to a critical care unit?

_______________________________________________

For example: Tuesday, November 25, 2014, 12:10 pm

What is the profile of the physician supervisor of the critical care unit?

_______________________________________________

Who brought the patient to the critical care unit?

_______________________________________________

What is the health status of the patient on the day, date, and time of arrival to the critical care unit?

_______________________________________________

Who are the physician, nurse, social worker, and technologists to look after the patient?

_______________________________________________

Who are among supervising physician, nurse, social worker, and technologist to look after the patient?

_______________________________________________

What is the diagnosis for this patient?

_______________________________________________

What is the treatment plan for this patient?

_______________________________________________

How often will there be a follow-up from a physician?

_______________________________________________

Does the critical care unit have a computer with www.qureshiuniversity.org connected to the Internet?

_______________________________________________

If you have any issue, email admin@qureshiuniversity.org or call 7735616102 Chicago, Illinois, North America, and you will get answers within 24 hours.

Endocrinologist
What is the most common condition relevant to endocrinology?
Diabetes type 2.

Here are guidelines for patients older than 18 years.

When was your last blood sugar test done?
A year ago.

What were the values of your last blood sugar?
Normal.

How often should you get your blood sugar checked if you are more than 18 years old and have not been diagnosed with diabetes?
If yearly blood sugar is normal, a check of blood sugar every two years is reasonable.
Here are further guidelines.
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/endocrinologyworld.html
Forensic Psychiatrist
What does a forensic psychiatrist do?
A forensic psychiatrist’s expertise is required on more than 111 issues.

What is the most important duty of a forensic psychiatrist?
Fitness for duty evaluation is one of the duties of a forensic psychiatrist.

How many forensic psychiatrists are there around the world?
A forensic psychiatrist is a rare entity around the world.

http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/forensicpsychiatrist.html

Forensic Pathologist
What is a forensic pathologist?
Forensic pathologists, or medical examiners, are specially trained physicians who examine the bodies of people who died suddenly, unexpectedly, or violently. The forensic pathologist acts as the case coordinator for the medical and forensic scientific assessment of a given death,

How does the forensic pathologist use the history, external physical examination, autopsy and laboratory studies to determine the cause and manner of death?
The history is the beginning of the investigation and is of utmost importance in making the determination of cause of death.

Where do forensic pathologists work?

State department of health.

Forensic psychiatrist and forensic pathologist difference.

What is the difference between a forensic psychiatrist and forensic pathologist?
A forensic psychiatrist has more abilities and knowledge than a forensic pathologist.

What are other names for forensic pathologist?
Coroner
Medical Examiner

Origin of term medical examiner is from Scotland. It later was introduced into various American states.
Origin of word coroner is from England. It later was introduced into various American states.

Here are further guidelines.
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/forensicmedicineinternational.html

Identify Unidentified Dead Individual.
Forensic Medical Management Services.
Identify Unidentified Dead Individual.
Criminal Death Investigation.
Here are further guidelines.
An unidentified individual can be living or dead.
Here are guidelines about identifying an unidentified dead individual.

What departments in the state or outside the state investigate such cases?
State department of police.
State departments of health.
State department of law.
Physician or expert from abroad.

Who among human healthcare professional physicians helps in such cases?
A forensic pathologist.
A forensic psychiatrist does analysis from a distance of the fitness for duty of various professionals.
A forensic psychiatrist guides from a distance.
These are all physicians with specific abilities.

Immediate directives.

What are various immediate directives?
Do not tamper with the crime scene.
Maintain records at least at two different locations.
Immediately place a photograph of deceased with relevant available facts on the Internet.
No question can remain unanswered.

What information do police get?
The unidentified dead body has been found.

What does police, coroner, prosecutor, state department of law in the state and outside the state have to do?
Identify the dead individual.
No question can remain unanswered.
Cause of death.

How do you do quickly identify the dead body?
Age: The deceased is about 52/53 years old.
Approximate Date of Death: November 10, 2014
Build: Thin
Cause of death: Sabotage
Complexion: Black, brown, white. (Brown)
Crime Number: Global 1
Dead body location at this point: November 10, 2014, Pantha Chowk, Srinagar, Kashmir, Asia mortuary for identification.
Dress: Wearing brown pants and white shirt.
Exact date and time of death: Forensic analysis required
Ethnic group: African/Asian/North American/South American/Australian/Combination. (Asian)
Face: Oval
Findings on forensic analysis: Criminal scenario.
Found on: November 10, 2014
Gender: Male
Hair: Black and grey
Height: The deceased is about 5 feet 7 inches tall.
Identification marks: Not available
Identity card: Available/Not available
Location Dead body found: Khonmoh area on the outskirts of Srinagar, Kashmir, Asia.
Photograph on the day after death:
Police location investigating: Police station Pantha Chowk, Srinagar, Kashmir, Asia.
Sources of information: Police station Pantha Chowk was informed by some locals that a body was lying near Nallah Gurrail in Khonmoh area on November 10, 2014.
Questions that need to be answered.

What is the profile of the police officer/Officers who verified the findings?
Name:
Date of birth:
Professional rank:
Profile:
Location of police station: Police Station Pantha Chowk, Srinagar, Kashmir, Asia.

What has been the residential mailing address of the deceased from birth up to the point of death?

Cause of Death

What is the cause of death in this case?

What should not be written in cause of death?
Here are various examples.
The deceased was 18 years of age and was reportedly mentally unsound.
Mentally unsound is not a diagnosis.

Where were these types of findings reported?
They are not scientific or professional relevant to forensic medicine, policing, or the state department of law.
Here are examples of various unscientific, unprofessional reports.
http://www.greaterkashmir.org/news/2014/Nov/12/man-found-dead-in-awantipora-55.asp

What can be the cause of death for an unidentified individual?
Here are further guidelines.
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/forensicmedicineinternational.html

Behavioral Therapy
What is behavioral therapy?
Who can benefit from behavioral therapy?
Is behavioral therapy effective?


What is behavioral therapy?
This form of therapy seeks to identify and help change potentially self-destructive or unhealthy behaviors. It functions on the idea that all behaviors are learned and that unhealthy behaviors can be changed. The focus of treatment is often on current problems and how to change them.

Behavior therapy is focused on helping an individual understand how changing their behavior can lead to changes in how they are feeling.

Behavior therapy is a structured approach that carefully measures what the person is doing and then seeks to increase chances for positive experience. Common techniques include:

Self-Monitoring — This is the first stage of treatment. The person is asked to keep a detailed log of all of their activities during the day. By examining the list at the next session, the therapist can see exactly what the person is doing.

Example — Bill, who is being seen for _________, returns with his self-monitoring list for the past week.

Schedule of Weekly Activities — This is where the patient and therapist work together to develop new activities that will provide the patient with chances for positive experience.

Example — Looking at her self-monitoring sheet, Bill and her therapist determine that watching so much television alone gives little opportunity for positive social interaction. Therefore, they decide that Bill will have dinner out with a friend once a week after work and join a bowling league.

Role Playing — This is used to help the person develop new skills and anticipate issues that may come up in social interactions.

Example — One of the reasons that Bill stays home alone so much is that he is shy around people. He does not know how to start a conversation with strangers. Bill and his therapist work on this by practicing with each other on how to start a conversation.

Behavior Modification — In this technique the patient will receive a reward for engaging in positive behavior.

Example — Bill wants a new fishing rod. He and his therapist set up a behavior modification contract where he will reward himself with a new fishing rod when he reduces his TV watching to one hour a day and becomes involved in three new activities.

Types of behavioral therapy

There are a number of different types of behavioral therapy:

Cognitive behavioral therapy

Cognitive behavioral therapy is extremely popular. It combines behavioral therapy with cognitive therapy. Treatment is centered around how someone’s thoughts and beliefs influence their actions and moods. It often focuses on a person’s current problems and how to solve them. The long-term goal is to change a person’s thinking and behavioral patterns to healthier ones.

Cognitive behavioral play therapy

Cognitive behavioral play therapy is commonly used with children. By watching children play, therapists are able to gain insight into what a child is uncomfortable expressing or unable to express. Children may be able to choose their own toys and play freely. They might be asked to draw a picture or use toys to create scenes in a sandbox. Therapists may teach parents how to use play to improve communication with their children.

System desensitization

System desensitization relies heavily on classical conditioning. It’s often used to treat phobias. People are taught to replace a fear response to a phobia with relaxation responses. A person is first taught relaxation and breathing techniques. Once mastered, the therapist will slowly expose them to their fear in heightened doses while they practice these techniques.

Aversion therapy

Aversion therapy is often used to treat problems such as substance abuse and alcoholism. It works by teaching people to associate a stimulus that’s desirable but unhealthy with an extremely unpleasant stimulus. The unpleasant stimulus may be something that causes discomfort. For example, a therapist may teach you to associate alcohol with an unpleasant memory.

Mental Health
How can we improve our mental health?
Associate with truthful, well behaved, public service-oriented people in the state and outside the state.
Anyone can get stressed. Fix the causes of stress.
Talk about or express your feelings.
Exercise regularly.
Eat healthful meals.
Get enough sleep.
Spend time with friends and loved ones.
Develop new skills.
Relax and enjoy your hobbies.
Set realistic goals.
Talk to your primary health professional.
Form and maintain healthy relationships.
Remember that it is better to be alone than to be in a sick relationship.
Use your abilities to reach your potential.
Deal with life’s challenges
Identify sources of harms and fix sources of harms on you and your surroundings.
Make sure that truthful, well behaved, competent, public service-oriented administrators and associates are in the state and outside the state for public services.
Here are further guidelines.

Emergency medicine specialist
Emergency Medicine/Global Medicine
Medical Emergency
Patient assessment
Emergency medical room in a hospital
How should an emergency medical room in a hospital be set up/organized in a state?
How many patients does an emergency medical room get every 24 hours?
How can genuine medical emergencies in a medical emergency room be separated from nonemergency medical cases?
Does this patient need to be seen by a physician in a medical emergency room or the patient screening area?
Where is the patient now?
Who gets a medical record with a medical record number?
What is a medical record number?
What does a medical record of a patient for inpatient care contain?
What cases go to a medical emergency room and what cases go to room to screen medical emergencies?
Who guides medical emergency room physicians from a distance and who remains at the location in a medical emergency room?
How many physicians are required for a medical emergency room?
What does the roster for a medical emergency room for physicians, nurses, paramedics, emergency room administrator (assistant medical superindentent) look like?
What is the profile of junior physicians on duty at medical emergency room SMHS hospital Srinagar, Kashmir Asia?
What type of problems and complaints are evaluated in a medical emergency room?
What types of cases are diagnosed and treated in a medical emergency room?
How should you go ahead in the diagnosis and treatment of medical conditions in a medical emergency room?
What is an Emergency medicine specialists?
What is a medical emergency?
What are the types of patient assessment?
What will happen if this medical condition is left without treatment?
What should be displayed on an emergency medical record?
What problems, complaints, incidents, and issues need on-the-spot diagnosis and treatment?
In what emergency medical category do you fit the condition of the patient you are diagnosing and treating on this date and time?
In what type of setting does this patient need treatment?
How do you do a quick assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of a conscious patient?
How do you do a quick assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of an unconscious patient?
What are examples of emergency relevant to an individual?
What are various symptoms, signs, statements, questions, issues, and histories that should raise suspicion of a medical emergency?
How should patients be categorized around the world, including in America, in case of a medical emergency?
Is there a difference between emergency and non-emergency medical diagnosis?
What is the difference between non-emergency and emergency medical diagnosis?
What is the role of www.qureshiuniversity.org/medicalemergencyworld.html in a medical emergency?
How has Internet human healthcare changed the way hospitals work around the world?
Why you must specifically mention the state relevant to medical superintendent in the state and hospital administration in the state?
What should hospital administration, including medical superintendent, in the state recommend?
What should you know about hospitals in the state?
What should a hospital in the state display on the Internet?
Emergency medical room in a hospital

How should an emergency medical room in a hospital be set up/organized in a state?
A medical emergency room in a state has to be open 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
Emergency room beds and screening locations for patients should be separate.
There should be at least four separate rooms in case the patient needs extra care.
Email, fax, and telephone number of emergency medical room should be displayed publicly.
The telephone preferably should be connected to an answering machine with regular monitoring.

How many patients does an emergency medical room get every 24 hours?
An emergency room in a hospital received 300 patients in 24 hours.
Out of the 300 patients, few had genuine medical emergencies.

How can genuine medical emergencies in a medical emergency room be separated from nonemergency medical cases?
A screening location in the emergency room should diagnose and treat nonemergency cases.

Questions you need to answer in this situation.

Does this patient need to be seen by a physician in a medical emergency room or the patient screening area?
Where is the patient now?


Who gets a medical record with a medical record number?
This is usually for inpatient care.
Outpatient care also gets a separate record.

What is a medical record number?
This is the number on a patient’s medical record.
MRD numbers for medical emergency room patient and screening patient are different.

What does a medical record of a patient for inpatient care contain?
Assessment and plan
Chief complaint
History of the present illness
Medical encounters
Medical history
Other information
Physical examination
Prescriptions and Orders
Progress notes
Test results

What cases go to a medical emergency room and what cases go to room to screen medical emergencies?
If the patient is in front of you talking normally, after walking in the location, this patient goes to room to screen medical emergencies.

Here is an example.
Acute bronchial asthma, diabetic hyperosmolar coma, acute angina, open wound and similar diagnoses go to medical emergency room.

Flu, sprain, aches and pains, insomnia, etc., go to room to screen medical emergencies with diagnosis and treatment without admission to a medical emergency room.

Screening next to medical emergency room is like managing an outpatient department (OPD) to limit patient load on emergency room physicians to those with a genuine medical emergency.

Who guides medical emergency room physicians from a distance and who remains at the location in a medical emergency room?
Senior physician guides from a distance.

www.qureshiuniversity.org/healthcareworld.html
A junior physician works in the medical emergency room.

Sometimes distance is like professor of forensic psychiatry Asif Qureshi is in Chicago, Illinois, North America, on November 17, 2014, with the guidelines displayed at www.qureshiuniversity.org/healthcareworld.html

Junior physicians are in the medical emergency room SMHS hospital Srinagar, Kashmir, Asia. These junior physicians were nominated: Dr. Tazim, Dr. Manzoor Ahmed, Dr. Parvez Ahmad, Dr. Shahida.

How many physicians are required for a medical emergency room?
There should be at least 17 physicians with the publicly displayed profile. Emergency contact details should be in the medical emergency room in a hospital with rotation eight hours duty.

What does the roster for a medical emergency room for physicians, nurses, paramedics, emergency room administrator (assistant medical superindentent) look like?
Day On duty physicians/Nurses/Paramedics/Assistant medical superintendents
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday
Saturday
Sunday
Guide to junior physicians: Doctor Asif Qureshi.

Total profile of Physicians/Nurses/Paramedics/Medical superintendent.

What is the profile of junior physicians on duty at medical emergency room SMHS hospital Srinagar, Kashmir Asia?
Your email, contact information, profile is required.

What type of problems and complaints are evaluated in a medical emergency room?
What types of cases are diagnosed and treated in a medical emergency room?
How should you go ahead in the diagnosis and treatment of medical conditions in a medical emergency room?

http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/healthcareworld.html

What is an Emergency medicine specialists?
Emergency Physicians must have the skills of many specialists—the ability to resuscitate a patient (critical care medicine), manage a difficult airway (anesthesia), suture a complex laceration (plastic surgery), reduce (set) a fractured bone or dislocated joint (orthopedic surgery), treat a heart attack (cardiology), work-up a pregnant patient with vaginal bleeding (Obstetrics and Gynecology), stop a bad nosebleed (ENT), place a chest tube (cardiothoracic surgery), and to conduct and interpret x-rays and ultrasounds (radiology).

What is a medical emergency?
If a human being has any problem, symptom, complaint, or situation listed below, it is a medical emergency.
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/medicalemergency.html

What best describes the problem, symptom, complaint, or situation in the list?

_________________________

What type of assessment does this patient need?

_________________________

What are the types of patient assessment?
Patient 60-second assessment by call center/Internet/telemedicine.
Patient 60-second on-the-spot diagnosis and treatment.
Patient 60-second assessment in trauma.
Patient 10-minutes assessment in a medical emergency room.
Patient-focused history and physical exam.
Comprehensive patient assessment.


What will happen if this medical condition is left without treatment?

_________________________

The individual can die.
The individual can have a disability.
The individual can have severe pain.
The individual can have irreparable harm.

Does this situation need a doctor?

_________________________

What should be displayed on an emergency medical record?
Details of the patient.
Details of the diagnosing and treating medical doctor.


Details of the patient.

What should be your first question in case a patient is referred to you?

Patient 60-second assessment by call center/Internet/telemedicine.

Where is the patient now?

_________________________

How old is the patient?

_________________________

What is the gender of the patient?

_________________________

Who is reporting this emergency?

_________________________

What are the sources of medical history?

_________________________

Patient.
Family.
Patient not responding to medical history questions.
Community member.
Police officer.
Referral from medical doctor.
Other.

How much time has elapsed from the start of the emergency until now?

_________________________

Does one individual or many individuals have medical emergencies at this location?

_________________________

How many individuals have medical emergencies at this location?

_________________________

A medical emergency with an individual victim.
A multiple casualty incident.
Do you think this is a multiple causality incident?
If it is a multiple causality incident, the guidelines are different.

Check vital signs, mobility, and survival needs.

Consciousness of a human being has to be included in vital signs.

Vital Signs

Consciousness, pulse, blood pressure, respiratory rate, temperature.

Consciousness is extremely essential in reaching a correct diagnosis and treatment.

What are the vital signs on the date and time of diagnosis and treatment?

Date: Time: Consciousness: Pulse: Blood pressure: Respiratory rate: Temperature: Pain Assessment Scales
______ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______
______ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______
______ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______

How do you categorize the condition of the patient?

_________________________

Undetermined
Good
Fair
Serious
Critical

Is this an emergency?

_________________________

What is the category of this emergency?

_________________________

Is this a medical emergency?

_________________________

In what type of setting does this patient need treatment?

_________________________
Here are various examples.
Critical care
Coroner investigations
Emergency room health care
Emergency call center
Hospital ward
Home health care
Internet human health care services
Labor, delivery, and recovery rooms
Medicolegal cases
On-the-spot diagnosis and treatment
Operating rooms
Other


Who has the duty to manage this emergency?

_________________________

What best describes this human emergency?

_________________________

Medical emergency
Surgical emergency
Trauma emergency
Pediatric emergency
Obstetrical/gynecological emergency
Medico legal case
Patient assessment
Patient 60-second on-the-spot diagnosis and treatment.

What problems, complaints, incidents, and issues need on-the-spot diagnosis and treatment?
Unconsciousness at a public location.
Sudden unconsciousness at home.
Trauma
Survival Needs
Seizures
Burns
Drowning
Human Pregnancy Emergencies
Here are further guidelines.
What is the reason for consultation?

_________________________

What seems to be the problem?

_________________________

How much time has elapsed from the start of the emergency until now?

_________________________

Does one individual or many individuals have medical emergencies at this location?

_________________________

How many individuals have medical emergencies at this location?

_________________________

What best describes your problem?

_________________________

Patient Name:________________________

Referred by:_________________________

Mailing Address:_____________________

Telephone:___________________________

Your Email Address:__________________

Date of Birth:_______________________

Gender: Male Female

Primary Care Physician Name, Address and Phone:__________________

Emergency Contact Name:______________

Relationship:________________________

Phone:_______________________________

Your Height:_________________________

Your Weight:_________________________

Race::_______________________________

White
Black/African American
Hispanic/Latino
Pacific Islander
Asian
Asian/American

Conscious

Can the patient talk?
Can the patient respond to verbal questions accurately?
Can the patient do spontaneous eye opening?
Does the patient respond to painful stimulus?
Is the patient conscious, oriented in time, space, and person?
Conscious means able to see, hear, and talk.
In pediatric patients younger than six months of age, the ability to make any verbal noise or cry is equivalent to talking.

What is the location of patient at the point of the medical emergency?
Can the patient talk relevant to age?
Can the patient walk relevant to age?
Are consciousness, pulse, blood pressure, and respiratory rate normal relevant to age?
What is the cause of the existing emergency medical scenario?

Here are further guidelines.

Here are further guidelines.

Emergency medical history

What questions should you ask in emergency medical history?
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/medicalhistory.html

http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/vitals.html
Mobility
Survival Needs
Details of the diagnosing and treating medical doctor.

What is the name, date of birth, phone number, and other contact information of the person diagnosing and treating this patient?

_____________________________________________

What is the date and time you are diagnosing and treating this patient?

_____________________________________________

What is the location of the patient at the time you are diagnosing and treating this patient?

_____________________________________________

What best describes the location of diagnosis and treatment of this case?
1. On-the-spot diagnosis and treatment.
2. Emergency room diagnosis and treatment.
3. In the hospital diagnosis and treatment.
4. Long-distance health care advice.
5. Other
_____________________________________________
Can you reach a correct diagnosis and treatment of a human being?

_____________________________________________

What is the diagnosis of this patient?

_____________________________________________

How did your reach this diagnosis?

_____________________________________________

What is the treatment for this patient?

_____________________________________________

Does the patient need to be transferred to a medical emergency room?

_____________________________________________

In America up to February 12, 2012, most emergency medical records did not have these facts.

In what emergency medical category do you fit the condition of the patient you are diagnosing and treating on this date and time?

Undetermined, Good, Fair, Serious, Critical.

If on-the-spot diagnosis of a patient declared in serious or critical condition, arrange a bed in the Intensive Care unit.

Date of Examination:_________________________

Physician Name:_________________________

Physician Address:_________________________

Is it a Medical Emergency?

___________________________

In what type of setting does this patient need treatment?

___________________________

Do any recent causes lead to this problem; for example, trauma, missed medication, inadequate survival needs, stress, or other issue?

___________________________

What are further details?

___________________________

Does any past medical history lead to this problem?

___________________________

Is there any recent history within past few minutes or hours of any of the following:
1.Unconsciousness at a public location.
2.Sudden unconsciousness at home.
3.Trauma.
4.Survival needs issues.
5.Seizures.
6.Burns.
7.Drowning.


___________________________

If there is even one recent history of the above, on the spot diagnosis and treatment is required.

Is the victim's condition life or limb threatening?

___________________________

Could the victim's condition worsen and become life or limb-threatening on the way to the hospital?

___________________________

Could moving the victim cause further injury?

___________________________

Does the victim need the skills or equipment of paramedics or emergency medical technicians?

___________________________

Would distance or traffic conditions cause a delay in getting the victim to the hospital?

___________________________

What have been his activities for the last 10 years?

___________________________

Does the individual use or abuse any of these substances?
Alcohol.
Drugs.
Tobacco.

___________________________

Is the individual on any medication?

___________________________

Questions doctor on duty needs to answer.

Is it a medical emergency?

___________________________

What is the diagnosis?

___________________________

In what setting/location does this medical condition need treatment?
Treatment required on the spot.
Treatment required in the medical emergency room.
Treatment required in the intensive care unit.
Treatment required in the ward.
Treatment required in the operating room.
Treatment required at home.
Treatment required Internet health care.
Treatment required in OPD consultation.

___________________________

What treatment do you recommend for this patient?

___________________________

What are other treatment options for this patient?
No other treatment option.
Other treatment options are enumerated.

___________________________

Prescription
How do you do a quick assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of a conscious patient?
Are you the person reporting a medical emergency for yourself?
Emergency
How do you do a quick assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of an unconscious patient?
Are all vital signs normal? Can the person move relevant to age? Has the person been provided with survival resources? Does the person or caregiver complaint of anything? Are these justified complaints?
Emergency Diagnosis and Treatment

Hospital labs errors or variable test reports.
What should physicians know about errors or variable test reports from hospital laboratories?
Verified findings of hospital laboratory errors or variable test reports.
Do not reach a diagnosis based only on hospital lab reports.
Consider all medical history, clinical presentation, and follow up findings before reaching diagnoses of patients.

Hospital ward patient in the state.
How should a physician speak to the hospital ward patient?
This should be documented in the hospital ward medical record.

What brings you to the hospital?
How are you feeling now?
What complaints or problems did you have that led to hospital ward admission?
What complaint(s) or problems(s) do you have now?
Do you know your diagnosis?
What is your diagnosis?
How did the physician reach this diagnosis?
Who has diagnosed you?
What complaint(s) did you have that made you a hospitalized patient?
What date and time were you diagnosed?
Are you satisfied with your diagnosis?
What treatment are you on?
Are you improving with the existing treatment?
What are the findings from the physical examination of the patient?
Do you know when you will be discharged from hospital ward?
Has the state provided all survival needs for the patient at home?
Who has verified these findings?
What is the advice for the patient on discharge from the hospital ward?

A–Z alphabetical listing of human health emergency symptoms and signs.
Medical emergencies.
What are examples of emergency relevant to an individual?
What are various symptoms, signs, statements, questions, issues, and histories that should raise suspicion of a medical emergency?


There are at least 143 such symptoms, signs, statements, questions, issues, histories, and scenarios.
Agitated Patient (Acute stress reaction.)
Attempted suicide.
Attempted homicide.
Abuse.
Abdominal Pain.(Stomach pain)
Altered sensorium.
Any sudden or severe pain.
Animal bites (may require rabies or tetanus shot).
Armed Robbery.
Allergic reactions.
Breathing difficulties.
Behavior that is dangerous to self or others and cannot be managed.
Bleeding from any orifice or any part of human body that will not stop.
Bleeding which does not stop after applying pressure.
Being beaten by someone.
Burns.
Bites.
Bloody Sputum
Broken bones.
Behavior-related emergencies.
Change in mental status (such as unusual behavior, confusion, and difficulty arousing).
Changes in vision.
Chest pain.
Choking.
Cough with fever.
Coughing up or vomiting blood.
Confusion or changes in mental status
Cuts and abrasions.
Chest or upper abdominal pain or pressure lasting two minutes or more.
Difficulty breathing.
Difficulty speaking.
Disoriented.
Difficulty getting up.
Difficulty in passing urine.
Difficulty in passing feces.
Domestic Violence
Drowning or near drowning
Dental emergencies.
Emergency diagnosis and treatment in neonatal period.
Emergency diagnosis and treatment after neonatal period.
Earaches and ear infections.
Electrical injury shock.
Emergency Food
Environmental factors (hostile environment).
Fainting.
Fever.
Foreign bodies in nose or ears.
Fainting or loss of consciousness.
Fainting, sudden dizziness, weakness, seizure.
Feeling of committing suicide or murder.
Fever with breathlessness.
Functional impairment (not taking care of self. inability to gain relevant skills and knowledge relevant to age).
Human Rights Violations
Head or spine injury.
Head injury.
Human Pregnancy Emergencies
Hypothermia - frostbite.
Head pain that lasts longer than five minutes.
Intentional enforced harms.
Involuntary admission to a psychiatric facility
Loss of consciousness.
Loss of consciousness not related to a seizure
Loosening of social inhibitions.
Likely to be harmful to self or others.
Low abdominal pain.
Medicine overdose.
Major burns.
Medicolegal cases
Nosebleeds.
No pulse
Pain.
Palpitations.
Poisoning.
Poisoning including overdoses of medication.
Persistent or severe vomiting.
Persistent unexplained fever even with Tylenol use.
Puncture wounds.
Panic attacks.
Psychosis(delusions, hallucinations, catatonia, thought disorder, loss of contact with reality).
Rape.
Pregnancy-related emergencies.
Possible serious bone fractures.
Rashes.
Survival Needs
Starvation
Suicidal feelings.
Surgical Emergencies
Significant trauma (to the head, stomach, chest)
Syncope.
Seizures.
Seizure lasting over five minutes or continuous seizures
Severe asthmatic attack when prescribed medications do not work
Severe injuries as a result of accidents such as broken bones
Severe reactions to a medication with difficulty breathing or itching.
Severe reactions to insect bites or other previously unknown allergic reactions
Sore throat & fever
Sunburn.
Severe neck or back injury.
Sexual intercourse due to conspiracy.
Severe or persistent vomiting.
Severe or persistent vomiting or diarrhea.
Severe headache.
Severe burns.
Severe pain in any part of the body that does not subside.
Serious drug reactions with psychiatric or non-psychiatric medications.
Syncope or unconsciousness.
Sudden or severe pain.
Sudden loss of vision.
Suicidal or homicidal feelings.
Sudden asthma attack that does not stop.
Sudden numbness or not being able to move an arm, leg, or one side of the body.
Sever headache with fever or vomiting.
Sudden injury or trauma due to a motor vehicle crash, burns, smoke inhalation, near drowning, wound, etc.
Substance abuse.
Sudden severe pain anywhere in the body.
Sudden dizziness, weakness, or change in vision.
Swallowing a poisonous substance.
Shock symptoms, e.g., confusion, disorientation, cool/clammy, pale skin.
Severe or persistent vomiting or diarrhea.
Stroke or suspected stroke (paralysis, numbness, confusion)
Trauma with unconsciousness.
Trauma with cuts, sprains, or abrasions.
Trauma with open fracture.
Trauma with pain on mobility.
Trauma with swelling.
Unable to detect breathing
Unconsciousness.
Unconsciousness with diabetes.
Unconsciousness at a public location.
Sudden unconsciousness at home.
Unable to move
Uncontrolled bleeding
Upper abdominal pain.
Uncontrolled bleeding.
Unusual abdominal pain.
Unusual or persistent abdominal pain.
Unexplained stupor, drowsiness or disorientation.
Violence
Violence or other rapid changes in behavior.
Vomiting
Vomiting or coughing blood.
Vomiting and diarrhea.
What will happen if you do not diagnose and treat a medical emergency properly?
It can lead to death.
It can lead to disability.
It can lead to other harms.
It can lead to medical malpractice.
It can lead to legal malpractice.

Common Medical Emergencies
Dispatching for an emergency
Emergency Diagnosis and Treatment
Emergency Diagnosis Code
Emergency medical record
Emergency Department record
Emergency medical responder
Emergency medical record
Emergency Medicine
Health Care
List of medical emergencies
Medico legal cases
Patient assessment
Surgical Emergencies
Symptoms & Signs A-Z List
State Offices and Agencies of Emergency Management
What are various symptoms, signs, statements, questions, issues, and histories that should raise suspicion of a medical emergency?
How are most patients categorized in American triage locations up to February 12, 2012?

Immediately life threatening
Urgent, but not immediately life threatening
Less urgent

How should patients be categorized around the world, including in America, in case of a medical emergency?
Undetermined, Good, Fair, Serious, Critical.

Fair, serious, or critical will always get a medical diagnosis that needs emergency treatment.

This can be only done by an emergency medical doctor able to reach the correct diagnosis and provide treatment.

Is there a difference between emergency and non-emergency medical diagnosis?
Yes, there is.

What is the difference between non-emergency and emergency medical diagnosis?
This example will make you understand.
Diabetes is a non-emergency medical diagnosis.
Diabetes with hyperosmolar coma or diabetic ketoacidosis is an emergency medical diagnosis.

What is the role of www.qureshiuniversity.org/medicalemergencyworld.html in a medical emergency?
Guide the following:
Doctor in a medical emergency.
Emergency responder in a medical emergency.
Emergency call center in a medical emergency.
Watcher, relative, or acquaintance of the victim in a medical emergency.
Victim himself or herself in a medical emergency.
Guide the state department of health worldwide.
When Is It Really an Emergency?
What types of patients get admitted to emergency room (ER), operating Room (OR), intensive care unit (ICU), and hospital wards and need Internet health care or outpatient (OPD) health care?
Here are further guidelines.
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/medicalemergencyworld.html

Hospitals around the world and Internet human healthcare.
How has Internet human healthcare changed the way hospitals work around the world?
If a physician at any location needs further consultations or reference, www.qureshiuniversity.org/healthcareworld.html has all guidelines in question-and-answer format in the English language.
This gets researched and updated every day.

Before the existence of Internet human healthcare, a junior physician had to consult a senior physician or head of the department relevant to patient care. With the existence of Internet human healthcare, a junior physician at any location on this planet can – with a few clicks at this resource: www.qureshiuniversity.org/healthcareworld.html – get guidance in question-and-answer format in the English language.

Some still think this is a website. This is far more than a website with highly effective intellectual property resource.

Hospital
Hospital
Hospital Supplies
Hospitalized Patient
Human Rights Violations
Human Vital Signs
Health Care Law
Health Alerts
Health Calculators
Health-care electronics
Health Care Issues
Health Insurance
Human
Human health symptoms & signs A-Z List.
Human health emergency symptoms & signs A-Z List.
Human Pregnancy Emergencies
Human health and aerospace.
Health care guidelines for correct diagnose and treatment.
Health care guidelines for hospital faculty and postgraduates.
Health care research.
Health care continuing education for existing medical doctors.
Health care and state department of health.
Health care and the media.

Hospital administration in the state
Medical superintendent in the state
Why you must specifically mention the state relevant to medical superintendent in the state and hospital administration in the state?
All these services are relevant to essential departments and administration in the state.

What is the professional rank of an individual physician who takes care of administration of a hospital in the state?
A physician with professional rank of medical superintendent.

What are other names of medical superintendent of a hospital in the state?
Chief physician

Medical superintendent

What is a medical superintendent?
A medical superintendent is a physician who supervises the 24-hour operations of healthcare facilities, such as hospitals and nursing homes.
This includes human resources needs, products and services resources needs, as well as patient care.

What should hospital administration, including medical superintendent, in the state recommend?
All medical conditions have to be diagnosed and treated at one hospital in a specific area in the state.
You cannot have separate hospitals for internal medicine and surgery, maternity, chest conditions, psychiatry, orthopedics, or similar subspecialties.
Remind physicians to serve in primary health care and Internet healthcare.

What should you know about hospitals in the state?
Hospitals in the state are state government-run hospitals.
Many departments in the state have duty relevant to hospitals.
This resource – www.qureshiuniversity.org/healthcareworld.html – has guidelines for all hospitals in states around the world.

Questions medical superintendent of a hospital needs to answer.

What is the profile of all physicians in the hospital?
Are all physicians in the hospital competent?
Can a physician answer relevant questions?
What is the profile of all workers in the hospital?
Does the hospital have required products and services?
What is the requirement of the hospital relevant to human resources, starting with physicians?
What is the requirement of the hospital relevant to products and services?
How can patient care be improved further?


Hospital Profile

What should be specifications of a hospital in a state?
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/healthcareworld.html

What should a hospital in the state display on the Internet?

Area relevant to hospital: What is the plinth area of hospital buildings and the land area of the hospital?
Building specifications: What should be included in building specifications?
Continent and state location: For example: Kashmir, Asia.
Number of patient beds: How many patient beds are there in the hospital?
Number of beds for on-duty physicians: How many physicians’ on-duty beds are there?
Number of Physicians: What is the profile of the physicians in the hospital?
Number of Nurses: What is the profile of the nurses in the hospital?
Number of paramedics: What is the profile of paramedics in the hospital?
Profile of medical superintendent: What is the profile of the medical superintendent of the hospital?

Medical Supply Issues
Medical Supply Department Inside and Outside the State
What should happen if a state needs specific medical supplies?
Forward the requisition to the state medical supply department.
In some regions this is known as the state medical supply corporation.

What medical supplies are required in every state?
  1. Medicines/Drugs

  2. Cotton Medical Supplies

  3. Bandages

  4. IV Fluids

  5. Medical equipment

  6. Diagnostic medical equipment

  7. Office supplies other than medical supplies

What is on the list of drugs?
Every year a list of available drugs is circulated.
See 2017’s list of available drugs.

Medical education for specific physicians and medical supplies are two different issues.
Medical supply departments get reimbursed separately.
Medical education resources get reimbursed separately.

Who must supervise various medical supplies inside and outside the state?
Director of public health physician of the state.
Director of health physician of the state.
Medical superintendent physician of a hospital in the state.
Subordinates in the state department of health.

What should you do before you procure any biochemistry laboratory equipment, including a chemistry analyzer?
Ask them to answer questions relevant to normal values of human blood chemistry.
Ask about any controversies and/or discrepancies of normal values from laboratory to laboratory and how you plan to fix them.
False positive, false negative, true positive, and true negative test result issues.

What is on the list of prescription medicines/drugs available through the state department of health?
This medicine/drug list from every state must be available through the Internet.
  1. Anti-Infective Drugs

  2. Hormones, Diabetes And Related Drugs

  3. Heart And Circulatory Drugs

  4. Respiratory Drugs

  5. Gastrointestinal Drugs

  6. Genitourinary Drugs

  7. Central Nervous System Drugs

  8. Pain Relief Drugs

  9. Neuromuscular Drugs

  10. Supplements

  11. Blood Modifying Drugs

  12. Topical Drugs

  13. Miscellaneous Categories (includes Supplies And Devices)

Prescription Drugs List

Anti-Infective Drugs

Can you name the Anti-Infective Drugs?

Oral

  1. Albenza

  2. Amoxicillin

  3. Ampicillin

  4. Augmentin

  5. Bactrim

  6. Cef Tin

  7. Cefzil

  8. Cipro

  9. Cleocin

  10. Copegus

  11. Diflucan

  12. Doxycycline Hyclate

  13. Duricef

  14. Erythromycin Ethylsuccinate

  15. Flagyl

  16. Grifulvin V

  17. Intelence

  18. Keflex

  19. Lamisil

  20. Levaquin

  21. Macrobid

  22. Minocin

  23. Nizoral

  24. Noxafil

  25. Omnicef

  26. Peginterferon alfa-2a

  27. Penicillin V Potassium

  28. Plaquenil

  29. Rebetol

  30. Sporanox

  31. Suprax

  32. Tetracycline

  33. Valtrex

  34. Vfend

  35. Zithromax

  36. Zovirax

  37. Zyvox


Drug, anti-infective: Something capable of acting against infection, by inhibiting the spread of an infectious agent or by killing the infectious agent outright.

Anti-infective is a general term that encompasses antibacterials, antibiotics, antifungals, antiprotozoans and antivirals.



Can you name the Respiratory Drugs?
Respiratory Drugs: Brand and Generic Names
Proventil/Ventolin (Brand) Albuterol (Generic)
Maxair (Brand) Pirbuterol (Generic)

Heart And Circulatory Drugs
Generic Type Brand
Amiodarone Antiarrhythmic
Amlodipine Antihypertensive
Atenolol Antihypertensive
Atorvastatin Antihyperlipidemic
Benazapril Antihypertensive
Digoxin Antiarrhythmic
Diltiazem Antihypertensive
Dobutamine Vasopressor
Dopamine Vasopressor
Enalapril Antihypertensive
Enoxaparin Anticoagulant
Epinephrine Vasopressor
Ezetimibe Antihyperlipidemic
Ezetimibe-simvastatin Antihyperlipidemic
Felodipine Antihypertensive
Fenofibrate Antihyperlipidemic
Furosemide Diuretic
Gemfibrozil Antihyperlipidemic
Heparin Anticoagulant
Hydrochlorothiazide Diuretic
Lidocaine Antiarrhythmic
Lisinopril Antihypertensive
Losartan Potassium Antihypertensive
Lovastatin Antihyperlipidemic
Metolazone Diuretic
Metoprolol Antihypertensive
Nifedipine Antianginal
Nitroglycerin Antianginal
Norepinephrine Vasopressor
Phenylphrine Vasopressor
Pravastatin Antihyperlipidemic
Ramipril Antihypertensive
Rosuvastatin Antihyperlipidemic
Simvastatin Antihyperlipidemic
T.P.A Thrombolytic
Triamterene-hctz Diuretic
Verapamil Antianginal
Warfarin Anticoagulant

What medicines/drugs are available over the counter?



Oral antibiotics in certain situations must be kept available over the counter.
Here are further guidelines.
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/medicalsuppliesworld.html

Health care and hospital administration.
Guidance for Hospital Administration, Hospital Faculty
Medical superintendent

What services does the medical superintendent of a hospital have to supervise in the state?
Hospital heating system in winter.
Hospital cooling system in summer.
Human resources, particularly competent physicians relevant to hospital.
Education resources relevant to human health on the Internet.
Remind physicians to serve in primary health care and Internet healthcare.
Hospital Emergency Management
Hospital Admissions
Hospital Departments
Hospital Quality and Safety
Hospital Medical Records
Hospital Human Resources
Hospital Supplies
Hospital History and Physical
Hospital Medical malpractice
Hospital Follow Up Visits
Hospital Blood Transfusion Services
Hospital Materials Management
Hospital Controlled Substance
Hospital Laundry Services
Hospital Kitchen Services
Hospital Laboratories
Hospital Pharmacy
Hospital Critical Care Unit
Hospital Labor rooms
Hospital Operating Rooms
Hospital Operative Reports
Hospital Staffing Effectiveness
Hospital Phone Calls, Emails
Hospital Absence Policy
Hospital Libraries
Hospital Electricity system
Hospital Emergency light system
Hospital Water supply (plumbing) system/boiler
Hospital Fire fighting system
Hospital Elevator system
Hospital Escalator system
Hospital Gas service system
Hospital Monitoring system
Hospital Janitorial system
Hospital Transportation and Parking
Hospital Laundry System
Hospital Vending machine System
Hospital Sewage system
Hospital Telephone system
Hospital Cooling/heating system
Hospital Wifi system/Dish
Hospital Stairs
Hospital Lounge
Hospital Work places
Hospital Autoclaves
Hospital Video Surveillance
Hospital Incinerator
Hospital Online Resources

Hospital heating system in winter.
What should you know about the hospital heating system in winter in the state?
The hospital heating system in winter in the state is like any building heating system in winter.

When should the central heating system in hospitals start every year in a cold climate?
The central heating system in hospitals in cold climate should start on November 15 every year .

What complaints are there relevant to this service in the state?
1. Service started after November 15 of the year.
3. From November 15 onwards, this service runs only for some hours.
3.Temperature range in room is not between 10-18 degrees centigrade.
4.Resources in the state are not enough relevant to his service.

To keep the desired room temperature, the building should be insulated with insulated doors and windows, with proper ventilation.

What should be the range of room temperature in the building throughout the year?
Room temperature should be maintained in the range of 10-18 degree centigrade.
From November 15 onwards, a central heating system is needed.
In summer, air conditioners or coolers are needed.
Blowers and room heaters are not sufficient.


Home office
Home Medical Equipment
Human Resources health care
Human
Imaging Centers
Intellectual Disability
Life stressors
Life
Long-distance health care consultation.
Laboratory
Medical Doctor
Medical Tests and Tools A to Z
Medical Tests & Procedures
Medical student
Medications
    What are various classes of drugs for humans?
Medical Devices
Medical emergencies as per medical specialty.
Medical emergencies in alphabetical order.
Medical conditions in alphabetical order.
Most common medical conditions.
Most common medical emergencies.
Medical dictionary.
Most common human health symptoms and signs.
Medical Associations
Medical Malpractice
Medical Equipment
Mortuary science
Needs Assessment
New hospital: Why is there a need for a new hospital in this area?
Nikkah Counseling
Nutrition and Public Health
Nurse
Nursing Student
New Students
    MD Program Admissions
    College of Nursing
    Optometrists
    College of Pharmacy
    College of Dental Medicine
Professional regulator
Primary Health Care
Patient assessment

Nephrologist
What is a Nephrologist?
The definition of a nephrologist is a doctor who has had special training in kidney diseases.

A nephrologist is a physician who studies and deals with nephrology. Nephrology is the adult and pediatric study of the kidneys and its diseases. The nephrologist deals with the diagnosis and management of kidney disease. The kidneys are vital for maintaining normal fluid and electrolyte balance in the body.

Doctors use laboratory values to interpret your medical condition. With respect to kidney disease, the BUN and the creatinine help your nephrologist (as well as your internist and family physician) determine if your kidneys are working correctly. These two tests are commonly ordered for many reasons and are invaluable tools to help your doctor assess your condition. Let’s define what BUN (pronounced by spelling out the letters “B”, “U”, and “N”) and creatinine mean from a simple country nephrologist’s perspective.

Creatinine is a molecule made by the muscles in your body. Creatinine is produced at a constant rate. Creatinine, for the purposes of this discussion, is cleared (or removed) from the kidney filters unchanged by the rest of the body’s metabolism. If the kidneys are having trouble getting rid of the creatinine, the molecules accumulate in the body and the laboratory number increases.

Let’s say a normal creatinine is 1. Patients require kidney dialysis when the value becomes 4-5 and they complain of symptoms consistent with needing dialysis. In other words, the kidney filters are messed up and you now need an alternative method to remove toxins and water from your body — this method of removal we call kidney dialysis.

To be more specific with respect to the function of the kidneys and take into account the differences among human beings, we use an equation called creatinine clearance to calculate how well a person’s kidneys are working. Creatinine is a component of the calculation. Why do we go through all this trouble to serve you?

Creatinine can be an inaccurate marker of kidney function in certain circumstances. For example, men have more muscle mass than women on average and therefore produce more creatinine. This fact must be taken into account when determining if the level of creatinine is high or low. If men have more muscle mass, their creatinine should be higher at baseline because more muscle means more creatinine around. In addition, that’s why the lab differentiates whether a person is African American or not when giving results for the creatinine clearance or GFR (glomerular filtration rate) to determine a patient’s kidney renal function.

BUN or blood urea nitrogen is a term to describe the breakdown products of protein in your body. This value is affected by many things including:

¦blood loss through the gastrointestinal tract
¦the use of steroids for patients with COPD and emphysema
¦the level of hydration in the body
¦in patients receiving intravenous nutrition in the hospital who are prescribed too much protein.

Kidney doctors via consultation help other physicians including critical care doctors and hospitalists prescribe TPN (total parenteral nutrition) for the patients they serve if the patient is suffering from complex electrolyte disorders.

A high BUN suggests toxins are not removed from the body. A low BUN suggests malnutrition. Because BUN is given to us in terms of concentration, we also use this laboratory value to determine a patient’s volume status. If the value is high we consider a patient might be dehydrated, for example.

Therefore, we look at BUN with respect to the other laboratory values to make meaning of the term. For example, the BUN can be low when a patient is not eating. In other words, when a patient does not eat enough, there may not be enough protein in the body to convert to BUN, resulting in a low value. In this setting, there is a risk for malnutrition. That’s why the renal panel or kidney panel includes a patient’s albumin, which is a better marker of nutritional status.

In conclusion, we nephrologists look at the removal of creatinine from the body when making decisions regarding kidney dialysis instead of the clearance of BUN from the body. BUN is used to help us make an assessment of the condition of the kidneys but the creatinine is better because the BUN is affected by so many things. So if the creatinine clearance is low (suggesting the need for dialysis) and the BUN is low (at first glance suggesting the patient is not in need of dialysis because there too few toxins in the body to make dialysis worth it), patients may still need kidney dialysis to not only remove fluid from the body but also clear toxins not represented by the BUN.
Here are further guidelines.
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/nephrologyworld.html

Palliative Care Services
Pain and Palliative Care Services
What type of individual gets palliative care services?
In order to answer this question, diagnosis of the individual is essential with scientific rationale.

Questions to answer in this context.

What is the diagnosis of the individual?
How did you reach this diagnosis?
Who verified the diagnosis?
How was the diagnosis verified?
What is the profile of the treating physician?
When did the physician last see the patient?
How much time has elapsed since the physician last saw the patient in person or talked to the patient at least on the telephone?
Patient Consultation

What best describes your problem?
The new problem is not a medical emergency.
Follow-up medical consultation.
Problem that is a medical emergency (In case of a medical emergency, your local emergency service is the first responder. Guidelines for your local emergency responder are at this location: http:www.qureshiuniversity.org/emergencyworld.html).
Annual health assessment.
Patient been referred to you by others.
Patient been referred by you to others.
Patient Education
Physician Profiles
Parenting Advice
Physical examination
Physical Exercise
Pathology
Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation

Psychiatrist
What is a Psychiatrist?
A psychiatrist is a physician (a medical doctor--either an MD or a DO) who specializes in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of mental, addictive, and emotional disorders.
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/psychiatryworld.html

Public Health
Who has the duty relevant to public health emergencies in the state and outside the state?
Physicians in the state and outside the state.
Administrators in the state and outside the state.
In addition to individualized health care, physicians have to get involved in public health emergencies and public health nonemergencies.

http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/publichealthworld.html

Rehabilitation Services
Research
Preferred Drug List
Recommendations
Resident/patient or relative of patient.
Resident services medical doctor
    Why is a resident services medical doctor required?
    For yearly health assessment and follow-up.
    For emergency services.
    To guide resident services.
    Here are further guidelines.
Random health screening/assessment
Reference ranges for human blood tests
Rural Health Clinics
Renal Dialysis Clinics
Skin Problems
School Health Program

Cardiologist
What is a Cardiologist?
Cardiologists are internal medicine physicians who specialize in diagnosing and treating diseases of the cardiovascular system. Cardiologists can also help patients who are in good health learn about the risk factors for and the prevention of heart disease. Although all cardiologists are clinical internists who medically manage their patients, they may also sub-specialize in several different areas, including:

Adult clinical cardiology, which focuses on the diagnosis, medical management, and prevention of cardiovascular disease.

Pediatric cardiology, which focuses on heart problems in children.

Interventional cardiology, which focuses on interventional diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular disease (i.e., balloon angioplasty and stent placement).

Advanced cardiac imaging, such as echocardiography, cardiac CT, and cardiac MRI, and nuclear medicine, which focus on diagnostic imaging of the heart and blood vessels.

Electrophysiology, which focuses on the electrical conduction system of the heart.

A Team Approach

Cardiologists are the central part of the cardiovascular care team. With a complex health condition like heart disease, it is important to find the right match between patient and specialist. Cardiovascular disease is often first suspected and diagnosed by a primary care physician, who then refers the patient to a cardiologist. The cardiologist evaluates the symptoms and medical history and then recommends diagnostic testing. When necessary, the cardiologist then brings in other members of the cardiovascular care team, who work together to ensure the best outcome for each patient. Patients remain under the care of the cardiologist even when they are referred to other specialists.

The Basis of ECG Diagnosis

Practical Clinical Skills

Electrocardiogram (EKG/ECG)
Heart Sounds
Blood Pressure
Lung Sounds





















ECG Quiz
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/cardiologyworld.html

Gynecologist
What is a gynecologist?
A gynecologist is a physician who specializes in the female reproductive system, which includes the cervix, fallopian tubes, ovaries, uterus, vagina and vulva. Menstrual problems, contraception, sexuality, menopause and infertility issues are diagnosed and treated by a gynecologist; most gynecologists also provide prenatal care, and some provide primary care.

Menstrual problems include amenorrhea (the absence of menstrual periods), dysmenorrhea (painful menstrual periods) and menorrhagia (heavy menstrual periods). Menorrhagia is a common indication for hysterectomy, which is the surgical removal of the uterus. Ovarian cysts, endometriosis and human papillomavirus are other conditions that may be detected by a gynecologist, as are incontinence, prolapse of the pelvic organs and infections in any area of the female reproductive system. A gynecologist may detect fungal, bacterial, viral or protozoal infections.

Gynecologists most frequently perform an examination known as a pap smear, which is a test that uses an instrument called a speculum to detect abnormalities in the female reproductive system, including cervical and ovarian cancers. Pap smears are conducted bimanually and often are accompanied by a rectovaginal examination, which allows for a complete examination of the pelvic area. An ultrasound may be used to confirm any abnormalities detected by a Pap smear or rectovaginal exam.

Most gynecologists are also obstetricians. An obstetrician is a specialist in the management of pregnancy, labor, and the time immediately following childbirth known as puerperium. An obstetrician/gynecologist, also known as an OB/GYN, covers areas ranging from preventive care to detection of sexually transmitted diseases to family planning. They may also be involved in adolescent gynecology and endocrinology or deal with behavioral problems among young women.

The four subspecialties for an OB/GYN are gynecologic oncology, maternal/fetal medicine, reproductive endocrinology and infertility, and urogynecology/reconstructive pelvic surgery.

http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/obstetricsgynecologyworld.html
Here are further guidelines.

Physician
Primary Care Physician
Primary care physician training program
Annotation or definition of primary health care.

Primary health care: What is it?
Nonemergency medical services.

There are some other definitions of primary healthcare you should be aware of.

What will happen if you ignore nonemergency medical services (primary health care)?
This can become medical emergency.
If you completely ignore nonemergency medical services (primary health care), there can be many medical emergencies.

Profession

Annotation or definition.

What profession is been described in these guidelines?
Physician.

What are other names for this profession?
Doctor.
Doctor of medicine.
Medical doctor.
Medical practitioner.
Research physician.
If you have extra abilities, you can get a professional title of a psychiatrist, cardiologist, orthopedic, surgeon, etc.

How does the program work?
You will first become a physician/general practice.
In case you need to further enhance your abilities, more programs are available.

What is a physician?
An individual who can diagnose and manage complex human medical problems in various healthcare setting.

An individual who can give health care advice relevant to healthcare complaint, diagnosis and treatment of a human being in various health care settings.

In America, all medical practitioners are physicians.
In Australia and New Zealand, only specialists are referred to as physicians. This needs to be standardized.
Physician belongs to activity sectors or academic discipline of medicine, human healthcare.

An individual who can reach a correct diagnosis and treat a human being in various health care settings.

You are first a physician, than a specialist, and then a super specialist.

How many types of physicians are there?
There are more than 64 types of physicians.

What are the types of physicians?
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/physicianspecialties.html

What type of physician can guide all other physicians?
A forensic psychiatrist.
A forensic psychiatrist evaluates fitness for duty of all other professions, including other physicians.

Who is a highly skilled physician among all types of physicians?
Forensic psychiatrist.
An individual gets training like this physician/psychiatrist/forensic psychiatrist.

Who is the least skilled physician among all types of physicians?
Physician/General Practice.

Primary care providers

Your primary care provider may also be called a general practitioner, family doctor, physician or clinician. Your primary care physician will guide you and your family on a variety of health care and wellness needs.

In what human healthcare setting do you prefer to serve as physician?
You have to select at least one of the human healthcare settings.

How do you get educated for these medical specialties: physician, psychiatrist, forensic psychiatrist?
First, you get educated as a physician, then psychiatrist, and then forensic psychiatrist.

How long does it take to become a physician/general practice?
This depends on your desire to learn.
This depends on your motivation for public service to serve as a physician/general practice.
Previously, it would take at least five years of postgraduate study to become physician.
With computers and the Internet, this can take less than five years.

What do you have to do to remain motivated, with desire to serve as a physician/general practice?
Associate with good charactered, well behaved, competent physicians.
Read about human healthcare every day.
You have to look forward to continue reading until more than age 90 about new research findings in human healthcare.

What are the facts relevant to physician/general practice?
Specialty code: 01
Type description: Physician/general practice
Provider taxonomy code: 208D00000X
Provider taxonomy description type, classification specialization: Allopathic & osteopathic physicians/general practice.

What are you required to do as a physician/general practice?
What are the duties of a primary care physician?
Annual health assessment
Appointment reminders.
Alternative treatment options recommendations.
Counseling services
From time to time, you will be asked to issue a Healthcare screening certificate.
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/healthcarescreeningcertificate.html
Follow-up
Needs Assessment
New patient relevant to primary health care (nonemergency).
Refer residents or patients to other physicians with relevant abilities.
Referrals (essential departments in various states.)
Reminder of health improvement-related programs or services.
Stress Counselling


What are the maximum types of required physicians in every state?
Physician/general practice.

What are other names for physician/general practice?
Primary care physician.

For any physician who claims to be a specialist, it is mandatory to have the abilities of a physician/general practice.

How should you as a physician issue a healthcare screening certificate?
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/healthcarescreeningcertificate.html

What have been various findings from physicians who claim to be specialists?
They cannot reach a correct diagnosis and treatment in various healthcare settings and claim falsely to be medical specialists.

The prerequisite of any physician is correct diagnosis and treatment in various healthcare settings.

What should be the directive for all physicians?
Internet human healthcare is essential.
You must show that you are enhancing Internet human healthcare without copying others’ resources.

What questions is a physician likely to be asked relevant to his or her profession?
Are you a physician?
What type of physician are you?
I am a physician, psychiatrist, forensic psychiatrist.
I am a physician, general practice.
You are first a physician, then a specialist, and then a super specialist.

In what human healthcare setting do you plan to work?
You have to get oriented to all human healthcare settings.
You have to select one best human healthcare setting in which you would like to work as a physician.

Internet human healthcare is one of the most important human healthcare setting.

Every state department of health must nominate at least 100 physicians for Internet human healthcare.

What should you know about existing physicians in various states?
Every state has 5,000 to 12,000 physicians. Few of these existing physicians can answer questions relevant to their work.
Few of these physicians are able to reach a correct diagnosis and treatment in various healthcare settings.
These are the reasons why existing training programs of physicians, specialists, and super specialists need to be reformed or modified.
You can get educated at home or home office with computer and Internet with this resource: www.qureshiuniversity.org/healthcareworld.html.

On July 19, 2014, this was reported relevant to physicians.
California has 95,000, New York has 68,000, etc. Is that correct?
What types of physicians are they?
How many total physicians are there in the state today?
How many physicians/general practice are there in the state?
How many physicians/psychiatrist/forensic psychiatrists are there in the state?
How many other types of physicians are there in the state?
How many physicians offer Internet human healthcare in the state?
How many different types of physicians does the state department of health recognize?
Are they able to answer relevant questions?

Answers to these questions will help in establishing further training programs.

How often do I update (www.qureshiuniversity.org)Qureshi University?
Almost everyday.

What is the proof that various communities need many physicians /general practice?
From 2001 to 2014, the area in walkable distance of 5042 N. Winthrop Ave., Chicago, Illinois 60640 has not had any competent physicians /general practice. If any individual or individuals had put up a banner of physicians/general practice, they were not able to answer relevant questions. Once it was discovered that they were namesake physicians, they closed the practice.
The secretary of health, director of health in the state from 1999-2014 is not an experienced physician and not an experienced administrator in public service in the state.

Who has the duty to place competent physicians/general practice at various locations in the communities?
The state department of health.

This resource can educate various individuals to be competent physicians.
This resource can recommend to the state department of health requirements for competent physicians.
If any competent physician exists, this resource can highlight that competent physician.

Is it difficult to become a doctor or a surgeon?
It is difficult to become a doctor.
Surgical skills need extra months or years of training.

What should you know about existing doctors?
They are not able to provide human health care services that doctors are expected to provide.

How do you define this profession?
I will quote an example.

What is a doctor?
A medical doctor should get involved in Internet human healthcare, public health, patient education, research, educating new and existing doctors, administrative issues, and individualized doctor consultation.
A medical doctor is expected to diagnose and treat all medical emergencies, all medical disabilities, and all nonemergency and nondisability medical conditions.

A doctor who performs medical operations is called a surgeon.
If an individual cannot reach a correct diagnosis and treatment in various healthcare settings of a human being, he or she cannot be a surgeon.

What other professions should you differentiate from this profession?
Doctor of philosophy.
Doctor of education.
Doctor of music.

Why should you learn these questions?
At some point in your life, these questions will be helpful.
You will be asked various questions like those displayed here.

What is a hospital?
A hospital usually has a combination of emergency room services, critical care unit, operating room, ambulatory care, laboratory, and X-rays.

Hospital
Here are further guidelines.

Primary Health Care
Questions you need to answer
Here are further guidelines.

Here are further guidelines.

Here are further guidelines.

Here are further guidelines.

Doctor of Medicine
Doctor(Physician)License
Doctor Consultation

Drugs
What is a drug?
What is Medication?
How are drugs named?

Here are further guidelines.
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/drugsworld.html

Dental Services
Dental Services

Emergency
Emergency Medications
Eye Care
Elderly Health Issues
Food
Glossary of Medical Terms
Guidance for
    Teaching Hospital
      Kashmir (J&K)
    General hospital
    District/County Hospital
    Maternity Hospital
    Children's Hospital
    All-in-One
    Sub District Hospitals
    Primary Health Centers (Centres)
    Subsidery Health Centers (Centres)
    Medical Aid Centers (Centres)
    Sub Centers (Centres)
    Clinics
    Telemedicine
Western Center = Eastern Centre
Health Care Provider Taxonomy
Physician
Primary care physician consultation
New patient relevant to primary health care (nonemergency).
Questions for new patient relevant to primary health care.

What essential facts are necessary for you to know before you go ahead?
A primary care provider (PCP) is your main health care provider physician in nonemergency situations.

What type of physician consultation is this?
Primary health care physician consultation.

What should be your answer if the question is not relevant to the patient?
This question is not relevant to this patient.

What questions should primary care physicians ask relevant to new patients?

Questions you need to ask and get answered.

What best describes the patient?
Adolescent boy
Adolescent girl
Child
Man
Woman
Medicolegal case

Do I have a medical record of the patient?

_________________________________________
If I do not have a medical record of the patient, I need to create your medical record.

What is the first and last name of the patient?

_________________________________________

What is the date of birth of the patient?

_________________________________________

What is the gender of the patient?

_________________________________________

What is your primary language?

_________________________________________

Where is the patient now?

_________________________________________

Where is the state-issued identity card with photograph of the patient?

_________________________________________

What is the mailing residential address of the patient?

_________________________________________

Who else stays with the patient at this residential address?

_________________________________________

How long had the patient stayed at this location?

_________________________________________

What was the residential mailing address of the patient from birth up to now?

_________________________________________

What is the contact information about the patient, including email, telephone, and fax?

_________________________________________

What is your relationship status?

_________________________________________

What type of insurance do you have?

_________________________________________

Who can get your medical information?

_________________________________________

What situations about your health care information will be revealed and to whom?

_________________________________________

Do you have a primary care physician?

_________________________________________

Who is your primary care physician?

_________________________________________

What issues are you having relevant to a primary care physician?

_________________________________________
You can even mention there are no competent primary care physicians in this area. There are no competent stress counselors in this area.

What is your mother’s maiden name?

_________________________________________

Where is she now?

_________________________________________

What has the needs assessment revealed about resident/patient getting survival needs (food, clothing, housing, healthcare, transportation, security, education, communications, consumer goods) in the state, for example state department of food and supplies, state department of human services, etc.?

_________________________________________

Who should be contacted in case of emergency relevant to patient with residential mailing address, email, telephone, fax, relationship?

_________________________________________

What are the reasons for the consultation?

_________________________________________

Problem/complaint

Do you have any problem today?

_________________________________________

What seems to be the problem?

_________________________________________

How long has this been a problem?

_________________________________________

How severe is the problem?

_________________________________________
(Circle appropriate response)
Mild, moderate, severe, incapacitating; if other, specify.

How frequent is the problem?

_________________________________________

Constant, daily, weekly, monthly, yearly, many years; if other, specify.

What are the aggravating and relieving factors?

_________________________________________

Do you think you need any medical specialty consultation?

_________________________________________

What medical specialty consultation do you think you need?

_________________________________________

Why do you think you need this medical specialty consultation?

_________________________________________

Did you have any medical condition listed below in the past?

_________________________________________

Accident
Allergies
Anemia
Anxiety
Arthritis
Asthma
Atrial Fibrillation
Bipolar Disorder
Blood
Breast Disease
Cancer
Cataracts/Glaucoma
Clots
Colon
Contact lenses/glasses
Contact/Glasses
COPD/Emphysema
Crohn’s
Depression
Diabetes
Eczema
Fibromyalgia
Glaucoma
Gout
Hearing Aids
Heart attack
Heart Attack
Heart disease
High Blood Pressure
High Cholesterol
Infertility
Irritable Bowel Synd.
Kidney Disease
Kidney Stones
Liver Disease
Migraines
Osteoporosis
Other:
Pacemaker
Pap (Abnormal)
Polyps
Prostate Problems
Reflux
Rheumatic Fever
Seizure Severe
Sexually Transmitted Inf.
Stress
Stroke
Thyroid
Ulcerative Colitis
Ulcers
What should be your answer if the question is not relevant to the patient?
This question is not relevant to this patient.

Who is living at home with you?

_________________________________________

Do you give or receive ongoing care at home?

_________________________________________

Who are the immediate family members of the patient?

_________________________________________

These are basic questions; there are many more.


Healthcare Facilities
Infrastructure of Human Healthcare Inside and Outside the State
How has the internet, for example www.qureshiuniversity.org/health.html, changed requirements for healthcare facilities?
Historically, land (at least a hectare) and buildings were required for a medical college.
Nowadays, for example
www.qureshiuniversity.org/health.html, more can be accomplished in less area.

Here are guidelines www.qureshiuniverstiy.org/health.html for specific physicians, staff, and human health professionals.

On August 11, 2017, the University of Illinois College of Medicine in Chicago, IL 60612-7302 was proud to have 4 campuses in Illinois. However, at this time, they did not have any guidelines for specific physicians available through the Internet (for example www.qureshiuniverstiy.org/health.html).

On August 11, 2017, there were 141 medical colleges in North American states that did not have guidelines for specific physicians available through the Internet (for example, www.qureshiuniverstiy.org/health.html).

Questions you need to answer.

Do you claim to be a medical college?
Who is in charge of medical education at your facility?
Where have you displayed on the Internet the guidelines in a question-and-answer for specific physicians the way they are displayed at www.qureshiuniversity.org/health.html (resources authored by Doctor Asif Qureshi)?


What types of physicians are required at this point within and outside the state?
  1. Physician Internet Human health services. http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/health.html

  2. Physician guide for at least 18 types of physicians. http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/health.html

  3. Physician primary care
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/primarycarephysician.html

  4. Physician intensive care unit
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/criticalcareworld.html

  5. Physician medical emergency room
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/emergencymedicinedoctor.html

  6. Physician medical emergency responder
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/emergencymedicalresponder.html

  7. Physician surgeon medical emergency
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/surgeryworld.html

  8. Physician surgeon elective surgery
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/surgeryworld.html

  9. Physician anesthetist medical emergency
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/anesthesiologist.html

  10. Physician guide to physician or physicians
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/healthcareworld.html

  11. Physician hospitalist (takes care of hospital ward patients)
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/hospitalist.html

  12. Physician forensic psychiatry
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/forensicpsychiatrist.html

  13. Physician Forensic Pathology
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/forensicpathologist.html

  14. Physical Therapist
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/physicaltherapist.html

  15. Physician director of public health of the state.
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/physiciandirectorpublichealth.html

  16. Physician director of health of the state.
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/physiciandirectorhealth.html

  17. Physician medical superintendent of a hospital in the state.
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/physicianmedicalsuperintendent.html

  18. Physician of public health in the state.
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/physicianpublichealthworld.html

What are examples of human healthcare facilities inside and outside the state?
  1. Tertiary care hospital

  2. District hospital

  3. Primary health center

  4. Primary health subcenter

  5. Nursing home

  6. Doctor’s office

  7. Pharmacies and drug stores

  8. Medical laboratory

  9. Research resources

  10. Diagnostic labs with specifications

  11. Sub district hospital/CHC

  12. Allopathic dispensary

  13. Healthcare facility specified

Do not confuse urgent care centers and ambulatory surgery centers; these are part of a hospital.

One resource had elaborated 15 types of healthcare facilities.
The above 13 types of healthcare facilities can be further elaborated.

How has the Internet (for example, www.qureshiuniversity.org/health.html), changed the existing healthcare facilities mentioned?
On any corner of this planet, within these healthcare facilities or outside these healthcare facilities, specific physicians or even a patient’s well-wishers can get updates on specific human healthcare issues at www.qureshiuniversity.org/health.html.

What is a healthcare facility?
A healthcare facility is any location where healthcare is provided.
Healthcare facilities range from doctor’s offices to large hospitals with elaborate emergency rooms.
A hospital in a state cannot be the property of a trust or an individual or individuals.

What should happen if there is a request to establish a new healthcare facility inside or outside the state?
First, enhance the existing healthcare facilities nearest to the location.
Ask them to connect to these resources www.qureshiuniversity.org/health.html

Get answers to the relevant questions.
Where exactly is a new healthcare facility required in the state?
What type of new healthcare facility is required in the state?
Where is the nearest healthcare facility to the location where a new healthcare facility is required?
What is the written response of the director of the state department of health to these issues?


Why was there a need to elaborate on these issues?
Whimsical directives are circulated to construct new healthcare facilities inside and outside the state without a feasibility study and without answering relevant questions ahead of time.

Who is responsible for enhancing healthcare facilities inside and outside the state?
Director of health physician of the state.
For example, the director of health physician of various states can remind others about these resources at www.qureshiuniversity.org/health.html. The director of health physician of the state must record and preserve these resources for future reference.

Human healthcare settings
What is the most essential human health care setting?
Internet human health care setting.
An Internet human health care setting guides all other human health care settings.

What are examples of various human health care settings?
  1. Ambulatory human health care

  2. Community health center

  3. Critical care

  4. Coroner investigations

  5. Emergency room health care

  6. Emergency call center

  7. Education of new medical students

  8. Education of existing medical doctors

  9. Functional Capacity Evaluation & Disability

  10. Hospital ward

  11. Home health care

  12. Internet human health care services

  13. Labor, delivery, and recovery rooms

  14. Medicolegal cases

  15. Medical Emergency

  16. On-the-spot diagnosis and treatment

  17. Operating rooms

  18. Public health

  19. Primary care physician consultation

  20. Patient education

  21. Rehabilitation Services

  22. Research

  23. State health care administrative issues

  24. Space Medicine

Human Health Care Settings
Here are further guidelines.
What best describes you?

Pulmonologist
What is a pulmonologist/pulmonary specialist?
A pulmonologist, or pulmonary disease specialist, is a physician who possesses specialized knowledge and skill in the diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary (lung) conditions and diseases. Pulmonology is classified as an internal medicine subspecialty.

What are other names for pulmonologist?
Respiratory physician.
Pneumonologist.
Respirologist.

What is pulmonology?
Pulmonology is a medical specialty that deals with diseases involving the respiratory tract. Pulmonology is considered a branch of internal medicine, and is related to intensive care medicine.

What are other names for pulmonology?
Chest medicine
Respiratory medicine

What human anatomy should a physician know relevant to the human respiratory system?
Here is a diagrammatic presentation.


What are the most common complaints patient have with underlying pulmonary conditions?
Dyspnoea (breathlessness)
Dyspnoea (breathlessness) in certain situations can be of cardia origin.

What are the most common conditions of patients who are admitted to hospital having respiratory conditions?
Bronchial asthma
Chronic obstructive lung disease

Here are further guidelines.
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/pulmonarymedicineworld.html

Medical Research
What should you know before you go ahead with any medical research?
You cannot harm others.

Career in Medical Research

What are examples of careers in Medical Research?
Physician-scientist (research physician).
PhD in Biomedical Sciences

How should a Physician-scientist (research physician) or PhD in Biomedical Sciences go ahead with medical Research?
Here are further guidelines.
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/medicalresearch.html

Neurologist
Neurologist

Nursing home care
Whose duty is it to supervise nursing home care in the state?
State department of public health.
State departments of health.

What is nursing home care in the state?
Why do people need nursing home care in the state?
What controversies are associated with nursing home care in the state?
How can nursing home care admissions be prevented?
What questions should be answered before recommendations to admit an individual to a nursing home in a state?
Here are further guidelines.

Physician caregiver for a physician
Does a physician need a physician to maintain good health?
Yes.

Why is it difficult to find a physician caregiver for a physician in the state or outside the state?
An existing physician will evaluate the competence of another physician who is likely going to care for him or her.
Experience has revealed that existing physicians are not able to answer relevant questions and thus are declared unfit to be physicians even if they have been fraudulently licensed physicians.

Should there be a separate program for physician caregivers for a physician in the state and outside the state?
Yes.

Why there should be physician caregiver for a physician in the state and outside the state?
Experience has shown that a physician does not know that a resident is a physician. The resident who is also a physician asks relevant questions; the physicians having duty are not able to answer relevant questions, thus exposing that incompetent physicians have been placed at various locations.

What are the best solutions to resolve these issues?
Nominate a few medical students, existing physicians, who can get educated by physicians, for example Doctor Asif Qureshi, a forensic specialist who can evaluate fitness for duty and at the same time guide as a mentor new medical students and existing physicians.

Also, nominate social work students and existing social workers for further education.

Questions for a physician who would like to care for a physician.

Can you forward your profile?
Are you a physician?
What type of physician are you?
Do you think you can answer my questions relevant to you being a physician?


These are basic essential questions.
There are many more.

Random health screening/assessment
Is there a difference between random health screening and yearly health screening?
Yes.

What is the difference between a random health screening and yearly health screening?

For random health screening, a day, date, location, time, and duration are fixed to do health screening. Individuals who attend this type of health screening may not be regular patients of the health care resource doing the health screening.

Random health screening is usually not recommended.

Health screening or yearly health screening usually mean the same thing.

What are the disadvantages of random health screening?
Medical records of the individual cannot be created during random health screening.

All relevant medical conditions cannot be screened.

Instead of screening and referring individuals, it is better to get yearly health screenings done.

When is a random health screening required?
If there is a complaint or complaints and the community does not have competent doctor or doctors, random health screening is required relevant to the complaint.

Usually, a junior doctor or doctors are assigned duty in such locations. A senior doctor guides from a distance.

What is included in a random health screening?
Questions relevant to human health care services.

What questions should you ask in a random health assessment or screening?

Do you have a doctor who does yearly health assessment/screening?

Do you feel your health care resource is competent?

Is your doctor or health care resource able to answer relevant questions?


If there is no doctor in the community who is able to do a yearly health assessment with follow-up, make recommendations to the state department of health or state department of public health to arrange for a competent doctor in the community in a specific area.

Here is an example.

What is the location that needs competent doctors?
The location of 5042 N. Winthrop Ave., Chicago, Illinois 60640, does not have a competent doctor or doctors.

There are many quacks who display medical doctor advertisement boards on roads in the area, and they are not able to answer relevant questions.

If random health screening is done and a referral is required, those involved have to go through yearly health assessment again.

Quacks in the disguise of doctors are in this area.

Yearly health screening or assessment by a competent doctor is the best method of screening or assessment.

Here are further guidelines.

What is Health Screening?
Health screening or yearly health screening usually mean the same thing.

Why are Check-Ups Important?

Regular health exams and tests can help find problems before they start. They also can help find problems early, when your chances for treatment and cure are better. By getting the right health services, screenings, and treatments, you are taking steps that help your chances for living a longer, healthier life. Your age, health and family history, lifestyle choices (i.e. what you eat, how active you are, whether you smoke), and other important factors impact what and how often you need healthcare.

Tests

Blood Pressure
Cholesterol
Triglyceride
Body mass index
Electrocardiogram
Full blood count
Liver function tests
Glucose test
Urea and electrolytes
Urinalysis
Bone Density
Prostate specific antigen
Thyroid function tests
Pulmonary function tests

Lifestyle

Smoking
Exercise
Alcohol
Diet/Nutrition

What Health Services are Recommended?

Yearly health screening or assessment by a competent doctor is the best method of screening or assessment.
Here are further guidelines.

http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/annualhealthassessmentworld.html

Here are further guidelines.
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/Randomhealthscreening.html

Requirements for becoming a physician
Does doing a medical residency by a medical doctor in any American hospital guarantee that he/she is able to reach a correct diagnosis and treatment?
No, it does not.

Social work
Resident services in the state.
Resident Services case manager in the state.
What is the most important duty of the resident services case manager in the state?
You have to resolve problems and complaints of residents before this becomes a medical or medicolegal emergency.

Resident services case managers in the state should be supervised by an experienced physician in the state.

Social work means problems solving.
Here are further guidelines.
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/socialworkworld.html

State Department of Health
What are examples of state departments of health around the world?
State department of health around the world means the Illinois department of health, California department of health, New York department of health, Yukon department of health, and similar states in North America.

Also, the Kashmir department of health, Karnataka department of health, Jiangsu department of health, German department of health in Asia, and similar states in Latin America, Africa, and Australia.

Do not identify with any entity that has harmed others.

Make sure the state department of health director is an experienced physician with a track record of public service.

What resources that claim to be human health care entities have harmed others?
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/healthcareharms.html

What should the state department of health be able to answer?
Here are further guidelines.
Vaccines, Blood & Biologics

Surgeon
What should a surgeon know?
You are first a physician, then a surgeon.
Always verify correct diagnosis and treatment.
Becoming a competent physician is difficult.
Learning specific surgical abilities takes few weeks or months.
A high school student can learn surgical skills.
You should be a competent physician before trying to learn surgical skills.
It is difficult to become competent physician.
If you are not a competent physician and try to practice with job description of Surgeon, complications and harms can occur.
You can lose your job.
You can face criminal charges.
  1. Cardiothoracic surgery

  2. Eye Surgery

  3. General surgery

  4. Neurosurgery

  5. OB/GYN Surgery

  6. Oral and maxillofacial surgery

  7. Orthopaedic surgery

  8. Otolayrngology

  9. Paediatric surgery

  10. Plastic Surgery

  11. Urology

Here are further guidelines.
Surgical Skills
Surgical Procedures

Stress Counselor
What is the role of a stress counselor in decreasing stress of an individual?
This is in the context of the stress of an individual and the role of a stress counselor.
A stress counselor identifies the causes of stress.
A stress counselor comes up with various options or suggestions to decrease the stress.
A stress counselor comes up with various options and suggestions to decrease the stress relevant to the causes of stress.
A stress counselor has to do considerable research to come up with various options and suggestions to decrease the stress.
Here are further guidelines.
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/stresscounselor.html

Stress and Public Health
Here are further guidelines.

Survival Needs
Survival Needs

A–Z alphabetical listing of human health symptoms and signs.
Symptoms & Signs A-Z List
Signs and Symptoms of Emergency and Urgent Medical Conditions
List of medical emergencies
There are more than 7,000 human medical conditions.
What should you be able to elaborate on a symptom or sign?

What is it?
What are the consequences of this symptom or sign?
What are the salient features of this symptom or sign?
    When did the problem start?
    Where did the problem start?
    How did the problem start?
    What relieves or aggravates the problem?
    How long does this problem last?
    Does this problem occur in any specific situation?
    What are the further details of the situation?
    Is there any other problem associated with this problem?
    What are the further details of the associated problem?
    What medication have you taken for this problem?
    Have you seen any medical doctor for this problem?
    How many medical doctors have you seen for this problem?
    What did the medical doctor diagnose and recommend for this problem?

    What is the diagnosis?
    Is it a medical emergency or non-emergency?
    Is it a medical emergency or medicolegal emergency?
    Is it a medical disability?
    Is it a medical condition without a medical emergency or disability?
    Is there a difference between a medical emergency and disability?
    Yes.

    What is the difference between a medical emergency and disability?
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/healthcareworld.html

    What should a doctor write or announce in his or her documentation of the patient?

    If there is an emergency diagnosis, what is the emergency diagnosis?

    In what setting does this patient need treatment?
    This patient needs on the spot treatment.
    This patient needs treatment in the emergency room.
    This patient needs treatment in a hospital ward.
    This patient needs treatment in the intensive care unit.
    This patient needs treatment in the operation theater.

    If it is not a medical emergency, here are the guidelines.

    It is not a medical emergency.
    It is not a medical emergency because all functions and vitals are normal.
    This patient needs home health care.
    Is it an administrative emergency?
What other terms are related to this symptom or sign?
What causes it?
On-the-spot emergency medical diagnosis and treatment.
Unconsciousness at a public location.
Sudden unconsciousness at home.
Trauma
Seizures
Burns
Drowning
Here are further guidelines.
Human symptoms and signs

How many human symptoms and signs are there?
700

What are various examples?

http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/symptoms.html
Listed in alphabetical order
A
Abdominal Cramps (Stomach Cramps)
Abdominal Pain
Abnormal Menstruation (Vaginal Bleeding)
Abnormal Taste (Loss of Appetite)
Abnormal gait (walking)
Abnormal muscle enlargement (hypertrophy)
Abnormally round face
Agitation
Anxiety
Apathy
Abnormal Vaginal Bleeding (Vaginal Bleeding)
Abnormal Vaginal Discharge (Vaginal Discharge)
Abnormally Rapid Breathing (Hyperventilation)
Absent Periods (Missed Menstrual Period)
Ache, Back (Back Pain)
Ache, Ear (Earache)
Ache, Tooth (Toothache)
Acid Indigestion (Heartburn)
Acid Reflux (Heartburn)
Acute Cough (Cough)
Ageusia (Loss of Taste Sensation)
Agitation (Anxiety)
Alopecia (Hair Loss)
Altered Mental Status
Amenorrhea (Missed Menstrual Period)
Amnesia (Memory Loss)
Anal Itching
Anemia
Anesthesia of the Tongue (Numbness or Tingling Sensation in the Tongue)
Angioedema (Swollen Tongue)
Ankle Pain
Ankle Sprain (Ankle Pain)
Ankle Swelling (Swollen Ankles and/or Swollen Feet)
Anorexia (Loss of Appetite)
Anxiety
Aphasia (Difficulty With Speech)
Aphthae (Mouth Sores)
Appetite, Decreased (Decreased Appetite)
Appetite, Loss of (Loss of Appetite)
Apprehension (Anxiety)
Apraxia (Difficulty With Speech)
Arm Pain
Arm Weakness (Weakness)
Arthralgia (Joint Pain)
Arthralgia, Elbow (Elbow Pain)
Arthralgia, Knee (Knee Pain)
B
Back Pain
Backache (Back Pain)
Bad Breath
Balance (Dizziness)
Balance (Vertigo)
Baldness (Hair Loss)
Beat (Fatigue and Tiredness)
Belching (Gas)
Bitter Taste (Loss of Taste Sensation)
Black Hairy Tongue (Hairy Tongue)
Black (tar) colored stools
Black colored skin
Blackouts (memory time loss)
Black Nails (Nail Discoloration)
Black Stools (Stool Color & Texture Changes)
Blackout (Fainting)
Blank stare
Bleeding
Bleeding from nipple
Bleeding gums
Bleeding in eye
Blind spot in vision
Blindness
Blinking eyes
Bloating or fullness
Blood in toilet
Blood on stool surface
Blood on toilet tissue
Blood or red colored urine
Bloody or red colored stools
Bloody or red colored vomit
Blue colored skin
Blue coloured lips
Blurred vision
Body aches or pains
Brittle hair
Broken bone (single fracture)
Broken bones (multiple fractures)
Bruising or discoloration
Bulging eyesBulging neck veins
Bulging veins
Bladder Incontinence (Incontinence, Urine)
Bleeding Gums
Blepharoptosis (Ptosis)
Blepharospasm (Eye Twitch)
Blindness (Vision Loss)
Bloating (Gas)
Blood in Ejaculate (Blood in Semen)
Blood in Semen
Blood In Spit (Bloody Sputum)
Blood In Stool (Rectal Bleeding)
Blood in the Urine (Dark Urine)
Blood In Urine
Blood In Vomit (Vomiting Blood)
Blood, Vagina (Vaginal Bleeding)
Bloodshot Eye (Pink Eye)
Bloody Mucus (Bloody Sputum)
Bloody Nose
Bloody Sputum
Bloody Vaginal Discharge (Vaginal Discharge)
Blue, Cyanosis (Cyanosis/Turning Blue)
Blurred Thinking (Confusion)
Blurred Vision
Bottom Itch (Anal Itching)
Bottom Pain (Buttock Pain)
Breast Discharge
Breast Lumps
Breast Mass (Breast Lumps)
Breast Pain
Breast Tenderness (Breast Pain)
Breathing (Shortness of Breath)
Breathlessness (Hyperventilation)
Brittle Fingernails (Brittle Nails)
Brittle Nails
Broken Nails (Brittle Nails)
Bronchospasm (Wheezing)
Brown Vaginal Discharge (Vaginal Discharge)
Bruising, Easy (Easy Bruising)
B
Bumps on Skin
Burning In Throat (Sore Throat)
Burning Urination
Butt Pain (Buttock Pain)
Buttock Pain
C
Cachexia (Weight Loss)
Calf Pain (Leg Pain)
Can't Sleep (Insomnia)
Canker Sores (Mouth Sores)
Cardiomegaly (Enlarged Heart)
Cardiomyopathy (Enlarged Heart)
Causes of Buttock Pain (Buttock Pain)
Causes of Snoring (Snoring)
Cephalgia (Headache)
Cervical Pain (Neck Pain)
Changes in Mental Status (Altered Mental Status)
Change in vision
Chills
Choking
Choking on food
Clicking or popping sound from jaw
Cloudy urine with strong odor
Cloudy vision
Coarse hair
Coated or furry tongue
Coffee grounds colored vomit
Cold feet
Cold hands
Color change
Coma
Compulsive behavior
Confusion
Constipation
Cough
Cracks at corner of mouth
Craving alcohol
Craving to eat ice, dirt or paper
Crying during sleep
Curved fingernails
Curved or bent penis during erection
Curved spine
Chest Pain
Chest Pain with Breathing (Pleurisy)
Chills
Chipping Nails (Brittle Nails)
Chronic Cough (Cough)
Chronic Pain
Clear Vaginal Discharge (Vaginal Discharge)
Cloudy Thoughts (Confusion)
Cloudy Urine
Coccydynia
Cold Feet
Cold Fingers
Cold Hands
Cold Toes (Cold Feet)
Concentration Problems (Difficulty Concentrating)
Confused (Confusion)
Confusion
Congested Nose (Nasal Congestion)
Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye)
Constipation
Contusion (Easy Bruising)
Convulsions (Seizures)
Cotton Mouth (Dry Mouth)
Cough
Coughing Up Blood (Bloody Sputum)
Cramps, Menstrual (Menstrual Cramps)
Cramps, Muscle (Muscle Cramps)
Cyanosis/Turning Blue
D
Dandruff (Flaky Scalp)
Dark Circles Under the Eyes
Dark Stools (Stool Color & Texture Changes)
Dark Urine
Deafness (Hearing Loss)
Decreased Appetite
Decreased Libido (Low Libido)
Dental Pain (Toothache)
Depigmentation of Skin
Depression
Diarrhea
Difficulty Breathing (Shortness of Breath)
Difficulty breathing through nose
Difficulty concentrating
Difficulty falling asleep
Difficulty finding words
Difficulty learning new things
Difficulty moving arm
Difficulty opening mouth
Difficulty relaxing muscles after contracting them
Difficulty sleeping
Difficulty solving problems
Difficulty standing
Difficulty starting urine stream
Difficulty staying asleep
Difficulty staying awake during day
Difficulty stopping urine stream
Difficulty swallowing
Difficulty talking
Difficulty urinating
Discharge from nipple
Discharge from penis
Discharge or mucus in eyes
Dislikes change in daily routine
Disorientation
Distended stomach
Distorted body image
Distortion of part of visual field
Dizziness
Double vision (with one eye covered)
Double vision (without one eye covered)
Drainage or pus
Drinking excessive fluids
Drooling
Drooping eyelid
Drooping of one side of face
Drowsiness
Dry eyes
Dry mouth
Dry skin
Difficulty Concentrating
Difficulty Sleeping (Insomnia)
Difficulty Swallowing (Dysphagia)
Difficulty Swallowing (Sore Throat)
Difficulty With Speech
Diplopia (Double Vision)
Discharge From the Eyes (Eye Discharge)
Discharge, Breast (Breast Discharge)
Discolored Tongue (White Tongue)
Discolored Urine (Dark Urine)
Discolored Urine (Cloudy Urine)
Disorientation (Confusion)
Disoriented (Confusion)
Dizziness
Dizziness (Hyperventilation)
Dizzy (Dizziness)
Dizzy (Vertigo)
Double Vision
Drainage of Pus
Drooling
Drooping Eyelids (Ptosis)
Drowsiness (Fatigue and Tiredness)
Dry Eye
Dry Flaky Scalp (Flaky Scalp)
Dry Heaves (Nausea)
Dry Mouth
Dry Nails (Brittle Nails)
Dry Skin
Dry Vagina (Vaginal Dryness)
Dysarthria (Difficulty With Speech)
Dysgeusia (Loss of Taste Sensation)
Dysmenorrhea (Menstrual Cramps)
Dyspareunia (Vaginal Pain)
Dyspepsia
Dysphagia
Dyspnea (Shortness of Breath)
Dyspraxia (Difficulty With Speech)
Dysuria (Burning Urination)
E
Ear Ache (Earache)
Early breast development
Early morning waking
Easily distracted
Easy bleeding
Easy bruising
Emotional detachment
Enlarged (dilated) pupils
Enlarged (dilated) veins
Enlarged finger tips
Enlarged or swollen glands
Episodes of not breathing during sleep
Erectile dysfunction
Excessive body hair growth
Excessive crying
Excessive exercising
Excessive facial hair growth (female)
Excessive facial hair growth (male)
Excessive mouth watering
Excessive sweating
Excessively salty sweat or skin
Eye crusting with sleep
Eye irritation
Eyelashes falling out
Eyelid redness
Eyes do not track together
Eyes rolling back
Ear Ringing (Ringing in Ears)
Earache
Easy Bruising
Ecchymosis (Easy Bruising)
Edema (Leg Swelling)
Ejaculate Blood (Blood in Semen)
Elbow Pain
Emesis (Vomiting)
Enlarged Heart
Epilepsy (Seizures)
Epistaxis (Bloody Nose)
Equilibrium (Dizziness)
Equilibrium (Vertigo)
Erectile Dysfunction (Impotence)
Euphoria
Excessive Hunger (Increased Appetite)
Excessive Perspiration (Excessive Sweating)
Excessive Salivation (Drooling)
Excessive Sweating
Exhaustion (Fatigue and Tiredness)
Eye Discharge
Eye Edema (Swollen Eyes)
Eye Pain
Eye Puffiness (Swollen Eyes)
Eye Redness (Pink Eye)
Eye Swelling (Swollen Eyes)
Eye Twitch
Eye, Dry (Dry Eye)
Eye, Watery (Watery Eye)
Eyelid Swelling (Swollen Eyes)
Eyelid Twitch (Eye Twitch)
F
Fainting
Fatigue
Fear of air
Fear of gaining weight
Fear of water
Fearful
Feeling faint
Feeling of being detached from reality
Feeling of not being able to get enough air
Feeling smothered
Fever
Fits of rage
Flaking skin
Flashbacks
Flickering lights in vision
Flickering uncorlored zig-zag line in vision
Floating spots or strings in vision
Flushed skin
Food cravings
Food getting stuck (swallowing)
Forgetfulness
Foul smelling stools
Frequent bowel movements
Frequent changes in eye glass prescription
Frequent chewing
Frequent infections
Frequent laxative use
Frequent nighttime urination
Frequent squinting
Frequent urge to have bowel movement
Frequent urge to urinate
Frequent urination
Frightening dreams
Frightening thoughts
Fruity odor on breath
Farting (Gas)
Fat, Body (Weight Gain)
Fatigue and Tiredness
Fear Syndrome (Anxiety)
Feces (Stool Color & Texture Changes)
Feces Color Changes (Stool Color & Texture Changes)
Feeling Tired (Fatigue and Tiredness)
Feeling Uptight (Anxiety)
Feet, Cold (Cold Feet)
Fever
Finger Numbness (Numbness Fingers)
Finger Tingling (Numbness Fingers)
Fingers, Cold (Cold Fingers)
Flaky Scalp
Flatulence (Gas)
Fluid Retention (Weight Gain)
Foamy Urine (Cloudy Urine)
Food Aversion (Loss of Appetite)
Foot Pain
Foot Swelling (Swollen Ankles and/or Swollen Feet)
Forgetfulness (Memory Loss)
Foul-Smelling Urine (Urine Odor)
Frequent Bowel Movements (Diarrhea)
Frequent Urination
Fungal Nail Infection (Nail Discoloration)
Fungal Nails (Nail Discoloration)
Fuzzy Thinking (Confusion)
G
Gagging
Gastrointestinal bleeding
Giddiness
Grinding teeth
Gritty or scratchy eyes
Grooved tongue
Guarding or favoring joint
Gum sores
Gain, Weight (Weight Gain)
Gas
Genital Itching (Female) (Vaginal Itching)
Gingivitis (Bleeding Gums)
Gingivitis (Painful Gums)
Gland Swelling (Swollen Lymph Nodes)
Glossitis (Swollen Tongue)
Glossitis (White Tongue)
Glossitis (Sore Tongue)
Glossodynia (Sore Tongue)
Golfer's Elbow (Elbow Pain)
Gray Stools (Stool Color & Texture Changes)
Green Nails (Nail Discoloration)
Green Stools (Stool Color & Texture Changes)
Green Vaginal Discharge (Vaginal Discharge)
Guilt (Depression)
Gum Tumor (Lump or Mass on Gums)
Gums, Painful (Painful Gums)
H
Hair loss
Hallucinations
Headache
Headache (worst ever)
Hearing loss
Hearing voices
Heartburn
Heavy menstrual bleeding
High blood pressure
Hives
Hoarse voice
Holding bowel movements
Holding objects closer to read
Holding objects further away to read
Hot flashesHot, dry skin
Hunched or stooped posture
Hunger
Hyperactive behavior
Hyperventilating (rapid/deep breathing)
Hairy Tongue
Halitosis (Bad Breath)
Hands, Cold (Cold Hands)
Headache
Hearing Loss
Heart Palpitations (Palpitations)
Heartbeat Sensations (Palpitations)
Heartburn
Heavy, Prolonged, Irregular Periods (Vaginal Bleeding)
Heel Pain
Hematemesis (Vomiting Blood)
Hematochezia (Stool Color & Texture Changes)
Hematochezia (Rectal Bleeding)
Hematospermia (Blood in Semen)
Hematuria (Blood In Urine)
Hematuria (Dark Urine)
Hemoptysis (Bloody Sputum)
Hiccups
Hip Pain
Hoarseness
Hopelessness (Depression)
Hot Flashes
Hyperactivity
Hyperhidrosis (Excessive Sweating)
Hyperventilation
Hypogeusia (Loss of Taste Sensation)
I
Icterus (Jaundice)
Impaired Vision (Vision Loss)
Impaired color vision
Impaired judgement
Impaired social skills
Impulsive behavior
Inability to care for self
Inability to move
Inappropriate behavior
Increased passing gas
Increased sensitivity to cold
Increased sensitivity to heat
Increased speech volume
Increased talkativeness
Increased thirst
Intentional vomiting (purging)
Involuntary head turning or twisting
Involuntary movements (picking, lip smacking etc.)
Irregular heartbeat
Irregular menstrual periods
Itching or burning
Impotence
Inability to Think Clearly (Confusion)
Inability to Urinate (Urinary Retention)
Inablity to Think Quickly (Confusion)
Incontinence, Urine
Increased Appetite
Increased Respiratory Rate (Hyperventilation)
Indigestion (Dyspepsia)
Indigestion, Acid (Heartburn)
Infertility
Ingrown Fingernail (Nail Discoloration)
Ingrown Nail (Nail Discoloration)
Ingrown Toenail (Nail Discoloration)
Inhibited Sexual Desire (Low Libido)
Insomnia
Intention Tremor (Tremor)
Irritability (Anxiety)
Itch
Itch, Genitals (Female) (Vaginal Itching)
Itch, Vagina (Vaginal Itching)
Itching (Itch)
Itching of the Anus (Anal Itching)
Itchy (Itch)
J
Jaw locking
Jerking eye movements
Joint aches
Joint instability
Joint locking or catching
Joint pain
Jumpiness or easily startled
Jaundice
Jaw Pain
Jogger's Nails (Nail Discoloration)
Joint Aches (Joint Pain)
Joint Pain
K
L
Labored breathing
Lack of emotion
Lack of motivation
Lack of pleasure
Lightheadedness
Loss of balance
Loss of consciousness
Loss of coordination
Loss of height
Loss of outside 1/3 of eyebrow (unintentional)
Loss of side vision
Loss of voiceLow blood pressure
Low self-esteemLump or bulge
Lack of Appetite (Decreased Appetite)
Lack Of Energy (Fatigue and Tiredness)
Lack of Sleep (Insomnia)
Lacrimation (Watery Eye)
Laryngeal Voice (Hoarseness)
Leg (Restless Leg Syndrome)
Leg Cramps (Muscle Cramps)
Leg Pain
Leg Swelling
Leg Weakness (Weakness)
Leg, Restless (Restless Leg Syndrome)
Lethargy (Fatigue and Tiredness)
Leukoplakia (White Tongue)
Light Headed (Fainting)
Light Sensitivity (Photophobia)
Lightening of Skin (Depigmentation of Skin)
Lightheadedness (Fainting)
Lingua Villosa (Hairy Tongue)
Lingua Villosa Nigra (Hairy Tongue)
Lip Edema (Swollen Lip)
Lip Swelling (Swollen Lip)
Long-Term Memory Loss (Memory Loss)
Loose Bowel Movements (Diarrhea)
Loose Stool (Diarrhea)
Loss of Appetite
Loss Of Balance (Dizziness)
Loss of Balance (Vertigo)
Loss Of Bladder Control (Incontinence, Urine)
Loss Of Control Of Urine (Incontinence, Urine)
Loss of Hair (Hair Loss)
Loss of Hearing (Hearing Loss)
Loss of Memory (Confusion)
Loss of Memory (Memory Loss)
Loss of Orientation (Confusion)
Loss of Peripheral Vision (Tunnel Vision)
Loss of Sense of Taste (Loss of Taste Sensation)
Loss of Skin Pigment (Depigmentation of Skin)
Loss of Sleep (Insomnia)
Loss of Strength (Weakness)
Loss of Taste Sensation
Loss of Temperature Sensation
Loss of Vision (Vision Loss)
Loss of Weight (Weight Loss)
Low Libido
Low Red Blood Cell Count (Anemia)
Lower (Low) Back Pain (Back Pain)
Lower Extremity Pain (Leg Pain)
Lumbar Pain (Back Pain)
Lump In Breast (Breast Lumps)
Lump or Mass on Gums
L
Lymphadenopathy (Swollen Lymph Nodes)
M

Mammalgia (Breast Pain)
Mania (Euphoria)
Maroon Stools (Stool Color & Texture Changes)
Mastalgia (Breast Pain)
Mastodynia (Breast Pain)
Melena (Stool Color & Texture Changes)
Memory Loss
Memory Loss (Confusion)
Memory problems
Metallic taste in mouth
Missed or late menstrual period
Mood swings
Morning alcohol drinking (eye-opener)
Morning joint stiffness
Mouth sores
Muffled voice
Multiple bruises of different ages
Muscle cramps or spasms (painful)
Muscle stiffness (rigidity)
Muscle twitching (painless)
Muscle wasting
Muscle weakness
Men's Snoring (Snoring)
Mennorrhagia (Vaginal Bleeding)
Menorrhea (Vaginal Bleeding)
Menstrual Cramps
Menstrual Periods, Abnormal (Vaginal Bleeding)
Menstruation (Vaginal Bleeding)
Mental Confusion (Confusion)
Mental Status Change (Confusion)
Mental Status Changes (Altered Mental Status)
Metallic Taste (Loss of Taste Sensation)
Missed Menstrual Period
Mouth Dry (Dry Mouth)
Mouth Odor (Bad Breath)
Mouth Sores
Murky Urine (Cloudy Urine)
Muscle Cramps
Muscle Pain and Weakness (Weakness)
Muscle Weakness (Weakness)
N
Nasal congestion
Nasal symptoms and one red eye
Nausea or vomiting
Need brighter light to read
Nervousness
New onset asthma
Night sweats
Nighttime wheezing
No menstrual periods
Noisy breathing
Nosebleed
Numbness or tingling
Nail Discoloration
Nail Fungus (Nail Discoloration)
Nail Infection (Nail Discoloration)
Nail Ringworm (Nail Discoloration)
Nails, Brittle (Brittle Nails)
Nails, Chipped (Brittle Nails)
Nasal Congestion
Nausea
Neck Pain
Night Sweats (Excessive Sweating)
Nipple Discharge (Breast Discharge)
Nodes Swelling (Swollen Lymph Nodes)
Noise, Ear (Ringing in Ears)
Non-acid Dyspepsia (Dyspepsia)
Non-Cardiac Chest Pain (Heartburn)
Normal Vaginal Discharge (Vaginal Discharge)
Nosebleed (Bloody Nose)
Not Thinking Clearly (Confusion)
Numb Tongue (Numbness or Tingling Sensation in the Tongue)
Numbness (Loss of Temperature Sensation)
Numbness Fingers
Numbness or Tingling Sensation in the Tongue
Numbness Toes
O
Overweight
Obesity (Weight Gain)
Odor, Vagina (Vaginal Odor)
Oral Thrush (White Tongue)
Overactive Bladder (Incontinence, Urine)
Overbreathing (Hyperventilation)
Overweight (Weight Gain)
P
Pain
Pale skin
Palpitations (fluttering in chest)
Paranoid behavior
Partial vision loss
Personality changes
Poor concentration
Poor personal hygiene
Popping or snapping sound from joint
Post nasal drip
Pounding heart (pulse)
Premature ejaculation
Pressure or fullness
Pressure or heaviness
Prolonged bleeding
Prolonged breathing pauses
Protruding rectal material
Protruding vaginal material
Puffy eyelids
Pulling out beard
Pulling out eyebrows
Pulling out eyelashes
Pulling out hair
Pulsating sensation
Punching or kicking in sleep
Palpitations
Palsy (Paralysis)
Paralysis
Paranoia
Paresthesia, Fingers (Numbness Fingers)
Paresthesia, Toes (Numbness Toes)
Peeling Skin
Penile Itching
Period (Vaginal Bleeding)
Periodontitis (Painful Gums)
Peripheral Vision Loss (Tunnel Vision)
Perspiration (Excessive Sweating)
Pharyngitis (Sore Throat)
Phonic Tics (Vocal Outbursts)
Photophobia
Pink Eye
Pleurisy
Polyphagia (Increased Appetite)
Poor Appetite (Loss of Appetite)
Postural Tremor (Tremor)
Prevent Snoring (Snoring)
Problems Sleeping (Insomnia)
Pruritic (Itch)
Pruritis (Itch)
Pruritis of the Anus (Anal Itching)
P
Ptosis
Ptyalism (Drooling)
Puffy Eyes (Swollen Eyes)
Puking (Vomiting)
Pus in the Eyes (Eye Discharge)
Pustule (Drainage of Pus)
Pyrosis (Heartburn)
Q
Quit Snoring (Snoring)
R
Rapid Breathing (Hyperventilation)
Rash
Rectal Bleeding
Rectal Itching (Anal Itching)
Red Blood Cell Count Low (Anemia)
Red Eye (Pink Eye)
Red Nails (Nail Discoloration)
Red Stools (Stool Color & Texture Changes)
Reduced Sex Drive (Low Libido)
Reflux, Acid (Heartburn)
Rest Tremor (Tremor)
Restless Leg Syndrome
Ridges on Nails (Nail Discoloration)
Ringing in Ears
Ringworm of the Nails (Nail Discoloration)
Runny Nose
Runny Nose (Nasal Congestion)
Rapid heart rate (pulse)
Rapid speech
Recent (short-term) memory loss
Red (bloodshot) eyes
Red (strawberry) tongueRed eye (single)
Red gumsRed or black spots on fingernails
Red spots
Red spots inside lower eyelid
Reduced productivity at work
Regurgitation of food or liquid
Repeats phrases
Repetitive behaviors
Restless (tossing and turning) sleep
Restless (urge to move) legs
Restless or irritability
Restrictive dietingRinging in ears
Runny nose
S
Sadness
Scaley skin on eyelids
See letters, numbers or musical notes as colors
Seizures (uncontrollable jerking of limbs)
Sensation of something in eye
Sense of impending doom
Sensitive to light
Sensitive to noise
Shadow over part of vision
Shaking
Shaking chills (rigors)
Shaking hands or tremor
Short arms and legs
Short attention span
Short stature
Short, wide neck
Shortening of limb
Shortness of breath
Shuffling gait (feet)
Single palm crease
Skin blisters
Skin bumps
Skin darkening
Skin hardening
Skin irritation
Skin open sore
Skin peeling, cracking or scaling
Skin rash
Skin redness
Skin thickening
Sleep walking
Slow growth (failure to thrive)
Slow heart rate (pulse)
Slow or irregular breathing
Slow or weak urine stream
Slow thinking
Slurred speech
Small (constricted) pupils
Smooth tongue
Sneezing
Snoring
Socially withdrawn
Sore or burning eyes
Sore throat
Sore tongue
Soreness or burning inside of mouth
Spinning sensation
Spots on throat
Spots on tonsils
Squatting
Squinting eyes
Stiff neck
Stiffness or decreased movement
Stomach cramps
Stool leaking (incontinence)
Straining with bowel movements
Strange smell or taste
Sudden flash of lights
Sudden numbness or weakness on one side of body
Sudden urge to urinate
Sunken eyes
Sunken soft spot on top of head
Swelling
Swollen gums
Swollen lips
Swollen tongue
Swollen tonsils
Sadness (Depression)
Sagging Eyelids (Ptosis)
Scalp Flaking (Flaky Scalp)
Scalp Itching (Flaky Scalp)
Secondary Amenorrhea (Missed Menstrual Period)
Seeing Double (Double Vision)
Seizures
Semen, Blood (Blood in Semen)
Sensitivity to Light (Photophobia)
Shakes (Tremor)
Shaky Feet (Tremor)
Shaky Hands (Tremor)
Shin Pain (Leg Pain)
Short-Term Memory Loss (Memory Loss)
Shortness of Breath
Shortness of Breath (Pleurisy)
Shoulder Pain
Sialorrhea (Drooling)
Sick to Stomach (Nausea)
Skin Depigmentation (Depigmentation of Skin)
Skipped Periods (Missed Menstrual Period)
Sleep Deprivation (Insomnia)
Sleep Difficulty (Insomnia)
Sleep Disorder (Insomnia)
Sleep Disturbances (Snoring)
Sleep Loss (Insomnia)
Sleeplessness (Insomnia)
Sleepy (Fatigue and Tiredness)
Slurred Speech (Difficulty With Speech)
Smelly Urine (Urine Odor)
Smelly Vagina (Vaginal Odor)
Smelly Vaginal Discharge (Vaginal Discharge)
Snoring
Sore Breast (Breast Pain)
Sore Gums (Painful Gums)
Sore Throat
Sore Tongue
Sores in the Mouth (Mouth Sores)
Speech Disturbance (Difficulty With Speech)
Speech Impediment (Difficulty With Speech)
Spitting Up Blood (Bloody Sputum)
Sprained Ankle (Ankle Pain)
STD (Vaginal Discharge)
Sterility (Infertility)
Stomach Cramps
Stomach Upset (Dyspepsia)
Stool Color & Texture Changes
Stool, Bloody (Rectal Bleeding)
Stool, Loose (Diarrhea)
Stop Snoring (Snoring)
Stopped-Up Nose (Nasal Congestion)
Strep Throat (Sore Throat)
Stress (Anxiety)
Stuffed up Nose (Runny Nose)
Stuffy Nose (Runny Nose)
Stuffy Nose (Nasal Congestion)
Sudden Memory Loss (Memory Loss)
Suicidal Thoughts (Suicide)
Suicide
Swallowing Problems (Dysphagia)
Swollen Ankles and/or Swollen Feet
Swollen Eyes
Swollen Legs (Leg Swelling)
Swollen Lip
Swollen Lymph Nodes
Swollen Tongue
Syncope (Fainting)
T
Taste of acid in mouth
Taste words when they are heard
Tearing in one eye
Teeth do not fit like they used to
Tender glands
Tenderness to touch
Testicles shrinkage
Testicular pain
Thick saliva or mucus
Thin (pencil) stools
Throat tightness
Tightness
Tilts head to look at something
Tires quickly
Trembling
Trouble distinguishing color shades
Twisting or rotation of limb
Tachypnea (Hyperventilation)
Tailbone Pain (Coccydynia)
Tarry Stools (Stool Color & Texture Changes)
Teary Eye (Watery Eye)
Temporal Memory Loss (Memory Loss)
Temporomandibular Joint Pain (Jaw Pain)
Tennis Elbow (Elbow Pain)
Thermoanesthesia (Loss of Temperature Sensation)
Thigh Pain (Leg Pain)
Thoughts of Suicide (Suicide)
Throat Pain (Sore Throat)
Throwing Up (Nausea)
Throwing Up (Vomiting)
Tingling Fingers (Numbness Fingers)
Tingling Toes (Numbness Toes)
Tinnitus (Ringing in Ears)
Tiredness (Fatigue and Tiredness)
TMJ Pain (Jaw Pain)
Toe Numbness (Numbness Toes)
Toe Tingling (Numbness Toes)
Toes, Cold (Cold Feet)
Tongue Lesions (Sore Tongue)
Tongue Paresthesias (Numbness or Tingling Sensation in the Tongue)
Tongue Swelling (Swollen Tongue)
Tongue Ulcers (Sore Tongue)
Toothache
Trembling (Tremor)
Tremor
Trouble Swallowing (Dysphagia)
Tunnel Vision
Turbid Urine (Cloudy Urine)
Turning Blue (Cyanosis/Turning Blue)
Tussis (Cough)
U
Unable to bear weight
Unable to bend foot down
Unable to blink or close eyelid
Unable to grip (hands)
Unable to move arm
Unable to move joint
Unable to move leg
Unable to obtain or maintain erection
Unable to open mouth (jaw)
Uncontrollable verbal outbursts
Unequal pupils (size)Unusual behavior
Unusual facial expression
Unusual or suspicious mole
Unusual taste in mouth
Unusually short forth fingers
Upset stomach
Upward curving (spooning) of nails
Urine leaking (incontinence)
Unclear Thinking (Confusion)
Uncontrollable Bladder (Incontinence, Urine)
Unsteadiness (Dizziness)
Unsteadiness (Vertigo)
Unsteady Gait
Unusual Vaginal Discharge (Vaginal Discharge)
Upset Stomach (Dyspepsia)
Urinary Frequency (Frequent Urination)
Urinary Incontinence (Incontinence, Urine)
Urinary Retention
Urinating Frequently (Frequent Urination)
Urine Blockage (Urinary Retention)
Urine Blood (Blood In Urine)
Urine Odor
Urine Smell (Urine Odor)
V
Vaginal bleeding
Vaginal bleeding after menopause
Vaginal bleeding between periods
Vaginal discharge
Vaginal dryness
Vaginal odor
Visible bugs or parasites
Visible deformity
Visible pulsations
Vision fading of colors
Visual halos around lights
Vaginal Discharge
Vaginal Dryness
Vaginal Itching
Vaginal Odor
Vaginal Pruritus (Vaginal Itching)
Vaginal Yeast Infection (Vaginal Itching)
Vaginitis (Vaginal Itching)
Verbal Tics (Vocal Outbursts)
Vertigo
Vision Changes (Blurred Vision)
Vision Loss
Vocal Outbursts
Vomiting
Vomiting (Nausea)
Vomiting Blood
Vulvar Itching (Vaginal Itching)
Vulvovaginitis (Vaginal Itching)
W
Walking Abnormality (Unsteady Gait)
Warm to touch
Watery eyes
Weakness
Weakness (generalized)
Weight gain
Weight loss (intentional)
Weight loss (unintentional)
Welts
Wheezing
White patches inside mouth
White patches on tongue
Worms in stool
Watery Eye
Watery Eyes (Eye Discharge)
Watery Stool (Diarrhea)
Weakness
Weakness in Arms (Weakness)
Weakness in Legs (Weakness)
Weariness (Fatigue and Tiredness)
Weight Gain
Weight Loss
Wheezing
Wheezing (Shortness of Breath)
White Flakes From Scalp (Flaky Scalp)
White Nails (Nail Discoloration)
White Spots on the Nails (Nail Discoloration)
White Tongue
White Vaginal Discharge (Vaginal Discharge)
Winter Itch (Dry Skin)
Wiped Out (Fatigue and Tiredness)
Woozy (Vertigo)
Woozy (Dizziness)
Worry (Anxiety)
Worthlessness (Depression)
X
Xeroderma (Dry Skin)
Xerophthalmia (Dry Eye)
Xerosis (Dry Skin)
Xerostomia (Dry Mouth)
Y
Yeast Infection (Vaginal Itching)
Yellow Nails (Nail Discoloration)
Yellow Staining of Skin and Eyes (Jaundice)
Yellow Stools (Stool Color & Texture Changes)
Yellow Vaginal Discharge (Vaginal Discharge)
Yelling out during sleep
Yellow eyes
Yellow skin
Z
Common Symptoms

Anxiety
Bloating or fullness
Bleeding
Body aches or pains
Bruising or discoloration
Change in bowel habits
Cloudy urine with strong odor
Constipation
Cough
Diarrhea
Difficulty swallowing
Distended stomach
Dizziness
Drainage or pus
Ear ache
Enlarged or swollen glands
Fatigue
Fever
Frequent urge to urinate
Headache
Headache (worst ever)
Itching or burning
Joint pain
Lump or bulge
Muscle cramps or spasms (painful)
Nasal congestion
Nausea or vomiting
Numbness or tingling
Pain or discomfort
Pressure or fullness
Skin rash
Sore throat
Stiffness or decreased movement
Stress
Swelling
Tenderness to touch
Vaginal discharge
Visible deformity
Warm to touch

Biochemist
Biochemist

Disability Specialist
Disability Specialist

Medical Malpractice Specialist
Medical Negligence (Medical Malpractice Specialist)

Obstetrics & gynecology specialist
Obstetrics & gynecology specialist

Programs, resources, and guidelines that enhance human health within and outside the state
What are examples of programs, resources, and guidelines that enhance human health within and outside the state?
Take a look at these programs and resources.
www.qureshiuniversity.org/health.html
These are examples of programs and resources that enhance human health within and outside the state.

Questions you must ask in these situations.

Where is your presence on the Internet (i.e., your Internet address)?
How are your programs, resources, and guidelines better than those listed at www.qureshiuniversity.org/health.html?
Where are your programs, resources, and guidelines displayed similar to or better than those at www.qureshiuniversity.org/health.html?


What are examples of programs, resources, and guidelines that do not enhance human health within and outside the state?
Random assessment that does not enhance human healthcare. You need to have a regular primary healthcare provider.
Programs that ask you to sign an agreement that they are not responsible if harms occur. Such practice is unethical and/or unprofessional.
Programs that are organized under the heading of healthcare but behind the scenes have ulterior motives.
Programs intended to extract resources from the system without helping people.
If programs or resources are presented to you without displaying Internet programs and resources publicly, such programs and resources do not enhance human health within and outside the state.

Stress issues facing humans within and outside the state.
Who has duties relevant to circulating press releases for alleviating stress issues within and outside the state?
Office of the director of public health within and outside the state in various states.

What are symptoms and signs of human stress?
Symptoms and signs of human stress depend on the age of the person.
Stress for those under 18 years of age includes different symptoms and signs.
There are more than 50 symptoms and signs of stress for a person over 18 years of age.
1. Mild headache that can be relieved with stress relievers.
2. Restlessness that can be relieved with stress relievers.
3. Anger that can be relieved with stress relievers.

Here are further guidelines.
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/stressworld.html

http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/lifestressors.html

http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/stress.html

Stress relievers

What are examples of stress relievers?
Music relieves a specific type of stress. You have to find music that relieves stress for you.
Eat a healthy diet.
Physical activities relieve stress.
Avoid unhealthy habits, such as smoking, drinking alcohol, using illicit substances, and eating too much.
Meditate (this includes Zikr and prayer).
Appropriate humor helps.
Connect with others.
Assert yourself.
Get enough sleep.
Write down issues that are troubling you and take steps to resolve them.
Seek counseling when required if you cannot manage stress yourself.
Physician directors of public health of various states are required to circulate these guidelines to all residents and healthcare providers, including specific physicians.

Physician directors of public health of various states Physician director of public health of specific states
What are the duties of the physician director of public health of specific states?
Issues elaborated here are duties of the physician director of public health of specific states.
Here are further guidelines.

What needs to be accomplished relevant to the public health of various states?
Placement of competent physician directors of public health in various states, along with an Internet presence.

Physician director of public health of the state.

What is the profile of the physician director of public health in this specific state?
What are your duties in ?
How is this person enhancing public health within and outside the state?
Where is the Internet presence with guidelines from this person relevant to public health within and outside the state?

What are the duties of physician directors of public health of a specific state?
Here are further guidelines.
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/health.html

http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/physiciandirectorpublichealth.html

Questions you need to answer.

What is the profile of the physician director of public health in this specific state?
How is this person enhancing public health within and outside the state?
Where is the Internet presence with guidelines from this person relevant to public health within and outside the state?

Dermatologist
What should you know about this medical specialty?
You are first a physician, than a specialist or super specialist.

What are the most common human skin disorders?
  1. Acne

  2. Acrodermatitis

  3. Actinic Keratosis

  4. Canker Sore

  5. Carbuncle

  6. Cellulitis

  7. Cold Sore

  8. Corns and Calluses

  9. Cutaneous Candidiasis

  10. Cutis Laxa

  11. Decubitus Ulcer

  12. Dermatomyositis

  13. Diaper Rash

  14. Dyshidrotic Eczema

  15. Eczema

  16. Erysipelas

  17. Fungal Nail Infection

  18. Hemangioma of Skin

  19. Herpes Stomatitis

  20. Hives

  21. Hypohidrosis

  22. Ichthyosis Vulgaris

  23. Impetigo

  24. Ingrown Nails

  25. Keloid

  26. Lichen Planus

  27. Lupus

  28. Molluscum Contagiosum

  29. Mouth Ulcers

  30. Necrotizing Fasciitis

  31. Pemphigoid

  32. Pilonidal Sinus

  33. Psoriasis

  34. Rosacea

  35. Rubeola (Measles)

  36. Sebaceous Cyst

  37. Seborrheic Eczema

  38. Seborrheic Keratosis

  39. Shingles

  40. Skin Cancer

  41. Stasis Dermatitis and Leg Ulcers

  42. Tinea Versicolor

  43. Vitiligo

  44. Warts

Acne

Skin Cancer
Skin Cancer

Lupus

Lupus

Measles Throat

Rubeola (Measles)

Photo of a hemangioma of the skin.

Hemangioma of Skin

Photo of cold sores on a woman's mouth.

Cold Sore

Photo of psoriasis on the back of a woman's neck.

Psoriasis

Photo of rosacea on a woman's face.

Rosacea

Photo of seborrheic dermatitis (eczema).

Seborrheic Eczema

Photo of hives on skin.

Hives

Photo of vitiligo patches on a hand.
Vitiligo

Medical drawing of the layers of human skin.
Necrotizing Fasciitis

Photo of cutaneous candidiasis.

Cutaneous Candidiasis

Medical drawing of the layers of human skin.

Carbuncle

Photo of cellulitis.

Cellulitis

Medical drawing of the layers of human skin.

Hypohidrosis

Impetigo

Impetigo

Cutis Laxa illustration

Cutis Laxa

Medical drawing of a pressure ulcer.

Decubitus Ulcer

Photo of eryspelas on a child's foot.

Erysipelas

Medical drawing of the layers of human skin.
Diaper Rash
Dyshidrotic Eczema

Dyshidrotic Eczema

Photo of a canker sore on a woman's lip.

Canker Sore

Medical drawing of a mouth ulcer caused by herpes stomatitis.

Herpes Stomatitis

Photo of a funal nail infection on the big toe.

Fungal Nail Infection

Ichthyosis Vulgaris

Ichthyosis Vulgaris

Dermatomyositis

Dermatomyositis
Photo of molluscum contagiosum on the stomach.

Molluscum Contagiosum

Photo of a ingrown toenail on the big toe.

Ingrown Nails

Acrodermatitis childhood skin condition

Acrodermatitis
Medical drawing of a cyst growing under the skin.

Sebaceous Cyst

Seborrheic Keratosis illustration

Seborrheic Keratosis

Medical drawing of a cyst growing under the skin.

Pilonidal Sinus

Photo of a keloid.

Keloid
Photo of a lichen planus rash.

Lichen Planus

Medical drawing of the layers of human skin.

Actinic Keratosis

Photo of stasis dermatitis.

Stasis Dermatitis and Leg Ulcers

Photo of a corn on the bottom of a foot.

Corns and Calluses

Photo of eczema.

Eczema

Tinea Versicolor

Tinea Versicolor

Bullous pemphigoid

Pemphigoid

Medical drawing of a mouth ulcer.

Mouth Ulcers

Shingles on neck

Shingles

` 1
Photo of a wart.

Warts

http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/dermatologist.html

Counseling Services
What are the different types of counseling?
Crisis
Counseling Services

Pharmacist
Pharmacist

Oncologist
Oncologist

Ophthalmologist
Ophthalmologist

Orthopedician
Orthopedician

Tertiary referral hospital
Primary, Secondary, Tertiary and Quaternary Care
How has Internet human healthcare changed job activities of physicians at a tertiary referral hospital?
Previously, the emergency room physician, intensivist, or hospital ward physician would forward a call to a senior of the department or a consultant of the specialty.
Nowadays, with a computer and Internet in the emergency medical room and intensive care unit, a physician specialist can get all guidelines from experienced physician specialist at www,qureshiuniversity.org/healthcareworld.html

1 – Definition of Tertiary Care: Specialized consultative care, usually on referral from primary or secondary medical care personnel, by specialists working in a center that has personnel and facilities for special investigation and treatment. (Secondary medical care is the medical care provided by a physician who acts as a consultant at the request of the primary physician.)

2 – Definition of Primary Care: Basic or general health care traditionally provided by doctors trained in: family practice, pediatrics, internal medicine, and occasionally gynecology.

3 – Definition of Broad Specialty Care: Specialized health care provided by physicians whose training focused primarily in a specific field, such as neurology, cardiology, rheumatology, dermatology, oncology, orthopaedics, ophthalmology, and other specialized fields.

What physician specialist gets guidelines through Internet human healthcare?
Anesthesiologist
Cardiologist
Dental services
Dermatologist
Emergency medicine specialist
Endocrinologist
Forensic pathologist
Forensic psychiatrist
Gastroenterologist
Geriatrician
Gynecologist
Hospitalist in hospital ward
Intensivist
Internet human healthcare specialist
Medical superintendent in the state
Nephrologist
Neurologist
Obstetrics & gynecology specialist
Oncologist
Ophthalmologist
Orthopedician
Pediatric hospitalist
Physical medicine & rehabilitation specialist
Physician-surgeon
Primary care physician
Psychiatrist
Public health specialist
Pulmonologist
Radiologist and nuclear medicine specialist.

How has the Internet changed primary, secondary, and tertiary human health care?
See the above facts and you will understand.
Moreover, we will first analyze the olden days interpretation of primary, secondary, and tertiary human health care and then correlate how Internet human healthcare is essential.

Previously, tertiary centers usually included the following: a major hospital that usually has a full complement of services including pediatrics, obstetrics, general medicine, gynecology, various branches of surgery and psychiatry, or a specialty hospital dedicated to a specific subspecialty. Nowadays, an emergency hospital room has guidelines for emergency room physicians 24/7 through Internet human healthcare.
Intensivists and emergency room specialists all have guidelines through the Internet.

Internet healthcare has specific guidelines for intensive care unit specialists or intensivist, emergency room physician, hospital ward physician, and operation theater surgeons. Previously, these entities were categorized as one entity whether belonging to secondary or tertiary health care. Now, there are various separate physician specialist guidelines.

What directives are there for physicians, particularly secondary and tertiary referral hospital physicians?
All physicians, particularly secondary and tertiary referral hospital physicians must be reminded to participate in primary healthcare and Internet healthcare, and this must go in their annual performance report or annul confidential report.

Questions that need to be answered.
What did the physician do relevant to Internet human healthcare?
How many patients did the physician diagnose, treat, or advise in the past year in a primary health care setting?

Workers in human health care
Who are various workers in human health care?
Medical doctors.
    What physician specialist gets guidelines through Internet human healthcare?
    Anesthesiologist
    Cardiologist
    Dental services
    Dermatologist
    Emergency medicine specialist
    Endocrinologist
    Forensic pathologist
    Forensic psychiatrist
    Gastroenterologist
    Geriatrician
    Gynecologist
    Hospitalist in hospital ward
    Intensivist
    Internet human healthcare specialist
    Medical superintendent in the state
    Nephrologist
    Neurologist
    Obstetrics & gynecology specialist
    Oncologist
    Ophthalmologist
    Orthopedician
    Pediatric hospitalist
    Physical medicine & rehabilitation specialist
    Physician-surgeon
    Primary care physician
    Psychiatrist
    Public health specialist
    Pulmonologist
    Radiologist and nuclear medicine specialist.
Health Care Administrator
State Department of Health
Additional Secretary to Government.
Chief Medical Officer.
Commissioner/Secretary to Government.
Controller, Drug & Food Organization.
Deputy/Secretary to Government.
Director Health.
Under/Secretary to Government.
Medical students.
Allied health workers.
Nurses.
Pharmacists.
Coroner

Types of Physicians
Specific types of physicians with seniority within and outside the state around the world.
What types of physicians can Doctor Asif Qureshi guide?
Doctor Asif Qureshi can guide 18 types of physicians.
Doctor Asif Qureshi can also guide 600 types of other professionals, including teachers, lawyers, engineers, state police officers, and state military officers.

What are the types of physicians according to human healthcare setting?
There are more than 18 types of specific physicians.

What types of physicians are required at this point within and outside the state?
  1. Physician Internet Human health services. http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/health.html

  2. Physician guide for at least 18 types of physicians. http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/health.html

  3. Physician primary care
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/primarycarephysician.html

  4. Physician intensive care unit
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/criticalcareworld.html

  5. Physician medical emergency room
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/emergencymedicinedoctor.html

  6. Physician medical emergency responder
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/emergencymedicalresponder.html

  7. Physician surgeon medical emergency
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/surgeryworld.html

  8. Physician surgeon elective surgery
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/surgeryworld.html

  9. Physician anesthetist medical emergency
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/anesthesiologist.html

  10. Physician guide to physician or physicians
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/healthcareworld.html

  11. Physician hospitalist (takes care of hospital ward patients)
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/hospitalist.html

  12. Physician forensic psychiatry
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/forensicpsychiatrist.html

  13. Physician Forensic Pathology
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/forensicpathologist.html

  14. Physical Therapist
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/physicaltherapist.html

  15. Physician director of public health of the state.
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/physiciandirectorpublichealth.html

  16. Physician director of health of the state.
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/physiciandirectorhealth.html

  17. Physician medical superintendent of a hospital in the state.
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/physicianmedicalsuperintendent.html

  18. Physician of public health in the state.
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/physicianpublichealthworld.html

This is a full-time job, requiring 10 hours of work every 24 hours.
There are at least 18 types of physicians.
Take a look at this: www.qureshiuniversity.org/health.html
Internet education—for example www.qureshiuniversity.org/health.html—for various types of physicians should be circulated to all medical students and existing physicians.

Not all professionals who care for patients are physicians. Fields like nursing, pharmacy, dentistry, physical therapy, clinical psychology, laboratory sciences, and medical technology are essential to the health care system. Some of these health professionals — particularly physician assistants or nurse practitioners — may provide many basic medical services in conjunction with physicians.

Traditional system: How were the old systems of physicians defined?
Take a look at this.
Anesthesiology/Critical Care
Biochemistry
Cardiology
Dermatology
Disability Specialist
Emergency Medicine
Endocrinology
Forensic Medicine International
Gastroenterology
Geriatrics
Hematology
Internet Healthcare
Internal Medicine
Medical Negligence (Medical Malpractice Specialist)
Microbiology
Nephrology
Neurology
Oncology
Ophthalmology
Orthopedics
Otorhinolaryngology
Obstetrics & Gynecology
Primary care physician (Family & General Practice)
    Does the provider use email?
Pediatrics
Psychiatry
Pulmonary Medicine
Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Public Health/Social and Preventive Medicine
Radiology & Nuclear Medicine
Surgery
Curriculum Reform
English
Anatomy
Physiology
Biochemistry
Biostatistics
Pharmacology
Medical Computer Science
Microbiology
Pathophysiology
Genetics
Histology
Neuroscience
Behavioral Sciences / Psychology / Social Work
Learning History Taking and Physical Examination
Clinical Medicine
Pediatrics
Ear Nose & Throat/Otorhinolaryngology
Forensic Medicine
Ophthalmology
Preventive and Social Medicine
Extra Subject: Space Technology and Medicine
Gynecology & Obstetrics
Surgery
Internal Medicine

http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/medicalspecialty.html
Compare today’s existing specific types of physician requirements with traditional systems of physicians and you will see the difference.

What can vary in today’s existing specific types of physician requirements within and outside the state?
Seniority can vary. Seniority can range from junior to most senior levels. If the most senior levels can guide other professions, those persons can be the heads of state.

Continuing Medical Education
What is continuing medical education?
Continuing medical education refers to a specific form of continuing education that helps those in the medical field maintain competence and learn about new and developing areas of their field. These activities may take place as live events, written publications, online programs, and audio, video, or other electronic media. Content for these programs is developed, reviewed, and delivered by faculty who are experts in their individual clinical areas.

How should human healthcare professionals and specific physicians select issues and topics for continued medical education?
Research findings that others do not know in a question-and-answer format.
Controversial issues.
Review of competence of specific physicians.
Update of requirements for specific types of physicians.

How has Internet-based medical education changed medical education for aspiring physicians and continued medical education?
Take a look at this www.qureshiuniversity.org/health.html for existing and aspiring physicians seeking continued medical education that can be accomplished at home or home offices nowadays.

What should individuals know to identify with the mentioned entities?
Types of Physicians
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/health.html#Types of Physicians
You must verify types of allopathic physicians required at this point.

How many types of physicians are there?
There are at least 18 types of physicians.

You must name the 18 types of physicians mentioned if you are asked about specific types of physicians.
The medical superintendent of a specific hospital should make sure the roster of specific physicians required is displayed through the Internet.

If criminal lobbies join together, that is not continuing medical education.

On June 25, 2017, I came across an advertisement from SKIMS requiring JVC principal.
Doctor Asif Qureshi declares I can guide aspiring principals of medical college from a distance. Circulate this to all.

Where are further guidelines?
Here are further guidelines.
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/health.html

What do you have to do?
Every human healthcare professional, including specific physicians, must be ready with answers to the mentioned questions.

Can you name specific types of physicians?
How many types of mentioned physicians can you guide?
What are the duties of the chief medical officer of a specific area of the state?
What are the duties of block medical officer (BMO) of a specific area of the state?
What are the duties of the drug inspector of a specific area of the state?
How have Internet resources at www.qureshiuniversity.org/health.html changed the education of aspiring physicians and specific existing physicians?
Here are further guidelines

Spot the difference
Difference
What is the difference between health, human health, and human healthcare?
Health is the overall condition of a living organism at a given time.
Human health is the complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity at a given time.
Human healthcare is helping to make people's everyday lives more comfortable and healthier.
Diagnosis and treatment in various healthcare settings and public healthcare advice are human healthcare.
Human health involves providing products, services, and prescription and non-prescription advice or intervention that help make people's everyday lives more comfortable and healthier.
All these services are relevant within and outside the state.

What's the difference between an ER visit and urgent care?
These words aren’t interchangeable, and a medical mistake could endanger your health. Both sound like they’re meant for an immediate medical condition, but they aren’t for the same types of emergencies. Urgent care centers are designed for similar care to what you’d get from your primary care doctor. If you have a fever, sore throat, vomit, or a shallow cut and can’t make an appointment with your regular physician, head to urgent care. The ER should be reserved for conditions that need quick or advanced treatments that you can only get at a hospital. Difficulty breathing, severe pain in the abdomen or chest, eye or head injuries, and cuts deep enough for stitches should all be treated in an emergency room.

What's the difference between dementia and Alzheimer’s disease?
Dementia isn’t a specific disease—it’s an umbrella term for a group of symptoms that affect memory and reasoning. Alzheimer’s is just one of the diseases that could be behind the dementia. It’s impossible to diagnose with 100 percent accuracy without an autopsy, but patients have a slow decline in memory and cognitive function.

What's the difference between heart attack and sudden cardiac arrest?
When an artery becomes blocked and can’t deliver oxygen-rich blood to the heart, some of the heart’s muscle cells die, causing a heart attack. It could feel like chest pain or pressure, indigestion, or a rapid heartbeat. Sudden cardiac arrest might happen during a heart attack, or it might occur separately. When its electrical system malfunctions, the heart starts beating way too fast, making its chambers quiver and lose ability to deliver blood. You might start to feel dizzy or a racing heartbeat, or no symptoms at all.

What's the difference between inflammatory bowel disease and irritated bowel syndrome?
IBS is a functional disorder rather than a disease, meaning your digestive system isn’t working right but still looks normal, with no identifiable cause for your bloating, cramps, and stool problems. IBD, on the other hand, is more serious and is classified as a disease. Along with the symptoms associated with IBS, IBD can also be marked by ulcers, extreme fatigue, rectal bleeding, and more.

What's the difference between a fracture, a sprain, and a strain?
A fracture is just another word for a broken bone, no matter how severe. Sprains, meanwhile, aren’t bone-related—they occur when the ligaments that keep your bones in place are torn from being twisted or stretched too far. Strains happen when overstretching damages muscles or the tendons connecting muscle to bone.

What's the difference between an artery and a vein?
Your arteries deliver oxygen-rich blood from your heart to the rest of your body. Veins then take that blood and return it to the heart for purification.

What's the difference between an electrocardiogram and an echocardiogram?
Both are noninvasive tests used to help identify heart problems. An electrocardiogram (EKG) represents the organ’s electrical activity as wavy lines on a piece of paper. Your doctor might use it to check muscle and tissue damage, heartbeat irregularities, or chemical imbalances. An echocardiogram (echo) is an ultrasound that creates a moving picture of your heart pumping to look for tumors, blood clots, infections, and more.

What's the difference between acid reflux, heartburn, and GERD?
When acid splashes out of the stomach and into the esophagus, acid reflux occurs. Heartburn is the sensation you feel in your chest when that happens. Severe or chronic acid reflux becomes gastroesophageal reflux disease, which can lead to serious complications like ulcers.

What's the difference between blood pressure and heart rate?
Blood pressure is the force against your artery walls from the blood pumping through your body. A measurement includes systolic pressure (the top number), representing the pressure as your heart is forcing the blood out during a heartbeat, and diastolic pressure (bottom number), or the pressure while your heart is relaxed between beats. Heart rate refers to the number of times your heart beats every minute, represented in a single number. A faster heartbeat doesn’t mean higher blood pressure.

What's the difference between celiac disease, gluten sensitivity, and wheat allergy?
Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder affecting about 1 percent of people. When people with celiac eat gluten, a protein found in wheat, barley, and rye, their immune systems attack their small intestines and cause inflammation. Non-celiac gluten sensitivity hasn’t been studied widely, but some people who aren’t diagnosed with celiac disease find that symptoms like bloating, gas, abdominal pain, headaches, and numbness go away after they stop eating gluten. A wheat allergy has to do with the wheat protein itself, meaning gluten from other sources can be eaten without any reaction.

What's the difference between osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis?
The cause of your arthritis could result in different symptoms that call for different treatments. Osteoarthritis causes achy joints, but usually no swelling. It usually appears later in life, when the joints have been worn down from repetitive use. Rheumatoid arthritis is a much less common disease in which the immune system attacks the joints. It’s marked by pain, swelling, and fatigue.

What's the difference between a hangnail and an ingrown nail?
A hangnail isn’t actually part of your nail—it’s a piece of skin that detaches from the side of your cuticle. You can treat it by snipping it off with clean cuticle scissors. An ingrown nail, on the other hand, develops when the side of your nail burrows into your skin instead of growing over it. Ingrowns usually affect toenails and can result from nails cut short and curved instead of straight, shoes that don’t fit, and injuries. You shouldn’t cut the ingrown portion by yourself, so see a doctor if the condition doesn’t get better to avoid risk of infection or more pain.

What's the difference between mucous, mucus, and phlegm?
Mucus is the slimy fluid that you’ll find in your nose and sinuses, while mucous is an adjective, as in the mucous membranes that secrete mucus in your gut and respiratory passages. The mucus captures dirt and dust before they can get to your lungs, and a runny nose is usually a mix of mucus and watery secretions. On the other hand, phlegm is produced in the lower airways, and you’ll notice it if you have a loose cough.

What's the difference between acne and rosacea?
When hormones cause the skin to get extra oily, you might end up with an acne breakout, even as an adult. Rosacea can look like pimples but is a chronic inflammatory disease. In addition to the bumps, people with rosacea also commonly have red cheeks or noses, and facial swelling. Acne medications might cause their skin to react instead of calming it down.

What's the difference between psoriasis and eczema?
Both skin conditions can cause itchy, scaly, red rashes on the hands, feet, and neck. Psoriasis might also occur on the elbows or knees, and the red patches are covered with silvery scales. Eczema, or atopic dermatitis, usually develops before age five and is often found on the backs of the knees or insides of the arms. Small, pimple-like bumps that might ooze or crust over set it apart from psoriasis.

What's the difference between type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes?
About 5 to 10 percent of people with diabetes have type 1. Their immune systems destroy insulin-releasing cells, meaning the body eventually has no insulin. The disease usually develops in childhood, and those with type 1 diabetes often have low blood sugar. Type 2 diabetes, on the other hand, usually develops later in life and could be delayed or prevented with a healthy diet and exercise. The bodies of those with type 2 diabetes still release insulin, but they can’t use it correctly. As the disease gets worse, the pancreas might start producing less insulin, leading to a deficiency.

What's the difference between an aneurysm and stroke?
Aneurysms in the brain are weak, bulging areas in the artery walls that don’t typically cause symptoms. If the aneurysm breaks, though, blood will get into the skull, causing a stroke when the brain doesn’t get the blood it needs. A stroke can also happen if a blocked artery prevents blood from reaching the brain.

What's the difference between diverticulosis and diverticulitis?
When gas, liquid, or waste put pressure on the walls of the intestine, little pockets called diverticula might form in a symptom-free condition called diverticulosis. When those pockets get infected and inflamed, diverticulitis occurs. It is more serious, and could cause cramps, diarrhea, constipation, and fever.

What's the difference between survival rate and relative survival rate?
A survival rate calculates the number of people who survive a specified cause of death, while leaving out those who had that disease but died of another cause. Relative survival rate, on the other hand, is the ratio of those who have that disease and survive (regardless of cause of death) to those who survive in the general population. So a five-year relative survival rate for breast cancer refers to how likely that person is to survive compared to a cancer-free individual.

What's the difference between dysphagia, dysphasia, and dysplasia?
Dysphagia is when it’s hard or impossible to swallow. If this happens rarely, like when you eat too fast or don’t chew your food enough, there’s probably no reason to worry. But if the feeling won’t go away, seek medical attention. Dysphasia is a disorder that develops when a brain injury makes it hard to understand written or spoken words. Meanwhile, dysplasia refers to abnormal development of cells, tissue, an organ, or bone.

What's the difference between mold and mildew?
These are both types of fungi that you might find in your home, especially moist areas like bathrooms and basements. Mildew is usually gray or white, flat, and musty-smelling, while molds are darker and can even be hairy. Mildew might cause minor health issues like occasional coughing, but mold can lead to serious long-term respiratory problems. Use a solution of ¾ cup bleach and 1 gallon of warm water to attack mildew or light mold, but leave heavy infestations to a professional.

What's the difference between drug misuse and abuse?
Using more than the recommended dose of a drug but still seeking the medical effects is misuse. For instance, a person might pop an extra sleeping pill if the first one isn’t working, or give a prescribed medication to a friend complaining of similar symptoms. Abuse, on the other hand, refers to taking the drug (especially at a high dose) with the goal of getting high. Regardless of intention, though, both misuse and abuse can threaten your health, or even your life, so stick to the dosage your doctor recommends, and ask a physician before starting any new medications.

What's the difference between hepatitis A, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C?
They might share similar names, but three different viruses cause these inflammatory diseases. The symptoms are usually the same: fever, nausea, vomiting, yellowing skin, joint pain, fatigue, and gray stool. But hepatitis A is spread when microscopic amounts of contaminated fecal matter are ingested, while hepatitis B is spread through bodily fluids like blood or semen, and hepatitis C is only spread through blood.

What's the difference between hypertension and hypotension?
Whether too high or too low, the pressure of your blood against your artery walls can cause side effects. Hypertension, or high blood pressure, can lead to stroke, heart disease, kidney failure, and more. Hypotension, or low blood pressure, usually won’t cause problems, but a sudden drop could make you feel dizzy, faint, or go into shock.

What's the difference between podiatrist and orthopedist?
Podiatrists have a DPM degree, which specializes them in treating foot and ankle conditions. An orthopedic surgeon is an MD or DO qualified to treat the whole musculoskeletal system, including (but not limited to) foot and ankle problems. For foot or ankle pain caused by lower back, knee, or hip problems, an orthopedist might be the better bet.

What's the differene between sex and gender?
You might use the terms interchangeably, but these terms have different meanings. Sex refers to biological differences between men and women. Gender, on the other hand, deals with the social differences between male, female, and other gender identities.

What's the difference between aural and oral?
They may sound the same, but these words have totally different meanings. Aural refers to the ear or hearing, while oral has to do with the mouth or speaking. (And for the record, oral is said out loud, while verbal can be spoken or written.)

What's the difference between palpation and palpitation?
The method health care providers use when examining a body part with their fingers or hands is called palpation. On a different note, a palpitation is when you feel like your heart is fluttering, beating too hard, or skipping a beat. They’re typically caused by stress, caffeine, alcohol, or nicotine and aren’t a reason for concern, but some could be caused by heart disease or another medical condition.

Economic and budget issues within the state and in other states in terms of relevance to human healthcare.
Who among physicians should know about economic and budget issues within and outside the state in terms of relevance to human healthcare?
Physician director of the state’s department of public health.
Physician director of state’s health department.
Other similar physicians within and outside the state.
Heads of various departments of various states.

If a resident of the state does not have enough from the state government departments to survive ,it can harm human health.

Questions all heads of government departments within and outside states must be able to answer.

Here are various examples that have been relevant in various years.
You can change the year relevant to your situation.
Here are further facts.
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/director.html/#Human Services Director in the state.

Specific physicians as heads of state.

Can a specific type of physician who is the head of a state guide other physicians including governors of various states?
Yes.

Duties to provide human healthcare within and outside the state.
Who is responsible for providing human healthcare within and outside the state?
The state department of public health and state department of health.

The state department of public health and state department of health are responsible for providing human healthcare to residents of the state. In certain situations, non-residents can get healthcare also. Due to Internet healthcare services, for example www.qureshiuniversity.org/health.html, provided by specific physicians, existing specific physicians, and others, other states’ residents can benefit from any location on the planet.

The state department of public health and state department of health are responsible for assigning duties at specific locations in the state to specific types of physicians at specific locations with required staff in the state to enhance human healthcare, including public health and individualized healthcare.

The state department of public health and state department of health categorize exempt and non-exempt job duties in human healthcare.

What is the difference between exempt and non-exempt duties relevant to human resources?
For exempt duties, there is no need to keep records of the specific hours individuals work or reach specific locations every day for work. Examples of exempt positions are program administrators and people in executive occupations who guide others.

Exempt duties can be assigned to an individual who can guide various individuals from a distance, such as through the Internet.
Doctor Asif Qureshi guides various professions http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/professionsworld.html from a distance, including specific types of physicians. Exempt positions get executive remunerations.

What are examples of departments of public health and departments of health of various states?
Illinois state department of public health and Illinois state department of health.
Kashmir state department of public health and Kashmir state department of health.
Karnataka state department of public health and Kaenataka state department of health.
Medina department of public health and Medina department of health.
There are similar departments in various states around the world.

How many state departments of public health and state departments of health exist around the world?
On June 19, 2016, there were approximately 330 state departments of public health and 330 state departments of health around the world.
Every state department of public health and state department of health has a director of the department, such as a physician director of the state department of public health or physician director of the state department of health.

How are the departments of public health and departments of health structured in every state?

State department of public health

Guide, such as Doctor Asif Qureshi, for human healthcare professionals, including the physician director of the state department of public health
Physician Director of Public Health of a specific state
Staff of the director of the state department of public health
Chemist I-III
Clinical Laboratory Associate
Clinical Laboratory Technician I and II
Clinical Laboratory Technologist I and II
Environmental Health Specialist I-III
Health Facilities Surveillance Nurse
Health Facilities Surveyor I-III
Information Systems Analyst in Public Health 11 in a specific area of the state
Laboratory Research Scientist
Medical Administrator of Public Health in the state
Public Health Educator Associate
Public Health Educator
Public Health Program Specialist I and II
Public Services Administrator of Public Health in a specific area of the state

State department of health
Guide, such as Doctor Asif Qureshi, for human healthcare professionals, including the physician director of the state department of health
Physician Director of Health of a specific state
Physician Superintendent of a hospital in the state
Staff of the director of the state department of health.
Specific type of physician in the state with seniority
  1. Physician primary care
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/primarycarephysician.html

  2. Physician intensive care unit
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/criticalcareworld.html

  3. Physician medical emergency room
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/emergencymedicinedoctor.html

  4. Physician medical emergency responder
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/emergencymedicalresponder.html

  5. Physician surgeon medical emergency
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/surgeryworld.html

  6. Physician surgeon elective surgery
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/surgeryworld.html

  7. Physician anesthetist medical emergency
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/anesthesiologist.html

  8. Physician guide to physician or physicians
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/healthcareworld.html

  9. Physician hospitalist (takes care of hospital ward patients)
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/hospitalist.html

  10. Physician forensic psychiatry
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/forensicpsychiatrist.html

  11. Physician Forensic Pathology
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/forensicpathologist.html

  12. Physical Therapist
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/physicaltherapist.html

Personality Disorders
Personality disorders screening
Who specifically should have yearly screening for personality disorders?
Leaders.
Managers.
Individuals in public service.
Harms can occur if such individual gets involved in public service.

Here is an example.
Personality Disorder:
Patient is conscious, oriented in time, space, and person.
Vitals are normal and there are no other complaints.
Does that mean the person is normal?
The patient can have personality disorder.

How do you screen personality disorders in yearly health assessment?
Ask others if he or she lies.
Lying is a criminal offense.
Lying can be due to personality disorder, antisocial personality disorder, or other personality disorders.

Patient must nominate at least two people to comment about his or her personality.

Questions you need to ask.

Do you know this person?
How do you know this person?
How would you describe this person’s character, behavior, and competence?
How would you describe the personality of this person?

How would you describe your personality?

I am always truthful.
I answer questions truthfully to the best of my ability and knowledge.
I feel that I have a personality disorder or disorders.
Others have mentioned that I have personality disorder or disorders.
Others say that I lie (quote incidents).
Various incidents make me think I have personality disorder or disorders.

How would 100 of your neighbors within walking distance describe you?
Alcoholic.
Cheating traits.
Civilized/uncivilized.
Deaf and mute.
Drug addict.
Mute.
Fraudulently placed.
Good charactered/bad charactered
Gang association/civilized association.
Harmful/helpful.
Hostile/polite.
Illiterate/highly educated.
Leadership qualities.
Liar/truthful.
Mentally retarded/intelligent.
Not a good person to know/good person to know.
Opportunist.
Oppressor/oppressed.
Personality disorder/expected behavior.
Predictable/unpredictable.
Unskilled/highly skilled.
Violent.
Well behaved.

What are the specific issues, symptoms, signs, or complaints the day, date, and time you are answering these questions?

What is the day, date, time, and location you are answering these questions?

What is profile of the individual helping you answer these questions, including assistance with computer and Internet?
Here are further guidelines.
Here are further guidelines.
Who should know about personality disorders?
Forensic psychiatrist
Forensic pathologist
Psychiatrist general psychiatry
Police patrol officer
Judge magistrate
Jail superintendent or warden
Jail classification officer
Director, state department of corrections
Director general of state police
Chief justice of state, such as California, Illinois, New York, and Alberta in North America
Others concerned with a specific case

What should you know about personality disorders?
Here are various guidelines.

What are examples of various personality disorders?
Behavioral, mental and neurodevelopmental disorder: Paranoid personality disorder (ICD10 F60.0).
Behavioral, mental and neurodevelopmental disorder: Schizoid personality disorder (ICD10 F60.1).
Behavioral, mental and neurodevelopmental disorder: Antisocial personality disorder (ICD10 F60.2).
Behavioral, mental and neurodevelopmental disorder: Borderline personality disorder (ICD10 F60.3).
Behavioral, mental and neurodevelopmental disorder: Histrionic personality disorder (ICD10 F60.4).
Behavioral, mental and neurodevelopmental disorder: Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (ICD10 F60.5).
Behavioral, mental and neurodevelopmental disorder: Avoidant personality disorder (ICD10 F60.6).
Behavioral, mental and neurodevelopmental disorder: Dependent personality disorder (ICD10 F60.7).
Behavioral, mental and neurodevelopmental disorder: Other specific personality disorders (ICD10 F60.8).
Behavioral, mental and neurodevelopmental disorder: Narcissistic personality disorder (ICD10 F60.81).
Behavioral, mental and neurodevelopmental disorder: Other specific personality disorders (ICD10 F60.89).
Behavioral, mental and neurodevelopmental personality disorder: Unspecified (ICD10 F60.9).

Why is screening people for personality disorders essential?
A person who has a personality disorder will usually not seek a consultation with a physician or psychiatrist.
Either the patient will be involuntarily admitted to a psychiatry facility or complaints will come from those who have been harmed.

How should you manage a case of personality disorder?
If harms have occurred, declare to the community that this person has caused harm so that the person will be transferred to a jail or psychiatry facility. Depending on the extent of the classification of the harm, the officer in the jail or psychiatry facility will determine the proper location for the individual.

Unaware. The majority of people living with a personality disorder don’t realize they have one, even if they realize they aren’t easy to live with. It’s best to share your concern by giving someone specific examples of problem behaviors and follow up by offering the resources needed to find a doctor, or make or attend an appointment.

Denial. Most people who are told they have a personality disorder don’t believe it. It isn’t uncommon for them to get angry or defensive. Keep trying to share your concerns if someone is refusing help.

Resistance. When people first begin to accept there’s a problem, they fight the belief that it’s serious. They resist getting medical treatment and believe they can change their behaviors on their own. At this stage, encourage a family member or friend to make medical help a part of their personal treatment plan.

Flakiness. Once they start therapy or medication, people with personality disorders often skip or stop treatment without warning. Be there to remind them that no one is perfect, no one is always at the top of their game, and that tomorrow offers new chances to make healthier choices.

Acceptance. After receiving the support needed to overcome denial, resistance and struggles with staying in treatment, patients with these disorders may come to a place of acceptance. In these situations, treatments are seen as a top priority and appreciated as tools for healthy living.

What are examples of various personality disorders?
Antisocial personality disorder
Avoidant personality disorder
Borderline personality disorder
Dependent personality disorder
Histrionic personality disorder
Narcissistic personality disorder
Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder
Paranoid personality disorder
Schizoid personality disorder
Schizotypal personality disorder
Behavioral, mental and neurodevelopmental disorder: Other specific personality disorders (ICD10 F60.89).
Behavioral, mental and neurodevelopmental personality disorder: Unspecified (ICD10 F60.9).

What are some examples of individuals with personality disorders who are involved in criminal activities?
Here are further facts.
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/personalitydisorders.html

http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/personalitydisorder.html

  1. Antisocial Personality Disorder

  2. Avoidant Personality Disorder

  3. Borderline Personality Disorder

  4. Dependent Personality Disorder

  5. Histrionic Personality Disorder

  6. Multiple Personality Disorder, see Dissociative Identity Disorder

  7. Narcissistic Personality Disorder

  8. Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder

  9. Paranoid Personality Disorder

  10. Schizoid Personality Disorder

  11. Schizotypal Personality Disorder

  12. Symptoms

    General symptoms of a personality disorder
    Personality disorder symptoms include:

    • Frequent mood swings
    • Stormy relationships
    • Social isolation
    • Angry outbursts
    • Suspicion and mistrust of others
    • Difficulty making friends
    • A need for instant gratification
    • Poor impulse control
    • Alcohol or substance abuse

    Specific types of personality disorders
    The specific types of personality disorders are grouped into three clusters based on similar characteristics and symptoms. Many people with one diagnosed personality disorder also have signs and symptoms of at least one additional personality disorder.

    Cluster A personality disorders
    These are personality disorders characterized by odd, eccentric thinking or behavior and include:

    Paranoid personality disorder

    • Distrust and suspicion of others
    • Believing that others are trying to harm you
    • Emotional detachment
    • Hostility

    Schizoid personality disorder

    • Lack of interest in social relationships
    • Limited range of emotional expression
    • Inability to pick up normal social cues
    • Appearing dull or indifferent to others

    Schizotypal personality disorder

    • Peculiar dress, thinking, beliefs or behavior
    • Perceptual alterations, such as those affecting touch
    • Discomfort in close relationships
    • Flat emotions or inappropriate emotional responses
    • Indifference to others
    • "Magical thinking" — believing you can influence people and events with your thoughts
    • Believing that messages are hidden for you in public speeches or displays

    Cluster B personality disorders
    These are personality disorders characterized by dramatic, overly emotional thinking or behavior and include:

    Antisocial (formerly called sociopathic) personality disorder

    • Disregard for others
    • Persistent lying or stealing
    • Recurring difficulties with the law
    • Repeatedly violating the rights of others
    • Aggressive, often violent behavior
    • Disregard for the safety of self or others

    Borderline personality disorder

    • Impulsive and risky behavior
    • Volatile relationships
    • Unstable mood
    • Suicidal behavior
    • Fear of being alone

    Histrionic personality disorder

    • Constantly seeking attention
    • Excessively emotional
    • Extreme sensitivity to others' approval
    • Unstable mood
    • Excessive concern with physical appearance

    Narcissistic personality disorder
    Believing that you're better than others

    • Fantasizing about power, success and attractiveness
    • Exaggerating your achievements or talents
    • Expecting constant praise and admiration
    • Failing to recognize other people's emotions and feelings

    Cluster C personality disorders
    These are personality disorders characterized by anxious, fearful thinking or behavior and include:

    Avoidant personality disorder

    • Hypersensitivity to criticism or rejection
    • Feeling inadequate
    • Social isolation
    • Extreme shyness in social situations
    • Timidity

    Dependent personality disorder

    • Excessive dependence on others
    • Submissiveness toward others
    • A desire to be taken care of
    • Tolerance of poor or abusive treatment
    • Urgent need to start a new relationship when one has ended

    Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder

    • Preoccupation with orderliness and rules
    • Extreme perfectionism
    • Desire to be in control of situations
    • Inability to discard broken or worthless objects
    • Inflexibility

    Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder isn't the same as obsessive-compulsive disorder, a type of anxiety disorder.

    When to see a doctor
    If you have any signs or symptoms of a personality disorder, see your doctor, mental health provider or other health care professional. Untreated, personality disorders can cause significant problems in your life, and they may get worse without treatment.

    Helping a loved one
    If you have a loved one who you think may have symptoms of a personality disorder, have an open and honest discussion about your concerns. You may not be able to force someone to seek professional care, but you can offer encouragement and support. You can also help your loved one find a qualified doctor or mental health provider and make an appointment. You may even be able to go to an appointment with him or her.


    Complications

    Complications and problems that personality disorders may cause or be associated with include:

    • Depression
    • Anxiety
    • Eating disorders
    • Suicidal behavior
    • Self-injury
    • Reckless behavior
    • Risky sexual behavior
    • Child abuse
    • Alcohol or substance abuse
    • Aggression or violence
    • Incarceration
    • Relationship difficulties
    • Social isolation
    • School and work problems

Antisocial Personality Disorder

Antisocial personality disorder is characterized by a long-standing pattern of a disregard for other people's rights, often crossing the line and violating those rights. It usually begins in childhood or as a teen and continues into their adult lives.

Antisocial personality disorder is often referred to as psychopathy or sociopathy in popular culture.

Individuals with Antisocial Personality Disorder frequently lack empathy and tend to be callous, cynical, and contemptuous of the feelings, rights, and sufferings of others. They may have an inflated and arrogant self-appraisal (e.g., feel that ordinary work is beneath them or lack a realistic concern about their current problems or their future) and may be excessively opinionated, self-assured, or cocky. They may display a glib, superficial charm and can be quite voluble and verbally facile (e.g., using technical terms or jargon that might impress someone who is unfamiliar with the topic). Lack of empathy, inflated self-appraisal, and superficial charm are features that have been commonly included in traditional conceptions of psychopathy and may be particularly distinguishing of Antisocial Personality Disorder in prison or forensic settings where criminal, delinquent, or aggressive acts are likely to be nonspecific. These individuals may also be irresponsible and exploitative in their sexual relationships.

Symptoms of Antisocial Personality Disorder

Antisocial personality disorder is diagnosed when a person's pattern of antisocial behavior has occurred since age 15 (although only adults 18 years or older can be diagnosed with this disorder) and consists of the majority of these symptoms:

  • Failure to conform to social norms with respect to lawful behaviors as indicated by repeatedly performing acts that are grounds for arrest
  • Deceitfulness, as indicated by repeated lying, use of aliases, or conning others for personal profit or pleasure
  • Impulsivity or failure to plan ahead
  • Irritability and aggressiveness, as indicated by repeated physical fights or assaults
  • Reckless disregard for safety of self or others
  • Consistent irresponsibility, as indicated by repeated failure to sustain consistent work behavior or honor financial obligations
  • Lack of remorse, as indicated by being indifferent to or rationalizing having hurt, mistreated, or stolen from another

As with all personality disorders, the person must be at least 18 years old before they can be diagnosed with it. There should also be evidence of Conduct Disorder in the individual as a child, whether or not it was ever formally diagnosed by a professional.

Antisocial personality disorder is more prevalent in males (3 percent) versus females (1 percent) in the general population.

Like most personality disorders, antisocial personality disorder typically will decrease in intensity with age, with many people experiencing few of the most extreme symptoms by the time they are in the 40s or 50s.

How is Antisocial Personality Disorder Diagnosed?

Personality disorders such as antisocial personality disorder are typically diagnosed by a trained mental health professional, such as a psychologist or psychiatrist. Family physicians and general practitioners are generally not trained or well-equipped to make this type of psychological diagnosis. So while you can initially consult a family physician about this problem, they should refer you to a mental health professional for diagnosis and treatment. There are no laboratory, blood or genetic tests that are used to diagnose antisocial personality disorder.

Many people with antisocial personality disorder don't seek out treatment. People with personality disorders, in general, do not often seek out treatment until the disorder starts to significantly interfere or otherwise impact a person's life. This most often happens when a person's coping resources are stretched too thin to deal with stress or other life events.

A diagnosis for antisocial personality disorder is made by a mental health professional comparing your symptoms and life history with those listed here. They will make a determination whether your symptoms meet the criteria necessary for a personality disorder diagnosis.

Causes of Antisocial Personality Disorder

Researchers today don't know what causes antisocial personality disorder. There are many theories, however, about the possible causes of antisocial personality disorder. Most professionals subscribe to a biopsychosocial model of causation -- that is, the causes of are likely due to biological and genetic factors, social factors (such as how a person interacts in their early development with their family and friends and other children), and psychological factors (the individual's personality and temperament, shaped by their environment and learned coping skills to deal with stress). This suggests that no single factor is responsible -- rather, it is the complex and likely intertwined nature of all three factors that are important. If a person has this personality disorder, research suggests that there is a slightly increased risk for this disorder to be "passed down" to their children.

Treatment of Antisocial Personality Disorder

Treatment of antisocial personality disorder typically involves long-term psychotherapy with a therapist that has experience in treating this kind of personality disorder. Medications may also be prescribed to help with specific troubling and debilitating symptoms. For more information about treatment, please see antisocial personality disorder treatment.

Avoidant Personality Disorder

People with avoidant personality disorder experience a long-standing feeling of inadequacy and are extremely sensitive to what others think about them. This leads to the person to be socially inhibited and feel socially inept. Because of these feelings of inadequacy and inhibition, the person with avoidant personality disorder will seek to avoid work, school and any activities that involve socializing or interacting with others.

Individuals with Avoidant Personality Disorder often vigilantly appraise the movements and expressions of those with whom they come into contact. Their fearful and tense demeanor may elicit ridicule from others, which in turn confirms their self-doubts. They are very anxious about the possibility that they will react to criticism with blushing or crying. They are described by others as being "shy," "timid," "lonely," and "isolated."

The major problems associated with this disorder occur in social and occupational functioning. The low self-esteem and hypersensitivity to rejection are associated with restricted interpersonal contacts. These individuals may become relatively isolated and usually do not have a large social support network that can help them weather crises. They desire affection and acceptance and may fantasize about idealized relationships with others. The avoidant behaviors can also adversely affect occupational functioning because these individuals try to avoid the types of social situations that may be important for meeting the basic demands of the job or for advancement.

Symptoms of Avoidant Personality Disorder

Avoidant personality disorder is characterized by a long-standing pattern of feelings of inadequacy, extreme sensitivity to what other people think about them, and social inhibition. It typically manifests itself by early adulthood and includes a majority of the following symptoms:

  • Avoids occupational activities that involve significant interpersonal contact, because of fears of criticism, disapproval, or rejection
  • Is unwilling to get involved with people unless certain of being liked
  • Shows restraint within intimate relationships because of the fear of being shamed or ridiculed
  • Is preoccupied with being criticized or rejected in social situations
  • Is inhibited in new interpersonal situations because of feelings of inadequacy
  • Views themself as socially inept, personally unappealing, or inferior to others
  • Is unusually reluctant to take personal risks or to engage in any new activities because they may prove embarrassing

As with all personality disorders, the person must be at least 18 years old before they can be diagnosed with it.

Avoidant personality disorder appears to occur between 0.5 and 1.0 percent in the general population.

Like most personality disorders, avoidant personality disorder typically will decrease in intensity with age, with many people experiencing few of the most extreme symptoms by the time they are in the 40s or 50s.

How is Avoidant Personality Disorder Diagnosed?

Personality disorders such as avoidant personality disorder are typically diagnosed by a trained mental health professional, such as a psychologist or psychiatrist. Family physicians and general practitioners are generally not trained or well-equipped to make this type of psychological diagnosis. So while you can initially consult a family physician about this problem, they should refer you to a mental health professional for diagnosis and treatment. There are no laboratory, blood or genetic tests that are used to diagnose avoidant personality disorder.

Many people with avoidant personality disorder don't seek out treatment. People with personality disorders, in general, do not often seek out treatment until the disorder starts to significantly interfere or otherwise impact a person's life. This most often happens when a person's coping resources are stretched too thin to deal with stress or other life events.

A diagnosis for avoidant personality disorder is made by a mental health professional comparing your symptoms and life history with those listed here. They will make a determination whether your symptoms meet the criteria necessary for a personality disorder diagnosis.

Causes of Avoidant Personality Disorder

Researchers today don't know what causes avoidant personality disorder. There are many theories, however, about the possible causes of avoidant personality disorder. Most professionals subscribe to a biopsychosocial model of causation -- that is, the causes of are likely due to biological and genetic factors, social factors (such as how a person interacts in their early development with their family and friends and other children), and psychological factors (the individual's personality and temperament, shaped by their environment and learned coping skills to deal with stress). This suggests that no single factor is responsible -- rather, it is the complex and likely intertwined nature of all three factors that are important. If a person has this personality disorder, research suggests that there is a slightly increased risk for this disorder to be "passed down" to their children.

Treatment of Avoidant Personality Disorder

Treatment of avoidant personality disorder typically involves long-term psychotherapy with a therapist that has experience in treating this kind of personality disorder. Medications may also be prescribed to help with specific troubling and debilitating symptoms. avoidant personality disorder treatment.

Borderline Personality Disorder


The main feature of borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a pervasive pattern of instability in interpersonal relationships, self-image and emotions. People with borderline personality disorder are also usually very impulsive.

This disorder occurs in most by early adulthood. The unstable pattern of interacting with others has persisted for years and is usually closely related to the person’s self-image and early social interactions. The pattern is present in a variety of settings (e.g., not just at work or home) and often is accompanied by a similar lability (fluctuating back and forth, sometimes in a quick manner) in a person’s emotions and feelings. Relationships and the person’s emotion may often be characterized as being shallow.

A person with this disorder will also often exhibit impulsive behaviors and have a majority of the following symptoms:

  • Frantic efforts to avoid real or imagined abandonment
  • A pattern of unstable and intense interpersonal relationships characterized by alternating between extremes of idealization and devaluation
  • Identity disturbance, such as a significant and persistent unstable self-image or sense of self
  • Impulsivity in at least two areas that are potentially self-damaging (e.g., spending, sex, substance abuse, reckless driving, binge eating)
  • Recurrent suicidal behavior, gestures, or threats, or self-mutilating behavior
  • Emotional instability due to significant reactivity of mood (e.g., intense episodic dysphoria, irritability, or anxiety usually lasting a few hours and only rarely more than a few days)
  • Chronic feelings of emptiness
  • Inappropriate, intense anger or difficulty controlling anger (e.g., frequent displays of temper, constant anger, recurrent physical fights)
  • Transient, stress-related paranoid thoughts or severe dissociative symptoms

As with all personality disorders, the person must be at least 18 years old before they can be diagnosed with it.

Borderline personality disorder is more prevalent in females (75 percent of diagnoses made are in females). It is thought that borderline personality disorder affects approximately 2 percent of the general population.

Like most personality disorders, borderline personality disorder typically will decrease in intensity with age, with many people experiencing few of the most extreme symptoms by the time they are in the 40s or 50s.

Details about Borderline Personality Disorder Symptoms

Frantic efforts to avoid real or imagined abandonment.

The perception of impending separation or rejection, or the loss of external structure, can lead to profound changes in self-image, emotion, thinking and behavior. Someone with borderline personality disorder will be very sensitive to things happening around them in their environment. They experience intense abandonment fears and inappropriate anger, even when faced with a realistic separation or when there are unavoidable changes in plans. For instance, becoming very angry with someone for being a few minutes late or having to cancel a lunch date. People with borderline personality disorder may believe that this abandonment implies that they are “bad.” These abandonment fears are related to an intolerance of being alone and a need to have other people with them. Their frantic efforts to avoid abandonment may include impulsive actions such as self-mutilating or suicidal behaviors.

Unstable and intense relationships.

People with borderline personality disorder may idealize potential caregivers or lovers at the first or second meeting, demand to spend a lot of time together, and share the most intimate details early in a relationship. However, they may switch quickly from idealizing other people to devaluing them, feeling that the other person does not care enough, does not give enough, is not “there” enough. These individuals can empathize with and nurture other people, but only with the expectation that the other person will “be there” in return to meet their own needs on demand. These individuals are prone to sudden and dramatic shifts in their view of others, who may alternately be seen as beneficient supports or as cruelly punitive. Such shifts other reflect disillusionment with a caregiver whose nurturing qualities had been idealized or whose rejection or abandonment is expected.

Identity disturbance.

There are sudden and dramatic shifts in self-image, characterized by shifting goals, values and vocational aspirations. There may be sudden changes in opinions and plans about career, sexual identity, values and types of friends. These individuals may suddenly change from the role of a needy supplicant for help to a righteous avenger of past mistreatment. Although they usually have a self-image that is based on being bad or evil, individuals with borderline personality disorder may at times have feelings that they do not exist at all. Such experiences usually occur in situations in which the individual feels a lack of a meaningful relationship, nurturing and support. These individuals may show worse performance in unstructured work or school situations.

You can also learn more about the detailed characteristics of borderline personality disorder.

How is Borderline Personality Disorder Diagnosed?

Personality disorders such as borderline personality disorder are typically diagnosed by a trained mental health professional, such as a psychologist or psychiatrist. Family physicians and general practitioners are generally not trained or well-equipped to make this type of psychological diagnosis. So while you can initially consult a family physician about this problem, they should refer you to a mental health professional for diagnosis and treatment. There are no laboratory, blood or genetic tests that are used to diagnose borderline personality disorder.

Many people with borderline personality disorder don’t seek out treatment. People with personality disorders, in general, do not often seek out treatment until the disorder starts to significantly interfere or otherwise impact a person’s life. This most often happens when a person’s coping resources are stretched too thin to deal with stress or other life events.

A diagnosis for borderline personality disorder is made by a mental health professional comparing your symptoms and life history with those listed here. They will make a determination whether your symptoms meet the criteria necessary for a personality disorder diagnosis.

Causes of Borderline Personality Disorder

Researchers today don’t know what causes borderline personality disorder. There are many theories, however, about the possible causes of borderline personality disorder. Most professionals subscribe to a biopsychosocial model of causation — that is, the causes of are likely due to biological and genetic factors, social factors (such as how a person interacts in their early development with their family and friends and other children), and psychological factors (the individual’s personality and temperament, shaped by their environment and learned coping skills to deal with stress). This suggests that no single factor is responsible — rather, it is the complex and likely intertwined nature of all three factors that are important. If a person has this personality disorder, research suggests that there is a slightly increased risk for this disorder to be “passed down” to their children.

Treatment of Borderline Personality Disorder

Treatment of borderline personality disorder typically involves long-term sychotherapy with a therapist that has experience in treating this kind of personality disorder. Medications may also be prescribed to help with specific troubling and debilitating symptoms. For more information about treatment, please see borderline personality disorder treatment.

Dependent Personality Disorder

Dependent personality disorder is characterized by a long-standing need for the person to be taken care of and a fear of being abandoned or separated from important individuals in his or her life. This leads the person to engage in dependent and submissive behaviors that are designed to elicit care-giving behaviors in others. The dependent behavior may be see as being "clingy" or "clinging on" to others, because the person fears they can't live their lives without the help of others.

Individuals with Dependent Personality Disorder are often characterized by pessimism and self-doubt, tend to belittle their abilities and assets, and may constantly refer to themselves as "stupid." They take criticism and disapproval as proof of their worthlessness and lose faith in themselves. They may seek overprotection and dominance from others. Occupational functioning may be impaired if independent initiative is required. They may avoid positions of responsibility and become anxious when faced with decisions. Social relations tend to be limited to those few people on whom the individual is dependent.

Chronic physical illness or Separation Anxiety Disorder in childhood or adolescence may predispose an individual to the development of dependent personality disorder.

Symptoms of Dependent Personality Disorder

Dependent personality disorder is characterized by a pervasive fear that leads to "clinging behavior" and usually manifests itself by early adulthood. It includes a majority of the following symptoms:

  • Has difficulty making everyday decisions without an excessive amount of advice and reassurance from others
  • Needs others to assume responsibility for most major areas of his or her life
  • Has difficulty expressing disagreement with others because of fear of loss of support or approval
  • Has difficulty initiating projects or doing things on his or her own (because of a lack of self-confidence in judgment or abilities rather than a lack of motivation or energy)
  • Goes to excessive lengths to obtain nurturance and support from others, to the point of volunteering to do things that are unpleasant
  • Feels uncomfortable or helpless when alone because of exaggerated fears of being unable to care for himself or herself
  • Urgently seeks another relationship as a source of care and support when a close relationship ends
  • Is unrealistically preoccupied with fears of being left to take care of himself or herself

As with all personality disorders, the person must be at least 18 years old before they can be diagnosed with it.

Dependent personality disorder is the most commonly diagnosed personality disorder in mental health clinics.

Like most personality disorders, dependent personality disorder typically will decrease in intensity with age, with many people experiencing few of the most extreme symptoms by the time they are in the 40s or 50s.

How is Dependent Personality Disorder Diagnosed?

Personality disorders such as dependent personality disorder are typically diagnosed by a trained mental health professional, such as a psychologist or psychiatrist. Family physicians and general practitioners are generally not trained or well-equipped to make this type of psychological diagnosis. So while you can initially consult a family physician about this problem, they should refer you to a mental health professional for diagnosis and treatment. There are no laboratory, blood or genetic tests that are used to diagnose dependent personality disorder.

Many people with dependent personality disorder don't seek out treatment. People with personality disorders, in general, do not often seek out treatment until the disorder starts to significantly interfere or otherwise impact a person's life. This most often happens when a person's coping resources are stretched too thin to deal with stress or other life events.

A diagnosis for dependent personality disorder is made by a mental health professional comparing your symptoms and life history with those listed here. They will make a determination whether your symptoms meet the criteria necessary for a personality disorder diagnosis.

Causes of Dependent Personality Disorder

Researchers today don't know what causes dependent personality disorder. There are many theories, however, about the possible causes of dependent personality disorder. Most professionals subscribe to a biopsychosocial model of causation -- that is, the causes of are likely due to biological and genetic factors, social factors (such as how a person interacts in their early development with their family and friends and other children), and psychological factors (the individual's personality and temperament, shaped by their environment and learned coping skills to deal with stress). This suggests that no single factor is responsible -- rather, it is the complex and likely intertwined nature of all three factors that are important. If a person has this personality disorder, research suggests that there is a slightly increased risk for this disorder to be "passed down" to their children.

Treatment of Dependent Personality Disorder

Treatment of dependent personality disorder typically involves long-term psychotherapy with a therapist that has experience in treating this kind of personality disorder. Medications may also be prescribed to help with specific troubling and debilitating symptoms. For more information about treatment, please see dependent personality disorder treatment.

Symptoms of
Histrionic Personality Disorder

Histrionic personality disorder is characterized by a long-standing pattern of attention seeking behavior and extreme emotionality. Someone with histrionic personality disorder wants to be the center of attention in any group of people, and feel uncomfortable when they are not. While often lively, interesting and sometimes dramatic, they have difficulty when people aren't focused exclusively on them. People with this disorder may be perceived as being shallow, and may engage in sexually seductive or provocating behavior to draw attention to themselves.

Individuals with Histrionic Personality Disorder may have difficulty achieving emotional intimacy in romantic or sexual relationships. Without being aware of it, they often act out a role (e.g., "victim" or "princess") in their relationships to others. They may seek to control their partner through emotional manipulation or seductiveness on one level, whereas displaying a marked dependency on them at another level.

Individuals with this disorder often have impaired relationships with same-sex friends because their sexually provocative interpersonal style may seem a threat to their friends' relationships. These individuals may also alienate friends with demands for constant attention. They often become depressed and upset when they are not the center of attention.

People with histrionic personality disorder may crave novelty, stimulation, and excitement and have a tendency to become bored with their usual routine. These individuals are often intolerant of, or frustrated by, situations that involve delayed gratification, and their actions are often directed at obtaining immediate satisfaction. Although they often initiate a job or project with great enthusiasm, their interest may lag quickly.

Longer-term relationships may be neglected to make way for the excitement of new relationships.

Symptoms of Histrionic Personality Disorder

A pervasive pattern of excessive emotionality and attention seeking, beginning by early adulthood and present in a variety of contexts, as indicated by five (or more) of the following:

  • Is uncomfortable in situations in which he or she is not the center of attention
  • Interaction with others is often characterized by inappropriate sexually seductive or provocative behavior
  • Displays rapidly shifting and shallow expression of emotions
  • Consistently uses physical appearance to draw attention to themself
  • Has a style of speech that is excessively impressionistic and lacking in detail
  • Shows self-dramatization, theatricality, and exaggerated expression of emotion
  • Is highly suggestible, i.e., easily influenced by others or circumstances
  • Considers relationships to be more intimate than they actually are

As with all personality disorders, the person must be at least 18 years old before they can be diagnosed with it.

Histrionic personality disorder is more prevalent in females than males. It occurs about 2 to 3 percent in the general population.

Like most personality disorders, histrionic personality disorder typically will decrease in intensity with age, with many people experiencing few of the most extreme symptoms by the time they are in the 40s or 50s.

How is Histrionic Personality Disorder Diagnosed?

Personality disorders such as histrionic personality disorder are typically diagnosed by a trained mental health professional, such as a psychologist or psychiatrist. Family physicians and general practitioners are generally not trained or well-equipped to make this type of psychological diagnosis. So while you can initially consult a family physician about this problem, they should refer you to a mental health professional for diagnosis and treatment. There are no laboratory, blood or genetic tests that are used to diagnose histrionic personality disorder.

Many people with histrionic personality disorder don't seek out treatment. People with personality disorders, in general, do not often seek out treatment until the disorder starts to significantly interfere or otherwise impact a person's life. This most often happens when a person's coping resources are stretched too thin to deal with stress or other life events.

A diagnosis for histrionic personality disorder is made by a mental health professional comparing your symptoms and life history with those listed here. They will make a determination whether your symptoms meet the criteria necessary for a personality disorder diagnosis.

Causes of Histrionic Personality Disorder

Researchers today don't know what causes histrionic personality disorder. There are many theories, however, about the possible causes of histrionic personality disorder. Most professionals subscribe to a biopsychosocial model of causation -- that is, the causes of are likely due to biological and genetic factors, social factors (such as how a person interacts in their early development with their family and friends and other children), and psychological factors (the individual's personality and temperament, shaped by their environment and learned coping skills to deal with stress). This suggests that no single factor is responsible -- rather, it is the complex and likely intertwined nature of all three factors that are important. If a person has this personality disorder, research suggests that there is a slightly increased risk for this disorder to be "passed down" to their children.

Treatment of Histrionic Personality Disorder

Treatment of histrionic personality disorder typically involves long-term psychotherapy with a therapist that has experience in treating this kind of personality disorder. Medications may also be prescribed to help with specific troubling and debilitating symptoms. For more information about treatment, please see histrionic personality disorder treatment.

Symptoms of
Dissociative Identity Disorder

Also Known as Multiple Personality Disorder

The presence of two or more distinct identities or personality states (each with its own relatively enduring pattern of perceiving, relating to, and thinking about the environment and self). At least two of these identities or personality states recurrently take control of the person's behavior. Inability to recall important personal information that is too extensive to be explained by ordinary forgetfulness. The disturbance is not due to the direct physiological effects of a substance (e.g., blackouts or chaotic behavior during Alcohol Intoxication) or a general medical condition (e.g., complex partial seizures). Note: In children, the symptoms are not attributable to imaginary playmates or other fantasy play. •What is Dissociation? Do people really have multiple personalities? •The Differences Between Bipolar Disorder, Schizophrenia and Multiple Personality Disorder •General Treatment Guidelines for Multiple Personality Disorder

Narcissistic Personality Disorder

Narcissistic Personality Disorder is characterized by a long-standing pattern of grandiosity (either in fantasy or actual behavior), an overwhelming need for admiration, and usually a complete lack of empathy toward others. People with this disorder often believe they are of primary importance in everybody's life or to anyone they meet. While this pattern of behavior may be appropriate for a king in 16th Century England, it is generally considered inappropriate for most ordinary people today.

People with narcissistic personality disorder often display snobbish, disdainful, or patronizing attitudes. For example, an individual with this disorder may complain about a clumsy waiter's "rudeness" or "stupidity" or conclude a medical evaluation with a condescending evaluation of the physician.

In laypeople terms, someone with this disorder may be described simply as a "narcissist" or as someone with "narcissism." Both of these terms generally refer to someone with narcissistic personality disorder.

Symptoms of Narcissistic Personality Disorder

In order for a person to be diagnosed with narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) they must meet five or more of the following symptoms:

  • Has a grandiose sense of self-importance (e.g., exaggerates achievements and talents, expects to be recognized as superior without commensurate achievements)
  • Is preoccupied with fantasies of unlimited success, power, brilliance, beauty, or ideal love
  • Believes that he or she is "special" and unique and can only be understood by, or should associate with, other special or high-status people (or institutions)
  • Requires excessive admiration
  • Has a very strong sense of entitlement, e.g., unreasonable expectations of especially favorable treatment or automatic compliance with his or her expectations
  • Is exploitative of others, e.g., takes advantage of others to achieve his or her own ends
  • Lacks empathy, e.g., is unwilling to recognize or identify with the feelings and needs of others
  • Is often envious of others or believes that others are envious of him or her
  • Regularly shows arrogant, haughty behaviors or attitudes

As with all personality disorders, the person must be at least 18 years old before they can be diagnosed with it.

Narcissistic personality disorder is more prevalent in males than females, and is thought to occur in less than 1 percent in the general population.

Like most personality disorders, narcissistic personality disorder typically will decrease in intensity with age, with many people experiencing few of the most extreme symptoms by the time they are in the 40s or 50s.

Learn more about the symptoms and characteristics of someone with narcissitic personality disorder.

How is Narcissistic Personality Disorder Diagnosed?

Personality disorders such as narcissistic personality disorder are typically diagnosed by a trained mental health professional, such as a psychologist or psychiatrist. Family physicians and general practitioners are generally not trained or well-equipped to make this type of psychological diagnosis. So while you can initially consult a family physician about this problem, they should refer you to a mental health professional for diagnosis and treatment. There are no laboratory, blood or genetic tests that are used to diagnose personality disorder.

Many people with narcissistic personality disorder don't seek out treatment. People with personality disorders, in general, do not often seek out treatment until the disorder starts to significantly interfere or otherwise impact a person's life. This most often happens when a person's coping resources are stretched too thin to deal with stress or other life events.

A diagnosis for narcissistic personality disorder is made by a mental health professional comparing your symptoms and life history with those listed here. They will make a determination whether your symptoms meet the criteria necessary for a personality disorder diagnosis.

Causes of Narcissistic Personality Disorder

Researchers today don't know what causes narcissistic personality disorder. There are many theories, however, about the possible causes of narcissistic personality disorder. Most professionals subscribe to a biopsychosocial model of causation -- that is, the causes of are likely due to biological and genetic factors, social factors (such as how a person interacts in their early development with their family and friends and other children), and psychological factors (the individual's personality and temperament, shaped by their environment and learned coping skills to deal with stress). This suggests that no single factor is responsible -- rather, it is the complex and likely intertwined nature of all three factors that are important. If a person has this personality disorder, research suggests that there is a slightly increased risk for this disorder to be "passed down" to their children.

Treatment of Narcissistic Personality Disorder

Treatment of narcissistic personality disorder typically involves long-term psychotherapy with a therapist that has experience in treating this kind of personality disorder. Medications may also be prescribed to help with specific troubling and debilitating symptoms.

Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder

Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder is characterized by a preoccupation with orderliness, perfectionism, and mental and interpersonal control, at the expense of flexibility, openness, and efficiency. This

When rules and established procedures do not dictate the correct answer, decision making may become a time-consuming, often painful process. Individuals with Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder may have such difficulty deciding which tasks take priority or what is the best way of doing some particular task that they may never get started on anything.

They are prone to become upset or angry in situations in which they are not able to maintain control of their physical or interpersonal environment, although the anger is typically not expressed directly. For example, a person may be angry when service in a restaurant is poor, but instead of complaining to the management, the individual ruminates about how much to leave as a tip. On other occasions, anger may be expressed with righteous indignation over a seemingly minor matter.

People with this disorder may be especially attentive to their relative status in dominance-submission relationships and may display excessive deference to an authority they respect and excessive resistance to authority that they do not respect.

Individuals with this disorder usually express affection in a highly controlled or stilted fashion and may be very uncomfortable in the presence of others who are emotionally expressive. Their everyday relationships have a formal and serious quality, and they may be stiff in situations in which others would smile and be happy (e.g., greeting a lover at the airport). They carefully hold themselves back until they are sure that whatever they say will be perfect. They may be preoccupied with logic and intellect.

Symptoms of Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder

A pervasive pattern of preoccupation with orderliness, perfectionism, and mental and interpersonal control, at the expense of flexibility, openness, and efficiency, beginning by early adulthood and present in a variety of contexts, as indicated by four (or more) of the following:

  • Is preoccupied with details, rules, lists, order, organization, or schedules to the extent that the major point of the activity is lost
  • Shows perfectionism that interferes with task completion (e.g., is unable to complete a project because his or her own overly strict standards are not met)
  • Is excessively devoted to work and productivity to the exclusion of leisure activities and friendships (not accounted for by obvious economic necessity)
  • Is overconscientious, scrupulous, and inflexible about matters of morality, ethics, or values (not accounted for by cultural or religious identification)
  • Is unable to discard worn-out or worthless objects even when they have no sentimental value
  • Is reluctant to delegate tasks or to work with others unless they submit to exactly his or her way of doing things
  • Adopts a miserly spending style toward both self and others; money is viewed as something to be hoarded for future catastrophes
  • Shows significant rigidity and stubbornness

As with all personality disorders, the person must be at least 18 years old before they can be diagnosed with it.

Obsessive-Compulsive personality disorder is approximately twice as prevalent in males than females, and occurs in about 1 percent of the general population.

Like most personality disorders, Obsessive-Compulsive personality disorder typically will decrease in intensity with age, with many people experiencing few of the most extreme symptoms by the time they are in the 40s or 50s.

How is Obsessive-compulsive Personality Disorder Diagnosed?

Personality disorders such as obsessive-compulsive personality disorder are typically diagnosed by a trained mental health professional, such as a psychologist or psychiatrist. Family physicians and general practitioners are generally not trained or well-equipped to make this type of psychological diagnosis. So while you can initially consult a family physician about this problem, they should refer you to a mental health professional for diagnosis and treatment. There are no laboratory, blood or genetic tests that are used to diagnose obsessive-compulsive personality disorder.

Many people with obsessive-compulsive personality disorder don't seek out treatment. People with personality disorders, in general, do not often seek out treatment until the disorder starts to significantly interfere or otherwise impact a person's life. This most often happens when a person's coping resources are stretched too thin to deal with stress or other life events.

A diagnosis for obsessive-compulsive personality disorder is made by a mental health professional comparing your symptoms and life history with those listed here. They will make a determination whether your symptoms meet the criteria necessary for a personality disorder diagnosis.

Causes of Obsessive-compulsive Personality Disorder

Researchers today don't know what causes obsessive-compulsive personality disorder. There are many theories, however, about the possible causes of obsessive-compulsive personality disorder. Most professionals subscribe to a biopsychosocial model of causation -- that is, the causes of are likely due to biological and genetic factors, social factors (such as how a person interacts in their early development with their family and friends and other children), and psychological factors (the individual's personality and temperament, shaped by their environment and learned coping skills to deal with stress). This suggests that no single factor is responsible -- rather, it is the complex and likely intertwined nature of all three factors that are important. If a person has this personality disorder, research suggests that there is a slightly increased risk for this disorder to be "passed down" to their children.

Treatment of Obsessive-compulsive Personality Disorder

Treatment of obsessive-compulsive personality disorder typically involves long-term psychotherapy with a therapist that has experience in treating this kind of personality disorder. Medications may also be prescribed to help with specific troubling and debilitating symptoms.

Paranoid Personality Disorder

People with paranoid personality disorder are generally characterized by having a long-standing pattern of pervasive distrust and suspiciousness of others. A person with paranoid personality disorder will nearly always believe that other people's motives are suspect or even malevolent. Individuals with this disorder assume that other people will exploit, harm, or deceive them, even if no evidence exists to support this expectation. While it is fairly normal for everyone to have some degree of paranoia about certain situations in their lives (such as worry about an impending set of layoffs at work), people with paranoid personality disorder take this to an extreme -- it pervades virtually every professional and personal relationship they have.

Individuals with Paranoid Personality Disorder are generally difficult to get along with and often have problems with close relationships. Their excessive suspiciousness and hostility may be expressed in overt argumentativeness, in recurrent complaining, or by quiet, apparently hostile aloofness. Because they are hypervigilant for potential threats, they may act in a guarded, secretive, or devious manner and appear to be "cold" and lacking in tender feelings. Although they may appear to be objective, rational, and unemotional, they more often display a labile range of affect, with hostile, stubborn, and sarcastic expressions predominating. Their combative and suspicious nature may elicit a hostile response in others, which then serves to confirm their original expectations.

Because individuals with Paranoid Personality Disorder lack trust in others, they have an excessive need to be self-sufficient and a strong sense of autonomy. They also need to have a high degree of control over those around them. They are often rigid, critical of others, and unable to collaborate, and they have great difficulty accepting criticism.

Symptoms of Paranoid Personality Disorder

A pervasive distrust and suspiciousness of others such that their motives are interpreted as malevolent, beginning by early adulthood and present in a variety of contexts, as indicated by four (or more) of the following:

  • Suspects, without sufficient basis, that others are exploiting, harming, or deceiving him or her
  • Is preoccupied with unjustified doubts about the loyalty or trustworthiness of friends or associates
  • Is reluctant to confide in others because of unwarranted fear that the information will be used maliciously against him or her
  • Reads hidden demeaning or threatening meanings into benign remarks or events
  • Persistently bears grudges, i.e., is unforgiving of insults, injuries, or slights
  • Perceives attacks on his or her character or reputation that are not apparent to others and is quick to react angrily or to counterattack
  • Has recurrent suspicions, without justification, regarding fidelity of spouse or sexual partner

As with all personality disorders, the person must be at least 18 years old before they can be diagnosed with it.

Paranoid personality disorder is more prevalent in males than females, and occurs somewhere between 0.5 and 2.5 percent in the general population.

Like most personality disorders, paranoid personality disorder typically will decrease in intensity with age, with many people experiencing few of the most extreme symptoms by the time they are in the 40s or 50s.

How is Paranoid Personality Disorder Diagnosed?

Personality disorders such as paranoid personality disorder are typically diagnosed by a trained mental health professional, such as a psychologist or psychiatrist. Family physicians and general practitioners are generally not trained or well-equipped to make this type of psychological diagnosis. So while you can initially consult a family physician about this problem, they should refer you to a mental health professional for diagnosis and treatment. There are no laboratory, blood or genetic tests that are used to diagnose paranoid personality disorder.

Many people with paranoid personality disorder don't seek out treatment. People with personality disorders, in general, do not often seek out treatment until the disorder starts to significantly interfere or otherwise impact a person's life. This most often happens when a person's coping resources are stretched too thin to deal with stress or other life events.

A diagnosis for paranoid personality disorder is made by a mental health professional comparing your symptoms and life history with those listed here. They will make a determination whether your symptoms meet the criteria necessary for a personality disorder diagnosis.

Causes of Paranoid Personality Disorder

Researchers today don't know what causes paranoid personality disorder. There are many theories, however, about the possible causes of paranoid personality disorder. Most professionals subscribe to a biopsychosocial model of causation -- that is, the causes of are likely due to biological and genetic factors, social factors (such as how a person interacts in their early development with their family and friends and other children), and psychological factors (the individual's personality and temperament, shaped by their environment and learned coping skills to deal with stress). This suggests that no single factor is responsible -- rather, it is the complex and likely intertwined nature of all three factors that are important. If a person has this personality disorder, research suggests that there is a slightly increased risk for this disorder to be "passed down" to their children.

Treatment of Paranoid Personality Disorder

Treatment of paranoid personality disorder typically involves long-term psychotherapy with a therapist that has experience in treating this kind of personality disorder. Medications may also be prescribed to help with specific troubling and debilitating symptoms.

Schizoid Personality Disorder

Schizoid Personality Disorder is characterized by a long-standing pattern of detachment from social relationships. A person with schizoid personality disorder often has difficulty expression emotions and does so typically in very restricted range, especially when communicating with others.

A person with this disorder may appear to lack a desire for intimacy, and will avoid close relationships with others. They may often prefer to spend time with themselves rather than socialize or be in a group of people. In laypeople terms, a person with schizoid personality disorder might be thought of as the typical "loner."

Individuals with Schizoid Personality Disorder may have particular difficulty expressing anger, even in response to direct provocation, which contributes to the impression that they lack emotion. Their lives sometimes seem directionless, and they may appear to "drift" in their goals. Such individuals often react passively to adverse circumstances and have difficulty responding appropriately to important life events. Because of their lack of social skills and lack of desire for sexual experiences, individuals with this disorder have few friendships, date infrequently, and often do not marry. Employment or work functioning may be impaired, particularly if interpersonal involvement is required, but individuals with this disorder may do well when they work under conditions of social isolation.

Symptoms of Schizoid Personality Disorder

Schizoid personality disorder is characterized by a pattern of detachment from social relationships and a restricted range of expression of emotions in interpersonal settings, beginning by early adulthood and present in a variety of contexts, as indicated by four (or more) of the following:

  • Neither desires nor enjoys close relationships, including being part of a family
  • Almost always chooses solitary activities
  • Has little, if any, interest in having sexual experiences with another person
  • Takes pleasure in few, if any, activities
  • Lacks close friends or confidants other than first-degree relatives
  • Appears indifferent to the praise or criticism of others
  • Shows emotional coldness, detachment, or flattened affectivity

As with all personality disorders, the person must be at least 18 years old before they can be diagnosed with it.

Schizoid personality disorder is more prevalent in males than females. Its prevalence in the general population is not known.

Like most personality disorders, schizoid personality disorder typically will decrease in intensity with age, with many people experiencing few of the most extreme symptoms by the time they are in the 40s or 50s.

How is Schizoid Personality Disorder Diagnosed?

Personality disorders such as schizoid personality disorder are typically diagnosed by a trained mental health professional, such as a psychologist or psychiatrist. Family physicians and general practitioners are generally not trained or well-equipped to make this type of psychological diagnosis. So while you can initially consult a family physician about this problem, they should refer you to a mental health professional for diagnosis and treatment. There are no laboratory, blood or genetic tests that are used to diagnose schizoid personality disorder.

Many people with schizoid personality disorder don't seek out treatment. People with personality disorders, in general, do not often seek out treatment until the disorder starts to significantly interfere or otherwise impact a person's life. This most often happens when a person's coping resources are stretched too thin to deal with stress or other life events.

A diagnosis for schizoid personality disorder is made by a mental health professional comparing your symptoms and life history with those listed here. They will make a determination whether your symptoms meet the criteria necessary for a personality disorder diagnosis.

Causes of Schizoid Personality Disorder

Researchers today don't know what causes schizoid personality disorder. There are many theories, however, about the possible causes of schizoid personality disorder. Most professionals subscribe to a biopsychosocial model of causation -- that is, the causes of are likely due to biological and genetic factors, social factors (such as how a person interacts in their early development with their family and friends and other children), and psychological factors (the individual's personality and temperament, shaped by their environment and learned coping skills to deal with stress). This suggests that no single factor is responsible -- rather, it is the complex and likely intertwined nature of all three factors that are important. If a person has this personality disorder, research suggests that there is a slightly increased risk for this disorder to be "passed down" to their children.

Treatment of Schizoid Personality Disorder

Treatment of schizoid personality disorder typically involves long-term psychotherapy with a therapist that has experience in treating this kind of personality disorder. Medications may also be prescribed to help with specific troubling and debilitating symptoms.

Schizotypal Personality Disorder

Schizotypal personality disorder is characterized by someone who has great difficulty in establishing and maintaining close relationships with others. A person with schizotypal personality disorder may have extreme discomfort with such relationships, and therefore have less of a capacity for them. Someone with this disorder usually has cognitive or perceptual distortions as well as eccentricities in their everyday behavior.

Individuals with Schizotypal Personality Disorder often have ideas of reference (e.g., they have incorrect interpretations of casual incidents and external events as having a particular and unusual meaning specifically for the person). People with this disorder may be unusually superstitious or preoccupied with paranormal phenomena that are outside the norms of their subculture.

Individuals with Schizotypal Personality Disorder often seek treatment for the associated symptoms of anxiety, depression, or other dysphoric affects rather than for the personality disorder features per se.

Symptoms of Schizotypal Personality Disorder

Schizotypal personality disorder is characterized by a pattern of social and interpersonal deficits marked by acute discomfort with, and reduced capacity for, close relationships as well as by cognitive or perceptual distortions and eccentricities of behavior, beginning by early adulthood and present in a variety of contexts, as indicated by five (or more) of the following:

  • Ideas of reference (excluding delusions of reference)
  • Odd beliefs or magical thinking that influences behavior and is inconsistent with subcultural norms (e.g., superstitiousness, belief in clairvoyance, telepathy, or "sixth sense"; in children and adolescents, bizarre fantasies or preoccupations)
  • Unusual perceptual experiences, including bodily illusions
  • Odd thinking and speech (e.g., vague, circumstantial, metaphorical, overelaborate, or stereotyped)
  • Suspiciousness or paranoid ideation
  • Inappropriate or constricted affect
  • Behavior or appearance that is odd, eccentric, or peculiar
  • Lack of close friends or confidants other than first-degree relatives
  • Excessive social anxiety that does not diminish with familiarity and tends to be associated with paranoid fears rather than negative judgments about self

As with all personality disorders, the person must be at least 18 years old before they can be diagnosed with it.

Schizotypal personality disorder appears in less than 3 percent of the general population.

Like most personality disorders, schizotypal personality disorder typically will decrease in intensity with age, with many people experiencing few of the most extreme symptoms by the time they are in the 40s or 50s.

How is Schizotypal Personality Disorder Diagnosed?

Personality disorders such as schizotypal personality disorder are typically diagnosed by a trained mental health professional, such as a psychologist or psychiatrist. Family physicians and general practitioners are generally not trained or well-equipped to make this type of psychological diagnosis. So while you can initially consult a family physician about this problem, they should refer you to a mental health professional for diagnosis and treatment. There are no laboratory, blood or genetic tests that are used to diagnose schizotypal personality disorder.

Many people with schizotypal personality disorder don't seek out treatment. People with personality disorders, in general, do not often seek out treatment until the disorder starts to significantly interfere or otherwise impact a person's life. This most often happens when a person's coping resources are stretched too thin to deal with stress or other life events.

A diagnosis for schizotypal personality disorder is made by a mental health professional comparing your symptoms and life history with those listed here. They will make a determination whether your symptoms meet the criteria necessary for a personality disorder diagnosis.

Causes of Schizotypal Personality Disorder

Researchers today don't know what causes schizotypal personality disorder. There are many theories, however, about the possible causes of schizotypal personality disorder. Most professionals subscribe to a biopsychosocial model of causation -- that is, the causes of are likely due to biological and genetic factors, social factors (such as how a person interacts in their early development with their family and friends and other children), and psychological factors (the individual's personality and temperament, shaped by their environment and learned coping skills to deal with stress). This suggests that no single factor is responsible -- rather, it is the complex and likely intertwined nature of all three factors that are important. If a person has this personality disorder, research suggests that there is a slightly increased risk for this disorder to be "passed down" to their children.

Treatment of Schizotypal Personality Disorder

Treatment of schizotypal personality disorder typically involves long-term psychotherapy with a therapist that has experience in treating this kind of personality disorder. Medications may also be prescribed to help with specific troubling and debilitating symptoms.


Doctor(Physician)License
Medical Education Resources for Specific Types of Aspiring and Existing Physicians
Where are medical education resources for specific types of aspiring physicians and existing physicians?
Here are further guidelines: www.qureshiuniversity.org/health.html

Where are guidelines for specific patients or their relatives and well-wishers?
Here are further guidelines: www.qureshiuniversity.org/health.html

Medical college or medical education resources relevant recommendations in various states.

What are various medical colleges or medical education resources relevant recommendations in various states?
Courses: Do not elaborate like MBBS, MD, MS, Mch, DM, MS PG, PG Diploma, DM

What are requirements for specific types of physicians in various states around the world?
Take a look at this.
At least 16 types of specific physicians.
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/health.html#
Specific types of physicians with seniority within and outside the state around the world.

There are 16 types of specific physician required at this point in every state.
Your MBBS, MD, MS, Mch, DM, MS PG, PG Diploma, and DM courses do not explain all of these 16 specific types of physicians.

Existing physicians at various locations around the world.

What is known about existing individuals claiming to be specific physicians?
Everyone knows you people have been selected with fraud, deceit, bribery, and cheating.
You must publicly prove your competence by circulating human healthcare guidelines at least through the Internet.
If any human healthcare emergency issues come up, these are your duties to prove that you are competent and can guide others.

Slowly early retirement must be sought for those individuals who cannot publicly at least through the Internet prove their competence. This was circulated on September 10, 2016.

Who is circulating these guidelines?
Name of physician: Doctor Asif Qrueshi
Date of birth: March 30, 1967
Address: 5042 N. Winthrop Ave. #237, Chicago, Illinois 60640, verified on April 19, 2016
Physician specified license valid for: Indefinitely
Doctor Asif Qureshi has been a licensed physician since 1993. His original physician license was issued in Karnataka, Asia.
Physician type: Guide to mentioned physicians
  1. Physician primary care aspiring

  2. Physician primary care existing

  3. Physician intensive care unit aspiring

  4. Physician intensive care unit existing.

  5. Physician medical emergency room aspiring

  6. Physician medical emergency room existing

  7. Physician medical emergency responder aspiring

  8. Physician medical emergency responder existing

  9. Physician surgeon medical emergency aspiring

  10. Physician surgeon medical emergency existing

  11. Physician surgeon elective surgery aspiring

  12. Physician surgeon elective surgery existing

  13. Physician anesthetist medical emergency aspiring

  14. Physician anesthetist medical emergency existing

  15. Physician hospitalist (takes care of hospital ward patients) aspiring

  16. Physician hospitalist (takes care of hospital ward patients) existing

  17. Physician forensic psychiatry aspiring

  18. Physician forensic psychiatry existing

  19. Physician forensic pathology aspiring

  20. Physician forensic pathology existing

  21. Physician Internet aspiring

  22. Physician Internet existing

Physician hospitalists (take care of hospital ward patients) must be able to enhance other human healthcare settings annually, such as primary healthcare, Internet human healthcare, medical emergency room healthcare, and other settings, to get their License of Physician hospitalist (taking care of hospital ward patients).

Guidelines for future review for others physicians have been placed in writing on the Internet.
Abilities to guide other professions are elaborated on at the mentioned resources (more than 909 professions):
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/professionsworld.html
Type of posting: Exempt posting

Every state has enough buildings for human healthcare resources.
Quality of medical education resources for aspiring and existing specific physicians needs to be enhanced.
Here are further guidelines www.qureshiuniversity.org/health.html

Here are further guidelines.

A–Z alphabetical listing of human health emergency symptoms and signs.
Emergency Medicine/Global Medicine
Medical Emergency
Patient assessment
Medical emergencies.
Where is the patient now?

________________________________________

What seems to be the issue or issues?

________________________________________

What are examples of emergency relevant to an individual?
What are various symptoms, signs, statements, questions, issues, and histories that should raise suspicion of a medical emergency?


There are at least 155 such symptoms, signs, statements, questions, issues, histories, and scenarios.
  1. Agitated Patient (Acute stress reaction.)

  2. Attempted suicide.

  3. Attempted homicide.

  4. Abuse.

  5. Abdominal Pain.(Stomach pain)

  6. Altered sensorium.

  7. Any sudden or severe pain.

  8. Animal bites (may require rabies or tetanus shot).

  9. Armed Robbery.

  10. Allergic reactions.

  11. Breathing difficulties.

  12. Behavior that is dangerous to self or others and cannot be managed.

  13. Bleeding from any orifice or any part of human body that will not stop.

  14. Bleeding which does not stop after applying pressure.

  15. Being beaten by someone.

  16. Burns.

  17. Bites.

  18. Bloody Sputum

  19. Broken bones.

  20. Behavior-related emergencies.

  21. Change in mental status (such as unusual behavior, confusion, and difficulty arousing).

  22. Changes in vision.

  23. Chest pain.

  24. Choking.

  25. Cough with fever.

  26. Coughing up or vomiting blood.

  27. Confusion or changes in mental status

  28. Cuts and abrasions.

  29. Chest or upper abdominal pain or pressure lasting two minutes or more.

  30. Diarrhea

  31. Difficulty breathing.

  32. Difficulty speaking.

  33. Disoriented.

  34. Difficulty getting up.

  35. Difficulty in passing urine.

  36. Difficulty in passing feces.

  37. Domestic Violence

  38. Dramatic change in facial expression or demeanor.

  39. Drowning or near drowning

  40. Dental emergencies.

  41. Emergency diagnosis and treatment in neonatal period.

  42. Emergency diagnosis and treatment after neonatal period.

  43. Earaches and ear infections.

  44. Electrical injury shock.

  45. Emergency Food

  46. Environmental factors (hostile environment).

  47. Evidence of pain or discomfort that is not easily explained.

  48. Fainting.

  49. Fever.

  50. Foreign bodies in nose or ears.

  51. Fainting or loss of consciousness.

  52. Fainting, sudden dizziness, weakness, seizure.

  53. Feeling of committing suicide or murder.

  54. Fever with breathlessness. (Onset of fever of 101 degrees or higher.)

  55. Functional impairment (not taking care of self. inability to gain relevant skills and knowledge relevant to age).

  56. Human Rights Violations

  57. Head or spine injury.

  58. Head injury.

  59. Human Pregnancy Emergencies

  60. Hypothermia - frostbite.

  61. Head pain that lasts longer than five minutes.

  62. Holding abdomen.

  63. Infection at injury site.

  64. Intentional enforced harms.

  65. Involuntary admission to a psychiatric facility

  66. Loss of consciousness.

  67. Loss of consciousness not related to a seizure

  68. Loosening of social inhibitions.

  69. Likely to be harmful to self or others.

  70. Low abdominal pain.

  71. Medicine overdose.

  72. Major burns.

  73. Medicolegal cases

  74. Nosebleeds.

  75. New or sudden onset of incontinence.

  76. No pulse

  77. Onset of limping, inability to walk, or difficulty in movement.

  78. Pain.

  79. Palpitations.

  80. Poisoning.

  81. Poisoning including overdoses of medication.

  82. Persistent or severe vomiting.

  83. Persistent unexplained fever even with Tylenol use.

  84. Puncture wounds.

  85. Personality disorders (harmful to others). Panic attacks.

  86. Psychosis(delusions, hallucinations, catatonia, thought disorder, loss of contact with reality).

  87. Rape.

  88. Pregnancy-related emergencies.

  89. Possible serious bone fractures.

  90. Rapid change in behavior or an increase in challenging behavior such as aggression or self-injurious behavior.

  91. Rashes.

  92. Rash lasting several days or getting worse.

  93. Scratching (Intense)

  94. Severe sore throat/difficulty swallowing.

  95. Survival Needs

  96. Starvation

  97. Suicidal feelings.

  98. Surgical Emergencies

  99. Significant trauma (to the head, stomach, chest)

  100. Syncope.

  101. Seizures.

  102. Seizure lasting over five minutes or continuous seizures

  103. Severe asthmatic attack when prescribed medications do not work

  104. Severe injuries as a result of accidents such as broken bones

  105. Severe reactions to a medication with difficulty breathing or itching.

  106. Severe reactions to insect bites or other previously unknown allergic reactions

  107. Sore throat & fever

  108. Sunburn.

  109. Severe neck or back injury.

  110. Sexual intercourse due to conspiracy.

  111. Severe or persistent vomiting.

  112. Severe or persistent vomiting or diarrhea.

  113. Severe headache.

  114. Severe burns.

  115. Severe pain in any part of the body that does not subside.

  116. Serious drug reactions with psychiatric or non-psychiatric medications.

  117. Syncope or unconsciousness.

  118. Sudden or severe pain.

  119. Sudden loss of vision.

  120. Suicidal or homicidal feelings.

  121. Sudden asthma attack that does not stop.

  122. Sudden numbness or not being able to move an arm, leg, or one side of the body.

  123. Sever headache with fever or vomiting.

  124. Sudden injury or trauma due to a motor vehicle crash, burns, smoke inhalation, near drowning, wound, etc.

  125. Substance abuse.

  126. Sudden severe pain anywhere in the body.

  127. Sudden dizziness, weakness, or change in vision.

  128. Swallowing a poisonous substance.

  129. Shock symptoms, e.g., confusion, disorientation, cool/clammy, pale skin.

  130. Severe or persistent vomiting or diarrhea.

  131. Sleeping most of the day; unusual difficulty in arousing; unusual fatigue.

  132. Stroke or suspected stroke (paralysis, numbness, confusion)

  133. Swelling that is new

  134. Trauma with unconsciousness.

  135. Trauma with cuts, sprains, or abrasions.

  136. Trauma with open fracture.

  137. Trauma with pain on mobility.

  138. Trauma with swelling.

  139. Unable to detect breathing

  140. Unconsciousness.

  141. Unconsciousness with diabetes.

  142. Unconsciousness at a public location.

  143. Sudden unconsciousness at home.

  144. Unable to move

  145. Uncontrolled bleeding

  146. Upper abdominal pain.

  147. Uncontrolled bleeding.

  148. Unusual abdominal pain.

  149. Unusual or persistent abdominal pain.

  150. Unexplained stupor, drowsiness or disorientation.

  151. Violence

  152. Violence or other rapid changes in behavior.

  153. Vomiting

  154. Vomiting or coughing blood.

  155. Vomiting and diarrhea.
What will happen if you do not diagnose and treat a medical emergency properly?
It can lead to death.
It can lead to disability.
It can lead to other harms.
It can lead to medical malpractice.
It can lead to legal malpractice.

Techniques
Techniques Relevant to Human Healthcare for Specific Physicians
Existing Medical and Surgical Techniques
New Medical Techniques
New Surgical Techniques
Categories of techniques

What are various categories of techniques?
Alphabetical listing of techniques.
Techniques relevant to specific professions.
Techniques relevant to specific departments inside and outside the state.
Techniques can also be categorized as per departments in the state, subjects, age, and profession.
Here we are elaborating on techniques useful for specific physicians.

http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/techniques.html

Take a look at this.
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/technique.html

http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/techniques.html

Difference between a technique and a trick.

What should you know before you decide to learn any technique?
Difference between a technique and a trick.

Is there difference between a technique and a trick?
Yes.

What is the difference between a technique and a trick?
A technique relevant to the situation is justified.
A trick is not justified.
A trick is an unfair or unpleasant thing that you do in order to harm someone.
Do not even think of using any trick.
Sooner or later you and others will be caught and punished.

Surgical procedures

What are the various surgical procedures?
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/listofsurgicalprocedures.html
Surgical emergencies
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/surgicalemergencies1.html

Elective surgery
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/electivesurgery.html

Surgical Skills

Do you know various surgical skills?
What are various surgical skills?


What is a surgical technique?
A systematic surgical procedure by which a medical condition is treated.

What questions should you answer in case you introduce new surgical technique?
Is this a new surgical technique or already listed in surgical skills practiced by others on human beings?


New Surgical Technique

Is there any specific name for this new surgical technique?
What is the name of this new surgical technique?
Have you discussed with other doctors the benefits, complications, and harms due to this new surgical technique?
For what type of patients is diagnosis and treatment with this new surgical technique useful?
How is this surgical technique going to improve the condition of the patient?
How is this surgical technique performed, from beginning to end?
For what medical condition is this surgical technique the only option of treatment?
What issues is this medical condition causing the patient?
What complications can occur due to this surgical technique?

Emergency Diagnosis and Treatment
What are the types of patient assessment?
Patient 60-second assessment by call center/Internet/telemedicine.
Patient 60-second on-the-spot diagnosis and treatment.
Patient 60-second assessment in trauma.
Patient 10-minutes assessment in a medical emergency room.
Patient-focused history and physical exam.
Comprehensive patient assessment.


What is a medical emergency?
If a human being has any problem, symptom, complaint, or situation listed below, it is a medical emergency.
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/medicalemergency.html

What best describes the problem, symptom, complaint, or situation in the list?

_________________________

What type of assessment does this patient need?

_________________________

What will happen if this medical condition is left without treatment?

_________________________

The individual can die.
The individual can have a disability.
The individual can have severe pain.
The individual can have irreparable harm.

Does this situation need a doctor?

_________________________

What should be displayed on an emergency medical record?
Details of the patient.
Details of the diagnosing and treating medical doctor.


Details of the patient.

What should be your first question in case a patient is referred to you?

Patient 60-second assessment by call center/Internet/telemedicine.

Where is the patient now?

_________________________

How old is the patient?

_________________________

What is the gender of the patient?

_________________________

Who is reporting this emergency?

_________________________

What are the sources of medical history?

_________________________

Patient.
Family.
Patient not responding to medical history questions.
Community member.
Police officer.
Referral from medical doctor.
Other.

How much time has elapsed from the start of the emergency until now?

_________________________

Does one individual or many individuals have medical emergencies at this location?

_________________________

How many individuals have medical emergencies at this location?

_________________________

A medical emergency with an individual victim.
A multiple casualty incident.
Do you think this is a multiple causality incident?
If it is a multiple causality incident, the guidelines are different.

Check vital signs, mobility, and survival needs.

Consciousness of a human being has to be included in vital signs.

Vital Signs

Consciousness, pulse, blood pressure, respiratory rate, temperature.

Consciousness is extremely essential in reaching a correct diagnosis and treatment.

What are the vital signs on the date and time of diagnosis and treatment?

Date: Time: Consciousness: Pulse: Blood pressure: Respiratory rate: Temperature:
______ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______
______ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______
______ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______

How do you categorize the condition of the patient?

_________________________

Undetermined
Good
Fair
Serious
Critical

Is this an emergency?

_________________________

What is the category of this emergency?

_________________________

Is this a medical emergency?

_________________________

In what type of setting does this patient need treatment?

_________________________
Here are various examples.
Critical care
Coroner investigations
Emergency room health care
Emergency call center
Hospital ward
Home health care
Internet human health care services
Labor, delivery, and recovery rooms
Medicolegal cases
On-the-spot diagnosis and treatment
Operating rooms
Other


Who has the duty to manage this emergency?

_________________________

What best describes this human emergency?

_________________________

Medical emergency
Surgical emergency
Trauma emergency
Pediatric emergency
Obstetrical/gynecological emergency
Medico legal case
Patient assessment
Patient 60-second on-the-spot diagnosis and treatment.

What problems, complaints, incidents, and issues need on-the-spot diagnosis and treatment?
Unconsciousness at a public location.
Sudden unconsciousness at home.
Trauma
Survival Needs
Seizures
Burns
Drowning
Human Pregnancy Emergencies
Here are further guidelines.
What is the reason for consultation?

_________________________

What seems to be the problem?

_________________________

How much time has elapsed from the start of the emergency until now?

_________________________

Does one individual or many individuals have medical emergencies at this location?

_________________________

How many individuals have medical emergencies at this location?

_________________________

What best describes your problem?

_________________________

Patient Name:________________________

Referred by:_________________________

Mailing Address:_____________________

Telephone:___________________________

Your Email Address:__________________

Date of Birth:_______________________

Gender: Male Female

Primary Care Physician Name, Address and Phone:__________________

Emergency Contact Name:______________

Relationship:________________________

Phone:_______________________________

Your Height:_________________________

Your Weight:_________________________

Race::_______________________________

White
Black/African American
Hispanic/Latino
Pacific Islander
Asian
Asian/American

Conscious

Can the patient talk?
Can the patient respond to verbal questions accurately?
Can the patient do spontaneous eye opening?
Does the patient respond to painful stimulus?
Is the patient conscious, oriented in time, space, and person?
Conscious means able to see, hear, and talk.
In pediatric patients younger than six months of age, the ability to make any verbal noise or cry is equivalent to talking.

What is the location of patient at the point of the medical emergency?
Can the patient talk relevant to age?
Can the patient walk relevant to age?
Are consciousness, pulse, blood pressure, and respiratory rate normal relevant to age?
What is the cause of the existing emergency medical scenario?

Here are further guidelines.

Here are further guidelines.

Emergency medical history

What questions should you ask in emergency medical history?
How do you do a quick assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of a conscious patient?
Are you the person reporting a medical emergency for yourself?
Emergency
How do you do a quick assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of an unconscious patient?
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/medicalhistory.html

http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/vitals.html
Mobility
Survival Needs
Details of the diagnosing and treating medical doctor.

What is the name, date of birth, phone number, and other contact information of the person diagnosing and treating this patient?

_____________________________________________

What is the date and time you are diagnosing and treating this patient?

_____________________________________________

What is the location of the patient at the time you are diagnosing and treating this patient?

_____________________________________________

What best describes the location of diagnosis and treatment of this case?
1. On-the-spot diagnosis and treatment.
2. Emergency room diagnosis and treatment.
3. In the hospital diagnosis and treatment.
4. Long-distance health care advice.
5. Other
_____________________________________________
Can you reach a correct diagnosis and treatment of a human being?

_____________________________________________

What is the diagnosis of this patient?

_____________________________________________

How did your reach this diagnosis?

_____________________________________________

What is the treatment for this patient?

_____________________________________________

Does the patient need to be transferred to a medical emergency room?

_____________________________________________

In America up to February 12, 2012, most emergency medical records did not have these facts.

In what emergency medical category do you fit the condition of the patient you are diagnosing and treating on this date and time?

Undetermined, Good, Fair, Serious, Critical.

If on-the-spot diagnosis of a patient declared in serious or critical condition, arrange a bed in the Intensive Care unit.

Date of Examination:_________________________

Physician Name:_________________________

Physician Address:_________________________

Are all vital signs normal?

________________________________________

Can the person move relevant to age?

________________________________________

Has the person been provided with survival resources?

________________________________________

Does the person or caregiver complaint of anything?

________________________________________

Are these justified complaints?

________________________________________

Is it a Medical Emergency?

___________________________

In what type of setting does this patient need treatment?

___________________________

Do any recent causes lead to this problem; for example, trauma, missed medication, inadequate survival needs, stress, or other issue?

___________________________

What are further details?

___________________________

Does any past medical history lead to this problem?

___________________________

Is there any recent history within past few minutes or hours of any of the following:
1.Unconsciousness at a public location.
2.Sudden unconsciousness at home.
3.Trauma.
4.Survival needs issues.
5.Seizures.
6.Burns.
7.Drowning.


___________________________

If there is even one recent history of the above, on the spot diagnosis and treatment is required.

Is the victim's condition life or limb threatening?

___________________________

Could the victim's condition worsen and become life or limb-threatening on the way to the hospital?

___________________________

Could moving the victim cause further injury?

___________________________

Does the victim need the skills or equipment of paramedics or emergency medical technicians?

___________________________

Would distance or traffic conditions cause a delay in getting the victim to the hospital?

___________________________

What have been his activities for the last 10 years?

___________________________

Does the individual use or abuse any of these substances?
Alcohol.
Drugs.
Tobacco.

___________________________

Is the individual on any medication?

___________________________

Questions doctor on duty needs to answer.

Is it a medical emergency?

___________________________

What is the diagnosis?

___________________________

In what setting/location does this medical condition need treatment?
Treatment required on the spot.
Treatment required in the medical emergency room.
Treatment required in the intensive care unit.
Treatment required in the ward.
Treatment required in the operating room.
Treatment required at home.
Treatment required Internet health care.
Treatment required in OPD consultation.

___________________________

What treatment do you recommend for this patient?

___________________________

What are other treatment options for this patient?
No other treatment option.
Other treatment options are enumerated.

___________________________

Prescription
Here are further guidelines.
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/medicalemergencysymptoms.html

New Medical Colleges’ Opening Issues in Various States
Should you open new medical colleges in any state from June 4, 2017, onwards?
No.

Why should no new medical colleges be opened?
Existing medical colleges in various states are in horrible conditions.
Existing healthcare services in every state are in horrible conditions.
The curriculum is not up to date.
Specific physicians are not being educated relevant to existing requirements.
Specific physicians are not publicly guiding the public, aspiring physicians, and existing physicians.

Why was there need to elaborate on these issues?
On June 4, 2017, news was circulated from Srinagar, Kashmir, that 5 new medical colleges were being opened in Kashmir, with an intake capacity of 100 MBBS students. This is more than enough proof that those who circulated this information do not know the existing requirement of specific medical doctors. MBBS must be discarded. Requirements for the mentioned specialists must be circulated.

What is the requirement at this point of every state relevant to specific medical doctors?
18 specific types of physicians are required.
Direct selection of the 18 specific types of physicians must proceed.

What types of physicians are required at this point within and outside the state?
  1. Physician Internet Human health services. http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/health.html

  2. Physician guide for at least 18 types of physicians. http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/health.html

  3. Physician primary care
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/primarycarephysician.html

  4. Physician intensive care unit
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/criticalcareworld.html

  5. Physician medical emergency room
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/emergencymedicinedoctor.html

  6. Physician medical emergency responder
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/emergencymedicalresponder.html

  7. Physician surgeon medical emergency
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/surgeryworld.html

  8. Physician surgeon elective surgery
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/surgeryworld.html

  9. Physician anesthetist medical emergency
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/anesthesiologist.html

  10. Physician guide to physician or physicians
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/healthcareworld.html

  11. Physician hospitalist (takes care of hospital ward patients)
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/hospitalist.html

  12. Physician forensic psychiatry
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/forensicpsychiatrist.html

  13. Physician Forensic Pathology
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/forensicpathologist.html

  14. Physical Therapist
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/physicaltherapist.html

  15. Physician director of public health of the state.
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/physiciandirectorpublichealth.html

  16. Physician director of health of the state.
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/physiciandirectorhealth.html

  17. Physician medical superintendent of a hospital in the state.
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/physicianmedicalsuperintendent.html

  18. Physician of public health in the state.
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/physicianpublichealthworld.html

I can guide all of them.
Declares Doctor Asif Qureshi.
A forensic psychiatrist is a rare entity.
All subordinates must do research every day relevant to their specific profession.

Interview specific human healthcare executives inside and outside the state.

Samia Rashid has been circulated as the principal of the government medical college in Srinagar.

Let’s interview her.

What are the duties of the director of public health of the state?

What are the duties of the director of health of the state?

What are the duties of the principal of the medical college, for example the principal of the government medical college in Srinagar?

How many specific physicians are in the state at this point relevant to the 18 mentioned specific medical specialties on June 4, 2017?

Where are the profiles of all the medical doctors displayed on the Internet for the 18 medical specialties on June 4, 2017, in the state?

How many and what specific types of physicians can you guide?

What are the various human healthcare issues in the state that need to be fixed immediately?

Samia Rashid: What did you understand from complaint at http://www.nazianazirqazi.org/ facts?

How do you plan to improve healthcare services in the state?

You are required to answer these questions publicly before 1 PM on June 7, 2017.


Samia Rashid failed to answer questions relevant to her profession on or before 1 PM on June 7, 2017.
Even as of June 22, 2017, Samia Rashid was not able to answer the relevant questions.

Samia Rashid, you are being given another chance to prove your competence.
You are required to answer these questions publicly through the Internet on or before 1 PM your local time on June 29, 2017.

What are the duties of the director of public health of the state?

What are the duties of the director of health of the state?

What are the duties of the principal of the medical college, for example the principal of the government medical college in Srinagar?

How many specific physicians are in the state at this point relevant to the 18 mentioned specific medical specialties on June 29, 2017?

Where are the profiles of all the medical doctors displayed on the Internet for the 18 medical specialties on June 29, 2017, in the state?

How many and what specific types of physicians can you guide?

What are the various human healthcare issues in the state that need to be fixed immediately?

Samia Rashid: What did you understand from complaint at http://www.nazianazirqazi.org/ facts?

How do you plan to improve healthcare services in the state?

What are the types of physicians?

What are the types of physicians according to human healthcare setting?

What are the duties of the medical superintendent of a hospital in the state?

What are the duties of the supervisor of the medical emergency room in the state?

How many medical emergency locations are there in the state?

What are the duties of the supervisor of the critical care unit in the state?

How many critical care units are located in the state?

Who has the responsibility to supervise primary care physicians in the state?

Who has the responsibility to supervise medical emergency responders in the state?

What are examples of various medicolegal cases inside and outside the state?

What should happen if Samia Rashid again fails to answer these questions?

The nomination of new principal of the government medical college in Srinagar.
Samia Rashid cannot serve as any kind of physician.
Samia Rashid cannot even enter any hospital premises.
Samia Rashid should be declared incompetent pending further investigations and as additional harms unfold.

Who must be named the new principal of the government medical college in Srinagar?
A person who can answer these questions publicly through the Internet.
This requires a person who has extensive experience in human healthcare as a physician in the real world.

Interview with A. G. Ahangar Soura Institute of Medical Sciences, Srinagar, July 12, 2017.

How do you prove there are criminal lobbies within the system?

A. G. Ahangar, in your interview uploaded July 2, 2017, you seem to have praised Sheikh Abdullah, Farooq Abdullah, Omar Abdullah, and Mehbooba Mufti: Where have they displayed specific guidelines July 2, 2017, for specific physicians who deserve praise?

Where on the Internet is a roster from SKIMS relevant to physicians on duty in the ER, ICU, wards, ER surgery, elective surgery, primary care, medical superintendents, public health, forensic psychiatrists, forensic pathologists, labs, and administrative issues?

A. G. Ahangar SKIMS Srinagar: If the medical superintendent of SKIMS is there, why do we need a person like you?

A. G. Ahangar SKIMS Srinagar: Do you know those who participated in the portal hypertension CME on July 2, 2017, have various criminal complaints against them?

A. G. Ahangar: What do you understand about a criminal complaint against you and those with whom you have associated?

A. G. Ahangar: What did you understand from the complaint at http://www.nazianazirqazi.org/facts?


We will stop this here; once we get answers to these questions, we will proceed again.

A. G. Ahangar Soura Institute of Medical Sciences, Srinagar, you are required to answer these questions publicly by 1 PM on or before Tuesday July 18, 2017.

The failure of A. G. Ahangar Soura Institute of Medical Sciences, Srinagar, to answer these questions publicly by 1 PM on or before Tuesday July 18, 2017, will result in all duties being mainly managed by the superintendent of the Soura Institute of Medical Sciences, Srinagar, with additional staff.

What is the audience for these resources?
Entire world population.

Who has established these resources?
Doctor Asif Qureshi
Doctor Asif Qureshi can guide all types of physicians. In addition to physicians, Doctor Asif Qureshi can guide a teacher, lawyer, engineer, and other executives in the state and outside the state.
When was this resource last updated?
Last Updated: August 19, 2017