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What is road vehicle?
A vehicle designed to legally carry people or cargo on public roads and highways such as busses, cars, trucks, vans, and motorcycles. This would not include motor driven vehicles not approved for use of the road, such as forklifts, motor homes or marine vehicles.
What is automobile?
Motorized vehicle consisting of four wheels and powered by an internal engine.
What are the categories of automobile engines?
The chief characteristic of an automotive engine (compared to a stationary engine or a marine engine) is a high power-to-weight ratio. This is achieved by using a high rotational speed. However, automotive engines are sometimes modified for marine use, forming a marine automobile engine.
As of 2013 there were a wide variety of propulsion systems available or potentially available for automobiles and other vehicles. Options included internal combustion engines fueled by petrol, diesel, propane, or natural gas; hybrid vehicles, plug-in hybrids, fuel cell vehicles fueled by hydrogen and all electric cars. Fueled vehicles seemed to have the short term advantage due to the limited range and high cost of batteries. Some options required construction of a network of fueling or charging stations.
Q: What is the difference between a gasoline engine and a diesel engine?
A: In a diesel engine, there is no spark plug. Instead, diesel fuel is injected into the cylinder, and the heat and pressure of the compression stroke cause the fuel to ignite. Diesel fuel has a higher energy density than gasoline, so a diesel engine gets better mileage. See How Diesel Engines Work for more information.
Q: What is the difference between a two-stroke and a four-stroke engine?
A: Most chain saws and boat motors use two-stroke engines. A two-stroke engine has no moving valves, and the spark plug fires each time the piston hits the top of its cycle. A hole in the lower part of the cylinder wall lets in gas and air. As the piston moves up it is compressed, the spark plug ignites combustion, and exhaust exits through another hole in the cylinder. You have to mix oil into the gas in a two-stroke engine because the holes in the cylinder wall prevent the use of rings to seal the combustion chamber. Generally, a two-stroke engine produces a lot of power for its size because there are twice as many combustion cycles occurring per rotation. However, a two-stroke engine uses more gasoline and burns lots of oil, so it is far more polluting. See How Two-stroke Engines Work for more information.
Q: Are there any advantages to steam engines and other external combustion engines?
A: The main advantage of a steam engine is that you can use anything that burns as the fuel. For example, a steam engine can use coal, newspaper or wood for the fuel, while an internal combustion engine needs pure, high-quality liquid or gaseous fuel. See How Steam Engines Work for more information.
Q: Are there any other cycles besides the Otto cycle used in car engines?
A: The two-stroke engine cycle is different, as is the diesel cycle described above. The engine in the Mazda Millenia uses a modification of the Otto cycle called the Miller cycle. Gas turbine engines use the Brayton cycle. Wankel rotary engines use the Otto cycle, but they do it in a very different way than four-stroke piston engines.
Q: Why have eight cylinders in an engine?
Why not have one big cylinder of the same displacement of the eight cylinders instead?
A: There are a couple of reasons why a big 4.0-liter engine has eight half-liter cylinders rather than one big 4-liter cylinder. The main reason is smoothness. A V-8 engine is much smoother because it has eight evenly spaced explosions instead of one big explosion. Another reason is starting torque. When you start a V-8 engine, you are only driving two cylinders (1 liter) through their compression strokes, but with one big cylinder you would have to compress 4 liters instead.
Q: I am looking to start making engine parts and eventually build my own engine. Where do you obtain the (_______) that is used for piston's and liners?
(Do you have better answer)
(Does anyone else have a better answer)
(Does anyone else have an answer better than the answers I already have, we have?)
Why does my engine over heat?
Why does my engine leak coolant?
How a cooling system works
How to replace a radiator
How does a car heater work?
Why wont my car heater work?
Why does steam come from the exhaust pipe?
Why is there coolant in the oil?
Here are further guidelines.