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Ear, Nose and Throat
What has Dr. Asif Qureshi elaborated on at these resources?
1. Anatomy of the human head and neck.
2. Emergencies and non-emergencies relevant to ENT.
3. Diseases relevant to ENT.
4. Procedures relevant to ENT.
5. Subspecialties.
6. Most common ENT medical conditions.
7. Education for aspiring, in training, and existing ENT specialist and similar entities.
8. Research relevant to ENT.

What exactly does an otorhinolaryngologist treat?
An otorhinolaryngologist is a physician who has studied, been trained in, and treats diseases of the ear, nose, throat, face, head, and neck.

What must an otorhinolaryngologist know?
Take a look at the knowledge and skills otorhinolaryngologists must have.

Emergencies and non-emergencies relevant to ENT.
ENT Emergencies / Critical
  1. Airway obstruction/compromise—inhaled foreign body, epiglottitis, quinsy, anaphylaxis/angio-oedema, croup, facial fractures.

  2. Breathing difficulty—croup, inhaled foreign body

  3. Circulatory compromise—haemorrhage, for example, epistaxis, from facial fracture, secondary haemorrhage after ENT surgery, for example, after tonsillectomy.

  4. ENT Emergencies
  5. Acute mastoiditis with soft tissue abscess and intracranial abscess

  6. Angioedema

  7. Auricular Hematoma

  8. Bells Palsy

  9. Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media

  10. Complications of Acute Otitis Media (AOM)

  11. Deep Neck Space Infections

  12. Dental Abscess

  13. Epistaxis / Nose bleeding

  14. Facial Cellulitis – complication of dental abscess

  15. Facial Nerve Paralysis

  16. Facial Nerve paresis / paralysis complication of otitis media

  17. Ludwig’s Angina

  18. Mastoiditis

  19. Nasal Fracture

  20. Orbital Blow Out Fracture

  21. Peritonsillar Abscess

  22. Ramsey‐Hunt Syndrome

  23. Retropharyngeal Abscess

  24. Septal Hematoma

  25. Severe Facial / Deep Neck Infection

  26. Sinusitis: Complications Orbital

  27. Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss (SSNHL)

  28. The Red Herring Tonsil

Anatomy of the human head and neck.
What is included in the human head and neck?
Bones of the human head and neck
Lymphatics of the human head, face, and neck
Muscles of the head and neck
Nerves of the human head and neck
Veins of the human head and neck
Human head and neck areas/organs

Human head and neck areas/organs: What are various examples?
Anterior triangle of the neck
Carotid arteries
Cavernous sinus
Eye & orbit
Fascia (deep) of neck
Hyoglossus and its related areas
Hyoid bone and attachments
Infratemporal fossa
Jugular foramen
Paranasal sinuses
Parathyroid glands
Parotid region
Posterior triangle of the neck
Pterygopalatine fossa
Root of the neck
Salivary glands
Spinal cord
Styloid process
Scalenus anterior and related areas
Submandibular region and gland
Temporal fossa
Thoracic inlet
Thyroid gland
Tissue spaces in neck
Vertebral column
Here are further guidelines.

Emergencies and non-emergencies relevant to ENT

Emergency symptoms and signs

If any observations below are present, treat the individual immediately and transfer him/her to the hospital:
Airway obstruction
Respiratory rate <10 or >29
Oxygen saturation <93%
Pulse <50 or >120
Systolic blood pressure <90
Glasgow coma score <12

ENT conditions can be immediately life threatening

1. Airway obstruction/compromise—inhaled foreign body, epiglottitis, quinsy, anaphylaxis/angio-edema, croup, facial fractures
2. Breathing difficulty—croup, inhaled foreign body
3. Circulatory compromise—hemorrhage (for example, epistaxis) from facial fracture, secondary hemorrhage after ENT surgery (for example, after tonsillectomy).

Emergency medical conditions

Foreign body inhalation
Posterior nasal hemorrhage
Unstable facial fractures
Secondary hemorrhage after surgery

Who must have these skills and knowledge?
Medical emergency physician
ENT specialist
Guide for specific physicians
Administrators relevant to these issues
Lawmakers relevant to these issues
Similar entities from time to time

7. Subspecialties

Subspecialties: What are various examples?
Head and Neck


What type of laryngoscopy is available on or after October 11, 2021?
On or after October 11, 2021, the laryngoscopy that was available can be visualized on a television screen. From inside the nose until the vocal cords, everything can be examined without any discomfort.

What is another word for deaf?
Hard of hearing
Profoundly deaf
Unable to hear


The 7 Most Common Questions and Misconceptions About Deaf Culture

1. There Is One Universal Sign Language

Like any language, sign language was established within certain communities, and it was impacted by the regional and cultural influences that surrounded its native speakers.

The first signed language was established in France, where it quickly spread, as deaf people jumped at the chance for a language of their own. Schools opened across the globe, the most notable being Gallaudet University, the only deaf university in the United States.

2. All Deaf People Sign

The desire and ability to sign varies from person to person. While many choose to learn sign language, there are some who prefer auditory-oral education, which teaches deaf children to use residual hearing and lip reading to not only understand spoken language, but communicate verbally as well.

Others choose to receive a cochlear implant, which is implanted into the brain through a medical procedure, so the damaged cells in the inner ear are bypassed, and the auditory nerve is directly stimulated. Technology has gone pretty far with products for the deaf and hearing impaired to ensure an appropriate level of their interaction with others and the world. No matter what route of communication a deaf person chooses, they will always be deaf, and they will always be welcomed in the deaf community.

3. All Deaf People Are 100 Percent Deaf

It’s rare for person to be 100 percent deaf. Think of it as a spectrum; on the far right, you have the entirely deaf, and on the far left, you have the entirely hearing.

Most deaf people fall somewhere toward the right side of the spectrum, and they may be considered hard of hearing. The term “deaf” actually refers to a person who has little to no hearing function, while “hard of hearing” refers to those with a milder hearing loss.

4. Deaf People Can’t Drive

Again, untrue. When asking this question, people raise a lot of good points. What happens when a deaf driver can’t hear an emergency vehicle approaching? What if their car breaks down, and they can’t call for help? What if they get pulled over and can’t talk to the officer?

But, most driving is done with the eyes; the ears are secondary. Hearing drivers blare the radio, talk to friends and talk on the phone. Most of the time, their hearing is impaired.

Some special devices give visual alerts to deaf drivers, though, to compensate for the sounds they can’t hear. Many also use panoramic mirrors, offering a better sense of surrounding vehicles.

5. Deaf People Can’t Speak

Almost every deaf person has the ability to speak; many merely choose not to. Katie Leclerc, co-star of Freeform’s “Switched at Birth,” is hard of hearing, but her speech is nearly perfect. Even those who are profoundly deaf have the ability to learn speech, but it’s an extremely tedious process, and it usually takes years of intense speech therapy.

Usually, the majority of deaf people speak with some sort of accent, just as hearing people do. Keep in mind, the entirety of their speech-learning ability comes from the ability to see and feel the correct way a word should be pronounced, rather than the way it normally sounds.

1. How Do Deaf People Wake Up in the Morning?

There are three ways a deaf person may be woken up in the morning, in lieu of a traditional alarm clock. The most effective is a vibrating bed. No, the whole bed doesn’t vibrate.

You place the attachment either under your pillow or on your person, and when the alarm clock goes off, so will the vibration. Less effective is intensely bright lights that flash in your eyes when your alarm goes off.

If either method is too abrupt, you can always get your parents, sibling or spouse to wake you. Maybe they’ll gently nudge you awake, or maybe they’ll throw cold water on you. Choose wisely.

2. How Do Deaf People Know When Someone’s at the Door?

On the outside, it looks like a normal doorbell, but on the inside, lights flash in every room of the house. In general, there are two different wiring systems: One is for the regular electrical needs of the house, and a second is exclusively for the doorbell. Ring the doorbell, flash the lights.

The most important thing to remember is that deaf people do not view themselves as disabled. They experience the world in so many ways that hearing people can’t imagine, like feeling music instead of hearing it, or closing your eyes and being able to find peace in any situation.

They’re proud of their culture and proud to be deaf. Nineteen times out of twenty, if you ask a deaf person if they’d ever want their hearing back, they’ll say no because it’s not just something they live with. It’s who they are.

What is cochlear implant surgery?
A statement from a medical college from Srinagar, Kashmir, on May 14, 2011, declares that the procedure can be performed successfully on a child 2-3 years old.
Can you diagnose deafness in a 2-3-year-old?
A child may have delayed developmental milestones.
Does that mean he or she is deaf?
Inability to hear (deaf) and inability to speak (dumb) are two different diagnoses.
What cases need auditory and speech rehabilitation?
How is deafness diagnosed?
How is deafness treated?
Here are further guidelines.

Ear, Nose and Throat Topics
Here are further guidelines.

Sample Interview Questions For Otorhinolaryngologist

What are your professional interests?
What does motivate you to improve?

Human Resources

Describe a time when you made a difference in the treatment of a patient.
What is the most heinous thing that has ever occurred to you?
How do you handle stressful situations?


What has been the most challenging situation you’ve ever faced?
What’s the worst medical error you’ve ever made? How did you handle it?

Technical Skills and Knowledge

What is the aspect of otolaryngology that you despise the most?
What are three things you didn’t expect to learn in medical school?
What was the most difficult aspect of medical school?
How has Internet health care changed human health care?
How has Internet presence, for example www.qureshiuniversity.com/physicians.html, changed the administrative law of professional licensing?
Last Updated: October 21, 2021