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What are examples of medical symptoms by human organ systems, age, and gender?
  1. Brain & central nervous system (nervous system)

  2. Circulatory System

  3. Digestive System

  4. Endocrine System

  5. Integumentary system

  6. Lymphatic (immune) system

  7. Muscular system

  8. Reproductive System

  9. Respiratory System

  10. Skeletal System

  11. Urinary system

Symptoms by presentation

Brain & central nervous system (nervous system)


  1. Sudden weakness, numbness, tingling, or loss of movement in your face, arm, or leg, especially on only one side of your body.

  2. Sudden changes in vision.

  3. Sudden trouble speaking.

  4. Sudden confusion or trouble understanding simple statements.

  5. Sudden, severe headache that is different from past headaches.

  6. Sudden problems with walking or balance.

  7. Suicidal Ideation

  8. Numbness, tingling, weakness, or inability to move a part or all of one side of the body (paralysis).

  9. Dimness, blurring, double vision, or loss of vision in one or both eyes.

  10. Loss of speech, trouble talking, or trouble understanding speech.

  11. Sudden, severe headache.

  12. Dizziness, unsteadiness, or the inability to stand or walk, especially if other symptoms are present.

  13. Confusion or a change in level of consciousness or behavior.

  14. Severe nausea or vomiting.

  15. Nonemergency Issues
  16. Acalculia

  17. Acrophobia

  18. Agnosia

  19. Agoraphobia

  20. Akathisia

  21. Akinesia

  22. Alexia

  23. Amusia

  24. Anhedonia

  25. Anomia

  26. Anosognosia

  27. Anxiety

  28. Apraxia

  29. Arachnophobia

  30. Ataxia

  31. Bradykinesia

  32. Cataplexy (G47.4)

  33. Chorea

  34. Claustrophobia

  35. Confusion

  36. Deliberate Self Harm And Drug Overdose

  37. Depression

  38. Dysarthria

  39. Dysdiadochokinesia

  40. Dysgraphia

  41. Dystonia

  42. Euphoria

  43. Hallucination

  44. Headache

  45. Hemiballismus And Ballismus

  46. Homicidal Ideation

  47. Insomnia (F51.0, G47.0)

  48. Lhermitte's Sign

  49. Mania (F30)

  50. Paralysis

  51. Paranoia Or Persecution

  52. Paresthesia

  53. Phobia (see The List Of Phobias)

  54. Prosopagnosia

  55. Sciatica

  56. Somnolence (R40.0)

  57. Tic

  58. Tremor

  59. Persistent or sudden onset of a headache

  60. A headache that changes or is different

  61. Loss of feeling or tingling

  62. Weakness or loss of muscle strength

  63. Sudden loss of sight or double vision

  64. Memory loss

  65. Impaired mental ability

  66. Lack of coordination

  67. Muscle rigidity

  68. Tremors and seizures

  69. Back pain which radiates to the feet, toes, or other parts of the body

  70. Muscle wasting and slurred speech

  71. Agitation—anxious, restless, panicky, nervous, rapid speech and movement

  72. Anger, aggressively hostile

  73. Defiance

  74. Violence: Threatening self, others

  75. Suicidal gestures or talk

  76. Shouting, crying out, crying

  77. Isolates self, refuses to talk

  78. Obsessive-compulsive actions

  79. Observable signs
  80. Personal appearance: Poor hygiene, grooming, dress

  81. History of alcohol or drug abuse

  82. Delusions or visions: Hears voices, may want to follow “orders” of voices; talks to unseen persons

  83. Persecution: Believes others are plotting against him, no one understands him, blames others for problems

  84. Observable signs
  85. Speech or language

  86. Cannot talk or does not appear to understand what you are saying (aphasia)

  87. Result of brain injury (head trauma, stroke, brain tumor, neurological disease, epilepsy, migraine) to specific brain areas—NOT a cognitive disorder

  88. Broca’s area—controls language/speech

  89. Wernicke’s area—control language interpretation

  90. Talks, but word choice is unusual

  91. Quality, pace, articulation

  92. Observable signs
  93. Age (with any of the above signs)

  94. 15-25 years of age

  95. Over 40 years of age

  96. The elderly

  97. Symptoms of a panic attack include:

  98. Racing or pounding heartbeat

  99. Heart palpations or an irregular heartbeat

  100. Dizziness

  101. Tingling or numbness of the fingers and mouth

  102. Uncontrollable shaking as though the person is very cold and teeth chattering

  103. Shortness of breath

  104. Ocular
  105. Amaurosis Fugax (G45.3) And Amaurosis

  106. Blurred Vision

  107. Dalrymple's Sign

  108. Double Vision (H53.2)

  109. Exophthalmos (H05.2)

  110. Mydriasis/Miosis (H570)

  111. Nystagmus

  112. Cardiovascular
  113. Arrhythmia

  114. Bradycardia (R00.1)

  115. Chest Pain (R07)

  116. Claudication

  117. Palpitation (R00.2)

  118. Tachycardia (R00.0)

  119. Emergency Symptoms of a heart attack can include:
  120. Discomfort, pressure, heaviness, or pain in the chest, arm, or below the breastbone

  121. Discomfort radiating to the back, jaw, throat, or arm

  122. Fullness, indigestion, or choking feeling (may feel like heartburn)

  123. Sweating, nausea, vomiting, or dizziness

  124. Extreme weakness, anxiety, or shortness of breath

  125. Rapid or irregular heartbeats

  126. Palpitations (a feeling of skipped heart beats, fluttering or "flip-flops," or feeling that your heart is "running away").

  127. Pounding in your chest.

  128. Dizziness or feeling light-headed.

  129. Fainting.

  130. Shortness of breath.

  131. Chest discomfort.

  132. Weakness or fatigue (feeling very tired).

  133. Symptoms of Atrial Fibrillation Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a type of arrhythmia. Most people with AF experience one or more of the following symptoms:
  134. Heart palpitations (a sudden pounding, fluttering, or racing feeling in the heart).

  135. Lack of energy; tired.

  136. Dizziness (feeling faint or light-headed).

  137. Chest discomfort (pain, pressure, or discomfort in the chest).

  138. Shortness of breath (difficulty breathing during activities of daily living). Some patients with atrial fibrillation have no symptoms. Sometimes these episodes are briefer. Symptoms of Heart Valve Disease Symptoms of h eart valve disease can include:

  139. Shortness of breath and/or difficulty catching your breath. You may notice this most when you are active (doing your normal daily activities) or when you lie down flat in bed.

  140. Weakness or dizziness.

  141. Discomfort in your chest. You may feel a pressure or weight in your chest with activity or when going out in cold air.

  142. Palpitations (this may feel like a rapid heart rhythm, irregular heartbeat, skipped beats, or a flip-flop feeling in your chest).
    If valve disease causes heart failure, symptoms may include:

  143. Swelling of your ankles or feet. Swelling may also occur in your abdomen, which may cause you to feel bloated.

  144. Quick weight gain (a weight gain of two or three pounds in one day is possible). Symptoms of heart valve disease do not always relate to the seriousness of your condition. You may have no symptoms at all and have severe valve disease, requiring prompt treatment. Or, as with mitral valve prolapse, you may have severe symptoms, yet tests may show minor valve disease.

    Symptoms of Heart Failure

    Symptoms of heart failure can include:

  145. Shortness of breath noted during activity (most commonly) or at rest, especially when you lie down flat in bed.

  146. Cough that is productive of a white mucus.

  147. Quick weight gain (a weight gain of two or three pounds in one day is possible).

  148. Swelling in ankles, legs, and abdomen.

  149. Dizziness.

  150. Fatigue and weakness.

  151. Rapid or irregular heartbeats.

  152. Other symptoms include nausea, palpitations, and chest pain. Like valve disease, heart failure symptoms may not be related to how weak your heart is. You may have many symptoms, but your heart function may be only mildly weakened. Or you may have a severely damaged heart, with little or no symptoms. Symptoms of Congenital Heart Defects Congenital heart defects may be diagnosed before birth, right after birth, during childhood, or not until adulthood. It is possible to have a defect and no symptoms at all. Sometimes it can be diagnosed because of a heart murmur on physical exam or an abnormal EKG or chest X-ray in someone with no symptoms. In adults, if symptoms of congenital heart disease are present, they may include:

  153. Shortness of breath.

  154. Limited ability to exercise.

  155. Symptoms of heart failure (see above) or valve disease (see above). Congenital Heart Defects in Infants and Children Symptoms of congenital heart defects in infants and children may include:

  156. Cyanosis (a bluish tint to the skin, fingernails, and lips).

  157. Fast breathing and poor feeding.

  158. Poor weight gain.

  159. Recurrent lung infections.

  160. Inability to exercise. Symptoms of Heart Muscle Disease (Cardiomyopathy) Many people with cardiomyopathy have no symptoms or only minor symptoms, and live a normal life. Other people develop symptoms, which progress and worsen as heart function worsens. Symptoms of cardiomyopathy can occur at any age and may include:

  161. Chest pain or pressure (occurs usually with exercise or physical activity, but can also occur with rest or after meals).

  162. Heart failure symptoms (see above).

  163. Swelling of the lower extremities.

  164. Fatigue.

  165. Fainting.

  166. Palpitations (fluttering in the chest due to abnormal heart rhythms). Some people also have arrhythmias. These can lead to sudden death in a small number of people with cardiomyopathy. Symptoms of Pericarditis

  167. Chest pain. This pain is different from angina (pain caused by coronary artery disease). It may be sharp and located in the center of the chest. The pain may radiate to the neck and occasionally, the arms and back. It is made worse when lying down, taking a deep breath in, coughing, or swallowing and relieved by sitting forward.

  168. Low-grade fever.

  169. Increased heart rate.

  170. Gastrointestinal
  171. Anorexia (R63.0)

  172. Belching (R14)

  173. Bloating (R14)

  174. Blood In Stool: Melena (K92.1), Hematochezia

  175. Constipation (K59.0)

  176. Diarrhea (A09, K58, K59.1)

  177. Dyspepsia (K30)

  178. Dysphagia (R13)

  179. Fecal Incontinence

  180. Flatulence (R14)

  181. Haematemesis

  182. Nausea (R11)

  183. Odynophagia

  184. Proctalgia Fugax

  185. Pyrosis (R12)

  186. Rectal Malodor

  187. Steatorrhea

  188. Vomiting (R11)

  189. Apnea

  190. Bradypnea (R06.0)

  191. Cough (R05)

  192. Dyspnea (R06.0)

  193. Hemoptysis (R04.2)

  194. Hypoventilation

  195. Hyperventilation

  196. Pleuritic Chest Pain

  197. Sputum Production (R09.3)

  198. Tachypnea (R06.0)

  199. Urologic
  200. Dysuria (R30.0)

  201. Hematuria (R31)

  202. Impotence (N48.4)

  203. Polyuria (R35)

  204. Retrograde Ejaculation

  205. Strangury

  206. Urinary Frequency (R35)

  207. Urinary Incontinence (R32)

  208. Urinary Retention

  209. Integumentary
  210. Abrasion

  211. Alopecia

  212. Anasarca (R60.1)

  213. Blister (T14.0)

  214. Edema (R60)

  215. Hirsutism

  216. Itching (L29)

  217. Laceration

  218. Paresthesia (R20.2)

  219. Rash (R21)

  220. Urticaria (L50)

  221. Obstetric / Gynaecological
  222. Abnormal Vaginal Bleeding

  223. Bloody Show Preceding Onset Of Labour

  224. Infertility

  225. Labour Pains

  226. Painful Intercourse (N94.1)

  227. Pelvic Pain

  228. Vaginal Bleeding In Early Pregnancy / Miscarriage

  229. Vaginal Bleeding In Late Pregnancy

  230. Vaginal Discharge

  231. Vaginismus

  232. Symptoms by presentation

  233. Abdominal pain

  234. Back pain

  235. Chest pain

  236. Otalgia (Earache)

  237. Headache

  238. Chronic pelvic pain

  239. Toothache (ache)

  240. Vaginal (Pain)

  241. Rectal pain

  242. Dermatomal pain

  243. I feel:
      Paresthesia (numbness, tingling, electric tweaks)
        Dizzy – about to black out
        Dizzy – with the room spinning around me
      My mouth is dry
      Sick like I have the flu like I have to vomit Short of breath

    I can't:
      Breathe normally
      Hear normally:
        losing hearing
        sounds are too loud
        ringing or hissing in my ears
      Move one side – arm and/or leg
      Pass a bowel action normally
      Pass urine normally
      Remember normally
      See properly:
        blurred vision
        double vision
      Sleep normally
      Smell things normally
      Speak normally
      Stop passing watery bowel actions
      Stop scratching
      Stop sweating
      Swallow normally
      Taste properly
      Walk normally
      Write normally


      cachexia (R64)
      loss of appetite (R63.0)
      weight loss (R63.4)

      weight gain (R63.5)
      dry mouth (R68.2)
      fatigue (R53)

      muscle weakness (M62.8)
      pyrexia (R50)
      jaundice (P58, P59, R17)
      abdominal pain (R10)
      chest pain (R07)

      bruising (Sx0 (x=0 through 9))
      epistaxis (R04.0)
      tremor (R25.1)
      convulsions (R56)
      muscle cramps (R25.2)
      tinnitus (H93.1)
      dizziness / vertigo (R42)
      syncope (R55)
      hypothermia (T68)
      hyperthermia (T670)
      chills and shivering

      Review of systems

      There are 11 or 14 systems recognized by the

      Constitutional symptoms

      unexplained weight loss, night sweats, fatigue/malaise/lethargy, sleeping pattern, appetite, fever, itch/rash, recent trauma, lumps/bumps/masses, unexplained falls


      visual changes, headache, eye pain, double vision, scotomas (blind spots), floaters or "feeling like a curtain got pulled down" (retinal hemorrhage vs amaurosis fugax)

      Ears, nose, mouth, and throat (ENT)

      Runny nose, frequent nose bleeds (epistaxis), sinus pain, stuffy ears, ear pain, ringing in ears (tinnitus), gingival bleeding, toothache, sore throat, pain with swallowing (odynophagia)


      chest pain, shortness of breath, exercise intolerance, PND, orthopnoea, oedema, palpitations, faintness, loss of consciousness, claudication


      cough, sputum, wheeze, haemoptysis, shortness of breath, exercise intolerance


      Abdominal Pain
      Bright Red Blood Per Rectum (BRBPR
      Difficulty Swallowing (solids Vs Liquids)
      Dry Heaves Of The Bowels (tenesmus)
      Food Avoidance
      Foul Smelling Dark Black Tarry Stools (melaena)
      Inability To Pass Gas (obstipation)
      Unintentional Weight Loss
      Vomiting Blood (haematemesis)

      Gastrointestinal Symptoms:

      Abdominal Pain
      Difficulty Swallowing
      Painful Swallowing
      Change in Bowels
      Bloody Stools
      Black Stools
      Abdominal Bloating
      Excess Belching
      Excess Flatus
      Weight Loss
      Poor AppetitieOther Symptoms:_____ Chronic Cough
      _____ Shortness of Breath
      _____ Coughing up Blood
      _____ Chest Pain
      _____ Palpitations
      _____ Easy Bruising
      _____ Easy Bleeding
      _____ Blood in Urine
      _____ Painful Urination
      _____ Difficulty Urinating
      _____ Weakness Arm/Leg
      _____ Numbness Arm/Leg
      _____ Blurred Vision
      _____ Severe Headache
      _____ Fever/Chills


      Urinary: Irritative vs Obstructive symptoms: Micturition – incontinence, dysuria, haematuria, nocturia, polyuria, hesitancy, terminal dribbling, decreased force of stream Genital: Vaginal – discharge, pain, Menses – frequency, regularity, heavy or light (ask about excessive use of pads/tampons, staining of clothes, clots always indicate heavy bleeding), duration, pain, first day of last menstrual period (LMP), gravida/para/abortus, menarche, menopause, contraception (if relevant), date of last smear test and result


      pain, misalignment, stiffness (morning vs day long; improves/worsens with activity), joint swelling, decreased range of motion, crepitus, functional deficit, arthritis


      pruritus, rashes, stria, lesions, wounds, incisions, acanthosis nigricans, nodules, tumors, eczema, excessive dryness and/or discoloration. Breast pain, soreness, lumps, or discharge.


      Special senses – any changes in sight, smell, hearing and taste, seizures, faints, fits, funny turns, headache, pins and needles (paraesthesiae) or numbness, limb weakness, poor balance, speech problems, sphincter disturbance, higher mental function and psychiatric symptoms


      depression, sleep patterns, anxiety, difficulty concentrating, body image, work and school performance, paranoia, anhedonia, lack of energy, episodes of mania, episodic change in personality, expansive personality, sexual or financial binges


      Hyperthyroid: prefer cold weather, mood swings, sweaty, diarrhoea, oligomenorrhoea, weight loss despite increased appetite, tremor, palpitations, visual disturbances; Hypothyroid – prefer hot weather, slow, tired, depressed, thin hair, croaky voice, heavy periods, constipation, dry skin Diabetes: polydipsia, polyuria, polyphagia (constant hunger without weight gain is more typical for a type I diabetic than type II), symptoms of hypoglycemia such as dizziness, sweating, headache,hunger, tongue dysarticulation Adrenal: difficult to treat hypertension, chronic low blood pressure, orthostatic symptoms, darkening of skin in non-sun exposed places Reproductive (female): menarche, cycle duration and frequency, vaginal bleeding irregularities, use of birth control pills, changes in sexual arousal or libido Reproductive (male): difficulty with erection or sexual arousal, depression, lack of stamina/energy


      anemia, purpura, petechia, results from routine hemolytic diseases screening, prolonged or excessive bleeding after dental extraction / injury, use of anticoagulant and antiplatelet drugs (including aspirin), family history of hemophilia, history of a blood transfusion, refused for blood donation


      "Difficulty breathing" or "choking" (anaphylaxis) as a result of exposure to anything (and state what; e.g. "bee sting"). Swelling or pain at groin(s), axilla(e) or neck (swollen lymph nodes/glands), allergic response (rash/itch) to materials, foods, animals (e.g. cats); reaction to bee sting, unusual sneezing (in response to what), runny nose or itchy/teary eyes; food, medication or environmental allergy test(s) results.
Last Updated: September 5, 2017