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Medical Assistant
What should you know about this profession?
Annotation or definition.
Abilities
Area of service
Communication Skills
Duties
Department affiliation
Education
Equipment/resources (tools & technology).
General abilities
Ideas
Interests
Job zone
Knowledge
License for this profession
Location of work
Meetings
Number of professionals/workers required
Number of professionals/workers required outside the state
Prosecuting officer state police.
Profession-specific abilities
Related occupations/professions
Remuneration
Requirement for human resources
Resources for work
Scientific Skills
Skills
Sources of additional information
Supervisor
Tasks
Tools and technology
Training program
Venipuncture procedure
Work activities
Work context
Work credits
Work Environment
Work hours
Work styles
Work values

Annotation or definition.
What profession is been described in these guidelines?
Medical Assistant

What are other names for this profession?
Medical office assistant
Clinical assistant
Assistant medical officer

What healthcare professionals are required at a primary health center in the state?
What is an example of a primary care physician?
What is the difference between a primary care physician training program and a primary care physician on duty at a location?
What is a Medical Assistant?
Why is a medical assistant required at a primary health center?
Why was there a need to elaborate on medical assistant in the state?
What is the ideal location of work of medical assistant in the state?
What are the duties of a medical assistant at a primary health center in the state?
How is a primary health center better nowadays?
What is a typical work environment of a medical assistant at primary health center?
What are working hours of a medical assistant?
What is included in a human blood Chemistry Panel & Complete Blood Count (CBC)?
How many steps are there in drawing of blood by venipuncture for human blood Chemistry Panel & Complete Blood Count (CBC)?
What steps are required for drawing of blood by venipuncture for human blood Chemistry Panel & Complete Blood Count (CBC)?
What other duties can a medical assistant have at primary health center in addition to drawing of blood venipunture for human blood chemistry and CBC?
What are the duties of a nurse at a primary health center in the state?
What are the duties of a desk clerk at a primary health center in the state?

Medical Assistant
What healthcare professionals are required at a primary health center in the state?
Primary care physician
Physician assistant
Medical assistant
Nurse
Desk clerk
Counselor

What is an example of a primary care physician?
On September 10, 2015, Doctor Munawara Sultana worked as a primary care physician at Uptown Community Health Center, 4867 N. Broadway Ave., Chicago, Illinois 60640-3603. This is an example of a primary care physician.

What is the difference between a primary care physician training program and a primary care physician on duty at a location?
Establishing a training program for primary care physicians and working at a specific location 9-5 as a primary care physician are two different services.

What is a Medical Assistant?
Medical assistants work alongside physicians, mainly in outpatient or ambulatory care facilities, such as medical offices and clinics.

Why is a medical assistant required at a primary health center?
A physician asks for human blood tests.
The medical assistant at a primary health center draws human blood for human blood chemistry analysis.

Why was there a need to elaborate on medical assistant in the state?
People confuse medical assistant with laboratory technician of emergency room.

What is the ideal location of work of medical assistant in the state?
Primary health center.

Duties
What are the duties of a medical assistant at a primary health center in the state?
A medical assistant at a primary health center draws blood from the individual and forwards the blood samples to the laboratory for analysis.

What other duties can a medical assistant have at primary health center in addition to drawing of blood venipunture for human blood chemistry and CBC?
Administrative Duties (may include, but not limited to):
Using computer applications
Answering telephones
Greeting patients
Updating and filing patient medical records
Coding and filling out insurance forms
Scheduling appointments
Arranging for hospital admissions and laboratory services
Handling correspondence, billing, and bookkeeping

Clinical Duties (may include, but not limited to):
Taking medical histories
Explaining treatment procedures to patients
Preparing patients for examination
Assisting the physician during exams
Collecting and preparing laboratory specimens
Performing basic laboratory tests
Instructing patients about medication and special diets
Preparing and administering medications as directed by a physician
Authorizing prescription refills as directed
Drawing blood
Taking electrocardiograms
Removing sutures and changing dressings

How is a primary health center better nowadays?
Nowadays, a primary health center has a medical assistant who can draw blood from an individual and forward it to the laboratory for analysis.
In the past, the individual had to be referred to a hospital for blood tests.
Nowadays, lab results are uploaded via computers and Internet.
You can visualize lab test results via computer and Internet.

What is a typical work environment of a medical assistant at primary health center?
This story is about a medical assistant named Angel.
On September 10, 2015, she worked at Uptown Community Center, 4867 N. Broadway Ave., Chicago, Illinois 60640-3603.

What are working hours of a medical assistant?
8 am to 5 pm Monday through Friday.
Saturday and Sunday, the primary health center is usually closed.
Ideally, the primary health center should be open for a few hours Saturday and Sunday.

Chemistry Panel & Complete Blood Count (CBC)

What is included in a human blood Chemistry Panel & Complete Blood Count (CBC)?
Take a look at this.

Lab Report: CBC With Differential/Platelet, Comp. Metabolic Panel (14)
Complete Blood Count
How is it used?
When is it ordered?
What does the test result mean?
Is there anything else I should know?
What does the test include?
The test includes:
Red blood cell count
White blood cell count
Platelet count
Hemoglobin
Hematocrit
RDW
MCV
MCH
MCHC
Neutrophils
Neutrophils, Absolute
Lymphocytes
Monocytes
Eosinophils
Basophils
Lymphocytes Absolute
Monocytes Absolute
Eosinophils Absolute
Basophils Absolute
Blood Serum Chemistry - Normal Values

Drawing of blood by venipuncture
Drawing of blood by venipuncture for human blood Chemistry Panel & Complete Blood Count (CBC)
Venipuncture procedure
How many steps are there in drawing of blood by venipuncture for human blood Chemistry Panel & Complete Blood Count (CBC)?
20

What steps are required for drawing of blood by venipuncture for human blood Chemistry Panel & Complete Blood Count (CBC)?
Practice Universal Precautions using gloves, eye protection, and lab coats.
Always use sterile, single-use, disposable supplies for sample collection.

Venipuncture procedure
1. Patient Position:
Supine (laying down) position is preferred, flat on the back with both ventral (front) surfaces of the arm up.
Patient can sit in a comfortable, sturdy chair with a stable arm rest. The arm is turned with the ventral surface up.
NEVER allow the patient to sit upright on a high stool or standing due to the possibility of syncope (fainting).
Make sure participant is sitting comfortably.
2. Lay out all blood collection supplies and necessary labels. Assemble needle or butterfly needle into Vacutainer holder being sure that it is firmly seated into threads. Loosely place Vacutainer tube into holder, but do not puncture top.
3. Examine both arms to find the best vein. Locate the puncture site; apply the tourniquet.
4. Locate the vein and cleanse the area with an alcohol wipe. Wipe the area in a circular motion making sure the area is thoroughly cleaned. Repeat with a second wipe, if necessary.
5. Dry with gauze.
6. If it is necessary to feel the vein again, do so, but cleanse the area again with an alcohol wipe and dry with gauze.
7. Fix the vein by pressing down on the vein about 1 inch below the proposed point of entry and pull the skin taut.
8. Remove the needle shield.
9. Approach the vein in the same direction the vein is running, holding the needle so that it is at an approximately 15 angle with the participant's arm.
10. Push the needle, with bevel facing up, firmly and deliberately into the vein. Activate the vacuum collection tube by pushing the tube onto the needle and puncturing the tube top. If the needle is in the vein, blood will flow freely into the tube. If no blood enters the tube, probe for the vein once or twice until entry is indicated by blood flowing into the tube.
11. For collection, loosen the tourniquet immediately after blood flow is established and release entirely as the last tube fills.
12. If a syringe is required to obtain the blood, attach it to the appropriate size butterfly needle and withdraw 2-3 mL blood. After withdrawing the needle from the arm, quickly change the needle on the syringe and transfer blood from the syringe by puncturing the top of the tube with the new needle and allowing the vacuum to draw the blood into the tube. Mix well with the anticoagulant.
13. Withdraw the tube, then the needle. Heavy pressure as the needle is being withdrawn should be avoided.
14. When the needle is out of the arm, press gauze firmly on the puncture.
15. Have the participant raise his arm (not bend it) and continue to hold the gauze in place for several minutes. This will help prevent hematomas.
16. Report to the supervisor any reaction experienced by the participant during the venipuncture procedure.
17. Place a bandage on the participant's arm.
18. Label all tubes with the preprinted labels provided. Write date on label with permanent marker (if not preprinted).
19. You may resheath the needle, but only with proper technique. With the needle top on the absorbent pad, slowly slide the needle into the needle top.
20. The needle should be discarded into a sharps container. Place all labeled tubes in a cool box, and discard waste into biohazard container.

Venous Blood Collection

Quick Overview on Drawing Blood

Nurse at a primary health center in the state.

What are the duties of a nurse at a primary health center in the state?
Record vitals of patient.
Ask brief questions relevant to patient so that physician is updated about issues. Based on this history, physician can ask more history.
Seat patient at location so that physician can see the patient.

Desk clerk at primary health center in the state.

What are the duties of a desk clerk at a primary health center in the state?
Ask patient reason for visit.
Record basic information about patient in the system.
Ask patient to be seated until nurse comes to check vitals in nursing room.