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College of Pharmacy
  1. Annotation or definition

  2. Pharmacy Jobs

  3. Pharmaceutical drug

  4. Pharmaceutical Manufacturing

  5. Drug Classifications

  6. Preferred Drug List

Annotation or definition
What is pharmacy?
What is a pharmacist?
Where do pharmacists work?
Why pharmacy as a career?
What do pharmacists do?
Is pharmacy easy?
Are pharmacists in demand?
What is Pharmacy?
Pharmacy is the science and technique of preparing and dispensing drugs.

Pharmaceutical drug

A pharmaceutical drug (also referred to as medicine, medication, or simply as drug) is a drug used to diagnose, cure, treat, or prevent disease.

Drug Classifications
Essential Medicines List
  1. Anaesthetics

  2. Analgesics, Antipyretics, Nsaids And Drugs Used In Gout

  3. Anti-Allergic Drugs

  4. Antidotes And Other Substances Used In Poisoning

  5. Anticonvulsants

  6. Anti-Infective Drugs

  7. Antimigraine Drugs

  8. Antineoplastic And Immunosuppresive Drugs

  9. Antiparkinsonism Drugs

  10. Blood Products And Blood Substitutes

  11. Cardiovascular Drugs

  12. Dermatological Preparations

  13. Diagnostic Agents

  14. Dialysis Solutions

  15. Disinfectants

  16. Diuretics

  17. Drugs Affecting The Blood

  18. Gastrointestinal Drugs

  19. Hormones, Other Endocrine Drugs And Contraceptives

  20. Immunologicals

  21. Muscle Relaxants And Cholinesterase Inhibitors*

  22. Ophthalmological Preparations

  23. Oxytocics And Anti-Oxytocics

  24. Pre-Operative Medications And Sedation For Short-Term Procedures

  25. Psychotherapeutic Drugs

  26. Respiratory / Pulmonary Medications

  27. Solutions Correcting Water And Electrolyte Abnormalities

  28. Vitamins And Minerals

  29. Other Specialist Drugs

  30. Here are further guidelines.
Drugs are classified in various ways. One of the key divisions is by level of control, which distinguishes prescription drugs (those that a pharmacist dispenses only on the order of a physician, physician assistant, or qualified nurse) from over-the-counter drugs (those that consumers can order for themselves).

Another key distinction is between traditional small-molecule drugs, usually derived from chemical synthesis, and biopharmaceuticals, which include recombinant proteins, vaccines, blood products used therapeutically (such as IVIG), gene therapy, monoclonal antibodies and cell therapy (for instance, stem-cell therapies). Other ways to classify medicines are by mode of action, route of administration, biological system affected, or therapeutic effects. An elaborate and widely used classification system is the Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification System (ATC system).

The Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical (ATC) Classification System is used for the classification of active ingredients of drugs according to the organ or system on which they act and their therapeutic, pharmacological and chemical properties.
Here are further guidelines.

General anesthetics

Halothane, Inhalation
Isoflurane, Inhalation
Ketamine Injection, 10 mg/ml in 20 ml
Ketamine Injection, 100 mg/ml in 10 ml
Nitrous Oxide, Inhalation
Oxygen (Medicinal Gas) Inhalation
Propofol Injection, 10 mg/ml

Lethal injection

Thiopental Sodium Injection, 500 mg
Thiopental Sodium Injection, 1 g

Lethal injection is the practice of injecting one or more drugs into a person (typically a barbiturate, paralytic, and potassium solution) for the express purpose of causing immediate death.

Typically, three drugs are used in lethal injection. An anesthetic such as sodium thiopental or pentobarbital is used to induce unconsciousness, pancuronium bromide (Pavulon) to cause muscle paralysis and respiratory arrest, and potassium chloride to stop the heart.

Local Anesthetics

Bupivacaine + Glucose Injection, (5 mg+80 mg) in 4ml
Bupivacaine Injection, 2.5 mg/ml
Bupivacaine Injection, 5 mg/ml
Lidocaine Gel, 2%
Lidocaine Gel, 4%
Lidocaine Injection, 0.5%
Lidocaine Injection, 1%
Lidocaine Injection, 2%
Lidocaine Spray, 10%
Lidocaine+Adrenaline Injection, 10 mg/ml+5 microgram/ml
Lidocaine+Adrenaline Injection, 20 mg/ml+5 microgram/ml
Prilocaine Injection, 10 mg/ml

Analgesics, Antipyretics, Nsaids And Drugs Used In Gout
Pain relief medications
Types of pain relievers

Pain relievers can be grouped as:
•Simple pain relief such as paracetamol.
•Non-steroidal anti-inflammatories (NSAIDs), such ibuprofen, diclofenac, naproxen.
•Non-steroidal anti-inflammatories (NSAIDs) COX-2 inhibitors, such as etoricoxib, and celecoxib.
•Opioids, such as morphine, codeine, tramadol, oxycodone.
•Steroids such as triamcinolone are used to treat pain associated with inflammation (swelling and redness).


Acetyl Salicylic Acid Tablet, 300 mg
Allopurinol Tablet, 100 mg
Allopurinol Tablet, 300 mg
Diclofenac Injection, 25 mg/ml
Diclofenac Suppository, 50 mg
Diclofenac Suppository, 100 mg
Diclofenac Tablet, 25 mg
Diclofenac Tablet, 50 mg
Ibuprofen Suspension, 100mg/5ml
Ibuprofen Tablet, 200 mg
Ibuprofen Tablet, 400 mg
Paracetamol Suppository, 125 mg
Paracetamol Suppository, 250 mg
Paracetamol Syrup, 120 mg/5 ml
Paracetamol Tablet, 500 mg


Fentanyl Citrate Injection, 50 microgram/ml
Morphine Injection, 10 mg/ml
Morphine Injection, 10 mg/ml (Preservative Free)
Morphine Sulphate Tablet, 30 mg (Slow release)
Pethidine Injection, 50 mg/ml in 2 ml

The type of pain
•Pain following injury, such as sprains and strains, can often be helped with over-the-counter NSAIDs such as ibuprofen.
•Pain from the inflammation of arthritis is usually best helped by NSAIDs, although the over-the-counter preparations of ibuprofen or aspirin may not be strong enough and you may need a prescription from the doctor.
•Non-inflammation pains, such as headache, may be best helped with paracetamol, and paracetamol can often be helpful in people with longstanding pain from neck or back trouble.
•Many people with long term arthritis find paracetamol helpful in addition to NSAIDs.

What are the main benefits of paracetamol?
What are the risks of paracetamol?
What are the main benefits of NSAIDs?
What are the main risks of NSAIDs?
What are the main benefits of opioids?
What are the main risks of opioids?
What are the main benefits of steroids?
What are the main risks of steroids?

Paracetamol + codeine

Anti-Allergic Drugs
Cetirizine Tablet, 10 mg
Chlorphenamine Syrup, 2 mg/5 ml
Chlorphenamine Tablet, 4 mg
Dexamethasone Tablet, 500 microgram
Diphenhydramine Tablet, 25 mg
Hydrocortisone Sodium Succinate Injection, 100 mg
Prednisolone Tablet, 5 mg
Promethazine Elixir, 5 mg/5 ml
Promethazine Injection, 25 mg/ml in 2 ml
Promethazine Tablet, 25 mg


Adrenaline Injection, (1:1000) 1 mg/ml

Antidotes And Other Substances Used In Poisoning

Activated Charcoal Powder, 50 g
Ipecacuanha Emetic Mixture, BP


Acetylcysteine Injection, 200 mg/ml
Atropine Injection, 0.6 mg/ml
Benzatropine Injection, 1 mg/ml
Naloxone Injection, 400 microgram/ml
Polystyerene Sulphonate Resins Powder, 300g
Protamine Sulphate Injection, 10mg/ml

Carbamazepine Tablet, 100 mg
Carbamazepine Tablet, 200 mg
Diazepam Injection, 5 mg/ml in 2 ml
Diazepam Rectal Tubes, 2 mg/ml
Ethosuximide Syrup, 250 mg/5 ml
Ethosuximide Capsule, 250 mg
Magnesium Sulphate Injection, 20%
Magnesium Sulphate Injection, 25%
Magnesium Sulphate Injection, 50%
Phenobarbitone Elixir, 15 mg/5 ml
Phenobarbital Injection, 200 mg/ml
Phenobarbital Tablet, 30 mg
Phenobarbital Tablet, 60 mg
Phenytoin Sodium Capsule, 100 mg
Phenytoin Injection, 50 mg/ml
Phenytoin Sodium Tablet, 100 mg
Primidone Tablet, 250 mg
Sodium Valproate Tablet, 200 mg
Sodium Valproate Syrup, 200 mg/5ml

Anti-Infective Drugs

    Intestinal Antihelminthic Drugs
    Antifilarial Drugs
    Antischistosomal Drugs


    Other Antibacterial Drugs
    Antileprosy Drugs
    Antituberculous Drugs



    Anti-Amoebic Drugs
    Antileishmaniasis Drugs
    Antimalarial Drugs



Intestinal Antihelminthic Drugs Albendazole Syrup, 100 mg/5ml
Albendazole Tablet, 200 mg
Mebendazole Tablet, 100 mg B1 Mebendazole Tablet, 500 mg
Niclosamide Tablet, 500 mg
Tiabendazole Suspension, 50 mg/ml C Tiabendazole Tablet, 500 mg

Antifilarial Drugs

Diethylcarbamazine Tablet, 50 mg
Ivermectin Tablet, 6 mg

Antischistosomal Drugs

Praziquantel Tablet, 600 mg


Amoxicillin Capsule, 250 mg
Amoxicillin Capsule, 500 mg
Amoxicillin Suspension, 125 mg/5 ml
Amoxicillin + Clavulanic acid Suspension, 250mg + 62 mg
Amoxicillin + Clavulanic acid Suspension, 400mg + 57 mg
Amoxicillin + Clavulanic acid Injection, 500 mg + 100 mg
Amoxicillin + Clavulanic acid Tablet, 500 mg + 125 mg
Ampicillin Injection, 500 mg
Benzathine Benzylpenicillin Injection, 1.2 MU
Benzathine Benzylpenicillin Injection, 2.4 MU
Benzyl Penicillin Injection, 1 MU
Benzyl Penicillin Injection, 5 MU
Cloxacillin Injection, 250 mg
Cloxacillin Injection, 500 mg
Flucloxacillin Capsule, 250 mg
Flucloxacillin Injection, 250 mg
Flucloxacillin Injection, 500 mg
Flucloxacillin Suspension, 125 mg/5 ml
Phenoxymethyl Penicillin Tablet, 250 mg
Procaine benzylpenicillin Injection, 4 MU
Tetracycline Capsule, 250mg

Other Antibacterial Drugs

Azithromycin Capsule, 250 mg
Azithromycin Oral suspension, 200 mg/5 ml
Cefotaxime Injection, 1 g
Cefotaxime Injection, 500 mg
Ceftriazone Injection, 1g vial
Ceftriazone Injection, 250 mg vial
Cefuroxime Injection, 750 mg vial
Cefuroxime Injection, 1.5 mg vial
Cefuroxime Tablet, 250 mg
Chloramphenicol Capsule, 250 mg
Chloramphenicol Injection, 1g
Chloramphenicol Suspension, 250 mg/5 ml
Ciprofloxacin Infusion, 2 mg/ml in 100ml
Ciprofloxacin Tablet, 250 mg
Ciprofloxacin Tablet, 500 mg
Clarithromycin Tablet, 250 mg
Clarithromycin Tablet, 500 mg
Clarithromycin Paediatric Suspension, 125 mg/5 ml
Clindamycin Capsule, 150 mg
Clindamycin Injection, 150 mg/ml in 2ml D Cotrimoxazole Suspension, (200 mg+40 mg)/5 ml
Cotrimoxazole Tablet, (400 mg+80 mg)
Doxycycline Capsule, 100 mg
Erythromycin Injection, 500 mg
Erythromycin Injection, 1 g
Erythromycin Syrup, 125 mg/5 ml
Erythromycin Tablet, 250 mg
Gentamicin Injection, 40 mg/ml in 2 ml
Neomycin Tablet, 500 mg
Nitrofurantoin Tablet, 100 mg

Antileprosy Drugs
Antileprosy Pack (Clofazimine Tablet, 100 mg, Dapsone Tablet, 50 mg, Rifampicin Capsule, 300 mg)
Dapsone Tablet, 100 mg

Antituberculous Drugs

Ethambutol Tablet, 400 mg
Isoniazid Tablet, 100 mg
Isoniazid+Thiacetazone Tablet, (300 mg+150 mg)
Pyrazinamide Suspension, 125 mg/5 ml
Pyrazinamide Tablet, 500 mg
Rifampicin Tablet, 150mg
Rifampicin + Isoniazid Suspension, 75 mg+50 mg/5 ml
Rifampicin+Isoniazid Tablet, 150 mg+100 mg
Streptomycin Injection, 1 g
Thiacetazone Tablet, 150 mg


Fluconazole Capsule, 50 mg
Fluconazole Capsule, 200 mg
Griseofulvin Tablet, 125 mg
Griseofulvin Tablet, 500 mg
Ketoconazole Tablet, 200 mg
Nystatin Suspension, 100,000 IU/ml
Nystatin Pastilles, 100,000 IU
Nystatin Tablet, 500,000 IU
Terbinafine HCl, Tablet, 250 mg


Anti-Amoebic Drugs
Metronidazole Injection, 5 mg/ml in 100 ml
Metronidazole Suppository, 500 mg
Metronidazole Suspension, 100 mg/5ml (as benzoate)
Metronidazole Suspension, 200 mg/5 ml (as benzoate)
Metronidazole Tablet, 200 mg
Metronidazole Tablet, 400 mg

Antileishmaniasis Drugs
Pentamidine isetionate Injection, 300 mg vial

Antimalarial Drugs

Amodiaquine Syrup, 50 mg/ml
Amodiaquine Tablet, 75 mg
Amodiaquine Tablet, 150 mg
Amodiaquine Tablet, 200 mg
Artesunate Tablets, 25 mg
Artesunate Tablets, 50 mg
Artesunate Tablets, 100 mg
Artesunate Tablets, 200 mg
Quinine Injection, 300 mg/ml in 2 mls
Quinine Tablet, 300 mg
Sulfadoxine+Pyrimethamine Tablet, 525 mg


Aciclovir Tablet, 200mg
Aciclovir Injection, 25mg/ml
Aciclovir Suspension, 200mg/5ml

Antimigraine Drugs
Acetyl Salicylic Acid Tablet, 300 mg
Ergotamine Tablet, 2 mg
Paracetamol Tablet, 500 mg
Propranolol Tablet, 40mg

Antineoplastic And Immunosuppresive Drugs


Anastrozole Tablet, 1mg
Prednisolone Tablet, 5 mg
Diethylstilboestrol Tablet, 1 mg
Diethylstilboestrol Tablet, 5 mg
Tamoxifen Tablet, 10 mg
Tamoxifen Tablet, 20 mg

Vitamins And Minerals
Calciferol Tablet, 10,000 units
Calcium Gluconate Injection, 100 mg/ml in 10 ml
Multivitamin Syrup
Multivitamin Tablet
Retinol Soft Capsule, 200,000 IU
Retinol Soft Capsule, 100,000 IU
Thiamine Injection, 100 mg
Thiamine Tablet, 25 mg
Miconazole Oral gel, 25 mg/ml
Nystatin Ointment, 100,000 IU

Other Specialist Drugs

Tamsulosin Capsule, 400 microgram
Terazosin Tablet, 2 mg
Terazosin Tablet, 5 mg
Finasteride Tablet, 5 mg

Dialysis Solutions

Hemodialysis Concentrates

Schematic of a hemodialysis circuit

Antiparkinsonism Drugs
Trihexyphenidyl Tablet, 2 mg
Trihexyphenidyl Tablet, 5 mg
Benzatropine Injection, 1 mg/ml
Benzatropine Tablet, 2 mg
Biperiden Injection, 5 mg/ml
Biperiden Tablet, 2 mg

Ophthalmological Preparations

Aciclovir Ointment, 3%
Chloramphenicol Eye Drops, 1%
Chloramphenicol Eye Ointment, 1%
Econazole Eye Drops, 1%
Erythromycin Ointment, 0.5%
Gentamicin Eye Drops, 0.3%
Gentamicin Ointment, 0.3%
Sulphacetamide Eye Drops, 10%
Sulphacetamide Ointment, 10%
Tetracycline Eye Drops, 0.5% 10 mls
Tetracycline Ointment, 1%


Corticosteroid + Antibiotic Drops
Corticosteroid + Antibiotic Ointment
Dexamethasone Eye Drops, 1%
Dexamethasone Eye Ointment, 1%
Hydrocortisone Eye Drops, 1%
Hydrocortisone Eye Ointment, 1%
Lodoxamide Eye Drops, 0.1%
Prednisolone Eye Drops, 0.5%
Prednisolone Eye Drops, 1%


Tetracaine Eye Drops, 0.5%


Acetazolamide Injection, 500 mg
Acetozolamide Tablet, 250 mg
Adrenaline Eye Drops, 1%
Betaxolol HCl Eye Drops, 0.5%
Pilocarpine Eye Drops, 2%
Pilocarpine Eye Drops, 4%
Timolol Maleate Eye Drops, 0.5%


Atropine Eye Drops, 1%
Cyclopentolate Eye Drops, 1%
Homatropine Eye Drops, 2%


Methyl Cellulose Eye Drops, 0.3%

Blood Products And Blood Substitutes
What is blood?
What are the functions of blood cells?
What Are the Components of Human Blood?
Where are blood cells made?
What are the functions of blood cells
What is a complete blood cell count (CBC)?
What tests are usually done on human blood?
Why do people need blood transfusions?
Blood Transfusion
Formation of Blood Cells
Effects of Aging on the Blood
Overview of Blood Transfusion
Blood Donation Process
Blood Products
Special Blood Donation Procedures
Precautions and Adverse Reactions During Blood Transfusion

What is blood?
Blood is the life-maintaining fluid that circulates through:
Rest of the body

What is the function of blood?
Blood carries the following to the body tissues:
Immune cells (cells that fight infection)

Blood carries the following away from the body tissues:

Waste matter
Carbon dioxide

What Are the Components of Human Blood?
1.Red blood cells
2.White blood cells
    Antibodies (immunoglobulins)
    Clotting factors.
The cellular elements, red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets -- make up about 45% of the volume of whole blood. Plasma, which is 92% water, makes up the remaining 55%.

Blood carries oxygen and nutrients to living cells and takes away their waste products.

Blood contains different components, including red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets, and plasma. Plasma contains antibodies (immunoglobulins) and clotting factors. Not all components are produced from a particular unit of donated blood. For example, immunoglobulins and clotting factors may be prepared from plasma pooled together from many donors.

Blood is a living tissue composed of blood cells suspended in plasma.
The cellular elements, red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets -- make up about 45% of the volume of whole blood. Plasma, which is 92% water, makes up the remaining 55%.

Blood accounts for approximately 7% of a person's weight. An average sized man has about 12 pints of blood, and an average sized woman has about 9 pints. When you donate blood, your body immediately begins replacing the donated blood volume, so you can safely donate as often as 6 times a year.

Blood is the life-maintaining fluid that circulates through the body's:

Blood is the fluid that sustains life. The components of blood include red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets, and plasma. Some blood cells carry oxygen (necessary for metabolic reactions), some blood cells fight off invading substances that could destroy your cells, and other blood cells help to form clots, which keep your body from losing too much blood.

The fluid portion of the blood carries nutrients needed to fuel each cell in the body. It also shuttles wastes that need to be transported to the excretory system to be passed out of the body and carbon dioxide that needs to be transported to the lungs to be exhaled.

Because hemoglobin carries oxygen, anemia often causes people to feel fatigued.

Anemia can be caused by any of the following:

•Dietary deficiencies
•Metabolic disorders
•Hereditary conditions
•Damaged bone marrow

Red blood cells are created in the red bone marrow. They live about 120 days shuttling oxygen and carbon dioxide, and then certain white blood cells destroy them in the liver and spleen. As the red blood cells are destroyed, the iron they contain is recycled back to the red bone marrow to be used in new cells. The rest of the material in the old red blood cells is degraded and transported to the digestive system, where much of it ends up in fecal matter.

Where are blood cells made?

Blood cells are made in the bone marrow. The bone marrow is the spongy material in the center of the bones that makes all types of blood cells.

There are other organs and systems in our bodies that help regulate blood cells. The lymph nodes, spleen, and liver help regulate the production, destruction, and differentiation (developing a specific function) of cells. The production and development of new cells in the bone marrow is a process called hematopoiesis.

Blood cells formed in the bone marrow start out as a stem cell. A stem cell (or hematopoietic stem cell) is the initial phase of all blood cells. As the stem cell matures, several distinct cells evolve, such as the red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. Immature blood cells are also called blasts. Some blasts stay in the marrow to mature. Others travel to other parts of the body to develop into mature, functioning blood cells.

What are the functions of blood cells?
The primary function of red blood cells, or erythrocytes, is to carry oxygen from the lungs to the body tissues and carbon dioxide as a waste product, away from the tissues and back to the lungs. Hemoglobin (Hgb) is an important protein in the red blood cells that carries oxygen from the lungs to all parts of our body.

The primary function of white blood cells, or leukocytes, is to fight infection. There are several types of white blood cells and each has its own role in fighting bacterial, viral, fungal, and parasitic infections. Types of white blood cells that are most important for helping protect the body from infection and foreign cells include the following:


White blood cells:

Help heal wounds not only by fighting infection but also by ingesting matter, such as dead cells, tissue debris, and old red blood cells.
Are our protection from foreign bodies that enter the blood stream, such as allergens.

Are involved in the protection against mutated cells, such as cancer.

The primary function of platelets, or thrombocytes, is blood clotting. Platelets are much smaller in size than the other blood cells. They group together to form clumps, or a plug, in the hole of a vessel to stop bleeding.

What is a complete blood cell count (CBC)?
A CBC count is a measurement of size, number, and maturity of the different blood cells in a specific volume of blood. A CBC can be used to determine many abnormalities with either the production or destruction of blood cells. Variations from the normal number, size, or maturity of the blood cells can be used to indicate an infection or disease process. Often with an infection, the number of white blood cells will be elevated. Many forms of cancer can affect the bone marrow production of blood cells. For instance, an increase in the immature white blood cells in a CBC can be associated with leukemia. Blood diseases, such as anemia and sickle cell disease, will cause an abnormally low hemoglobin.

Common blood tests


What tests are usually done on human blood?
CBC, which includes:
White blood cell count (WBC)
Red blood cell count (RBC)
Platelet count
Hematocrit red blood cell volume (Hct)
Hemoglobin (Hgb) concentration. The oxygen-carrying pigment in red blood cells
Differential blood count


To aid in diagnosing anemia and other blood disorders and certain cancers of the blood; to monitor blood loss and infection; or to monitor a patient's response to cancer therapy, such as chemotherapy and radiation.


Platelet count


To diagnose and/or monitor bleeding and clotting disorders.


Prothrombin time (PT) and partial thromboplastin time (PTT)


To evaluate bleeding and clotting disorders and to monitor anticoagulation (anticlotting) therapies.


Whole blood is typically stored under the same conditions as red blood cells and can be kept up to 35 days if collected with CPDA-1 storage solution or 21 days with other common storage solutions such as CPD.

If the blood will be used to make platelets, it is kept at room temperature until the process is complete. This must be done quickly to minimize the warm storage of RBCs in the unit.

Here are further guidelines.

Medical biochemistry
Here are further guidelines.

Hospital Blood Transfusion Services

Why do people need blood transfusions?
1. Trauma.
2. Surgery.
3. Hematological or oncological medical conditions.

Here are further guidelines.

Here are further guidelines.

Cardiovascular Drugs

Glyceryl Trinitrate Sublingual Tablet, 500 microgram
Isosorbide Dinitrate Sublingual Tablet, 5 mg
Isosorbide Dinitrate Tablet, 10 mg
Nifedipine Tablet, 10 mg (slow release)
Nifedipine Tablet, 20 mg (slow release)
Nifedipine Tablet, 30mg (GITS)
Propranolol Tablet, 10mg
Propranolol Tablet, 40 mg
Propranolol Tablet, 80 mg


Amiodarone Tablet, 200mg
Disopyramide Capsule, 100mg
Disopyramide Phosphate Injection, 10mg/ml
Lidocaine Injection, 20 mg/ml in 5 mls
Propranolol Tablet, 10mg
Propranolol Tablet, 40 mg
Propranolol Tablet, 80 mg


Atenolol Tablet, 100 mg
Atenolol Tablet, 50 mg
Bendroflumethiazide Tablet, 2.5 mg
Bendroflumethiazide Tablet, 5 mg
Hydralazine Injection, 20 mg
Hydralazine Tablet, 25 mg
Labetalol Injection, 5 mg/ml
Labetalol Tablet, 100 mg
Labetalol Tablet, 200 mg
Lisinopril Tablet, 2.5 mg
Lisinopril Tablet, 5 mg
Lisinopril Tablet, 10 mg
Losartan Tablet, 25 mg
Losartan Tablet, 50 mg
Losartan Tablet, 100 mg
Methyldopa Tablet, 250 mg
Nifedipine Capsule, 10 mg
Nifedipine Capsule, 5 mg
Nifedipine Tablet, 10 mg (Slow release)
Nifedipine Tablet, 20 mg (Slow release)
Nifedipine Tablet, 30 mg (GITS)
Prazosin Tablet, 500 microgram
Propranolol Injection, 1 mg/ml
Propranolol Tablet, 10 mg
Propranolol Tablet, 40 mg
Propranolol Tablet, 80 mg
Reserpine Injection, 1 mg/ml
Reserpine Tablet, 250 microgram


Digoxin Elixir, 50 microgram/ml
Digoxin Injection, 250 microgram/ml
Digoxin Tablet, 125 microgram
Digoxin Tablet, 250 microgram


Fluvastatin Capsules, 20mg


Dopamine Injection, 40 mg/ml in 5 ml
Hydrocortisone Injection, 100 mg

Dermatological Preparations


Benzoic Acid + Salicylic Acid Ointment, 6%+3%
Clotrimazole + Hydrocortisone Cream, 2% + 1%
Clotrimazole Cream, 2%
Clotrimazole Pessary, 100 mg
Gentian Violet Paint, 1%
Selenium Sulphide Shampoo, 2.5%

Aciclovir Cream, 5%
Cetrimide Solution
Chlorhexidine Cream, 1%
Chlorhexidine Solution, 2.5%
Silver Sulfadiazine Cream, 1%


Calamine Lotion, 15%
Calamine Cream, 15%
Clobetasol propionate Cream, 0.05%
Hydrocortisone Cream, 1%


Salicylic Acid Ointment, 2%


Benzyl Benzoate Lotion, 25%
Lindane Lotion, 1%

Aqueous Cream BP


Benzoyl Peroxide Solution, 10%
Benzoyl Peroxide Solution, 5%
Clindamycin Solution, 1%
Mercurochrome Solution

Drugs Affecting The Blood

Iron + Folic Acid Tablet, 60 mg + 250 microgram
Ferric Ammonium Citrate (FAC)
Ferrous Fumarate Tablet, (100 mg Iron)
Ferrous Gluconate Tablet, (35 mg Iron)
Ferrous Sulphate (BPC) Syrup, 60 mg/5 ml
Ferrous Sulphate Tablet, 60 mg (Elemental Iron)
Folic Acid Tablet, 5 mg
Hydroxocobalamin Injection, 1 mg/ml
Iron Dextran Injection, 50 mg/ml


Acetyl Salicylic Acid Tablet, 75 mg
Heparin [Low molecular weight] Injection, 4000 units/ml
Heparin Injection, 1000 units/ml
Heparin Injection, 5000 units/ml
Heparin Injection, 5000 units/0.2 ml
Protamine Sulphate Injection, 10mg/ml
Phytomenadione Injection, 10 mg/ml
Phytomenadione Injection, 1 mg/ml
Warfarin Tablet, 1 mg
Warfarin Tablet, 3 mg
Warfarin Tablet, 5 mg (scored)

Diagnostic Agents

Fluorescein Solution, 2%
Fluorescein Strips
Methylcellulose Eye Drops, 1%
Methylcellulose Eye Drops, 2%
Rose Bengal Minims, 1%
Tropicamide Eye Drops, 1%


Diagnostic Strips - Glucose
Diagnostic Strips - Multipurpose
Diagnostic Strips - Protein
Diagnostic Tablets - Glucose
Diagnostic Tablets - Ketones


Edrophonium Injection, 10 mg/ml

Chlorhexidine Solution, 4% in detergent base
Chlorhexidine Cream, 1%
Chlorhexidine Solution, 2.5%
Iodine + Potassium Iodide Solution, 2% + 2.4%
Povidone Iodine (aq.) Solution, 10%

Bendroflumethiazide Tablet, 2.5 mg
Bendroflumethiazide Tablet, 5 mg
Furosemide Injection, 10 mg/ml in 2 ml
Furosemide Tablet, 40 mg
Mannitol Injection, 10% 500 ml
Mannitol Injection, 20% 500 ml
Metolazone Tablet, 5 mg
Spironolactone Tablet, 25 mg
Spironolactone Tablet, 50 mg

Psychotherapeutic Drugs
Amitriptyline Tablet, 10 mg
Amitriptyline Tablet, 25 mg
Amitiyptyline Tablet, 50 mg
Chlorpromazine Injection, 25 mg/ml in 2 mls
Chlorpromazine Tablet, 100 mg
Chlorpromazine Tablet, 25 mg
Chlorpromazine Tablet, 50 mg
Diazepam Injection, 5 mg/ml in 2 ml
Diazepam Tablet, 10 mg
Diazepam Tablet, 5 mg
Fluoxetine Capsule, 20 mg
Fluphenazine Deconoate Injection, 25 mg/ml
Haloperidol Injection, 5 mg/ml
Haloperidol Tablet, 10 mg
Haloperidol Tablet, 5 mg
Imipramine Tablet, 25 mg
Lorazepam Tablet, 2.5 mg
Risperidone Liquid, 1 mg/ml
Risperidone Tablet, 500 microgram
Risperidone Tablet, 1mg
Risperidone Tablet, 2mg
Trifluoperazine Tablet, 1 mg
Trifluoperazine Tablet, 5 mg

Types of psychotherapeutic agents are:


Tricyclic antidepressants

Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOI's)

Newer generation antidepressants
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI's)
Second and third generation antidepressants

Common Tricyclic's

Amitriptyline (Elavil)
Doxepin (Sinequan)
Imipramine (Tofranil)
Desipramine (Norpramin)
Nortriptyline (Aventyl)


Examples: Nardil and Parnate

Newer-Generation Antidepressants



Thioxanthenes: Navane
Butyrophenones (Haldol)
Dihydroindolones (Moban)
Atypical antipsychotics: new class

Atypical Antipsychotics


Gastrointestinal Drugs


Magnesium Trisilicate Mixture
Magnesium Trisilicate Tablet, 500 mg
Omeprazole Capsule, 20 mg
Ranitidine Injection, 25 mg/ml in 2ml
Ranitidine Tablet, 150 mg


Metoclopramide Injection, 5 mg/ml in 2 mls
Metoclopramide Tablet, 10 mg
Ondansetron Injection, 2 mg/ml
Ondansetron Tablet, 4 mg
Promethazine Hydrochloride Elixir, 5 mg/5 ml
Promethazine Hydrochloride Injection, 25 mg/ml
Promethazine Theoclate Tablet, 25 mg


Ethanolamine Oleate Solution, 5%
Phenol 5% in Almond Oil Injection
Soothing Agent + Local Anaesthetic Ointment
Soothing Agent + Local Anaesthetic Suppository
Soothing Agent + Local Anaesthetic + Steroid Ointment
Soothing Agent + Local Anaesthetic + Steroid Suppository


Sulfasalazine Tablet, 500 mg


Hyoscine Butylbromide Tablet, 10 mg
Hyoscine Butylbromide Injection, 20 mg/ml
Mebeverine Tablet, 135 mg


Bisacodyl Tablet, 5 mg
Lactulose Liquid 3.1- - 3.7 g/5 ml
Magnesium Sulphate salt
Paraffin Liquid
Senna Tablet, 7.5 mg or Granules


Oral Replacement Solution

Oral Rehydration Salts Powder

Antidiarrhoeal (Symptomatic) Drugs

Codeine Tablet, 30mg

Hormones, Other Endocrine Drugs And Contraceptives

Dexamethasone Injection, 4 mg/ml
Fludrocortisone Tablet, 100 microgram
Hydrocortisone Sodium Succinate Injection, 100 mg
Prednisolone Tablet, 5 mg


Testosterone Enanthate Injection, 200 mg in 1 ml ampoule


Medroxyprogesterone Acetate Injection, 150 mg/ml (Depot)

What is medical abortion?
A medical abortion is a type of non-surgical abortion in which abortifacient pharmaceutical drugs are used to induce abortion. An oral preparation for medical abortion is commonly referred to as an abortion pill.

Total 4

There are two types of abortion treatment, 'Medical' and 'Surgical' abortion:

1. Medical abortion: The abortion pill

There are two types of medical abortion

Abortion pill (also known as early medical abortion) up to 10 weeks
Abortion pill from 10 weeks up to 24 weeks

2. Surgical abortion

Surgical abortion involves a quick, minor operation. There are two types of surgical abortion:

Vacuum aspiration up to 15 weeks
Dilatation and evacuation between 15 and 24 weeks


Conjugated Oestrogen Tablet, 625 microgram
Conjugated Oestrogen + Norgesterol Tablet, 625 microgram + 150 microgram
Conjugated Oestrogen Vaginal cream, 625 micrograms/g


Isophane Insulin Injection (HM), 100 units/ml in 10 ml
Insulin pre-mixed (30/70) HM Injection, 100 units/ml in 10 ml
Insulin Soluble HM, 100 units/ml in 10 ml
Glibenclamide Tablet, 5 mg
Gliclazide Tablet, 80 mg
Tolbutamide Tablet, 500 mg
Metformin Tablet, 500 mg
Glucagon Injection, 1 mg


Clomifene Tablet, 50 mg


Medroxyprogesterone Acetate Tablet, 5 mg
Norethisterone Tablet, 5 mg


Carbimazole Tablet, 5 mg
Carbimazole Tablet, 20 mg
Levothyroxine sodium Tablet, 50 microgram
Levothyroxine sodium Tablet, 100 microgram


Bromocriptine Tablet, 2.5 mg


Tuberculin (PPD) Injection

Anti D Rh Immune Globulin Injection
Antirabies immunoglobulins Injection, 1000 IU/5ml
Anti-snake venom, Polyvalent Injection
Tetanus Immunoglobulins Injection, 250 IU/ml


BCG Vaccine Injection
"Five in One" Vaccine Injection (Diphtheria, Pertussis, Tetanus, Haemophilus influenzae b and Hepatitis B)
Hepatitis B Vaccine Injection
Measles Vaccine Injection
Poliomyelitis Vaccine Oral Solution
Tetanus Vaccine Injection, 40 IU/5 ml
Yellow Fever Vaccine Injection

For Specific Groups of Individuals

Meningococcal Vaccine Injection
Rabies Vaccine Injection
Tetanus Toxoid Injection, 0.5 ml
Tetanus Vaccine Injection, 40 IU/5 ml
Yellow Fever Vaccine Injection

Muscle Relaxants And Cholinesterase Inhibitors
Atracurium Injection, 10 mg/ml in 2.5 ml
Neostigmine Injection, 2.5 mg
Neostigmine Injection, 0.5 mg
Rocuronium Injection, 10 mg/ml
Suxamethonium Injection, 100 mg/2ml
Vecuronium Bromide Injection, 10 mg/vial

Oxytocics And Anti-Oxytocics

Ergometrine Injection, 0.5 mg/ml
Ergometrine Tablet, 0.5 mg
Misoprostol Vaginal Tablet,, 200 microgram
Oxytocin Injection, 5 units/ml


Salbutamol Sulphate Injection, 500 microgram/ml
Salbutamol Tablet, 4 mg

Pre-Operative Medications And Sedation For Short-Term Procedures
Atropine Injection, 0.6 mg/ml
Diazepam Injection, 5 mg/ml
Doxapram Injection, 20 mg/ml in 5 ml
Ephedrine HCl Injection, 3 mg/ml
Glycopyrronium Injection, 200 microgram/ml
Lorazepam Injection,4 mg/ml
Midazolam Injection, 2 mg/ml
Midazolam Injection, 5mg/ml

Respiratory / Pulmonary Medications
Drugs Acting On The Respiratory Tract
  1. Antiasthmatic Combinations

  2. Antihistamines

  3. Antitussives

  4. Bronchodilators

  5. Decongestants

  6. Expectorants

  7. Leukotriene Modifiers

  8. Lung Surfactants

  9. Miscellaneous Respiratory Agents

  10. Respiratory Inhalant

  11. Selective Phosphodiesterase-4 Inhibitors

  12. Upper Respiratory Combinations

Antiasthmatic Drugs
Adrenaline Injection, 1 mg/1ml (1:1000)
Aminophylline Injection, 250 mg/10 ml
Beclometasone dipropionate Inhaler, 100 mcg/metered dose
Beclometasone dipropionate Inhaler, 50 mcg/metered dose
Hydrocortisone Sodium Succinate Injection, 100 mg
Prednisolone Tablet, 5 mg
Salbutamol Inhaler, 100 microgram/metered dose, 200 doses
Salbutamol Nebulizer, 2.5 mg Nebules
Salbutamol Nebulizer, 5 mg Nebules
Salbutamol Syrup, 2 mg/5 ml
Salbutamol Tablet, 2 mg
Salbutamol Tablet, 4 mg
Theophylline Dry Syrup, 60 mg/5 ml
Theophylline Tablet, 200 mg (slow release)


Dihydrocodeine Tablet, 30 mg
Simple Linctus (paediatric)
Simple Linctus Syrup

Respiratory disease

Aspiration Pneumonia (43 drugs)
Asthma (188 drugs in 6 topics)
Berylliosis (6 drugs)
Bronchiectasis (46 drugs)
Bronchitis (127 drugs)
Bronchopleural Fistula (0 drugs)
Bronchospasm Prophylaxis (14 drugs)
Bronchospastic Disease (0 drugs)
COPD (114 drugs in 4 topics)
Cough (575 drugs in 2 topics)
Croup (19 drugs in 2 topics)
Dyspnea (0 drugs)
Hiccups (7 drugs)
Hypereosinophilic Syndrome (22 drugs in 2 topics)
Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (2 drugs)
Mechanical Ventilation (0 drugs)
Mucous Plugging in Lung Disease (0 drugs)
Nasal Congestion (226 drugs)
Pleural Effusion (13 drugs in 2 topics)
Pleuropulmonary Infection (205 drugs in 5 topics)
Pulmonary Fibrosis (8 drugs in 2 topics)
Pulmonary Heart or Vascular Disease (36 drugs in 6 topics)
Pulmonary Impairment (0 drugs)
Respiratory Depression (1 drug)
Respiratory Failure (35 drugs in 4 topics)
Rhinitis (79 drugs in 3 topics)
Upper Respiratory Tract Infection (787 drugs in 7 topics)
Vocal Cord Dysfunction (0 drugs)

Solutions Correcting Water And Electrolyte Abnormalities

Oral Rehydration Salts Powder
Potassium Chloride Tablet, 600 mg (enteric coated)

What are the different type of intravenous fluids for human needs?
Types of IV fluids
1. Crystalloids
2. Colloids
3. Blood and blood products


Badoe's Solution Injection, 1000 ml
Cholera Replacement Fluid Injection, (5:4:1)
Darrow's Solution Injection, Half-Strength 250 ml
Dextrose in Sodium Chloride Intravenous Infusion, 4.3% in 0.18% 250 ml
Dextrose in Sodium Chloride Intravenous Infusion, 5% in 0.9% (500 ml)
Dextrose† in Sodium Chloride Intravenous Infusion, 10% in 0.18% (250 ml)
Dextrose Infusion, 5% (250 ml)
Dextrose Infusion, 5% (500 ml)
Dextrose Infusion, 10% (250 ml)
Dextrose Infusion, 10% (500 ml)
Dextrose Infusion, 20% (250 ml)
Dextrose Infusion, 50% (50 ml)
Potassium Chloride Injection, 20 mEq/10 ml
Ringer’s Lactate Intravenous Infusion, 500 ml
Sodium Bicarbonate Injection, 8.4% in 10 ml
Sodium Chloride + KCl Injection, 0.9% + 20 mMol (500 ml)
Sodium Chloride in Dextrose Injection, 0.9% in 5% (500 ml)
Sodium Chloride Injection, 0.9% (250 ml)
Sodium Chloride Injection, 0.9% (500 ml)
Sodium Chloride Injection, 0.45% (250 ml)


Water for Injection


Rehydration and fluid replacement
Replenish Na+ and Cl-
Provide energy replacement to protect protein stores (glucose containing solutions)



Ringer’s, Lactated Ringer’s, 2.5 % Dextrose/Lactated Ringer’s .9% Normal Saline


10% Dextrose, 20 % Dextrose, 50% Dextrose 3% Saline, 5% Saline 5% Dextrose/.45% Saline, 5% Dextrose/.9 % Normal Saline, 5% Dextrose/Lactated Ringer’s


2.5% Dextrose, 5% Dextrose .45% Saline


Hypertonic solutions should be administered slowly as they could cause CHF Monitor flow rate carefully to prevent fluid overload



Colloids differ from crystalloids in two primary aspects. First, colloids are large particles made up of proteins and second, they are used for rapid expansion of the patient’s intravascular volume. Crystalloids may be used to move fluid forwards and backwards across the cellular membrane.

Colloids tend to draw the fluid from the interstitial spaces of the body. A 50 cc container of 25% albumin solution is the equivalent of a 250 cc bolus of fluid.


Rapid replacement of intravascular fluid Hypotension Correct albumin and protein levels


5 % Albumin 25 % Albumin Plasma protein fraction (5 % albumin and globulin in a solution of normal saline)


Due to the extreme osmotic gradient these products produce, be alert for signs of fluid overload (CHF and/or pulmonary edema).


These supplements provide calories, fats, amino acids, and/or electrolytes to the patient that exhibits an impaired gastrointestinal tract or for short term nutritional management. The average daily protein (amino acids) requirements of an adult is approximately 1 gram/kg of body weight. The body requires within the area of 1,600 cal/day for daily maintenance. If the daily caloric intake drops below 400 cal/day, the body begins to use its own source of protein.


Provide calories Spare the body’s protein Maintenance of nutritional status


Amino acids Fat emulsions Total parenteral nutrition (TPN)


Fat emulsions are incompatible with electrolyte solutions. Watch for adverse reactions to fat emulsion therapy, such as nausea, vomiting, headache, dyspnea and allergic reactions. Avoid using an in-line filter for the administration of fats Use an IV pump for TPN administration due to the possibility of inducing hyperosmolality Due to the high glucose content of TPN (and subsequently the chance for bacterial growth), sterile technique is called for when changing IV bag solutions.

Glucose intolerance may occur with TPN administration due to the inability of the pancreas to handle the extra sugar load. Generally this occurs at the onset of treatment; however, close monitoring of the patient’s glucose level is necessary. If the patient is found to be glucose intolerant insulin will be added to the mixture.



Packed red blood cells
Erythrocytes and 100 ml of plasma
Plasma volume of 50 ml
Fresh frozen plasma
Volume of 200 to 250 ml, contains all coagulation factors, but no platelets
Whole blood
Volume of 500 ml, missing factors VII and V, no platelets


Plasma volume of 10 to 25 ml including factor VIII and fibrinogen Clotting factors


Top 10 Vaccine-Preventable Diseases

1. Measles
2. Whooping Cough (Pertussis)
3. Flu
4. Polio
5. Pneumococcal Disease
6. Tetanus
7. Meningococcal Disease
8. Hepatitis B
9. Mumps
10. Hib (Haemophilus Influenzae Type B)


What it is: A highly contagious lung infection.
The measles virus gets into the air when someone who has it coughs or sneezes

Whooping Cough (Pertussis)

What it is: A lung infection that makes it hard to breathe due to severe coughing.
People can breathe in the pertussis bacteria when someone who has whooping cough coughs or sneezes.


What it is: A viral infection of the nose, lungs, and throat.


What it is: A viral disease

How you get it: The polio virus lives in the intestines. You can get infected by coming into contact with a sick person’s feces.

Pneumococcal Disease

What it is: A bacterial disease that can cause many types of illness, including pneumonia, ear and blood infections, and meningitis (which affects the brain and spinal cord).

How you get it: By coming into contact with an infected person’s mucus or saliva.


What it is: A bacterial disease that causes lockjaw, breathing problems, muscle spasms, paralysis, and death.

Meningococcal Disease

What it is: A bacterial disease that can cause meningitis, an infection and swelling of the brain and spinal cord. It can also infect the blood.

Hepatitis B

What it is: A liver disease caused by the hepatitis B virus.


What it is: A disease caused by a virus that gives people swollen salivary glands, a fever, headache, and muscle aches. It also makes you feel tired and curbs your appetite.

Hib (Haemophilus Influenzae Type B)

What it is: A bacterial disease that infects the lungs (pneumonia), brain or spinal cord (meningitis), blood, bone, or joints.


Here are further guidelines.

Here are further guidelines.

Preferred Drug List
What is a preferred drug list?
If you go through a textbook of pharmacology, pharmacy, or any medical specialty, not all the drugs listed are available in the state.

Every state maintains a preferred drug list. The state department of health or state department of health and family services issues a preferred drug list regularly.

You need to write to the nearest pharmacy and state department of health. The nearest pharmacy can be a hospital or non-hospital pharmacy.
Can you bring me up to date with a preferred drug list?
Are these preferred drug lists available in nearest pharmacy?
You need to reach a correct diagnosis before prescribing any drug in the preferred drug list.

What is an essential drug list?
A state on January 13, 2012, has listed 348 essential drugs that can tackle not only critical cases but almost all medical conditions.

What do you need to answer?
Questions you need to answer.

What drugs or medications are in the essential list of drugs or preferred list of drugs from pharmaceutical factories in the state?

What are the drugs from pharmaceutical factories outside the state?

Why can't drugs from pharmaceutical factories outside the state be manufactured within the state?
Here are further guidelines.

Pharmacy Jobs
Where do they work?
  1. Academic Pharmacist

  2. Assistant Controller Drugs

  3. Assistant Drug Analyst

  4. Asst. Controller Food

  5. Clinical Research Associates (CRA)

  6. Community pharmacist

  7. Compounding Pharmacist

  8. Controller, Drugs & Food

  9. Deputy Controller, Drugs & Food

  10. Drug Analysts

  11. Drug Inspectors

  12. Drug Safety (Pharmacovigilance)

  13. Hospital pharmacist

  14. Medical Science Liaison (MSL)

  15. Nursing Home pharmacist

  16. Pharmaceutical Manufacturer

  17. Pharmacy Regulatory Specialist

  18. Poison Control Pharmacist

  19. Primary care pharmacist

  20. Public Analyst

  21. State Administrative Head of the Department

  22. State Food Health Authority
Q: What is the curriculum?
Q: What do pharmacists do?
Here is a brief description of 22 jobs and careers for pharmacists and links for current job openings.

Pharmacy is an evolving profession. Over the years pharmacists have found new ways to leverage their status as experts in medication therapy to create new pharmacy careers that have significantly improved patient care and advanced the pharmacy profession. Here is a brief description of 22 jobs and careers for pharmacists and links for current job openings.

Ambulatory Care Pharmacist

Job description: Direct patient care and management of medications for ambulatory patients; manage ambulatory clinics

Requirement: Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD), Bachelor of Science (BS) in Pharmacy; ambulatory care pharmacy residency and board certification in ambulatory care pharmacy are preferred. Certification in the management of chronic conditions or therapies such as diabetes, asthma, anticoagulation is desirable.

Advantages: Provide direct patient care in a clinic setting

Practice site: Outpatient hospital or community clinics

Academic Pharmacist

Job description: Conduct research, publish articles, teach and mentor tomorrow's pharmacist. Some also practice pharmacy in the community, hospital, or ambulatory settings.

Requirement: Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD), Bachelor of Science (BS) in Pharmacy, some also have Ph.D. degrees; one-year residency, and/or fellowship.

Other Skills: Need excellent writing and speaking skills, interest in research

Advantages: Flexible schedule, work in an office, opportunity to shape the future of pharmacy, pharmacy license may not be required

Practice site: universities, schools of pharmacy and medicine, local, state, and international organizations
Q: Who is most skilled and knowledgeable among them?
How will you manufacture lactated Ringer's injection for hospitals?
How will you manufacture normal saline injection for hospitals?
How will you manufacture 5% dextrose in water injection for hospitals?
How will you manufacture Seftraxone injection for hospitals?
How will you verify safety, quality, and effectiveness?
What resources do you need to manufacture for state needs?
How much is consumed in the state each year?
What should be the workers' skills and knowledge?
Tablets Capsule InjectionBirth Control Device Ointments Syrups
Last Updated: September 16, 2017