English language writing guidelines.
This book has been authored by Asif Qureshi.


Writing
English Language Writing
We are here today so that I can teach you how to write in the English language.

Do you know how to write in the English language?
Do you know English words so that you can write in the English language?
What English language documents can you write?
What are various types of English language documents?
How many different types of English language documents can you write?
Can you write a research paper with questions and answers in the English language?
Can you write a research paper of at least of 300 words (one page) with questions and answers in the English language on the topic of the English language?

If no, these guidelines are for you.

These guidelines are for those learning to write in the English language.

What English language words should you know?

Alphabet
Word
Phrase
Paragraph
Line
Sentence
Punctuation
Page
Questions and answers

What writing tools and materials should you be familiar with?

Paper
Pencil
Eraser
Scale/ruler
Pen
Ink
Ballpoint pen

Teaching tools and materials

Chalk
Blackboard
Computer Word processor
Internet
Dictionary
Printer

Olden day tools of writing

Quill pen (bird feather)
Wooden writing board

You can add more writing tools and materials if anything new comes up.

What English language document do you plan to write? What is the detailed description of the English language document you plan to write?
Here are further guidelines.
http://www.qureshiuniversity.com/englishworld.html

What should you know about the English language?

Semantics

What do words and sentences mean?

Lexicology

How are words formed?

Grammar and discourse studies

How are words organized into larger structures?

Language and culture, sociolinguistics

How does language relate to the society we live in?

Stylistics

How is language used in literature?

Phonetics and phonology

How is English language pronounced?

Orthography and graphology

How is English language written?

Onomastics

How do names arise and what do they mean?

Lexicography

How do dictionaries and thesauruses work?

Historical linguistics

How and why has English changed in the last 1500 years?

Old and Middle English literature

What kind of literature survives from the medieval period?

Study of manuscripts and olden printed materials/books.

How is olden days literature transmitted?

Here are further guidelines.
http://www.qureshiuniversity.com/englishworld.html

What is writing?
What is the best method of writing in English language?
What is the difference between language and writing?
What are the types of writing as per purpose?
What are the types of writing as per type of document in the English language?
What should you know about English language writing skills?
What are excusable errors in writing English without a computer and editing?
What is language?
How should you select an English language writing topic?
What is writing?
If you ask this question of 10 different writers, you will get 10 different answers.

Text/signs or symbols of a specific language are essential in writing.

Letters of the alphabet or symbols are written or imprinted on a surface of material to represent the sounds or words of a language.

English language writing

English language writing is a skill.
English language writing is an essential job skill.

There are many languages that can be put in writing.
English language writing is most popular.

What is the best method of writing in English language?
Write in question-and-answer format.
In certain situations, you need to display only answers.

What is the difference between language and writing?
There are many languages in the world.
The English language is most popular language.
Language can be written or spoken.

What are the types of writing as per purpose?
Narrative.
Expository.
Persuasive (questions and answers).
Descriptive.

What are the types of writing as per type of document in the English language?


What should you know about English language writing skills?

It is very difficult to write an English language document without errors without having a computer and editing or editing software.

What are excusable errors in writing English without a computer and editing?
Occasional spelling error.
Occasional punctuation error.
If interrogative sentences (questions), declarative sentences, imperative sentences, and exclamaratory sentences are not differentiated in English language writing, that is not an excusable error.

What is language?
Language is a set of words or symbols used for communication.
The words and symbols may be spoken or written.
There also are sign languages.

Speech is the verbal means of communicating.

Language is a set of symbols being used mainly for communication. The symbols may be spoken or written.

We use language to express inner thoughts and emotions, make sense of complex and abstract thought, to learn to communicate with others, to fulfill our wants and needs, as well as to establish rules and maintain our culture.
Language Guide
Writing in the English language
Writing guidelines
English language writing topic

How should you select an English language writing topic?

There are more than 34 different kinds of English language documents.
Writing a complaint letter is a common English language document. News report.
Interrogatories.

Here are further guidelines.


Here are further guidelines.


What should you do if teacher or any other person is asking you to write a fictional essay/story/composition in English language?
If you are a school student and your teacher is asking you to write a fictional essay/story/composition in the English language, inform your teacher that this type of writing is not useful in the real world.

This type of essay/story/composition is not relevant to the real world.

You need to practice writing English language documents that are relevant and useful in real world.

If you are a parent/guardian and your child/children is/are asked by a teacher to write a fictional essay/story/composition in the English language, inform the teacher that this type of writing is not useful in the real world.

What are examples of English language documents that are relevant and useful in the real world?
http://www.qureshiuniversity.com/englishworld.html

This is in the context of English language

Is there a difference between a phrase and a simple sentence?
Yes, there is.

What is the difference between a phrase and a simple sentence?

Can you give some examples with declarative, interrogative, exclamatory, and imperative sentences?

Do you know more than what has been included in these details?

Do you agree that everything is correct in these details?

What should you do if learning the English language seems difficult?

You can start directly with questions and answers in the English language if other methods seem difficult.

What are the types of documents in English language?

Agendas
Books
Documentation (Manuals)
Dictionary
Electronic mail
E-book
Educational resources on the Internet
Hypertext document
Instructions and procedures
Interrogatories
Journals
Literature reviews
Letters
Linguistics
Meeting documents
Memoranda
Medical records
Notebooks
Newspapers
News reports
Oral Presentations
Proposals
Press releases
Progress Report
Profile/Résumés
Public Notice
Research Documents
Reports
Recreational website
Specifications (Manufacturing)
Statement of purpose
Schools, colleges, and universities on the Internet
Style guides
Theses

What should you not write?
Fiction
Dramas
Poetry

How should you write?
In a questions-and-answer format.

All the reports are written in question-and-answer format.
A final presentation can vary from presenting a question-and-answer format to presenting answers only.

Here are the questions you need to answer.

Do you have proper writing tools?
Do you need an editing service?
Where will your writing be useful?
How will your writing be useful?


Writing in the English language

What do you have to do to write better in the English language?
Lexicology
Lexicography
Here are further guidelines.
English Language

How do you write English Sentences?
What is on you mind?
Do you want to ask something, express emotions, command, describe?
When should you write an interrogative, declarative, imperative or exclamatory sentence?

Do you want to ask a question?
You should write an interrogative sentence.
Interrogative sentence is anothe name of a question.

Do you want to show emotion?
You should write in an exclamatory sentence.

Do you want to give a command command?
You should write in an imperative sentence.

Do you want to declare, describe something like, size, shape, condition, function?
You should write in a declartive sentence.
Subjects are usually nouns, noun phrases or pronouns. Predicates are the parts of the sentence that includes verbs, direct and indirect objects, object complements, and subject complements.

If you write an English language sentences, you should be able to answer these questions.
What type of sentences is it?

There are many ways of writing declarative sentences.
If you don't have lots of practice in writing English language sentences, you should practice writing English language declarative sentences starting with,
I, we, our, you, your, he, his, she, her, it, its, they, their. First person, second person and third person.
13 words, 12 sentences each word in 12 different tenses.
156 sentences.

After that sentences starting with common noun, proper noun, abstract noun.
Declarative sentences starting with prepositions.
Declarative sentences starting with adjective articles.
You can write declarative sentences starting with prepositions.
You should avoid writing interrogative sentences starting with prepositions.

When should you prefix with an adjective article in a declarative sentence begining with a noun?
When should you not prefix with an adjective article in a declarative sentence begining with a noun?
When do you use A, An, The,and directly a Noun in the begining of a sentence?

How do you classify English language sentences?

Your response will be utilized in ongoing research of the English language.

How do you classify verbs?
What are primary auxillary verbs?
What are modal auxillary verbs?
How many primary auxillary verbs are there?
How many modal verbs are there?

How many total verb tenses are there?
How many present tenses are there?
What is a simple present tense?
What does a simple present tense reveal?
An action, facts, habits, things that is repeated or regular, true in the present time period.

Can helping verbs be used as main verbs?
Yes.

What are the types of simple present tense?
It is positive sentences, negative sentences, question format.

What is base form of the verb?
The base form of the verb is simply the form of the verb that you would see in an English dictionary.A more traditional explanation of the base form of the verb is this: the base form of the verb consists of the infinitive (e.to do, to see, to excel, to pass, to test, etc.) without the to.

Are there other names or terms used for base form of the verb?
Yes.

What are the other names or terms for base form of the verb?
Some teachers use different terms to refer to the infinitive without the to. Some of these terms include, bare infinitive, root of the verb, verb root, dictionary form.
These are verbs in the base form:leave, want, excel, pass. Notice how there is no s, ed, or other part attached to the end of the verb.
These are not verbs in the base form:
leaves, left, leaving
wants, wanted, wanting
excels, excelled, excelling
passes, passed, passing

What are the different forms of main verb?
Main verbs are also called "lexical verbs".
Main verbs have meaning on their own (unlike helping verbs). There are thousands of main verbs, and we can classify them in several ways:
Transitive and intransitive verbs
Linking verbs
Dynamic and stative verbs
Regular and irregular verbs

What are the different forms of regular and irregular verb?
Regular and irregular verb are main verbs.
Main verbs (except the verb "be") have only 4, 5 or 6 forms.
"Be" has 9 forms. Infinitive, base, past simple, past participle, present participle, present simple, 3rd person singular.
The only real difference between regular and irregular verbs is that they have different endings for their past tense and past participle forms. For regular verbs, the past tense ending and past participle ending is always the same: -ed. For irregular verbs, the past tense ending and the past participle ending is variable, so it is necessary to learn them by heart.

Regular verbs: base, past tense, past participle
look, looked, looked
work, worked, worked

Irregular verbs: base, past tense, past participle
buy, bought, bought
cut, cut, cut
do, did, done

Can both regular and irregular verb have, Infinitive, base, past simple, past participle, present participle, present simple, 3rd person singular?
Yes.

Tenses

How do you write different types of simple present tense?
To form the simple present tense we use the verb's base form (go, work, speak, study). In 3rd person singular (he, she, it), the base form of the verb takes -s/es. (Auxiliary verbs "be," "do," "have", which can also be used as main verbs, are exceptions.)

A positive simple present tense.This is also called as affirmative.
A positive simple present tense starts with subject (I, you, we, they, He, she, it) , then main verb and an /////object.
For the 3rd person singular (he, she, it), we add s to the main verb or es to the auxiliary.

A negative simple present tense
A negative simple present tense starts with subject (I, you, we, they, He, she, it), then auxillary verb (Do not, does not), main verb and an //////object.
Another type of negative simple present tense start with subject, main verb and an /////object.
For positive sentences, we do not normally use the auxiliary. For the verb to be, we do not use an auxiliary, even for questions and negatives.

A question format simple present tense
A question format simple present tense startes with Do, does (auxiliary verb) Am, Are, Is (main verb) and //////object.

What do Word Families, Verb Conjugation,
positive/comparative/superlative adjectives, Comparative and Superlative Adverbs, Verb Tenses look like in English language?
Can you give twelve examples of each?

What is the differnce between object and complement?

What are verb conjugation, verb form, and verb function?
The modification of a verb to show different aspects or conditions of the action is called "conjugation”.

Why are verb conjugation, verb form, and verb function essential in making tenses?
What verb tense is most common in the English language?
It is simple present tense.

What are the five examples of positive or affirmative sentences in the simple present tense?
What are five examples of Negative Sentences in the simple present tense?
What are five examples of questions in simple present tense?

When do you use a simple present tense?
Simple Present Tense is used:
1. to give your opinion - I like ice cream. I don't like spicy food.
2. to talk about schedules - The library opens at eight am. It doesn't open at 7.
3. to talk about daily habits - Sara eats a donut for breakfast every day. She doesn't eat cereal.
4. to give facts - The earth circles the sun. The moon doesn't circle the sun.

Simple Present Tense is used to give Fact, Habit, Opinion or Schedule.
This can be written differently in other tense formats as well.

How do you write a simple present tense?
When do you add,"s" to verb, "es" to the auxiliary verb. in a simple present tense?
We add,"s" to verb, "es" to the auxiliary verb. if subject is third person singular (he, she, it).
What are the parts of a simple present tense?
How many past tenses are there?
How many future tenses are there?
What are the types of present tenses?
What are the types of past tenses?
What are the types of future tenses?
What do Verb conjugation look like in the English language?
What do Verb tenses look like in the English language?
What is the difference between verb conjugation and verb tenses?
The modification of a verb in the form of a word to show different aspects or conditions of the action is called "verb conjugation”.
For example:
Work worked worked working.

Verb conjugation are words.
Verb tenses are sentences.
There are 12 basic tenses.
For example:

Simple present
I work.

Present perfect
I have worked.

Present continuous
I am working.

Present perfect continuous
I have been working.

Simple past
I worked.

Past perfect
I had worked.

Past perfect continuous
I had been working.

Past continuous
I was working.

Simple Future
I will work.

Future perfect
I will have worked.

Future continuous
I will be working.

Future perfect continuous
I will have been working.

Conjugations for over 7,400 regular and irregular verbs are provided.
You have to learn most of the words displayed here.

Regional and structural variations exist in Verb Conjugation terminology
For Example:

Regular verbs:
base, past tense, past participle
Irregular verbs:
base, past tense, past participle
Present Tense Past Tense Past Participle Present Participle
base verb past past participle present participle

Regular verbs: base, past tense, past participle
look, looked, looked
work, worked, worked

Irregular verbs: base, past tense, past participle

Present Tense Past Tense Past Participle Present Participle
sing sang sung singing
or
base verb past past participle present participle
sing sang sung singing

Is there a difference between gerund and a present participle?
What is the difference between gerund or a present participle?
When do you use the Gerund?
When do you use the Infinitive?

In grammar, the form of a verb is determined by whether its subject is first, second, or third person and either singular or plural.

I am (first-person singular)
you are (second-person singular)
he, she, one or it is (third-person singular)
we are (first-person plural)
you are(second-person plural)
they are (third-person plural)

How do you follow up an event?
How was it?
How many participated?
What was the topic?
What were the issues?
Did they circulate any print out of the topic?
Where is it?
How long did it continue?
When is the next similar event expected?
Was there any incident during the event?
Incident can be anything that was not expected during the event.

You should confine you English language sentences to simple, compound, and complex sentences.

About compound-complex sentences.
Occassionally you may need to utilise compound-complex sentences.
A compound-complex sentence can be from few lines to more than a page with same thought.
It will be difficult for reader to undersatnd.
It will be difficult for learner to understand and learn.

English language Sentences

Some students get confused with types and kinds of sentences.
Some teachers as well get confused with types and kinds of sentences.

What is the best way to prevent the confusion?
Teach the following English language sentence classification:
1. English language sentence classification by purpose.
2. English language sentence classification depending on the number and type of clauses.
What is English language sentence classification by purpose?
What is English language sentence classification depending on the number and type of clauses?
Some also call this classification as sentences by Structures or variety.

What type of verb tense sentence is it?
I am calling you after I recieved your email.
I am writing to you after your telephone call.
I am writing to get answers to these questions.
Your answer should look like this.
It is a present continous, declarative, simple sentence.
It is a present continous, interrogative, simple sentence.

or It is a present continous, declarative, compound sentence.
There can be many more combinations.

Question and Answer

What are the examples of questions with various tenses?
How many questions can you write in various tenses?
How does one answer a question?
You need to get answers to these questions.
What type of question is it?
What is the context of the question?
Does it start with helping verb, question word or choice question?
Does it have multiple choice answers with one best answer?
Questions starting with helping verb have Yes or No or short answer.
Question word questions have discriptive answer.
Is it in singular or plural format?
Is it in first person, second person or third person?
If the answer needs to be in discriptive format, you should start with first person, second person and third person.After that you can add more sentences starting with, a proper, common,
abstract,noun, preposition, adjective article.
Do you need to write answer in a declarative sentence?
What is the question?
What does one write an answer?

Why do you need to learn English language verb, noun, pronoun, adjective, adverb, preposition, conjunction, interjection?
You will be writing various English language sentences.
You will need to answer various questions in the English language.
You will need to speak in the English language.
Understanding English language verb, noun, pronoun, adjective, adverb, preposition, conjunction, interjection is essential to write English language sentences,to understand others, to answer in the English language, to speak English language.

What are the uses of primary auxillary and modal auxillary verbs?
You can begin a question or interrogative sentence with primary or modal auxillary verbs.
There are others uses of primary and modal auxillary verbs.

How do you write a question in singular format?
How do you write a question in plural format?
How is answer to singular format question different than plural format question?
What is the difference between,"What are auxiliary verbs?" and "What is an auxillary verb"?
What are the different types of auxillary verbs?
They fall into two groups, Primary auxillary verbs, Modal auxillary verbs.

How does one write someone's statement as news report?
We use words like, "Said, Asked, Added, Told, Stated, In addition"
while writing someone's statement as news report.

What are the types of News reports?
1. An event report.
2. An Incident report.
3. An investigation report.
4. Death report.
5. Findings of a commission report.
6. An appointment.
7. Resignation report.
8. Statement report.

An event report

What kind of event?
Who is responsible for managing the event?

Incident report

What kind of incident is it?
What really happened?
Where did it really happen?

An investigation report

What kind of investigation?
How long did the investigation last?

Someone's death report

What languages did he speak?
Did he author any books?
What is the title of the books?
What was his political affiliation?
His knowledge of English language made him author of more than seventeen books.

Findings of a commission report

An appointment

There were many contenders for the posts but the committee
unanimously decided on two names.

Resignation report

Someone's statement report

Without issue there can't be any statement.
What is the issue?
The (issue)
In a statement (details)
What is his name?
What did he say?
What is the statement?
Who issued the statement?
Would you like to add anything?
What is the truth?
Where and when did he issue the statement?
What language does he nornally speak?
What language did he issue the statement?
Who recorded the statement?
What did he reply to specific questions?
Did he ask any questions?
How do you write a statement in News paper format?

1. (Name of the person) has said that (Statement).
2. (Name of the person) said, “ (Statement)."
3. (Namw of the person) added that (Statement).
4. (Name of the person), in a statement issued in (Name of the place), called upon the people to remain vigilant and united at this crucial juncture.
5. (Name of the person) reiterated that “(Statement).”
6. "(Statement)," he/she said.
7. "(Statement),” he/she asserted.
8. "(Statement),” he/she added.
9. "(Statement)," he/she stated.
10. "(Statement),” he/she claimed.
11. "(Statement),” the statement said.
12. "(Statement),” the spokesperson said.
13. "(Statement),” insiders said.
14. (Statement), an official handout said.
15. "(Statement),” a statement issued here said.
16. “(Statement),” he/she says.
17. “(Statement),” (Name of the person) says.
18. "(Statement),”(Name of the person) said.
19. (Statement), (Name of the person) told a meeting.
20. "(Statement),” (Name of the person) added.
21. "(Statement),” (Name of the person) maintained.
22. "(Statement),” (Name of the person) adds.
23. "(Statement),” says (Name of the person) of (Place).
24. “(Statement)," it added.
25. "(Statement)," a ______ spokesperson told ______.
26. He added that (Statement).
27. He added, ”(Statement)."
28. He said the truth is that the (Statement)
29. He asked the people to ensure that the (Statement).
30. As one colleague said, “(Statement)."
31. In a statement issued here, (Designation), (Place),(Name of the person) said: “Statement)".
32. In a statement, a spokesman for the forum said, “(Statement)." 33. In addition, (Statement).
34. “(Question?),” he asked.

How would you like to resolve this issue?

Here are examples that you can fit in the aboce spaces.
You can start a statement with a personal pronoun, proper noun, common noun, abstract noun.

Statements

What are the examples of personal pronouns?

I, me, you, he, him, she, her, it, we, us, they, them.

What are the declarative sentences starting with personal pronouns?
It is a search engine.
It is an education resource.
It is obligatory to fast during ramadan.
It was absolutely the most horrible crime scene he had ever seen. It used to be ______ at that place.
It's been six years since 2 people died,and despite criminals been identified, justice is been derailed.
It was absolutely the most horrible crime scene he had ever seen. It's been six years since 2 people died,and despite criminals been identified, justice is been derailed.

He
He said
He added that
I really
I think,

A
An
As many as
Asked specifically
All
Also
Another
After
Any
Although
But
But there is a concern
For the first time
From
In fact
If
In the long-run,
Describing the

Most

Meanwhile,

Never

Of course

People

People continued to suffer

Some of
Since early morning

There is cause for people to protest. They have been harmed.
They've
That
Their
Police said they were pressurised not to investigate.
Justice has not prevailed.
Time is running out.
While
Whether they liked it or not,

There is cause for people to protest. They have been harmed.
Police said they were pressurised not to investigate.
Justice has not prevailed.
Time is running out.

What are the declarative sentences starting with common noun,
proper noun and an abstract noun?
Here are the sentences starting with a Common noun.

man
boy
woman
girl
town
company
shop, restaurant
month, day of the week
book
film

Here are the sentences starting with s Proper noun.

Asif
Srinagar
Kashmir
January
Sunday
Human Services Globe
Social skills book

Using Capital Letters with Proper Nouns

How do you write declarative sentences starting with A, An?

How do you write declarative sentences starting with sentences with Proper Nouns without, "The"?

How do you write declarative sentences starting with sentences with Proper Nouns with, "The"?

The
The proposed
The Illinois Department of Natural Resources
The motive here was nothing more than pure greed.

What are the declarative sentences starting with adjectives?
What are the declarative sentences starting with prepositions?
Can you start a declarative sentence with a conjunction?

Why should you avoid writing declarative or exclamatory sentences using interrogative pronouns or question words?
This will create confusion with interrogative sentence or a question.

How would I like to see Qureshi University around the world?
Every State will maintain a Qureshi University study center.
If anyone feels he or she is getting discriminated in getting education in specific subject. Free education.

When should you conclude you don't need Qureshi University study center in you state?

If all people are fully educated and 100% literacy as per International standards, you can conclude you don't need Qureshi University study center.

Second language

How should universities select second language?
Can it be easily through technology be translated to English language?
Does it have well defined alphabets, parts of speech, classification of sentences?

Recognition of Education courses

What should be the criteria to issue resources, recognition to educational resource?

Do they have courses to impart situation specific or Industry specific education?
What are the subjects they can impart situation specific or Industry specific education?
Do they have online presence?
Are their courses in the English language?
Are their courses in question and answer format?
Have they written these questions and answers themselves?
Have they obtained these courses in questions and answer format from any other resource?
Have they displayed origin from whom courses have been procured?
Who put each word together and compiled question and answers on each subject?
Who perused the standard of the English language?
How long did it take?

Are they sincerely trying to enhance quality education that is situation specific and industry specific in questions and answer format?
Where is the question and answer format displayed?
If the answer is yes, why couldn't their be 100% literacy in the region upto now?
100% literacy leads to excellent Economy.
No Crime.
Everyone has enough of food, clothing, building needs, health care, transportation, situation specific industry specific education training and development.

If they put each word together and wrote questions and answers on each subject, than it is an original university.
If they procure course materials from others, it is a subsidary university.

Do we need recognition from those who don't know basics of good charcter, good behavior and competence?
Do we need recognition from those who don't know basics of English language?

What should not be considered recognizing authority?

Are those projected or projecting themselves as recognizing authority trying to monopolise education and trying to deprive others from getting educated?
If the answer is yes, they can not be a recognition authority even if they or someone else try to project them as recognizing authority.

Do they know basics of English language?
Can they put each word together and compile questions and answers in English language?

Have they answered all questions relevant to good character, good behavior, and competence?
Do they practice good character, good behavior and competence?
If the answer is no, they can not be a recognition authority even if they or someone else try to project them as recognizing authority.

Understanding the English language.