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Engineering
State department of engineering






Table of contents.
Answers to relevant questions.
Annotation or Definition
Devices
Engineer
English grammar relevant to word engineer.
Engineering Branches
Machines
Materials
Products
State department of engineering
Processes
Sample interview questions For Engineers
Structures
Systems
Tools

Answers to relevant questions.
What is engineering?
What is an Engineer?
What is the difference between a Scientist and an Engineer?
What is an all-in-one engineer?
Do you want to be an all-in-one engineer?
What are the main branches of engineering?
What Does an Engineer Do?
What Do Engineers Look Like?
What Kinds of Engineers are there?
What hours do engineers work?  
What are the duties of state department of engineering?
Who has the duty to manufacture various products in the state?
Who has the duty to distribute various manufactured products in the state?
What materials must every state department of engineering manufacture within the state?
How many more engineers are required in the state?
What types of engineers are required in the state?
When are more engineers required in the state?
Is there a need to add anything to the curriculum in engineering colleges in the state?
What needs to be added to the curriculum of engineering colleges in the state?
What is engineering?
What is mnemonic?
What is state department of engineering?
What are the main branches of engineering?
What should you know about economy and budget relevant to engineering in the state?
What questions should you answer if any product needs to be made?
How have products been listed?
What products are made in the state?
What products are not made in the state?
What questions should you answer if any product needs to be made?
What is a tool?
What are types of tools?
What Are the Hazards of Hand Tools?
What Are the Dangers of Power Tools?

Annotation or Definition
What is engineering?
Engineering is the application of scientific, economic, social, and practical knowledge in order to design, build, and maintain structures, machines, devices, systems, materials, and processes.

What is mnemonic?
A mnemonic, or mnemonic device, is any learning technique that aids information retention.
DBM
Design, build, and maintain
DMMPSS
devices
machines
materials
processes
structures
systems

Here are further guidelines.
Devices
Machines
Materials
Products
Processes
Structures
Systems
Tools


What is an Engineer?
An engineer is someone who works with others to design, create or improve a product, a way of doing something, or part of our environment.

The role of an engineer is to find ways to make people’s living experiences easier and more enjoyable. This could be through technological advancements; using materials in sustainable ways; discovering how to make the most of our natural resources; creating structures to enhance and protect our living environments; designing and improving products that we take for granted and developing a huge range of substances, processes, materials, devices, concepts and much, much more. It all helps us to explore the future.

Engineers use their imagination and analytical skills to invent, design, and build things that matter. They are team players with independent minds.

Engineers develop new technological solutions. During the engineering design process, the responsibilities of the engineer may include defining problems, conducting and narrowing research, analyzing criteria, finding and analyzing solutions, and making decisions. Much of an engineer's time is spent on researching, locating, applying, and transferring information. Indeed, research suggests engineers spend 56% of their time engaged in various information behaviors, including 14% actively searching for information.

What is the difference between a Scientist and an Engineer?
Engineers and scientists are often confused in the minds of the general public.
Scientists explore nature in order to discover general principles.
Engineers apply established principles drawn from mathematics and science in order to develop economical solutions to technical problems.

What Does an Engineer Do?
An Engineer uses science, technology, and mathematics to design useful things for the benefit of people.

What Do Engineers Look Like?


I am Asif Qureshi.
I can guide 45 essential departments in the state and outside the state.
I can guide 611 professions in the state and outside the state. This includes teachers, lawyers, engineers, physicians.
I have authored more than 40 books.
I am the founder of Qureshi University and the Global Democratic party.
I am a medical doctor.

What type of doctor of medicine am I?
I am a forensic psychiatrist.
I can guide all medical specialties.
I can guide 611 professions.

What should others know about me?
I can guide 45 essential departments in the state and outside the state.
I can guide 611 professions in the state and outside the state. This includes teachers, lawyers, engineers, physicians.

What is an all-in-one engineer?
Engineering is comprised of branches ranging from civil, to nuclear, electrical, mechanical, and material engineering. Once you have the skills and knowledge in one of these areas, you are an engineer. Once you have the skills and knowledge in or can enhance all of these areas, you are an all-in-one engineer.

What are the main branches of engineering?
  1. Acoustic Engineering >
  2. Aerospace Engineering

  3. Agricultural Engineering

  4. Applied Engineering

  5. Architectural Engineering

  6. Audio Engineering

  7. Automotive Engineering

  8. Biomedical Engineering

  9. Chemical Engineering

  10. Civil Engineering

  11. Computer Engineering

  12. Electrical Engineering

  13. Environmental Engineering

  14. Industrial Engineering

  15. Marine Engineering

  16. Materials Science Engineering

  17. Mechanical Engineering

  18. Mechatronic Engineering

  19. Mining and Geological Engineering

  20. Molecular Engineering

  21. Nanoengineering

  22. Nuclear Engineering

  23. Petroleum Engineering

  24. Software Engineering

  25. Structural Engineering

  26. Telecommunications Engineering

  27. Thermal Engineering

  28. Transport Engineering

  29. Vehicle Engineering

Aerospace Engineering

Improve the safety of the space shuttles and Navy aircraft
Build a more spacious airliner
Create satellites that detect drought around the world
Design robots that collect samples on other planets, revealing insights about our galaxy
Develop parachutes, using new materials to improve their performance Aerospace Engineering

Chemical Engineering

Design environmentally friendly cleaning products
Develop materials to prevent corrosion on Navy ships
Develop chemotherapy that has fewer side effects
Turn seawater into drinking water
Develop ways of mass producing vaccines to ward off epidemics
Reduce pollution by developing cleaner sources of energy

Chemical Engineering

Chemical Engineers use their knowledge of physics, chemistry, and biology to discover and manufacture better plastics, paints, fuels, fibers, medicines, fertilizers, semiconductors, paper, and all other kinds of chemicals, by carrying out chemical reactions and purifications.

Civil Engineering

The design and construction of buildings, dams, water treatment and carrying systems, air pollution controls, and transportation systems are the responsibilities of civil engineers.  Subheadings of civil engineering include:  geotechnical, environmental, structural, transportation, materials, and project management.

Computer Engineering

Create software that detects brain tumors earlier
Design a feather-light laptop
Develop software for Navy airplanes
Develop user-friendly blogging software
Oversee the computer network for a telecommunications
Predict the strength of earthquakes through computer simulation

Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Invent better MRI scanners, allowing doctors to see even more clearly inside a patient’s body

Develop better means of detecting underwater threats to Navy ships

Create special effects for the movies

Design cell phones that work more reliably and have more features

Develop artificial retinas for the blind
Work on satellite communications systems that connect people around the world

Electrical Engineering

Electrical engineering deals with electricity, magnetism, and light and how it is used.

Environmental Engineering

Keeping the water, air and soil healthy are the responsibilities of environmental engineers. To accomplish this goal they deal with issues including waste management, pollution control and irrigation.

Mechanical Engineering

Design “smart” toys for kids
Design unique prototype parts for Navy airplanes
Develop cars that are more fuel efficient
Produce hypoallergenic air conditioning for hospital operating rooms
Create prosthetic hands that allow a person to type and write
Build aerospace vehicles to trek across planets and moons, collecting samples

Mechanical Engineering Engineers within this discipline tend to focus on one of three aspects of mechanical engineering; design, manufacturing, or energy/power. Cars, airplanes and toys are just a few of the areas in which mechanical engineers work. 

Naval Architecture Engineering

Design ships, warships, drilling platforms and boats…even cruise ships!
Find new ways of making boats and ships do their job better (cargo, salvage, drilling, exploration,…)
Find new ways to make places that support ships work better (ports, docks, platforms,…)
Design more innovative and efficient power and propulsion systems (go faster on less fuel)
Find new materials for building ships (new metals, composites, plastics,…)

Petroleum Engineering

Petroleum engineers study the earth to find oil and gas reservoirs. They design oil wells, storage tanks, and transportation systems. They supervise the construction and operation of oil and gas fields. Petroleum engineers are researching new technologies to allow more oil and gas to be extracted from each well. They help supply the world's need for energy and chemical raw materials.

Systems Engineering

Design and build complicated systems out of many parts (airplanes, cars, computers and software, medical, environmental,…)
Make sure all pieces of complex systems are built correctly so they come together in the right way at the right time
Solve complicated problems to make sure that systems do what they were designed to do, are reliable, and continue to improve

There are many other types of Engineers!

Why Be an Engineer?

Interesting work and job satisfaction Great variety – electrical, biomedical, environmental, chemical and more!
Solid foundation for other careers such as law and management
Opportunity to benefit society by solving humanitarian and environmental problems

Engineering Branches
Why are there so many branches of engineering in the state?

There are more than 850 products that need engineering expertise.
There are more than 22 essential services in every state that need engineering expertise.

One individual cannot know all products and services that need engineering expertise.

That is the reason specific questions are asked while gaining skills and knowledge.

What skills and knowledge do you have?
What skills and knowledge would you like to learn?


If you have skills and knowledge of a few products and services, you will fit in one of the branches of engineering.
Only the founder of Qureshi University and the Global Democratic party knows all of them.

What are the main branches of engineering?
Here are further guidelines.
  1. Aerospace engineering

  2. Automation/Control Systems/Mechatronics/Robotics

  3. Agricultural engineers
    Agricultural Equipment Technology
    Aquaculture engineering
    Food Engineering
    Environmental & Natural Resource Engineering
    Bioprocess Engineering
    Biomaterials Science
    Weather and Agriculture
    Machine & Energy Systems
    Systems Analysis
    Food engineering
    Bioacoustics
    Biomechanical Systems
    Food manufacturing
    Bioprocessing and Biotechnology


  4. Building Services Engineering
    Here are further guidelines.

  5. Biological engineering

  6. Biomedical engineers
    Medical equipment and supplies manufacturing
    Scientific research and development services


  7. Chemical engineering
    Q. What is a Chemical Engineer?
    Q. What products do Chemical Engineers make?


  8. Ceramic sciences

  9. Communications engineering

  10. Civil engineering
    Q. What is Civil Engineering?
    Q. What does a Civil Engineer do?

  11. Computer hardware engineers
    Computer and electronic product manufacturing

  12. Electrical engineers
    Electrical engineering

  13. Electronics engineers and Computer science
    Electronics engineers and Computer science
    Actuaries
    Computer programmers
    Computer scientists and database administrators
    Computer software engineers
    Computer support specialists and systems administrators
    Computer systems analysts
    Mathematicians
    Operations research analysts
    Statisticians


  14. Electronics engineers

  15. Environmental engineers
    Environmental engineers
    >

  16. Hydraulic engineering

  17. Health and safety engineers, except mining safety engineers and inspectors
      Health and safety engineers

  18. Information Science and Information Systems

  19. Industrial engineering
    Machinery manufacturing

  20. Marine engineers and naval architects
    Marine engineers and naval architects

  21. Materials Engineering
    What is Materials Technology?

  22. Manufacturing engineering

  23. Mechanical engineering
      Do you plan to be a mechanical engineer?

  24. Military engineering

  25. Metallurgical engineering

  26. Mechatronics

  27. Mining and geological engineers, including mining safety engineers
      Mining

  28. Metrology

  29. Nuclear engineers
    Research and development in the physical, engineering, and life sciences
    Electric power generation, transmission and distribution


  30. Ocean engineering

  31. Operations Research

  32. Planetary engineering / Geoengineering

  33. Petroleum engineering
    Oil and gas extraction

  34. Polymer & Plastics engineering

  35. Railway Engineering

  36. Systems engineering

  37. Software engineering

  38. Ship Engineers

  39. Telecommunications engineering

  40. Textile Engineering

Vocational Training College

What is Vocational Training?

Vocational training is training for specific skills or knowledge, excluding professional training.
Vocational training includes:
1. Plumber and fitter training
2. Electrician
3. Welder

Sample interview questions For Engineers
What are you doing to stay up-to-date with the latest technology?

Describe the most significant written technical report or presentation that you had to complete.

In your last engineering position, what were some of the things that you spent the most time on, and how much time did you spend on each?

What engineering skills have you developed or improved upon during the past year?

What new engineering specialty skills have you developed during the past year?

Do you have any patents? If so, tell me about them. If not, is it something you see yourself pursuing and why or why not?

Think of a specific engineering project when you answer this question. What could you have done to be more successful in achieving your goal(s)?

Describe a time when you confronted a problem that really tested your engineering know-how.

What is your overall career objective? Do you see yourself working in engineering ten years from now? If not, what do you think you will be doing?

Give me an example of a time in which you were effective in doing away with the “constant emergencies” and “surprises” that engineers often face.

Describe a time when as a member of the engineering department, you were instrumental in building a good long-term relationship with another department within the company.

Tell me about your greatest success in using the principles of logic to solve an engineering problem in your last job.

Give me an example of a time when you applied your ability to use analytical techniques to define problems or design solutions.

To what extent has your engineering background required you to be skilled in the analysis of technical reports or information?

Describe a time when you used your engineering knowledge to solve a problem for which there appeared to be no answer.

Tell me about a time when you became aware of a hazardous workplace condition. How did you handle it?

Tell me about your experience in dealing with routine engineering work. How do you keep from getting bored?

I expect the engineer that I hire for this position to be precise – detailed oriented in everything he or she does. What checks and balances do you use to make sure that you don’t make mistakes?

Give me an example of a time when you had to teach a skill to other engineers.

Some of the best-engineered ideas are born out of an individual’s ability to challenge, others’ ways of thinking. Tell me about a time when you were successful in do this.

On your last project assignment, what problems did you identify that had been previously overlooked?

How has your present or last engineering job changed while you’ve held it?

If I offer you a position as an engineer with us, how do you plan to get off to a jackrabbit start? Give me an example of something that you have learned from a mistake that you made on a job at a client site.

Tell me about a time when a project team effort that you were involved in failed.

For what advice or assistance do fellow engineers turn to you?

Tell me about the most challenging technical proposal you’ve ever written.

What factors would you consider in building an engineering department from scratch?

How do you communicate priority projects with a team of other engineers without making them feel overwhelmed?

Describe a specific engineering project that you were responsible for that required a lot of interaction with a variety of people over a long period of time.

What do you get out of engineering that you couldn’t get from any other kind of work?

Describe a typical day out in the field in your last or present job.

What media contacts do you have that would help us market our technical products/services?

What step-by-step criteria do you use to make difficult decisions that involve other engineers?

To whom did you turn for help the last time that you ran into a major technical problem, and why did you choose that person?

Give me two examples of technical decisions that you had to make on your last job.

Tell me about a time when you had to make a difficult decision that affected the entire engineering department.

In the field of engineering, priorities often change quickly. Give me an example of a time when that happened. How did you handle it?

How can you best use your engineering education and prior work experience to help our company grow?

How long have you been looking for an engineering spot? Have you had any job offers yet? If so, why are you still looking?

Tell me about a time when you had to take disciplinary action with an engineer who reported to you.

Tell me about the last time you lost your temper in the field.

What personal characteristics do you feel are necessary to be a successful engineer?

What single technical skill or ability is your best asset?

What kind of hours did you typically work in your most recent engineering job?

What kinds of information would you request or require before you felt you could do justice to a project assignment?

Describe two specific technical contributions you would expect to make during the first six months on the job if you joined our company.

Tell me about a time when you surpassed all expectations by going “above and beyond” for a client.

What have you specifically done to make the work of the engineers who report to you easier?

How do you feel about the workload in the engineering department on your present or previous job?

Tell me about the most challenging engineering project that you have been involved with during past year.

Describe the most challenging written technical report or presentation that you have had to complete.

Describe an experience with a difficult client. How did you handle the situation? What would you have done differently?

Tell me about your greatest success in using logic to solve an engineering problem at a previous job.

Give me an example of a time when you applied your ability to use analytical techniques to define problems or design solutions.

What checks and balances do you use to make sure that you don't make mistakes?

Do you have any patents? If so, tell me about them. If not, is it something you see yourself pursuing in the future? Why or why not?

What do you enjoy most/least about engineering?

Which software packages are you familiar with? What is the most interesting thing you know how to do with one of these packages?

Are You Keeping Pace Technically and Technologically?

Engineer
What are various types of engineers?
Aerospace engineer.
Agriculture engineer.
Biomedical engineer.
Computer Engineer
    Computer Hardware Engineer
    Computer Software Engineer
    Computer Network Engineer
    Computer support specialists
    Computer scientists
    Computer Systems Analysts
    Database administrators
Chemical engineer.
Civil engineer.
Electronics engineer.
Environmental engineers.
Electrical engineer.
Facilities Maintenance Engineer (Building Services Engineering)
Hydraulic Engineer
Health and safety engineer.
Industrial engineer.
Mechanical engineer.
Marine engineer.
Materials engineer.
Mining and geological engineer.
Network engineer.
Nuclear engineer.
Petroleum engineer.
Railway engineer.
Ship engineer.
Telecommunications engineer.
If there is any other type of engineer that is not in above list, the skills and knowledge of such engineers must be defined.
In one part of the world, there is a category called information technology engineer.

Students, parents, others must ask these questions to their guides.
What skills and knowledge will students gain after 6 months?
What skills and knowledge will students gain after 1 year?
What products and services will students be able to manufacture after 6 months?
Are courses offered online or on site?
If courses are not offered online, why not?
What skills and knowledge will they have after completion?
If you are capable to design or develop computer software, you are a computer software engineer.
If you are capable to design or develop computer hardware, you are a computer hardware engineer.
If you are capable to design or develop a helicopter, airplane, or satellites, you are an aerospace engineer.

What would you like to ask an engineer?
What is an engineer?
How do you get ready?
Why are there so many branches of engineering in the state?
What skills and knowledge do you have?
What skills and knowledge would you like to learn?
What questions should an engineer be able to answer?
Are you an engineer?
What products can you manufacture?
What products would you like to manufacture?
What services are you able to offer?
What services would you like to offer?
Would you like to be an engineer?
What are the different branches of engineering?
Do you have existing skills and knowledge relevant to this academic discipline?
What engineering branch skills and knowledge do you have?
What engineering branch skills and knowledge would you like to gain?
What skills and knowledge do you have?
What skills and knowledge would you like to gain?
What is this job like?
How do you get ready?
What is the remuneration?
How many jobs are there?
What about the future?
Are there other jobs like this?
Where can you find more information? What is the curriculum?
Sample interview questions For Engineers
What is this job like?
How do you get ready?
What is the remuneration?
How many jobs are there?
What about the future?
Are there other jobs like this?
Where can you find more information?
What is engineering?
What is a professional engineer?
What do engineers do?
How many engineers are there?
What is the difference between science and engineering?
What recent major breakthroughs are attributed to engineers in improving the quality of our everyday lives?
Has there been an increase or decrease in student enrollment in engineering programs at colleges and universities across the ________?
What are some of the top __________ undergraduate engineering _______?
Who was the world's first engineer?
Who are some famous people who have earned engineering degrees?
What are various types of engineers?
What is an engineer?

One who is trained or professionally engaged in a branch of engineering.

Engineers use their knowledge of science, mathematics, logic, economics, and appropriate experience or tacit knowledge to find suitable solutions to a problem.

Engineering is the application of scientific, economic, social, and practical knowledge in order to design, build, and maintain structures, machines, devices, systems, materials and processes.

How do you get ready?

A college degree in engineering is needed for almost all beginning engineering jobs.

Why are there so many branches of engineering in the state?

There are more than 850 products that need engineering expertise.
There are more than 22 essential services in every state that need engineering expertise.

One individual cannot know all products and services that need engineering expertise.

That is the reason specific questions are asked while gaining skills and knowledge.

What skills and knowledge do you have?
What skills and knowledge would you like to learn?


Here are further guidelines.
http://www.qureshiuniversity.com/engineersworld.html

What questions should an engineer be able to answer?
Are you an engineer?
What products can you manufacture?
What products would you like to manufacture?
What services are you able to offer?
What services would you like to offer?
Would you like to be an engineer?
What are the different branches of engineering?
Do you have existing skills and knowledge relevant to this academic discipline?
What engineering branch skills and knowledge do you have?
What engineering branch skills and knowledge would you like to gain?
What skills and knowledge do you have?
What skills and knowledge would you like to gain?
What is the curriculum?
Engineering College
The Experienced Engineers Program
What is engineering?

According to the Merriam Webster's collegiate dictionary, engineering is defined as the application of science and mathematics by which the properties of matter and the sources of energy in nature are made useful to people.

Engineering comprises men and women who work in aerospace, biomedical, chemicals, construction, computers, energy, manufacturing, and many other fields that require people to create products, facilities, and structures.

What is a professional engineer?

Professional engineers have fulfilled the rigorous education, ________, and experience requirements, which, under state _______ laws, permit them to offer engineering services to the public. Although engineering _______ laws vary from state to state, in general, to become a PE an individual must be a graduate of an engineering program accredited by the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology, pass the Fundamentals of Engineering ________, gain four years of experience as an intern, and then pass the Principles and Practice of Engineering ______. PEs take legal responsibility for their engineering designs, being bound by a code of ethics to protect public health and safety.

What do engineers do?

Engineers take abstract ideas and apply science and mathematics to build products to meet the needs of mankind.

How many engineers are there?

It is estimated that there are more than two million practicing engineers in the _______North America.
v What is the difference between science and engineering?

Science is knowledge based on observed facts and tested truths arranged in an orderly system that can be validated and communicated to other people. Engineering is the creative application of scientific principles used to plan, build, direct, guide, manage, or work on systems to maintain and improve our daily lives.

How many types of engineering specialties are there?
Aerospace, Agricultural, Biomedical, Chemical, Civil (General and Structural), Computer, Control Systems, Electrical and Electronics, Environmental, Fire Protection, Geotechnical, Industrial, Manufacturing, Mechanical, Mining, Nuclear, Petroleum, Sanitary, and Traffic.

What recent major breakthroughs are attributed to engineers in improving the quality of our everyday lives?

From the mass production of the automobile to space travel, from the telephone to the Internet, and from bioengineered foods to clean water, engineers have applied their expertise to improve the quality of our lives. Visit Great Engineering Achievements.

Has there been an increase or decrease in student enrollment in engineering programs at colleges and universities across the ________?

While the number of engineering degrees awarded remained level, and even declined, throughout much of the 1990's, data from the American Society for Engineering Education show bachelor's degrees have increased as much as 20% from 1999 while both master's and doctoral degrees have seen increases over the past several years. However, data also shows that these increases may begin to slow as enrollments in all degree levels have declined for the second consecutive year.

What are some of the top __________ undergraduate engineering _______?
All engineering programs that are accredited by the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology have met demanding standards and produce excellent engineers. The best school for a particular person is impossible to define on a ranking list.

Who was the world's first engineer?

As with other learned professions, today's engineer is defined by formal education and training. Even before the days of formal education, most cultures pursued such things as navigation, the medicinal and healing arts, and the building of structures. Many of those structures showed the ingenuity that is characteristic of engineering. Perhaps Imhotep, the builder of the Step Pyramid in Egypt in 2250 B.C., was the first engineer.

Who are some famous people who have earned engineering degrees?
Here are further guidelines.
Here are further guidelines.

English grammar relevant to word engineer.
Engineer

What is the meaning of the word engineer?
1.a person who designs, builds, or maintains engines, machines, or public works

What is the meaning of the word public works?
Here are some definitions.
1.the work of building such things as roads, schools, and reservoirs, carried out by the government for the community

What is the plural of engineer?
The plural form of engineer is engineers.

What is another word for engineer?
Here's a list of synonyms for this word.

Noun

architect, builder, designer, director, inventor, manager, planner, surveyor, contriver, deviser, manipulator, originator, schemer, sights, techie, technieVerb

Verb

bring about, cause, contrive, fix up, wangle, concoct, plot, plan, arrange, come up with, conceive, create, direct, manage, manipulate, negotiate, organize, set up, supervise, angle, con, control, cook, doctor, effect, encompass, finagle, jockey, machinate, maneuver, operate, originate, plant, rig, scam, scheme, superintend, swing, upstage, work, play games, pull strings, pull wires, put one on, put one over, put over, put through

What is the opposite of engineer?
Here's a list of antonyms for this word.

Verb

destroy, disarrange, disorder, disorganize, mismanage, forget, ignore, leave alone, neglect

Engineering

What is the meaning of the word engineering?
The branch of science and technology concerned with the design, building, and use of engines, machines, and structures.

Here are some definitions.
1.the branch of science and technology concerned with the design, building, and use of engines, machines, and structures
2.the work done by, or the occupation of, an engineer
3.the action of working artfully to bring something about

What is another word for engineering?

Adjective

industrial, manufacturing

Noun

construction, manufacturing, arranging, authorizing, building, constructing, handling, implementing, organization, organizing, systematization, systematizing

architecture, design, metallurgy, planning, blueprinting, installations, structure, structures, surveying

Devices
What is a device?
What are the types of devices?
What are examples of devices?
What is a device?
A simple device, such as a lever, a pulley, or an inclined plane alters the magnitude or direction, or both, of an applied force. Some classify these devices as simple machines.
Devices become part of various machines.
A device has to be connected to other components to make it useful.

Not all devices are machines.
All machines have various devices.

What are the types of devices?
Computer devices
Medical devices
Simple devices (Some call them simple machines)
Thermonuclear Devices
Others

What are examples of devices?
Computer hardware that is designed for a specific function.
Analog Devices
Bridge
Broadband router
Firewall
Hub
Load balancer
Media device
PBX
PDA
Phone
Power device
Printer
Print server
Proxy server
Remote management
Router
Security/miscellaneous device
Switch
Terminal
Terminal server
VoIP adapter
VoIP phone
WAP
Webcam
Wireless Starters
Wireless Routers
What are the six simple machines?
What simple machines belong to the inclined plane family?
What simple machines belong to the lever family?
Device Types
Medical Devices
What is a ramp?
What is friction?
What is a wedge?
What is a screw?
What is a lever?
What is a wheel and axle?
What is a gear?
What is a crank?
What is a pulley?

Inclined plane family - wedge, ramp, screw

Lever family - lever, wheel and axle, pulley

What is a ramp?

A ramp (inclined plane), helps us to move heavy objects more easily, but we have to move them further to complete the task. We use less force, however, we have to apply the force over a greater distance. Friction is one problem encountered in using a ramp to move heavy objects.

We use stairs or ramps to walk up and down. If an incline is very steep, steps are cut into the incline to make it easier for us. Ramps are usedin moving vans, for wheelchair access and on loading docks.

Inclined Planes

What is friction?

Friction is the resistance produced by rubbing two objects together. To overcome friction, the surface of a ramp should be as smooth as possible. Alternatively, rollers, wheels or lubricant can be used.

What is a wedge?

A wedge consists of two back-to-back inclined planes. A wedge looks like an inclined plane but it works differently. It can either hold things together, as in a doorstop or nail, or it can split things apart, as in an axe or chisel. Other wedges include the cutting edge of scissors, knives and screwdrivers.

What is a screw?

A screw is an inclined plane wound about a nail. The ridges are called the thread of a screw. These threads cut a groove in the wood as you turn the screw, making it hold very tightly. To remove a screw you have to turnin theopposite direction with a screwdriver. It is very difficult to remove a screw by pulling it straight out. The distancebetween the threads depends on the slope of the inclined plane - the steeper the slope, the wider the thread. Screws with less distance between the threads are easier to turn.

As with any inclined plane used as a simple machine, the force required is less but the distance travelled is greater.

The Screw

What is a lever?

The lever is a bar that turns on a point called a fulcrum.

The secret of the lever is the increased distance over which the force moves, i.e., the arm length of the lever, which is determined by the position of the fulcrum (pivot). It is the same principle as the inclined plane - the greater the distance over which the force must be applied, the smaller the force required to do the work (lift the load).

Our arm is in fact a lever. How hard it would be to use the arm if it didn't bend at the elbow! The elbow acts as a fulcrum and the muscles between the elbow and shoulder provide the force (hence the lower arm becomes the lever). Imagine that you have a caston your arm so you can't move your elbow. Now try lifting a bag of flour. Which is easier, with or without the cast?

A shovel, wheelbarrow, hockey stick, wooden bat and tweezers are also levers, and the fulcrum is located as follows:
shovel and hockey stick - mid-point of the handle wheelbarrow - at the wheel bat - at the base of the handle tweezers - at the central join

Levers

What is a wheel and axle?

A wheel and axle is a lever that is able to rotate through a complete circle (3600 ). The circle turned by the wheel is much larger than the circle turned by the axle. The increased distance over which the force is applied as the wheel turns results in a more powerful force on the axle, which moves a shorter distance. For example - the steering wheel, screwdriver, faucet handle and wrench.

What is a gear?

We use the wheel and axle in gears. Gears have teeth around the outer rim. When the teeth of two gears fit together and one gear turns, it will cause the other gear to turn, but in the opposite direction. When the gears are the same size and they have the same number of teeth, they both turn at the same speed. If one gear is larger than the other, however, the smaller gear will turn faster. We use gears to regulate speed and direction of motion in complex machines and to increase/decrease the force applied.

Machines that use gears include clocks, bicycles, cars, eggbeaters and other small household appliances.

Gears

What is a crank?

A crank is the handle of a machine that is connected at right angles to an axle. It is used to transmit motion.

On a bicycle, the pedal attached to the gears is a crank. Cranks are used for turning, for example, the spinning wheel, eggbeater, apple parer, peppermill etc.

What is a pulley?

Pulleys are wheels with grooves around the rim. The pulley turns as a string moves over the wheel and a load is raised as the string is pulled. This is a fixed pulley which doesn't change position. A fixed pulley makes work easier by changing the direction of the applied force. With a fixed pulley, the force required to lift the load remains the same as lifting it by hand, but realize how much easier it is to raise a flag or sail from the ground, as opposed to climbing up the pole or mast. If a force needs to be applied around a corner, a pulley allows us to overcome friction.

With a moveable pulley , both the load and the pulley move; the load moves in the same direction as the applied force. Moveable pulleys allow you to use less force to raise an object than if you used only your hands. The amount of force required depends on the number of supporting ropes. The greater the number of pulleys and supporting ropes, the smaller the force required. However as with all simple machines, the less force required, the greater the distance the rope must be pulled further than the load actually moves .

What does "work" mean in science?
What is the formula (mathematical equation) for work?
A simple machine(device) NEVER changes the amount of work done. What does a simple machine change?
What is the advantage in using a simple machine(device)?

Levers

What is a lever?
Where is the fulcrum located in a class one lever?
List some examples of a class one lever.
Where is the load located in a class two lever?
List some examples of a class two lever.
Where is the effort located in a class three lever?
List some examples of a class three lever.
Now, sketch the three classes of levers. Be sure to label the effort, load and fulcrum.

Pulley

What is a pulley?
What are the three types of pulleys?
Sketch and label all three types of pulleys.
What is the advantage of a fixed pulley? What is the disadvantage of a fixed pulley?
What is the advantage of a movable pulley? What is the disadvantage of a movable pulley?
What is the advantage of a combined pulley? What is the disadvantage of a combined pulley?

Wheel and axle


What is a wheel and axle?
Explain how a wheel and axle works.

Inclined Planes

What is an inclined plane?
What is the architectural standard for a wheel chair ramp?
In your own words, explain why inclined planes are useful.
How is a wedge and an inclined plane related?
How is a screw and an inclined plane related?
What are recommendations to other experienced engineers?
Do not include incline plane, lever, pulley, screw, wheel, or wedge as machines. Include them in devices.

Simple Machine Quiz
Compound Machines
Simple Machines
    Screw
    Cam
    Pulley
    Gears
    Lever
    Wedge
    Bevel Gears
    Worm Gear
    Rack and Pinion
    Wheel and Axle
    Crank and Rod
Here are further guidelines.

Machines
What is a machine?
What should you know about machines?
Why do we use machines?
What devices are useful in making machines?
What are recommendations to other experienced engineers?
What are the types of machines?
How are machines classified?
What are examples of machines?
What is a machine?
A machine is a device consisting of fixed and moving parts that modifies energy and transmits it in a more useful form. Any mechanical or electrical device that automatically performs tasks or assists in performing tasks is a machine.

What should you know about machines?
Do not elaborate on machines as simple machines and compound machines. Simple machines that some people elaborate are devices. Machines or compound machines are combinations of devices.

Why do we use machines?
We use machines to reduce the amount of effort or work we exert, and also to increase our ability to lift or move objects.

What devices are useful in making machines?
Incline plane
Lever
Pulley
Screw
Wheel
Wedge

Some people call these devices simple machines.
Calling them devices instead of machines is a better option.

All the machines are made up of elements or parts and units. Each element in turn can be a complete part or made up of several small pieces that are joined together by riveting, welding, etc.

What are recommendations to other experienced engineers?
Do not include incline plane, lever, pulley, screw, wheel, or wedge as machines. Include them in devices.

What are the types of machines?
How are machines classified?

Machines that generate mechanical energy
Machines that transform mechanical energy
Machines that utilize mechanical energy

Here are further guidelines.
http://www.qureshiuniversity.com/machinesclassified.html

What are examples of machines?
Aircraft
Air-conditioners
Aluminium Foil Rewinders
Automatic Paper Napkin Machine
Bread Making Machines
Blood Chemistry Machines
Blood Pressure Machines
Blood Glucose Machines
Boiler
Blood Hormonal profile Machine
Bulbs
Computers
Compressor
Cars Manufacturing
Crushers
Clock
Chicken Hatchery Manufacturer
Calculators
Cold Storage(Ration food and supplies store in the state)
    Freezers
    Sandwich Coolers
    Keg Coolers
    Pizza Coolers
    Salad Coolers
    Under Counter Coolers
    Bottle Coolers
    Milk Coolers
    Remote Condenser Coolers
    Refrigerators/Freezers
Copiers
Cold Storage Refrigerated Warehousing
Clothes Dryers
CT Scanners
Dishwashers/Ware Washers
    Dish Machines
    Booster Heaters
    Disposals
    Dishwasher Racks
Electric generator
Electric Cars
Electric Aircraft
Electronic Cooking Systems
ECG Machines
ECG Monitors
Electrical Appliances
Fans
Fire Alarm Systems
Fax Machines
Food Processing Equipment
    Mixers
    Slicers
    Food Processors
    Choppers
    Dough Rollers
Food Wells
Fryers
    Floor Fryers
    Countertop Fryers
    Oil Filters
Grills
    Countertop Grill
    Outdoor Grill
    Char Grill
    Radiant Grill
Grass and weed trimmers
Heat engine(Engines)
Hydraulic pump
Heavy equipment (construction)
Illinois Link System
Industrial Motors
Ice, Icecream Makers
    Cube Ice Machines
    Flake Ice Machines
    Pellet Ice Machines
    Ice Dispensers
    Water Filtration
Key machines
Key and lock machine
Laminating Machines
Leaf blowers
Lathe machine
Medicine Making Machine
    Capsule Manufacturing
    Tableting Machines
    Intravenous Fluid Plants
MRI
Ovens
    Microwave Ovens
    Wall Ovens
    Pizza Ovens
    Convection Ovens
    Combi Ovens
    Conveyor Ovens
    Deck Ovens
Packaging Machinery
Pacemaker
Printers
Paper Towel Making Machine
Power Generation Equipment
    Turbines
    Boilers
    Generators
Power Drive Apparatus
Refrigerators
Radio Sets
Radio Frequency Identification
    What is RFID?
Robotics
Ranges
    Electric Ranges
    Gas Ranges
    Stock Pot Ranges
Sewing Machines
Satellites
Shoe Making Machine
Steam Equipment
    Steam Tables
    Pressure Steamers
Saw Mill
Toilet Paper Roll Making Machine
Toilet Paper Log rewinder with Band Saw
Turbines
Telephones
Traffic Signals
Transformers
Tiller Machines
Ultrasound
Vehicles
Vending Machines
Washing machines
Weapons
X-Ray Equipment
Here are further guidelines.

Processes
What is an engineering process?
What are the types of engineering processes?
What are examples of engineering processes?
Fuel making (oil refinery) is an engineering process.
Here are further guidelines.

Products
What should you know about products?
There are various classifications of products.
At this point, this is the best way to classify products.

What classification solves real-world problems best?
What are the product classifications as per use of product?
Here are further guidelines.

Services
What are various types of services?
What should you know about services?
Most services are provided by various departments in the state.

What is not a product?
A human being is not a product.

What is a product?
What are the types of products?
What are examples of various products?
Here are further guidelines.

Structures
What is a structure?
What are the types of structures?
What is structural analysis?
Structural analysis is the determination of the effects of loads on physical structures and their components.

What structures are subject to structural analysis?
Structures that must withstand loads.

Aircraft: Is it a stucture, machine, or both?
Buildings
Bridges
Vehicles
Machinery
Furniture
Prostheses
Soil strata

How is the conclusion of structural analysis reached?
How do you do structural analysis?
What is the intended use of the structure?
Is the structure fit for intended use?
Here are further guidelines.

Systems
What is an engineering system?
What are examples of systems engineering?
Here are further guidelines.

State department of engineering
What are the duties of state department of engineering?
The state department of engineering has the following duties:
1. Duty relevant to engineering colleges in the state.
2. New products development.
3. Supervision of other engineering departments in the state.
4. Collaboration with other useful resources outside the state.
5. Solve problems that arise from time to time.


Who has the duty to manufacture various products in the state?
The state department of engineering.

Who has the duty to distribute various manufactured products in the state?
The state department of human services.
In various regions, this department is known by food and supplies, consumer affairs public distribution system, or some other name.

What materials must every state department of engineering manufacture within the state?
Aluminum (metal)
Composite material (cement, concrete, ceramic composites) Metal composites, reinforced plastics (such as fiber-reinforced polymer)
Fabrics
Food products (sugar, salt, rice, wheat, etc.)
Fuels and fuel additives
Glass
Gases (hydrogen, helium, nitrogen, oxygen, methane [Fuel], ethane, propane)
Iron (steel/metal)
Nuclear material (uranium, plutonium, thorium, special nuclear material).
Organic materials
Pharmaceutical & biopharmaceutical materials
Paper
Plastics
Rubber
Soaps and detergents. Triclosan liquid soap (Equaline).
Timber (wood)
Water (drinkable water)

Products
Vehicles
Vehicles
Products
Here are further guidelines.

This department answers specific questions.

How many more engineers are required in the state?
What types of engineers are required in the state?
When are more engineers required in the state?
Is there a need to add anything to the curriculum in engineering colleges in the state?
What needs to be added to the curriculum of engineering colleges in the state?


The state department of engineering has to answer these questions in coordination with other departments.

1. Metal and nonmetal products (rods, sheets, etc.)
2. Computer manufacturing (the state department of electricity also has this duty)
3. State pharmaceutical factories (state department of health also has this duty).
4. Global research and development


What is state department of engineering?

The state department of engineering is a big entity that includes other engineering departments.

What are the main branches of engineering?

There are seven main branches of engineering:
Aerospace engineering
Agriculture and food sciences
Chemical engineering
Civil engineering
Electrical engineering
Interdisciplinary Engineering
Mechanical engineering
Each main branch of engineering is divided into further subdivisions.

If an engineering college needs to be enhanced, whose duty is it to do so?

The state department of engineering.
Economy and budget
    What should you know about economy and budget relevant to engineering in the state?

    Go through state economy and budget facts.
    http://www.qureshiuniversity.com/economyandbudget.html
New products development.
    What questions should you answer if any product needs to be made?
    Here are further guidelines.
Products
    How have products been listed?
    Products in alphabetical order.
    Products as per requirement of departments in the state.
    Products as per essential ingredients of the economy.
    What products are made in the state?
    What products are not made in the state?
    What questions should you answer if any product needs to be made?

    Here are further guidelines.

Tools(Equipment)
What is a tool?
What are types of tools?

A modern toolbox
What is a tool?
An item or implement used for a specific purpose. A tool can be a physical object such as mechanical tools including saws and hammers or a technical object such as a web authoring tool or software program. Furthermore, a concept can also be considered a tool.

What are types of tools?
Aircraft Tools
Auto Tools (car or truck)
Electrical Tools
Engineering ToolBox
List of timber framing tools
Masonry Tools
Plumbing Tools
Software tool classification by function
Types of tools
What Are the Hazards of Hand Tools?

What Are the Dangers of Power Tools?

Guards
Operating Controls and Switches
Portable Abrasive Wheel Tools
Pneumatic Tools
Liquid Fuel Tools
Powder-Actuated Tools
Hydraulic Power Tools
One can classify tools according to their basic functions:

Cutting tools, such as the knife, scythe or sickle, are wedge-shaped implements that produce a shearing force along a narrow face. Ideally, the edge of the tool needs to be harder than the material being cut or else the blade will become dulled with repeated use. But even resilient tools will require periodic sharpening, which is the process of removing deformation wear from the edge. Other examples of cutting tools include gouges and drill bits.

Moving tools move large and tiny items. Most are levers which give the user a mechanical advantage. For example, concentrating-force tools: the hammer moves a nail, the maul moves a stake, or a whip moves flesh on a horse. These operate by applying physical compression to a surface. In the case of the screwdriver, the force is rotational and called torque. Writing implements deliver a fluid to a surface via compression to activate the ink cartridge. Also grabbing and twisting nuts and bolts with pliers, a glove, a wrench, etc. All these tools move items by some kind of force. Also trucks, rockets and airplanes move larger items and particle accelerators move very small items. Tools that enact chemical changes, including temperature and ignition, such as lighters and blowtorches.

Guiding, measuring and perception tools include the ruler, glasses, set square, sensors, straightedge, theodolite, microscope, monitor, clock, phone, printer

Shaping tools, such as molds, jigs, trowels.

Fastening tools, such as welders, rivet guns, nail guns, or glue guns.

Information and data manipulation tools, such as computers, middleware, IDE, spreadsheets
Here are further guidelines.
http://www.qureshiuniversity.com/tools.html
Last Updated: July 14, 2015