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Research
Government Research Departments Inside and Outside the State
What is research?
  1. Annotation or definition of research.

  2. Annotation or definition of medical research.

  3. Authoring research questions.

  4. Criminal activities under the pretext of project or any other excuse within and outside the state.

  5. Data center resources.

  6. Data collection.

  7. Data management.

  8. Developing research protocol.

  9. Difference between physician-scientist (research physician) and PhD in biomedical sciences.

  10. English language research.

  11. Government Research Departments Inside and Outside the State

  12. How should you present your research?

  13. Medical Research

  14. Medical (or Clinical) Microbiology

  15. Methods of going ahead with medical research.

  16. Methods of going ahead with research.

  17. Research design.

  18. Research Grants

  19. Research Protocol.

  20. Sampling.

  21. Statistical tests.

  22. Study instrument.

Annotation or definition of research.
Annotation or definition of medical research.
What is research?
Research is finding out what you don't already know.
Research is a process of investigation. An examination of a subject from different points of view. Research is a hunt for the truth. It is getting to know a subject by reading up on it, reflecting, playing with the ideas, choosing the areas that interest you and following up on them.
Research is a process of investigation.

Is there a difference between research and medical research?
Yes.

What is the difference between research and medical research?
Research is a big entity.
Within this entity is medical research.
Medical research is relevant to human beings.

What type of research do you plan to do?
Abilities research.
Humanities Research
Social work Research
Medical Research.
Product research.
Service research.
Specific profession research.
Subject research.
Administrative law of professional licensing research.

What is known about the issue or topic?
What do you need to add, delete, or modify regarding the issue or topic?


How should you present your research?
You should present your research in question-and-answer format in the English language.

Should people participate in any research?
Make sure those doing research are able to answer your questions.

Why is research essential?
Research produces knowledge, findings, products, and services in essential ingredients of the economy that help to solve real world problems.

What are examples of knowledge, findings, products, and services that are due to research?
Search engine is outcome of research.
http://www.humanservicesglobe.com

Qureshi University is outcome of research.
http://www.qureshiuniversity.com

There are many more products and services.

http://www.qureshiuniversity.com/programs.html

What are the purposes of research?
There are many reasons for carrying out research.
Exploration—may just point the way (not generalizable)
Description—what, where, when, how
Explanation--why
Scholarly or scientific investigation or inquiry.

Medical Research
What is medical research?
Most medical research studies are designed to find answers to questions that haven't been answered yet, relevant to human health.

What best describes your research goals?
Medical research.
Nonmedical research.

What should a physician-scientist (research physician) know about medical research?
Annotation or definition of medical research.
Annotation or definition of research.
Authoring research questions.
Data center resources.
Data collection.
Data management.
Developing research protocol.
Difference between physician-scientist (research physician) and PhD in biomedical sciences.
Research Methods/Types of Research
Methods of going ahead with medical research.
Methods of going ahead with research.
Microbiology Research
Research design.
Research Protocol.
Sampling.
Statistical tests.
Study instrument.
What is research?
Research is finding out what you don't already know.
Research is a process of investigation. An examination of a subject from different points of view. Research is a hunt for the truth. It is getting to know a subject by reading up on it, reflecting, playing with the ideas, choosing the areas that interest you and following up on them.
Research is a process of investigation.

Is there a difference between research and medical research?
Yes.

What is the difference between research and medical research?
Research is a big entity.
Within this entity is medical research.
Medical research is relevant to human beings.

What is medical research?
Most medical research studies are designed to find answers to questions that haven't been answered yet, relevant to human health.

What best describes your research goals?
Medical research.
Nonmedical research.

What are the types of medical research?
There are more than 35 main categories of medical research.

Does consuming tea or coffee cause excessive loss of urea or creatinine in urine, thus causing weight loss in humans?
This question has neither been asked by anyone nor answered by anyone up to now.
This is a medical research question.
A nephrologist, a medical specialist, does this type of research.

How should a physician-scientist (research physician) go ahead with medical Research?

1. Select a topic relevant to human health or medical research.

What is the topic for medical research?
What is the purpose of this medical research?
Who is supervising this research?
Who needs to provide resources for the research?
Who is reporting the results?
What questions need to be answered relevant to the topic of medical research?
Where do you select your topic for medical research?

Take a look at this.
http://www.qureshiuniversity.com/healthcareworld.html can help you in selecting the topic.

Your guide can also ask these questions.
Have you selected a topic for your medical research?
Have you written questions in the English language that need to be answered in medical research?
Did you locate any resource that has already done research and displayed questions and answers, for example www/qureshiuniversity.com/healthcareworld.html for medical research?
What is on your mind?
What do you plan to do?
What do you plan to find out?
What is known about the issue?
What is not known about the issue?


2 If the topic has already been elaborated in question-and-answer format, that means medical research has already been done.
If you do not find research questions and answers for your medical research, here are further guidelines.
Write questions in the English language relevant to the topic that need to be answered.
What questions need to be answered relevant to the topic of medical research?

3. Try to answer these questions from your clinical medical experience if you are a physician-scientist (research physician). Usually, a PhD in biomedical sciences cannot design or answer these questions. A PhD in biomedical sciences depends on research questions and answers from a physician-scientist (research physician) due to his or her patient care experience and relevant medical education.

4. If the physician-scientist (research physician) is able to write research questions and answers from clinical experience, this completes medical research. If the questions are written but there are no complete answers, then further medical research is required.

Locate relevant academic search results from web pages, books, encyclopedias, and journals.

Various web pages can comprise school, college, or university resources.
Various web pages can comprise professional training resources or assets for various essential departments in the state and outside the state.

Various web pages can be open to the public or password protected.

Do you have answers to your research questions?
If yes, your medical research for a specific topic is complete.
If you did not get answers to research questions, further medical research is required.

What can be types of further medical research if you cannot get answers to you research questions?
Here are further guidelines.
www.qureshiuniversity.com/medicalresearch.html
1. Experimental uncontrolled trials (analytical medical research)
2. Experimental controlled trials, nonrandomized or randomized) (analytical medical research)
3. Observational case control (analytical medical research)
4. Observational cohort (analytical medical research)
5. Observational cross-sectional (analytical medical research)
6. Observational longitudinal (analytical medical research)
7. Basic medical research, for example in genetics.
8. Laboratory/test tube research
9. Clinical research
10. Epidemiological/noninterventional research (Case control studies, cohort studies, cross-sectional)
11. Preclinical research, for example on animals. This can help on humans later if done properly.
12. Retrospective and prospective research
13. Translational research/applied research
Research Methods/Types of Research
Analysis
Cohort studies
Correlational Research (Quantitative research)
Comparative research (Qualitative research)
Data Analysis
Descriptive Research (Qualitative research)
Evaluation Research (Qualitative research)
Historical Research (Qualitative research)
Action research (Qualitative research)
Observational research
Descriptive research (Qualitative research)
Experimental Research (Qualitative research)
Laboratory or test tube research
Medical research (Clinical research)
Animal research
Human subject research
How to choose from the different research methods
Here are further guidelines.
What type of research does a PhD in biomedical Sciences do?
Preclinical research, for example on animals. This can help on humans later if done properly.

What are sensitivity, specificity, false positives, false negatives, true positive, and true negative?

What type of research do you plan to do?
Abilities research.
Humanities Research
Social work Research
Medical Research.
Product research.
Service research.
Specific profession research.
Subject research.
Administrative law of professional licensing research.

What is known about the issue or topic?
What do you need to add, delete, or modify regarding the issue or topic?


How should you present your research?
You should present your research in question-and-answer format in the English language.

Should people participate in any research?
Make sure those doing research are able to answer your questions.

Why is research essential?
Research produces knowledge, findings, products, and services in essential ingredients of the economy that help to solve real world problems.

What are examples of knowledge, findings, products, and services that are due to research?
Search engine is outcome of research.
http://www.humanservicesglobe.com

Qureshi University is outcome of research.
http://www.qureshiuniversity.com

There are many more products and services.

http://www.qureshiuniversity.com/programs.html

What are the purposes of research?
There are many reasons for carrying out research.
Exploration—may just point the way (not generalizable)
Description—what, where, when, how
Explanation--why
Scholarly or scientific investigation or inquiry.

What type of research do you plan to do?
  1. Aging Research

  2. Medical diagnosis

  3. Human Organ Systems

  4. Human Organ Systems functions

  5. Human healthcare resources by Doctor Asif Qureshi

  6. Types of Physicians

Government Research Departments Inside and Outside the State
What types of research do you plan to do inside and outside the state?
  1. Abilities-specific research.

  2. Deprivation of rights under color of law, discrimination exclusion research.

  3. Department-specific research essential inside and outside the state.

  4. English language research.

  5. Product-specific research.

  6. Profession-specific research.

  7. Research methods research.

  8. Subject-specific research.

  9. State-specific research.

  10. Essential occupations in government research departments inside and outside the state.

  11. World government-specific research of various states.

English language research.
Why must various state governments enhance English language research?
Professional education has to proceed in English language.
Here are further guidelines.

Criminal activities under the pretext of project or any other excuse within and outside the state.
What can a project not be within or outside the state?
Getting involved in criminal offenses cannot be a project within or outside the state.

What are various criminal offenses within and outside the state?
http://www.qureshiuniversity.com/criminaloffenses.html

Citing Resources
Investigations, Research Reference Resources
What are examples of citing resources?
Books
Encyclopedias and reference Books
Poem or short story in an anthology
Periodicals (magazines and newspapers)
Other Media (DVD, VHS, CD-ROM)
Internet resources

What should others know while citing reference of any resource?
The credibility of the resource is essential.
Relevance to the real world is essential.
Relevance to subject matter like abilities/skills, professions, products, subjects, and services is essential.
Understanding of state laws is essential.

Here are various examples.
This resource is not credible.
http://en.wikipedia.org/
It may have data that do not mean the resource is credible.

Quote reference of credible research resources.
http://en.wikipedia.org/ needs to update data with credibility.

Authoring research questions.
English language questions.
Do you know everything about English language questions before starting research?
What questions should you ask before, during, and after the research?
How would you rate your English language ability on a scale of 1-10 with 10 being the best?
How do you write a question in English language?

Here are further guidelines.

Research Ethics
    What is Research Ethics?
    Here are further guidelines.
Research praise
    What should you do before you praise any individual or individuals for research?
    Where is it displayed on the Internet?
    How long has this resource been on the Internet?
    Have all questions relevant to the issue been displayed in question-and-answer format in the English language?
Research Process
    How should you go ahead with research?
    Here are further guidelines.
Submission Guidelines
    Would you like to submit your research paper?

    Is it a case report?
    Is it a quantitative research?
    Is it a qualitative research?
    Is it something new that I/we do not know?
    Is it an addition to something I/we already know?
    How will this research help communities?
    Are you presenting in question and answer format?
    Is it in the English language?
    Have you written these questions and answers yourself?
    Who did the final editing?
    What are the findings of the research?
    What is the conclusion of the research?


    Is conclusion of quantitative research from a sample of subjects or objects a true measure of the full population or objects?
    No.
    Any quantitative research should be truthful.
    Truthful quantitative research can help in problem solving.
    At the same time, it cannot be a true measure of the full population or objects.

    In one part of the world, people falsify quantitative research to get a promotion, to show they are doing useful work, or to get grants fraudulently.

    Do they know what perjury is?
Who writes theses?
Theses are written by college seniors, master’s degree students. and Ph.D. candidates.

How long should a thesis be?
Theses can range from 30 to 250 pages in length, preferably in a question-and-answer format.

What academic subjects and topics can be the focus of theses?
Any academic subject or topic that focuses on a specific problem or issue.

Is a thesis research?
Yes, it is.

How do theses/research papers help communities?
They solve real-world problems.

What process is included in thesis/research writing?
What questions should you answer in your thesis/research paper?
What problems will be resolved by your research paper/thesis?
Here are further guidelines.
Last Updated: October 19, 2017