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Radiology & Nuclear Medicine

Let's start by first looking at a very basic schematic of Radiology & Nuclear Medicine, and we will add more complexity as we go.

Q) What is Radiology?
Q) What is a Radiologist?
Q) Who invented Wide area network high resolution, nanotechnology, space dopplers with range from North pole to South pole, west to east?
Asif Qureshi
Q) Why is radiology important?
Q) Are we exposed to radiation in our everyday life?
Q) How do you measure radiation?
Q) What is Nuclear Medicine?
Q) What is contrast material?
Q) What is Interventional Radiology?
Q) Whatís the difference between interventional radiology and diagnostic radiology?
Q) What is Radiation Therapy?
Q) What is Neuroradiology?
Q) What is a PET scan?
Q) What is an MRI?
Q) What is a mammogram?
Q) What is radiation oncology?
Q) What is ultrasound?
Q) Whatís the difference between ultrasonography and Doppler ultrasonography?
Q) What is fluoroscopy?
Q) What is a CT or CAT scan?
Q) How safe are x-rays?
Q) What is nuclear medicine or isotope scanning?
Q) How do you protect yourself from excessive radiation?
Q) How do you know if you have received excess radiation?
Q) What is done for workers who are overexposed to radiation?
Q) What equipment is used in your field that is powered by nuclear radiation?
Q) What tests can be done with these instruments?
Q) What risks are involved for the patient?
Q) How are these risks minimized?
Q) What made you become interested in working with radiology?
Q) Have you ever been over-exsposed to radiation?
Q) Do the advantages of radiation out-weigh the disadvantages?
Space/Radiation
    Q) Space Weapons Ban - How Can It Be Achieved?
    Q) Who is Doing What around the World?
    Q) What does this mean for consumers?
    Q) How have nuclear weapons been used?
    Q) Are there any dangers in testing nuclear weapons?
    Q) How are nuclear weapons tested?
    Q) How many nuclear weapons exist in the world today?
    Q) Is disarmament possible?
    Q) Will space weapons affect my life?
    Q) Isnít the threat of space warfare greater now than during the Cold War?
    Q) What is being done to protect people from the hazards of Space Weapons?
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
    Q) What Is Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)?
    Q) How Does Magnetic Resonance Imaging Work?
    Q) How Safe Is MRI?
    Q) When Is An MRI Requested?
    Q) How Do You Prepare For An MRI?
    Q) When the MRI requires injection or ingestion of a contrast agent (a dye used for image enhancement)
    Q) When sedation or anesthesia is necessary
    Q) What Happens During the Procedure?
    Q) What Should You Do After the Test?
    Q) What Are The Risks Of An MRI?
    Q) Are the "radio waves" used in MRI like regular radio waves?
    Q) Why not just get an x-ray?
    Q) Are there any disadvantages to MRI?
    Q) Why are "stress tests" ordered?
    Q) What is the main difference between x-ray and MRI?
Ultrasound
    Q) What Is An Ultrasound?
    Q) When Is Ultrasound Needed?
    Q) How Does An Ultrasound Work?
    Q) What are the benefits and limitations of ultrasound?
    Q) How Do You Prepare For An Ultrasound Scan?
    Q) What Happens During An Ultrasound Procedure?
    Q) Is an abdominal ultrasound ordered for any condition other than pregnancy?
    Q) If ultrasound cannot penetrate bone, is an ultrasound of the head ever done?
    Q) Is ultrasound ever ordered for a hip?
    Q) Why is kidney ultrasound ordered?
    Q) Is ultrasound ever ordered for the spine?
    Q) What are the disadvantages of ultrasound?
    Q) What does it show?
    Q) How does it work?
    Q) How long does it take?
    Q) What are the possible complications?
CT Scan
    Q) What Is A CT Scan?
    Q) How Does A CT Scan Work?
    Q) How Do I Prepare For A Conventional CT Scan?
    Q) When Is A Contrast Agent Required?
    Q) Is Iodine a Safe Contrast Agent?:
    Q) Is Oral Contrast Safe?
    Q) Is Rectal Contrast Safe?
    Q) What Happens During The Procedure?
    Q) What Happens After The CT Scan?
    Q) Does CT hurt?
    Q) How long will the CT take?
    Q) Do all CT scans require the administration of a contrast agent A substance used to highlight an organ or tissue during examination. Sometimes referred to as a dye?
    Q) Is it all right to have a CT during pregnancy?
    Q) What is the difference between CT and MRI?
X-Ray
Radiation Therapy

Radiation in Cancer Treatment
    Q) What is radiation therapy?
    Q) How does radiation therapy work?
    Q) What the benefits and goals of radiation therapy?
    Q) Are there risks involved?
    Q) How is radiation therapy given?
    Q) Who gives radiation treatments?
    Q) Is radiation therapy expensive?
External Radiation Therapy: What to expect
    Q) How does the doctor plan the treatment?
    Q) How long does the treatment take?
    Q) What happens during each treatment visit?
    Q) What are the effects of treatments?
    Q) What can I do to take care of myelf during therapy?
Internal Radiation Therapy: What to expect
    Q) When is internal radiation therapy used?
    Q) How is the implant placed in the body?
    Q) Does the implant spread radiation to others?
    Q) Are there any side effects?
    Q) How long does the implant stay in place?
    Q) What happens after the implant is removed?
Managing side effects
    Q) Are the side effects the same for everyone?
    Q) Will my side effects limit my activity?
    Q) What causes fatigue?
    Q) How are skin problems treated?
    Q) What can be done about hair loss?
    Q) What about side effects on the blood?
    Q) What if there are eating problems?
    Q) Does radiation therapy affect the emotions?
    Q) What side effects occur with radiation therapy to the head and neck area?
    Q) What side effects occur with radiation therapy to the breast and chest?
    Q) What side effects occur with radiation therapy to the stomach and abdomen?
    Q) What side effects occur with radiation therapy to the pelvis?
Followup care
    Q) What does 'followup' mean?
    Q) Who provides care after therapy?
    Q) What other care might be needed?
    Q) What if pain is a problem?
    Q) How can I help myself after radiation therapy?
    Q) When should I call the doctor.?
    Q) What about returning to work?

Radiation in Cancer Treatment

Q) How does the doctor plan the treatment?
Q) How long does the treatment take?
Q) What happens during each treatment visit?
Q) What are the effects of treatments?
Q) What can I do to take care of myelf during therapy?
Q) When is internal radiation therapy used?
Q) How is the implant placed in the body?
Q) Does the implant spread radiation to others?
Q) Are there any side effects?
Q) How long does the implant stay in place?
Q) What happens after the implant is removed?
Q) Are side effects the same for everyone?
Q) Will side effects limit my activities?
Q) What causes fatigue?
Q) How are skin problems treated?
Q) What can be done about hair loss?
Q) What about side effects on the blood?
Q) What if there are eating problems?
Q) Does radiation affect the emotions?
Q) What side effects occur with radiation therapy to the head and neck area?
Q) What side effects occur with radiation therapy to the breast and chest?
Q) What side effects occur with radiation therapy to the stomach and abdomen?
Q) What side effects occur with radiation therapy to the pelvis?
Q) What does 'followup' mean?
Q) Who provides care after therapy?
Q) What other care might be needed? Following are some of the questions that you may want to ask your doctor after you have finished your radiation therapy:
    Q) How often do I need to return for checkups?
    Q) Why do I need more x-rays, scans, blood tests, and so on? What will these tests tell us?
    Q) Will I need chemotherapy, surgery, or other treatments?
    Q) How will you know if I'm cured of cancer? What are the chances that it will come back?
    Q) How soon can I go back to my regular activities? Work? Sexual activity? Sports?
    Q) Do I need to take any special precautions?
    Q) Do I need a special diet?
    Q) Should I exercise?
    Q) Can I wear a prosthesis?
    Q) How soon can I have reconstructive surgery?
Q) What if pain is a problem?
Q) How can I help myself after radiation therapy?
Q) When should I call the doctor?
Q) What about returning to work?
Q) Do I need to do anything to prepare for my test?
Q) How do I get the results of my test?
Q) What is a flow study?
Q) What is a gallium scan?
Q) What is a hepatobiliary scan?
Q) What is a lymphoscintigram?
Q) What is an Oncoscint. scan?
Q) What is a renal scan?
Q) What is an RVG?
Q) What is a Somatostatin Receptor Imaging Scan?
Q) What is a CEA-SCAN.?
Q) What is a thallium scan?


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